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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

Murcia_2
Murcia. The Capital Of The Province Of Mureia, In Southeastern Spain. It Lies On Both Banks Of The Segura River, In The Beautiful Valley Known As The Buerta Or 'garden' Of Murcia (map: Spain, E 4). This Valley Rivals In The Luxuriance Of Its Vegetation The Famous Vega Of Granada. ...

Murder As
Murder (as. »torpor, Morpur, From Mar)), 011g. Mord, Nen ..11ord, Death; Connected With Welsh Mane, Lith. Smertis, Lat. Mars, Death, Gk. Opor6s, Brotos, Mortal, Slot. Nuns, To Die). The Unlawful Killing Of A Human Being With Malice Aforethought. The Term Appears To Have Been Limited In Early English Law To ...

Murillo
Murillo, Ini-rityei. Baiitolonie Esteban (1617-82). A Spanish Religious And Genre Paint. Er Of The School Of Seville. Lie Was, After Velazquez, The Greatest Figure In Spanish Art. And Unquestionably The Most Important Religious Painter Of Spain. Ile Was Horn In Seville, Prob Ably December 31. 1617. Very Little Is Known ...

Murray
Murray, Jolts The Founder Of The Universalist Body In America. He Was Born At Alton, England, December 10, 1741. At The Age Of Eleven His Parents Removed To Cork, Ireland. Lle Became A Methodist Under The Preaching Of Wesley And \'hitebeld. Having Read A Book By Lames Belly, A Universalist, ...

Murray River
Murray River. The Principal River Of Australia, Draining, Together With The Darling. Practically The Whole Southeastern Quarter Of The Continent. It Rises In The Australian Alps Near The Eastern Boundary Of Victoria, And Flows For Two-thirds Of Its Course Northwestward. Forming The Boundary Between Victoria And New South Wales (map: ...

Murray_2
Murray, Originally Macmurray, (1745-931. The First Of Four Great English Lishers, Dolin Mae11nrray, Of (lie Stock Of The Murray. Of Athol, Was Born In Edinburgh. Ing Served As Lieutenant Of Marine (1762-08), He Retired On Half Pay And Began To Publish And Sell Books In London. John Purchased The Bookselliug ...

Musci
Musci, Mils's' (lat.., Mosses), The Technical Name Of The Group Of Plants Known As Mosses, One Of The Two Subdivisions Of Bryophytes, The Other Being The (liverworts). Mosses Are Adapted To All Conditions, From Submerged To Very Dry, And Are Most Abundantly Displayed In Temperate And Arctic Regions. They Have ...

Muscle Reading
Muscle-reading. The Intuition Of A Person's Thought By Physical Contact. Every Complete Mental Process Tends To 'issue' Or 'ex Press Itself' In Movement ; The Psychophysical Organism Is Essentially A Motor Organism. In Many Eases These Expressive Or Concomitant Movements Are Involuntary, And Unknown To Their Performer. It Is Often ...

Muscle Sense
Muscle Sense. A Term Used, In A Wider Signification, To Mean "the Sum Total Of The Sen Sations Which Inform Us Of The C•undition Of Our Motor Organs" (henri). This Usage Has Its Root In The Theory That Our Chief Reliance, In Per Ceptions Of The Movements Of Our Limbs, ...

Muscovy Duck
Muscovy Duck (corrupted From Musk Duck). Large South American Duck (/'airing Moschata ) In Which The Male Is Much Larger Than The Female, And Has Tlesley On T He Fore Head And Hires, And A Crest Of Long Feathers. This Duck Has Long 1)44'11 (101111..4 Il.:111.11 In Brazil And In ...

Muses
Muses (lat. .11t/so, Gk. ;matra, Ousa ; Con Meted With ?avta, Mania, Madness). In Greek Mythology, The Inspirers Of Song And Music. In The Homeric Epic Their Personality And Number Are Vague, The Poet Now Invoking But One Muse, Now A Number; Only In A Very Late Passage In The ...

