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utah, california, territory, formed and government

NIILITIA. The militia numbers 13S men.

IllsTIMY. The territory from which Nevada Was formed was aequired from 1\ lexieo by the Treaty of Onadalupe Ifidalgn, February 2, 1848, and later formed part of Utah Territory. The first, European known certainly to have entered the region was Francisco OareC•s, a Franciscan friar, on his way to California from Sonora in 1775. Other friars followed him, but no settle ments were made. In 1625 Peter S. Ogden, in the employ of the Hudson's Day Company, worked inland with a small party and came upon the Ilmnboldt River. sometimes called the Ogden Iiiver after himself. or the 1\ lary P,iver. after his Indian wife. Other trappers came within the next five years, though they suffered from the attacks of the Illacklect and Shoshone In dians. In 1820 dedediah S. Smith crossed the entire breadth of the present State from west to cast. Frf(mont passed through in 1843-45. and possibly occasional emigrants bound for Oregon or California settled here and there. In 1849 the Alornions founded a trading post in the valley of the Carson River, near the present town of Genoa, to supply gold-seekers on their way to California. When Utah Territory was formed, September 9, 18.50, the western boundary was fixed as the summit of the Sierra Nevada .Moun tains and so included notch of the present State, but the Territorial organization (lid not extend at once to the extreme west, and the inhabitants organiz.ed a government of their own. In 1853, and again in 1850, the inhabitants of the Carson Valley petitioned to be annexed to California, claiming that the Oovernment of Utah did not protect them, and had even withdrawn the comity government, so tardily given A petition for Territorial government was sent to Congress in August. 1857, and in 1858 a provisional govern

ment was formed at Carson City with Isaac Hoop as Oovernor. In 1800 another petition was sent to Congress and the Territorial Delegate applied for admission. Ale:111\0610 the Comstock Lode had been discovered in .June, 1859. and miners docked thither from every direction. The new Territory was separated from Utah, INIarch 2, 1801, being bounded on the east, however. by the 110th meridian. Another degree was cut from Utah, July 14. 1802, and on May 5, 1800. the east ern boundary was extended to the Illth meridian and that part of the State lying below 37' was taken from Arizona. In September, 1803, an election was held for delegates to form a State constitution, but the instrument sub mitted was defeated in January. 18114. 'However. the political sitnation made two additional Ile piddle:in votes in the United States Senate ex ceedingly desirable, and Congress in March, 1504. again passed an enabling all ; in July the Consti tution was accepted. and the State was admitted Oetober 31st. Politically the State is swayed largely by heal interests. It was Tlepubliean eleetions until 1S92, when it Was earried by the People's laity. In 1890 and 1900 it voted for the free-silver eandidate. William .honing Bryan. • Consult: Angel, history of Ncrada Oakland, ; Bancroft, :V( coda, Colorado, and Wyo m;ny (San Francisco, 1890) ; Nevada and Iler Resources City, 1894).