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Myrrh as

tree, gum and bark

MYRRH (AS. myrrc. myrra, from Lat. 711 yrrha, inarrha. murra, from Gk. Oppa, myrtha, myrrh• from Aramaic mare/. Deb. in r, Ar. marr, myrrh, from Aramaic ni4rr, Iieb, niaror, :1 r. marra, to be hitter). A gum resin produced by Balsamodendron inyrrha, a tree of the natural order Amyl-id:teen% growing in Arabia and in Ea-tern -Africa. The myrrh tree is small and scrubby- spiny, with whitish-gray bark, thinly scattered small leaves, consisting of three oho vale obtusely toothleted leaflets, and the fruit a smooth brown ovate drupe. somewhat larger than a pea. Nlyrrh exudes from the bark in oily yellowish drops, which gradually thicken and finally become hard, the color at the same time becoming darker. Myrrh appears in commerce either in tears and grains, or in pieces of irregu lar form and various sizes, yellow, red, or red dish brown. It is brittle, and has a waxy frac ture, often exhibiting whitish veins. its smell is

balsamic, its taste aromatic and bitter. It is used in medicine as a tonic and stimulant, in disorders of the digestive organs, excessive secre tions from the mucous membranes, etc., also to cleanse foul ulcers and promote their healing, and as a mouth-wash and gargle, particularly in a spongy or ulcerated condition of the 1.,mins. The best myrrh is known as Turkey myrrh, being brought from Turkish ports. Most of the myrrh of commerce, however, passes either through Aden Or through Bombay. The chief constituents of myrrh are: A resin known as myrrh in: a gum; a volatile oil known as myrrho/ and bay ing the composition and a bitter prin ciple. An excellent mouth-wash for sore gums may be prepared by mixing 1 part of myrrh, 16 parts of eau de cologne, 1 part of borax, 3 parts of water, and 3 parts of syrup.