Museum
Museum (lat. Museum, From Gk. Souoeiov, Mouseion, Temple Of The Muses, Place For Study, Museum, From Moocra, ,ifonsa, Muse). An Insti Tution For The Preservation, Study, And Exhibition Of Objects Of Art Or Those Of Natural Origin. The Term Was Originally Applied To A Place Or Temple Sacred To The ...

Mushroom 0f
Mushroom (0f. Monscheron, ??1011ser011, From Of, Fr, Mousse, Moss, Connected With As. 1)11(1. Mios, Mos, T?er. Ics, 005, °church Slay. In Fiche, Lat. Inuseus, Moss). The Popular Name Of Edible Fungi Of The Order Liymenomy Celweas Especially Species Of Agnrieus And 31or Diens. The Name Toadstool Is Generally Applied To ...

Music
Music. Sellools Or Composition. In Order To Make Possible A General View Of Line Numerous Eomposers That Have Contributed To The Erection Of The Structure Of Musical Historians Have Agreed To Classify Various Composers Into Schools. The Composers Thus Classed Together Under A Certain School Show Common Influences Or Tendencies, ...

Music In The United
Music In The United States Is Largely The History Of The Past Quarter Of A Century. Before That, 'italian Opera Ruled The Eastern Shore Of The Land, And Previous To The Advent Of Italian Opera In I825—a Company That Included Garcia And His Daughter, Malibran—the P*almody Was The Sole Music-al ...

Music Of
Music (of.. Fr. Musique. From Lat. Musica, From Gk. Oodardsh, Mousa-e', Sic. From Panumos, Mousikos, Relating To The Alike., From 31oka, Nouse, Muse). °mass. Music- Is A Mule Of Motion. It Is A Modification By Art Of Aerial Vibrations, Whose Impact Upon The Auditory Nerve Makes Mental Varying Image. Sound, ...

Musical Festival
Musical Festival. The Performance Of Sonic- Large Choral Or Orchestral Work With A Very Large Chorus Or Orchestra. The Real Era Of Musical Festivals Begins With The Festival Perform Ances Of The Great Handel Commemoration Held From 1784 To 17s7 And Again In 1791. It Is True That Previous To ...

Musical Instruments
Musical Instruments. The Origin Of Many Musical Instruments Dates Back To The Earliest Times. Not A Few Of These Ancient In Struments Are The Prototypes Of Some Of Our Modern Ones. :monuments Recently Unearthed At Thebes And In The Tipper Valley Of The Nile Con Tain Representations Of Harps And ...

Musical Notation
Musical Notation. The Art Of Express Ing Musical Compqsitions Ill Nv .: Riting By Wean Of Certain Conventional Signs Called Notes. The Oldest System Of Notation Of Which We Have Any Knowledge Is The Alphabetical Notation Of The Greeks. The Detailed Descriptions Of This System Left To Us Enable Us ...

Musk Ox
Musk Ox. The Musk Ox (oribog Moseha Ins), Although Approaching Cattle In Size, Is Really Quite As Closely Allied To The Sheep. It Undoubt Edly Belongs In The Family Bovithe And Is Perhaps Entitled To Have A Subfamily Division To Itself. The Genus Contains Only The Single Species, At Present ...

Muskhogean
Muskhogean (m9s-k(vge-an) Stock. A North American Indian Stock Which Derives Its Name From Muscogee, The Principal Tribe Of The Creek Confederacy. (see Creeks-) This Is One Of The Most Important Linguistic Stocks Of The United States. It Formerly Occupied The Greater Portion Of The Territory Of The Gulf States East ...

Muskmelon
Muskmelon (so Called From Its Peculiar Aromatic Flavor), Vueumis Melo. An Annual Herbaceous Vine Of The Natural Order Cucur Bitacefe, A Native Of The Warmer Parts Of Asia And Now Cultivated In Both Hemispheres For The Sake Of Its Rounded Or Ovate Fruit, Which, In Its Numerous Varieties, Varies From ...

Muskrat
Muskrat (so Called From Its Musky Odor), Or Mr.saxasu. The Muskrat (fiber Zibethicus) Is One Of The Most Widely Distributed And Best Known Of North American Quadrupeds, And It Is Peculiar To This Continent. It Makes Its Home In The Banks Or Water Of Streams, Ponds, And Lakes. It Is ...

