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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 16

Redwing 1
Redwing. (1) An American Blackbird (agelaius Phteniceus) Of The Oriole Family (ie Teridat). The Male In Full Plumage Is Jet-black, With The Bend Of The Wing Bright Scarlet, Bor Dered With Buff. The Female Is Variegated With Brown And Buff, Black And White. The Redwing Is Inches Long. It Breeds ...

Reed
Reed. In Music, A Thin Strip Of Cane, Wood, Or Metal Secured At One End In Front Of An Aper Ture, Through Which A Current Of Air Passing Sets It In Vibration. The Vibrations Thus Started Are Either Communicated To An Inclosed Column Of Air. Or Are Released Into The ...

Reed
('reed Or.) Pius Exerted Himself Vigorously To Carry Out The Reforming Lb./tees Of The Council, Though Much Of This Work Was Reserved For The Following Pontificate. Lle Died December 9. 1565, In The Arms Of His Nephew, Charles Borromeo (tv.), 151n1111 He Had Made A Eardinal.—plus V.. Saint, Pope 1566-72, ...

Referendum
Referendum (neo-lat. Nom. Sg. Neu. Of Lat. Referendus, To Be Referred, Gertmdive Of Referre, To Refer, Bear Back). The Term Applied To The Practice Of Submitting Laws To The Elec Torate For Approval Or Rejection. In The Appli Cation Of The Referendum The Law Is First Formu Lated By The ...

Reformatories
Reformatories. Penal Institutions For Young Offenders Where The Object Of Punishment Is Subordinated To That Of Moral Regeneration. It Is Difficult To Fix Definitely The Time When It Was Recognized That Juvenile Offenders Should Not Be Merely Punished For Crime, But That Efforts Should Be Made To Reform Them. The ...

Reformed Church In America
Reformed Church In America. The. A Holy Of Christians In The 'united States Composed Originally Of Settlers From Ilolland, But Now Largely Intermixed With Elements From Many Other Sources. Until 1867 It Was Known As The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church In North America. The History Of The Church Begins With ...

Refrigeration
Refrigeration (lat. Refrigeratio, From Refrigerare, To Cool Again). The Art Of Produeing Cold By Artificial Means. It Has Been Practiced Since Very Ancient Times, But It Is Only In Corn Paratively Recent Times That Improved Systems And Apparatus Have Enabled Such Operations To Be Conduct (4l Profitably And On A ...

Refrigeration Of The Earth
Refrigeration Of The Earth. That The Earth Is Radiating More Heat Into Space Than It Receives Is Evidenced By The Fact That The Temperature Rises As The Crust Of The Earth Is Penetrated. The Flow Of Heat Is Always From A Higher To A Lower Temperature, And Consequently There Is ...

Refunding
Refunding (from Refund, Of., Fr., Refon. Dre, To Restore, Pay Back, Remodel, From Lat. Re Fundere, To Pour Back, Restore. From Re-, Hack, Again, Anew + Undrre, To Pour). A Financial Operation By Which A Government Or Corporation Changes The Terms Of An Existing Debt. In Public Finance The Term ...

Regelation
Regelation (lat. Rcip/ortio, A Thawing. From To Thaw. Fro In Hao K Anew -l Go 14trr, To Freeze, From Gt Lot. Frost : N Neeted With Lith. Fp Intense Edd. ??•th. Ka Ng, Nil:. Knit, As. Co Fad. Eng. Coil,/ . A Term First Applied By Faraday To Describe Flu ...

Regeneration
Regeneration (lat. Regeneratio, From Regencrure, To Generate Anew, From Back Again, Anew + Generare, To Beget, From Genus, Family). Replacement Of Lost Parts. Renewal Of Organs, Or Completion Of An Organism From A Part. In 1744 The Swiss Naturalist Trembley Found That On Cutting Hydras In Two, Or Slicing Them ...

Regeneration_2
Regeneration. A Term Used In Theology, To Indicate Either The Entire Spiritual Change Which Passes Upon Men When They Become Chris Tians O• The Divine Agency In Eliciting The Act Of Faith In Distinction From Conversion, Which Is The Part Of Man, And Comprises Repentance And Faith. The Words Of ...

Regensburg
Regensburg, Ra',vns-boors, Or Ratisb0n. A City Of Bavaria, Germany, Capital Of The Upper Palatinate. Situated On The Danube Opposite The Mouth Of The Regen, 65 Miles Northeast Of Mu Nich (map: Germany, E 4). It Is Distinctly Medi :eval In Appearance, With Narrow, Crooked Streets, And Ancient Houses, With Loopholed ...

