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Napier

lie, india, battle and governor

NAPIER, Sir CHARLES JAMES ( 1782-1853 ) . A celebrated British general. son of Col. George Napier. Ile was born at Whitehall, August 10, 1782, and in his twelfth year received a commis sion in the Thirty-third Infantry. His first mili ter experience was in Ireland in 1798. llis next active service was in Spain during the Napoleonic wars, and he commanded the Fiftieth 'Infantry at Coruna, where lie was wounded and taken prisoner. Marshal Ney dismissed him on parole, and he mew to England. but returned in 181(1 to the Peninsula after having been exchanged. At Coe lie fought as a volunteer and had two homes killed under !din. At Paisaco a shot in the face broke his jaw and injured an eye; but he re covered in time to he present at the battle of Fuentes do ()nor° and the second siege of Bada joz, both in 1811. In the snowier of 1813 lie was W it h the fleet under Beckwith, and afterwards under Cockburn, engaged in desultory operations on the coast of the United States. In 1815 lie took rat in the storming of Cambrai, and marched into l'aris with the allied armies. From 1822 to MO he was Resident (Governor) of Cephalonia, one of the Ionian Islands, the af fairs of which lie administered with great energy and intelligence. In 1841 lie was ordered to India to take command of the army at Bombay. The most splendid service of his life now began, and resulted in the conquest. of Sindh against great odds. In the battle of Mani, 1443. Napier with about 2000 troops attacked a strongly posted native force ten times as great, and de feated it. killing more than 6000 men. There

upon all the ameers surrendered with the ex ception of Shir Mnhanuned, who brought 25,000 men into line cif battle at Hyderabad. In three hours Napier's little army of 3000 men gained a dci victory, and a few days afterwards the English general was master of Sindh. The I:overnor-(Ieneral. Lord Ellenborough, made him Governor of the conquered territory. but his administration was very successful, as were also various campaigns against the hill tribes. Napier retired in 1847. after having quar reled with the directors of the East India Com pany. During the Sikh war of 1848-49 lie went to 'India, hut arrived too 1:1 te to take part in the conflict. After having put down a mutiny among the native soldiers. he returned to Eng bind in 15311, having lied another quarrel with the directors. lie retired to the llampshire Downs, near Portsmouth, busying himself with literary labors. There he died on August 29, 1853. Napier was a man brave to rashness, quarrel with his superiors, but beloved by his soldiers, and one of the most remarkable of the military int.n of his time. Consult: Bruce, Life of icloya s (trier (London. 1883) : Butler, ,qir (*bionics Va pit r (ib., 1890). His brother, Sir William Francis Patrick Napier hes written of him.