Mussel As
Mussel (as. Mush., Muc.r/c. From Lat, Nu/s Ea/us, Small Fish, Sea-mussel, Diminutive Of Ill Un, Word Mussel Is One Of Those Pop Ular Names Of Such Uncertain Limits That To At Tempt To Define It Is A Difficult Matter. At The Present Time It Is Applied To Two Totally Distinct ...

Mustard Of
Mustard ( Of. Moustarde, Fr. Mou To Rdc, From Of. Moust, Iron, Lat. Mustuin, Nin,t, Of Mustus, Fresh), Brassica. A Genus Of Plants Of The Natural Order Crueiferir, Having Yellow Flowers, And Linear Or Oblong Pods. Which Ter Minate In A Sword-shaped, Compressed, Or Four Cornered Beak, And Contain One ...

Muster
Muster (from Of. Mostre, Monstre, Fr. Montrc, Show, From Lat. Monstrare, To Show, From Monstrum, Portent, Monster, From Anwo•re, To Warn). 'when Used In Its Military Sense, This Term Applies Particularly To The Assembling Of Troops For The Verification Of Membership. In The United States The Troops Are Mustered For ...

Mutanabbi
Mutanabbi, (ar. .1/2mod Ibis Al-flusain Ii1-.1lllionalibi (905 1111e Of The Most Noted Of The Arabic Pouts Of The Period Of Decline. He Was Born In Syria, The Son Of A Water-carrier, And Spent Several Years In The Desert Ma Ira L Le Was Not A Fervid .110slein, And At One ...

Mutation Theory
Mutation Theory (lat. From Inutarr, To Change, For Nioriture, Frequentative Of Inorere, To 111ovv, Skt. ?air. To Push). The Hypothesis That Evolution (q.v.) Takes Place By Means Of Sudden Changes Rather Than Slow: And Almost Imperceptible Transformations. This Idea. Though 1101 11ew, Has Been Called Into Great Prominence By The ...

Mutazilites
Mutaz'ilites (ar. Tetazilall, From 'a.zala, To Separate). A Mohammedan Sect Founded By Vasil Ibn Ata (c.745) And His Disciple Abu Al Hudhail Al-allaf (died C.s-15(. They Had Ra Tionalistic Tendencies, Illustrated. E.g. By The Teaching Of Abu Al-hudhail, That Man Knows Right And Wrong By Reason, Independent Of Super Natural ...

Mutiny
Mutiny (from Of., Fr. Inatin. Mutinous, From Mrate, Sedition, From Ml. Mote, Revolt, Muta, Change. From Lat. Mature, To Change). Mutiny At Military Law Is Unlawful Opposition Or Resistance To Lawful Military Authority With In Tent To Subvert The Same Or To Nullify Or To Neu Tralize It For The ...

Muttra
Mut'tra. The Capital Of A District In The United Provinces, British India. 23 Miles North East Of Bhartpur. On The Right Bank Of The Jumna (map: India, C 3). The City Extends In Crescent Form Fur About Miles Along The Right Bank Of The River. To Which Access Is Facilitated ...

Myiasis
Myiasis, (neo-lat., From Gk./atria, Aayia, Fly). A Medical Term For The State Of Being Infested With The Larva- Of Dipterous Insects. A Rather Large Number Of Flies May Infest Human Beings In This Way, And The Disen:e Has Lueen Divided According As The Larvae Are Found In The Skin, In ...

Myriapoda
Myriap'oda (neo-lat. Nom. Pl., From 1111k. Loyninrovs, Myriopous, Having Ten Thousand Feet, From Gk. Pilptoi, Myrioi, Ten Thousand + Roi3s, Pons, Foot). A Class Of Arthropods Resem Bling Annelids In Their Lengthened Form, And In The Great Number Of Equal, Or Nearly Equal. Seg Ments Of Which The Body Is ...