Reginald 1500 58 Pole
Pole, Reginald (1500-58). The Last Roman Archbishop Of Canterbury. Ile Was Born Tit Stourt(i Castle, Staffordshire, In March. 1500, The Sun Of Sir Richard Pole, By Margaret, Coun Tess Of Salisbury, Daughter Of The Duke Of Clar Ence, The Brother Of Edward Iv. His Early Educa Tion Was Received From ...

Regnault
Regnault, Re-nyy, Henri ( 1843-71). A French Figure And Genre Painter. He Was Born In Paris October 30, 1843. After A Bril Liant Record In Classical Studies, He Entered The Atelier Of Lamothe, And Afterwards That Of Ca Banel, Won The Prix De Rome In 1866, And During The Two ...

Regulated Companies
Regulated Companies. Associations Of Merchants Formed In Early Modern Times To Exploit Monopolies Of Special Branches Of Foreign Trade. Each Member Of The Company Embarked His Capital In The Monopolized Trade, Manag Ing His Own Business, But Subject To The Regulations Of The Company. These Companies Were Formed On The ...

Regulus
Reg'ulus, Mancus Armus. A Roman General. He Was Consul For The First Time In B.c. 267, And, For His Successes Against The Sallentmi, Obtained The Honor Of A Triumph. Chosen A Second Time (b.c. 256), He Was Sent Along With His Colleague, L. Alanlins Vials°, At The Head Of A ...

Rehan
Rehan, Rerun (originally ('reiian). Anx (1860—). An .1 Merkan Actress. She Was Born In Limerick, Ireland. April 22, 1560, And Was Brought To The Culled States When About Six Years Old. While Still At School She Appeared Upon The Stage, But She Began Her (queer By A Two Year,' Engagement ...

Relation Of Political Science
Relation Of Political Science To Other Fields Of Knowledge. The Relation Of Politics To The General Science Of Society Has Already Been Indicated; Its Field Is More Restricted And The Eharacter Of Its Methods Teleological Rather Than Eausative. (see Sociology.) The Difference Be Tween The Purposes And Methods Of Sociology ...

Relation To Other Sciences
Relation To Other Sciences. Political Econ Omy Is Probably More Dependent Upon History Than Upon Any Other Science, And Indeed An Extreme Wing Of The Historical School, Of Which Sehmoller Is The Most Prominent Example, Holds That Until A Larger Store Of Historical Results Is Accumulated It Is Of Little ...

Religion
Religion. The Predominant Religion Is Roman. Catholic, But All Faiths Have Complete Toleration. A Protestant Church Is Maintained In Ponce, And A Few Others In Smaller Towns. The Bishopric Of Porto Dim Founded In 1504, Was The First To Be Established In The New World. G0vfrnafest. After The Cession Of ...

Religion_2
Religion. Quebec Was First Settled By French Catholics And Was The Centre Of The Great Mis Sionary Activity Of The Jesuits. The Catholic Faith Still Continues Strongly Predominant, Its Adherents Outnumbering, The Protestants More Than 0 To 1. They Constitute Two-thirds Of The Total Catholic Population Of The Dominion. (if ...

Richard 1704 65 Pococke
Pococke, Richard (1704-65). An English Clergyman And Traveler. He Was Born At South Ampton, And Studied At Corpus Christi, Oxford. In 1725 He Was Appointed Precentor Of Lismore And In 1734 Of The Diocese Of Wa Terford And Lismore. The Appointment Was Made During His Absence, For From 1733 To ...

Ritz John 1822 1901porter
Porter, Ritz John ( 1822-1901) . A Dis Tinguished American Soldier. He Was Born At Portsmouth, N. 11., Graduated At West Point In 1845, And Was Assigned To The Artillery, In Which Lie Became Second Lieutenant The Following Year. He Served In The War With Mexico From The Begin Ning; ...

Roadbed Construction
Roadbed Construction. The First Task In The Building Of A Railway Is The Construction Of The Roadbed Or Permanent Way. In Its Broadest Meaning The Permanent Way Of A Railway Com Prises All Structure Upon Which Track Is Laid, But The Term Is Often Given A More Limited Appli Cation ...

