EDUCATION. The question of education re ceived attention at a very early date. Bergen had a school as early as 1661, and the charter of Woodridge (1669) provided for the granting of 100 acres of land for school purposes. The arrival of the Quakers gave an additional im petus. Even before the foundation of Princeton University, a number of classical schools were in existence. The finances for schools were not infrequently obtained by means of lotteries-. After the Revolutionary War the matter of educa tion. which had been almost entirely neglected 'luring the -t niggle for freedom. again came to the fore. In 1816 the State Legislature laid the foundation of a permanent school fund by a grant of $16,000; and in 1S24 a provision was made for the addition of one-tenth of all the annual State taxes. In 1871 a free public school system was established.
The educational affairs of the State are under the supervision of a State superintendent. ap pointed by the Governor and the Senate for three years, and of a board of education, whose 16 members are also appointed by the Governor and Senate. The State has a compulsory educa tion law, and provides free text books and school supplies. The illiterate population in 1900 amounted to 5.9 per cent. of the total population of ten years and over. The proportion of il literacy among the native whites is 1.7 per cent.; foreign whites. 14.1 per cent.: colored. 17.5 per cent. The 1893 public schools of the State CID !dosed. in 1901, 7561 teachers, of whom only 998
were males. The average monthly salaries re ceived were 891.87 for male and $52.88 for female teachers. The length of the school term in 1901 183 day:. The revenue for educational pur Poses amounted in 1901 to $6,718.159. of which $200.000 was derived from the permanent school fund and the rent of school 82,399.724 from State taxes, and $4,079,945 from local taxes. The exlensditures for the same year amounted to $7,189,712, or $32.49 per pupil in average attendanee. The evening schools siain tained in the larger cities of the State had an average attendanee 5397 in 1900.
For the preparation and training of teachers there are the State Normal School at Trenton and its auxiliaries and the 1Model and Fannin) Preparatory schools. New ,Jersey had. in 1900, 170 public and private high schools and academies, with a total of 15,15S students. Technieal education is provided by Stevens In stitute lq.v.) at Hoboken and the Newark Tech nical School. The principal institutions for higher education are Princeton University. at Princeton; Stevens Institute of Teehnology, at Hoboken; Saint Peter's ('ollege IR. C.), at Jer sey City: Saint Benediers College (R. ('.1. at Newark: Rutgers College (Reformed). at New Brunswick; Seton Ilall ('ollege IR. C.), at South ()range; and Bord•mtowo Female College. at ltordentown.