Myrrh As
Myrrh (as. Myrrc. Myrra, From Lat. 711 Yrrha, Inarrha. Murra, From Gk. Oppa, Myrtha, Myrrh• From Aramaic Mare/. Deb. In R, Ar. Marr, Myrrh, From Aramaic Ni4rr, Iieb, Niaror, :1 R. Marra, To Be Hitter). A Gum Resin Produced By Balsamodendron Inyrrha, A Tree Of The Natural Order Amyl-id:teen% Growing ...

Mysteries
Mysteries (lat. Mystcrium, From Gk. Av Ari)ptov, Crion Front /.46arns, ?flys/ ). Secret Rites Connected With The Greek Relirion. They Have Been Divided Into Two Groups: ( 11 Those Whore The Participants Were A Small Circle Of Priests, Otlieially Connected With The Sanctuary. And (2) Those Where The Participants Were ...

Mystery
Mystery. The Name Given To A Very Early Type Of The Mediaeval Drama, Founded Upon Some Part Of The Bible Narrative, And In England Often Used Indiscriminately With That Of Miracle Play (q.v.). The Traditions Of The Ancient Drama Sur Vived To Some Extent The Fall Of The Western Empire, ...

Mysticism
Mysticism ( From Mystic, From Lat. Mys Tieus, From Gk. Uuo-ruc6s, Mystikos, Relating To Mysteries, From Ocrrns, Myst(7s, Initiate). The Name Given To Certain Forms Of Religions Expe Rience, In Which Man, Transcending The Ordinary Limitations Of Time And Sense, Seems To Hold Direct Communion With The Deity. Mysticism May ...

Mythology In Art
Mythology In Art. That Portion Of Art Which Is Concerned With The Representation Of Mythological Concepts. Religious Notions Are :-.1111.01ized At A Very Early Stage In The History Of Inall Kind. Conceptions Which Can Be Given In Ague And Poetic Terms In The Must Of Necessity In Art Be Represented ...

Myxine
Myxine (from Gk. Atlea, !bra, Mucus). The Single Genus Of The Family :\lyxini(he, Repre Sented By The Single Species .11 !brine Yht Inosii, The Hagfish Or 'borer' Of The North Atlantic Coast. These 4'el-shaped Parasitic Animals. Which Bur Row Into The Bodies Of Fishes, Are Extraordinary In Their Reproductive Habits. ...

Myxomycetes
Myxomycetes, Mik'so-mi-su!'tez (neo-lat. Nom. Pl., From Gk. It My,ra, Mucus +14knr,mykr's, Fungus). A Group Of Organisms Commonly Called Slime Molds. Certain Phases Of Their Life History Are Very Animal-like, But The Final Fruetifieation Has Many Plant Characteristics, And As The Forms Are Described And Classified By The Fructification The Work ...

N Der I I
N Der I I.) It Was Hoped That The Terror Inspired By The Death Of The Emperor Would Lead To The Introduction Of A Constitutional System. When This Hope Failed. Eonstructive Measures Were Sought. In 1880 Two Reform Pa Rtie, Were Prominent: One Of Them Had As Its Mouthpiece The ...

N Jei
Jei,n Ca.te.ttm (toad) Is The Popular Nick Name Of The French Nation, Collectively Taken, And Dates Bad: To The Time When The Ancient Kings Of France Nsed For Their Device In Herald Ry 'three Toads, Erect, Saltant,' Or In A Leaping Posture, And Paris Was Called Lutetia, Or Land.' Its ...

Nabonassar
Na'bonas'sar (ass. Nabu-nasir, Nairn (or Nebo) Protects). King Of Babylonia (n.e. 747 734). His Contemporary In Assyria, Tiglath Pileser Iii. (p.c. 745-727), Succeeded With The Help Of The Aram:ran Hordes That At All Times Were A Menace To Babylonian Security In Obtain Ing Complete Control Of Babylonia, And Empha Sized ...

Nabonidus
Nabon'idus (ass. Xabir-nu'id, Nabu (or Nebo) Is Exalted; Ilerodotus (i. 74, 77, 188) Has Erroneously The Last King Of The Neo-babylonian Empire, Sixth In Order Of Succession From Nabopolassar (q.v.), The Founder Of This Empire. Ile Came To The Throne In B.c. 555 As A Result Of A Conspiracy Formed ...