Robert 1828 93 Ransom
Ransom, Robert (1828-93). An American Soldier, Born In Warren County, N. C. He Gradu Ated At West Point In 1850. In 1850-51 He Was At The Carlisle Cavalry School, And From 1851 To 1854 Served In New Mexico. He Was Assistant Instructor In Cavalry Tactics At West Point In 1854-55, ...

Robert Gillespie Reid
Reid, Robert Gillespie (i—) . A Canadian Railway Contractor, Born At Coupar Angus (perthshire), Scotland. In 1865 He Went To Australia, Where He Was Interested In Gold Mining And Other Ventures. And In 1871 He Emigrated To America, And Had Charge Of The Construction Of The International Bridge Across The ...

Roman Law
Roman Law Sharply Distinguished Public Front Private Law And Political From Property Rights. The Roman Law Of Property, However, Originally Included Family Rights. The Earliest Classifica Tion Of Property, Which Appears In The Xii. Ta Bles, Is (i) Foam Ilia, The Household, Which Includes Land And Agricultural Easements, Beasts Of ...

Romanticism
Romanticism (1g22-62). Romantieism, Which Placed Feeling Above Reason. Answered The Condi Tion Of Poland. The Ode To Youth. Of Mickie Wiez Struck A Responsive Chord In The Hearts Of His Countrymen. From Such Feelings Proceeded The Love For The Miraculous (destined To Develop Into Mysticism A Little Later) And National ...

Rotary Tools
Rotary Tools. Rotary Pneumatic Tools, Com Monly Called Portable Pneumatic Drills, Are Used For Thrilling And Boring Wood And The Analogous Operations Of Reaming, Tapping. Tube-expanding, Screwing Nuts On Bolts, Boring Eylinders And Cor Liss Engine Valve Seats: Also For Turning Crank Pins, Grinding Steam-pipe Joints, And Cleaning Castings. The ...

Royal Purveyance
Purveyance, Royal. In English Law, The Former Right Or Prerogative Of The Crown To Demand Supplies And Services At The Lowest Price, To Be Fixed By Appraisers, Usually Those Chosen By The Royal Purveyors, Or Officers Employed In Procuring The Royal Supplies. This Was One Of The Oldest Of The ...

Russian Poland
Poland, Russian. Art Historical Division Of Russia. Forming The Westernmost Part Of The Russian Empire. It Is Hounded On The North By Prussia And The Russian Government Of Kovno, On The East By The Governments Of Vilna. Crodno, And Volhynia, On The South By The Austrian Erownlands Of Galieia And ...

Safety Appliances
Safety Appliances. Safety Appliances For Railways Have Been Of Growing Importance In Proportion To The Increase Of The Weight And Speed Of Trains; At The Same Time, Very Few Of These Appliances Are Used Solely With A View To Safety, Most Of Them Having Some Mechanical Function To Fulfill Apart ...

Samuel Chester 1783 1861reid
Reid, Samuel Chester ( 1783-1861). An American Naval Officer, Horn In Norwich, Coon. He Went To Sea At The Age Of Eleven, And On His First Voyage Was Captured By A French Frigate And Confined For Six Months In Guadalonpe. Sub Sequently Be Entered The United States Navy And Served ...

Samuel Jackson Randall
Randall, Samuel Jackson An American Political Leader And Legislator, Speaker Of The National House- Of Representa Tives From 1876 To 1881. He Was The Son Of Josiah Randall, A Prominent Lawyer Of Philadelphia, Where He Was Born. There He Was Educated At The University Academy. He Early Became Prom Inent ...

Satling
Satling. For The Purpose Of Climatological Study The Surface Of The Ocean Is Supposed To Lie Divided Into Rectangular Areas By The Even Five-degree Parallel, Of Latitude And Meridians Of Longitude, 5°, 10°, 15°, Ete. The Pilot Chart For Any Month Gives In Blue For Each Of These Areas The ...

Seasonal Distribution Of Rain
Seasonal Distribution Of Rain. This Is In Many Respects More Important Than The Total Annual Quantity. It Is The Combination Of Rain Fall, Temperature, And Sunshine That Determines The Character Of The Vegetation In Each Part Of The Globe. In The Northern Hemisphere Some Stations Have A Large Rainfall In ...

Seth 1706 77 Pomeroy
Pomeroy, Seth (1706-77). An American Soldier, Born In 'northampton, 31ass. He Early Became A Blacksmith And Accumulated Property, But Was Chiefly Interested In Military Affairs. He Was Major Of The Fourth Massachusetts Regi Ment In The Successful Attack Upon Louisburg In 1745. And The Next Year Was Engaged Against The ...

