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babylonia, assyria and empire

NAB'OPOLAS'SAR (Asa. Yabu-apal-usur, Nebo, protect the son). The founder of the Nen Babylonian Empire, king of Babylonia B.C. 625 605. He was not of royal birth, as is indicated by the absence of any reference to his father in the inscriptions that we have of him. By Ids own efforts he rose to a position of supremacy over the district of Chaldrea lying to the south of Babylonia proper as far as the Persian Gulf, which had managed even during the height of the Babylonian Empire to retain a certain meas ure of independence, and whose separate position continued to be recognized by the Assyrian kings when Babylonia had come under the control of Assyria. At various times the Chaldwans made attempts to regain their independence, and the growing weakness of Assyria after the death of A ,:nrliaaipal in n.c. 1126 furnished the desired opportunity for the Chahheans to reassert them selves and to extend their control from Chahhea to Babylonia. About B.C. 607 Nabopolassar. with the aid of the Medes and the northern invaders indefi nitely known as the Seythians, brought about the fall of Nineveh and the destruction of the Assyrian realm. The Neo-Babylonian Empire now beeame

the controlling influence in Mesopotamia and the Euphrates Valley. The few inscriptions of Na bopolassar wide]) have been found show him to. have been a man of force and energy, who man aged not only to maintain his position against great odds, but to hand over to his sun. Nebu chadnezzar, an empire almost as extensive :Ind as powerful as was that of Assyria in her best days. lle improved and enlarged the famous temple of Marduk in Babylon, and the sanctuaries of Sham ash, the and of Belit at Sippar, and con structed a canal at the latter place to bring the waters of the Euphrates to the city walls. The Chalthean origin of the Neo-Babylonian Em pire led to the use of the term Chaldwa among classical writers for Babylonia. Consult : Bogers, of Babylonia Assyria (New York, 19001, and the Babylonian-Assyrian histories of Tiele (Gotha, 1886), Rommel (Berlin, I885), and Winckler (Leipzig. 1892).