Nabopolassar
Nab'opolas'sar (asa. Yabu-apal-usur, Nebo, Protect The Son). The Founder Of The Nen Babylonian Empire, King Of Babylonia B.c. 625 605. He Was Not Of Royal Birth, As Is Indicated By The Absence Of Any Reference To His Father In The Inscriptions That We Have Of Him. By Ids Own Efforts ...

Nadir Shah
Nadir Shah, Na-der' Shii ( 1688-1t-17 ). A King Of Persia. He Belonged To The Afshars, Turkish Tribe. He Was Born Near Kelat, In The Centre Of The Persian Province Of Khorasan. At The Age Of Seventeen Lie Was Taken Prisoner By The Usbek Tatars, But, Escaping After Four Years ...

Nahuatlan
Nahuatlan (n5-wiltlk1n) Stock. An American Linguistic Group Centred About The Southern Pa Rt Of The Central Plateau Of Mexico, But With Isolated Tribes Farther To The South, Almost To The Isthmus Of Panama. The Nahuat Lan Stock, In The Commonly Accepted Scope Of The Term, Includes The Nalma Proper Or ...

Nahum
Nahum. The Seventh Of The Minor Prophets According To The Usual Arrangement. Nothing Is Known Of His Life Except What May Be Gathered From The Notice In The First Verse Of His Prophecy, Where He Is Called 'the Elkoshite.' Where El Kosh Was Is Uncertain. It Has Been Located In ...

Nail As
Nail (as. Mega, Olig. Nagal, Ger. Nagel, Nail, Goth. To Nail; Connected With ()church Slay. Nogtii, Lith. Nagas, Skt. Nakhu, Nail). The Terms Nail, Claw, And Hoof Are Popu Lar Names For Different Developments Of The Same Epidermal Formation. All Are Horny Secretions Formed From The Outer Layer Of The ...

Nails
Nails. Slender Pieces Of Metal, Tapering To Ward And Sometimes Pointed At One End, And With Flattened Or Rounded Heads. Nails Are Made Of Many Different Materials, As Copper, Zinc, Brass, Iron, Or Steel, But The Bulk Of The Nails In Ordinary Use Are Made Of Steel Wire. Iron Nails, ...

Nala
Nala, Ninl. A Legendary King Of Ancient Imlia Whose Domain Was Nishadhas Apparently A District Between The Modern Oudh And Reran The Story Of His Marriage With Dantayanti. The Daughter Of King Militia Of Villarhha (modern Ilerar). Together With The Events Whieh Fol Lowed In Consequenpo Of His Passion For ...

Name As
Name (as. Aania, Goth. ?lama, 0110. Name, I:er. Name; Connected With Lat. Awn En, Gk. 6vwza, Ono»ot, Ir. (them, Opruss, Emucs, ()church Slay. Iitie, Name, Mill With Lat. Gnosccre, Gk. Ycyvthcrketv, Gign6skein, Skt. Jiia, Ger. Keanen, Eng. Know). In Law, A Word Or Words Em Ployed To Designate A Person, ...

Nana Sahib
Nana Sahib, Nii'na\ (c.i820-?). A Hindu, One Of The Leaders Of The Sepoy Mutiny Of 1857. Ile Is Said To Have Been The Son Of A Brahman From The Deccan, And His Real Name Was Dimndu Pant. Lle Was Born About 1820, And Was Adopted As A Son In 1827 ...

Nancy
Nancy, The Capital Of The Depart Ment Of Sleurthe-et-sloselle. France. And An Im Portant Railroad Junetion. 220 Miles East Of Paris. And 91 Miles West Of Strassburg. On The Left Bank Of The Aleurthe, Six Miles Above Its Junction With The Moselle (slap: France. N 31. It Is A Strongly ...

Nanking
Nanking' (chin., Southern Capital.) The Capital Of The Province Of Kiang-su, China, And Seat Of The Viceroy For The Three Provinces Of Kiang-sn. Kiang-si, And Ngan-hwei. It Is 194 Miles Northwest Of Shanghai, Near The Yaug-tse River. Latitude 32° 40' N., Longitude I Is' 47' E. (alai): China. E 3). ...

