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command, fleet and war

NAPIER, nap'yi.;r or ott-piir', Sir CHARLES (1786-1860). A British admiral. His father was the Hon. Capt. Charles Napier, R. N.. second son of Francis, fifth Lord Napier. He was born at the family seat. Merehiston lIall, Stirling, Scot land. At thirteen he went to sea as a naval volunteer. In 1808 he received the command of the Recruit, 18 guns, serving in the \Vest Indies. lie became a post-captain, but being thrown out of active service, volunteered in the Peninsular Army, and was wounded at Busaco. In 1814 he was ordered to America, and took an active part in the operations against Baltimore. In 1829 he received the command of the Galatea, a 42-gun and was employed 'on particular service' on the coast of Portugal. Ile accepted the com mand of the fleet of Dom Pedro, the father of the young Queen, Maria da Gloria, in the struggle against her uncle, Dom Miguel, and by defeating the Miguelite fleet, hastened the downfall of the usurper. He was made admiral-in-chief of the Portuguese navy, but soon returned to Eng land. In the war between the Porte and Me hemet Ali, he organized a land force, with which lie stormed Sidon, and defeated Ibrahim Pasha among the heights of Mount Lebanon. Ile took

part in the naval attack on Aere. He next blockaded Alexandria, and concluded a enliven tion with Mehemet Ali. For these services he was knighted, and in 1847 he received the command of the Channel Fleet. When the Russian War broke out, he was sent out to command the Baltic fleet, but had to content himself with a prudent and successful blockade of the strongly fortified ports, which somewhat disappointed public expectations of more clarion' achievements. He twice sat in Parliament, until his death, labored with success to reform the British naval administration. He was a man of great. personal courage and decision of character, but selfish, vainglorious, and arrogant. These traits are strongly marked in his works: The War in Portugal (1836) ; The War in Syria (1842) ; The Nary: Its Past and Present State (1851). Partiality marks the biography by his stepson Gen. Elers Napier, The Life and Corre spondence of Admiral Sir Charles Napier (Lon don. 1862).