POCOCKE, RICHARD (1704-65). An English clergyman and traveler. He was born at South ampton, and studied at Corpus Christi, Oxford. In 1725 he was appointed precentor of Lismore and in 1734 of the Diocese of Wa terford and Lismore. The appointment was made during his absence, for from 1733 to 1736 he trav eled through Europe to Greece. His passion for travel became established, and upon his return home he made tours through some of the south ern counties of England, and came to be known as "i'oeoeke the traveler." In 1737 he set forth upon a long journey to Egypt and the East, from which he returned in 1742. shortly afterwards publishing in folio A Description of the East and of Nome Other Countries: vol. i., Observations on Egypt (1743) ; vol. ii., in two parts. (nisei-rations. on Palestine, or the Holy Land, Syria, Mesopota mia, Cyprus, and Candia (1745). This work Wils dedicated to the Earl of Chesterfield, and earned for the author the Arehdeaeonry of Dublin (1755). In 1756 he was made Bishop of Ossory, and one of his first labors was the restoration of the beau tiful cathedral church of Saint Canice in Kil kenny. He became interested in the study of Irish antiquities and wrote An Account of Sonic Antiquities Pound in Ireland for the London So ciety of Antiquarians, which was published after his death in the second volume of the mru (1773). Pococke made several journeys to
Scotland. and in 1760. having prepared himself lip extensive reading, he set out on a tour that led him as far as the Orkneys, from which he re turned by the east coast. visiting, describing, and sketching nearly all the abbeys, ruins, and places of interest on his route. Between April and October lie traveled 3391 miles on horsehaek. The accounts of his Scottish travels did not ap. pear until brought out by the Scottish History. Society, Tours in ,Scotland, 17.fi7, 1750. 17(10, edited, with a biographical sketch, by Kemp (1887), Pococke's interests were not exclusively devoted to antiquarian research. He establishd the Lin town factory in 1763 to further the Irish linen trade, and left a bequest for its maintenance. As Poeoeke College it is still perpetuated under the 'Incorporated Society for Promoting English Protestant Schools in Ireland. hr 1765 he was translated to the Bishopric of Meath. Accounts of his travels in England. Scotland, and Ireland were republished between 1888 and 1891.