Nansen
Nansen, Futur.my (181;1—). A Norwegian Arctie Explorer And Naturalist, Born Near Christiania. Norway. Ile Was Educated In The University Of His Native City, And Was Trained As A Zo6logist. In His Twenty-lirst Year He Under Took A Trip To East Greenland Waters For Zo6lopi Cal Specimens; The Same Year He ...

Nantes
Nantes, Mixt. An Important Seaport Town, Capital Of The Department Of Loire-inferieure, France, Situated On The Right Bank Of The Loire, At Its Continence With The Erdre And The Sevre Nantaise, Both Navigable Streams (slap: France, E 4). It Is About 250 Miles By Rail Southwest Of Paris. Besides Railways, ...

Napier
Napier, Nap'yi.;r Or Ott-piir', Sir Charles (1786-1860). A British Admiral. His Father Was The Hon. Capt. Charles Napier, R. N.. Second Son Of Francis, Fifth Lord Napier. He Was Born At The Family Seat. Merehiston Liall, Stirling, Scot Land. At Thirteen He Went To Sea As A Naval Volunteer. In ...

Napier_2
Napier, Sir Charles James ( 1782-1853 ) . A Celebrated British General. Son Of Col. George Napier. Ile Was Born At Whitehall, August 10, 1782, And In His Twelfth Year Received A Commis Sion In The Thirty-third Infantry. His First Mili Ter Experience Was In Ireland In 1798. Llis Next ...

Naples
Naples (it. Napoli; Anciently, Neapolis). The Largest City And The Second Seaport Of Italy, Capital Of The 'province Of Naples. Formerly The Capital Of The Kingdom Of The Two Sicilies, Situ Ated On The Western Coast Of The Peninsula, At The Foot Of Encircling Hills, On The North Side Of ...

Napoleon I
Napoleon I., Fr. Prom. Rth'o'hifoxf (napo Leon Bonaparte) (1769-1821). Emperor Of The French, Born At Ajaccio, On The Island Of Corsica, August 15, 1769. The Family Of Buonaparte (as The Name Was Spelled Until 1796) Was Of Tuscan Origin. Hut Had Been Settled In Corsica Since 1529. The Parents Of ...

Narbonne
Narbonne, Nil ( Lat. Narbo). A Town In The Department Of Aude, In Southern France, Situated ?is Miles From The Mediterra Nean, And 93 Miles By Rail Southeast Of Toulouse I Map: Eranee, J 8). The Streets Of This Formerly Important City Present A Poor Appearance, Relieved Only By Those ...

Narcotics
Narcotics (gk. Vapsar (kos, Nark Ot Ikos, Benumbing, From Vapsav, Narkoun, To Benumb, Front Vdpku, Narke, Torpor: Connected With 011g. Snerhan, To Draw Together, As. Snuff. Eng. Snare). Remedies Which, In Moderate Doses, Lessen The Action Of The Nervous System. Their Full Opera Tion Is Sleep Or Coma. Opium Is ...

Narses
Narses, ( ?-568). A Celebrated Eu Nuch Statesman And General Of The Byzantine Empire. He Was An Armenian By Birth, And Was Probably Sold As A Slave In Childhood. Ile Rose By Successive Steps To The Post Of Grand Cham Berlain To The Emperor Justinian. In 532 He Aided In ...

Narvaez
Narvaez, Pinfilo De (1470? 1528). A Spanish Soldier And 'conquistador.' Ile Was Born In Valladolid. And Came To America About 149s, And Became Lieutenant To The Gov Ernor Of Cuba, Velazquez. In 1520 Narvaez Was Sent With A Body Of Soldiers To Reduce Then In Alexico, To Submission. Land Ing ...

Narvaez_2
Narvaez, Ramox L'alutia., Duke Of Valencia (1600-05). A Spanish General And Statesman, Born At Loja, In Andalusia. In Early Youth He Fought In The Win• Of Liberation Against The French. In 182•2 Narvaez Acted With The Liberal. And Contributed To The Suppression Of The Revolt In The Royal Guards. Lie ...

