NOAH, nit'a (lieh. .Yd ( )ch ). According to the Itook of Genesis, the son of La med'. who ap pears in thee lid Testament in a double eapaeity: (a) the chief survivor of the Deluge. which in volved the destruction of all mankind (Gen, vi, ix. 17), and hence the second father of mankind; and (h) the first agriculturist to plant vines ix. 20-27). According to critical in the biblical study of Noah two traditions have been with him and combined. the one a story of a destructive flood which came to the 'Hebrews from the Babylonians (see the other a tradition as to the beginnings of civilization, of which 'wine' is a general symbol in the Old Testament. This second tradition be longs to the same category as the traeing of the arts to Tuba! Cain and Juba] (Geo. iv. 2/-22) and of the building of cities to Cain lib., 17); it is of a 'scholastic' character, whereas the other rests upon popular mythology and legend ary lore. The attachment of various originally
independent stories to one and the same per sonage is a common phenomenon in the process of myth and legend formation. The hero of the Babylonian deluge story hears two names— Pir napishtim ('source of life') and Atra-hasis or flasis-atra ('very clever' or 'very pion.'). Both names are synal tol lea 1. and it is pos-.il,le that a connection with Noah appears in the character of the latter as the father of the new mankind—in this sense the 'source of life'—and in the de scription of Noah ((Gen. vi, 9) (1(11k 'pious exceedingly.' which is almost a literal translation of Oasis-Ont. It is not absolutely certain, however. that the name of the hero in the Hebrew story was Noah. Gen. v. 20 suggests that it was Naltam or Nahman.