Narwhal
Narwhal, Niir'wed (front Swed.. Pall. Ncnlrctl, Icon. Nab Ralr, Probably Front Teel. Nor, Corpse + /t Role, Whale; So Called From The Pale Color Of The Skin). A Cetacean Of The Family Belughl.e, Icst•nhling The White Whale In Form And In The Want Of A Dorsal Fin, But Remarkably Characterized ...

Nash
Nash, Itieumin (1674-1762). An English Society Leader, Better Known As 'beau Nash.: Horn At Swansea. In 1692 Fie Entered Jesus College, Oxford, Hut He Left Before Finishing His Course, And After A Very Brief Career In The Army, Entered As A Student Of Law At The Inner Temple In 1693. ...

Nashville
Nashville. The Capital Of Tennessee, And Next To Memphis Its Largest City, And The County-seat Of Davidson County, 233 Miles East Northeast Of Memphis And 186 Miles South By West Of Louisville, Ky.; On The Cumberland River (mainly On The Left Bank), And On The Louis Ville And Nashville And ...

Nasmyth
Nasmyth, Na'smith, Jamrs (1803-90). A Scotch Engineer And Inventor. Lie Was Born At Edinburgh, Whore He Received His Education At The High School, The School Of Arts, And The Uni Versity. As A Youth He Was An Expert Mechanic And Constructed Models Of Steam-engines And Other Machinery. In 1829 He ...

Nassau
Nassau, G Cr. Pron. Niis'sou. Formerly A German Dnehy. Now A Part Of The Prussian Prov Ince Of Hesse Nassau (q.v.). The Districts Now Known By The Name Of Nassau Were Anciently Occupied By The Alemanni (q.v.). They Subse Quently Became A Part Of The Frankish Realm. After The Partition ...

Natal
Natal, Na-till'. A Colony Of Great Britain On The Southeast Coast Of Africa, Bounded By The Transvaal Colony, Portuguese East Africa, The Indian Ocean. Cape Colony, Basutoland, And The Orange River Colony (map: Transvaal Colony, G 8). Its Area, Including Zululand And The Portion Of Transvaal Annexed In 1902. Is ...

Natchez
Natchez, Mien'oz (from Their Native Name, Na'ehi). An Interesting Tribe, Constituting A Distinct Linguistic Stock, Originally Residing In Nine Villages In The Vicinity Of The Present City Of Natchez, Miss., With A Total Population Of Perhaps 2500. Although Comparatively A Small Tribe, They Exercised A Commanding Influ Ence From The ...

Natchez_2
Natchez. A City And The County-seat Of Adams County, Miss., 100 Miles Southwest Of Jackson ; On The Mississippi River, And On The New Orleans And Northwestern And The Yazoo And Mississippi Valley Railroads (slap: C 7). It Is Built Largely On A Bluff, 200 Feet Above The River, The ...

National Academy Of Sciences
National Academy Of Sciences. An Organization Incorporated By Act Of Congress On Iniarch 3, 1863, To Investigate. Experiment. And Report On Any Subject. Of Science Or Art. When Called Upon To Do So By Any Department Of The T Nited States Government. The Membership Was Limited To Fifty Till 1870, ...

National Civic Federation
National Civic Federation. An Organization Formed Of A Number Of Prominent Representatives Of Capital And Labor, The Direct Outgrowth Of Conventions Held In Chicago And New York In 1900-01. The Object Of These Prelim Inary Meetings Was To Secure The Fullest Possi Ble Information As To The Methods And Measures ...

National Guard
National Guard ( Fr. Garde Nationale). Trout 178!) To 1871 The Name Of The French Militia Under Inunieipal Control, Recruited From The Burgher Class. The French Revolution Really Brought About The Creation Of The Guard. Though Guards Of A Like Nature Had Existed In Some Towns Previous To 1789. In ...

National Hymns
National Hymns. It Is Only Within Comparatively Modern Times That Patriotism Has Found Expression Through The Medimn Of A No Tiont.z/ Song. In The Few Eases Where A National Lynn Dates Back Several Hundred Years, It Will Be Found To Have Assumed Its Representative Char Acter Recently. National Music Is ...