Sextcs Propertius
Propertius, Sextcs (e.49-e.15 B.e.). A Roman Elegiac Poet. He Was An Umbrian By Birth. And His Native Town Was In All Probability The City Of Asisium. He Was Of Equestrian Rank, And His Father, Who Had Joined Lucius Antonius, Had Lost Much Of His Estate, Which Was Confiscated By Augustus. ...

Sheffield Plate
Plate, Sheffield. A Kind Of Table Ware Made By Coating A. Baser Metal With Silver. Previous To The Introduction Of Electroplating, The Method Generally Pursued Was That Which Has Acquired The Name Of Sheffield Plating, From The Large Extent To Which It Was Carried On In That Town. It Consisted ...

Smith Sound E A
Smith Sound. E. A. Inglefield By His Voyage Of 1859 Opened Waterways To The North. As He Reached 78° 28' N., Off Cape Sabine. Ile Also Penetrated Far Into Jones Sound And Charted 600 Miles Of New Coast. In 1853 Dr. E. K. Kane Of Philadelphia Pushed The .141.8111re Through ...

Society For Psychical Research
Psychical Research, Society For. An Association Formed In London, England, Early In 1882 (as The Result Of A Conference Convoked By Professor W. F. Barrett), For The Purpose Of Making "an Organized And Systematic Attempt To Investigate That Large Group Of Debatable Phe Nomena Designated By Such Terms As Mesnierie, ...

Statute Of Provisors
Provisors, Statute Of. The Name Of Sev Eral Statutes Of England, Which Were Intended To Prevent The Pope From Presenting To Benefiees In England, O•, As It Was Technically Known, From Using The Rights Of Provision And Reservation. Since The Time Of Innocent Hi. (1198-1216) The Pope Had Frequently Appointed ...

Steam Pumping Engines
Steam Pumping Engines. The Simplest Of These Machines Consists Of A Single Steam And A Single Water Cylinder, With A Common Piston, But This Type Did Not Come Into Use Until Ponder Ous Beam Engines Had Been Employed For Scores Of Years. All Steam Pumping Engines Have Lamps Of The ...

Stereotyping
Stereotyping Is A Process By Which The Com Posed Types Of A Page Are Founded In One Piece. The Object Is To Preserve Composition So That It Cannot He Distributed, To Cheapen Cost. And Save Wear Of Type. Many Methods Have Been Invented, But Two Only Are Now In Use: ...

Sterling 1809 67 Price
Price, Sterling ( 1809-67). An American Soldier, Born In Prince Edward County, Va. He Was Educated At Hampden-sidney College, But Removed To Chariton County, Mo., In 1831. In 1844 He Was Elected To Congress, But In 1846 Be Resigned And Raised The Second Missouri Cavalry For The Lexican War. Under ...

Sweden And Norway
Sweden And Norway. The Scandinavian Dual Monarchy Really Comprises Two Distinct Nations With One King And A Common Administration For War And Diplomacy. Each Has Therefore Its Dis Tinct National Polities. The Parties In Sweden Are The Aristocratic Conservative L'arty, Forming The Parliamentary Right, And Having Its Strength In The ...

Switzerland
Switzerland. There Is No Party Government In Switzerland And No Party Machinery, Such As Is Necessary In Countries Where There Is Party Gov Ernment. Minority Representation Is Responsible For This. There Are Parties. However. The Politi Cal History Of The Present Confederation Begins In 1847, When The Radicals Triumphed Over ...

Switzerland And Calvin
Switzerland And Calvin. Parallel With The Lutheran Movement In Germany A Religious Re Volt On Similar Lines Developed In The German Cantons Of Switzerland Under The Leadership Of Ulrich Zwingli (q.v.), A Zurich Pastor (1519). The Causes Of The Swiss Movement Were Partly Political, But The Underlying Principles Involved Were ...

Tasmania
Tasmania. The Most Important Discoveries Have Been Accomplished By This Route. The First Visitors Were Cook (1773), Who Reached 67° 31' S.. 142° 54' Av.. And Bellingshausen (1820), Who Reached 67° S., 170° \v., Neither Seeing Land. (1839) First Discovered Land. The Balleny Islands. 67° S.. 163° E., And Sabrina ...

Telegraphs
Telegraphs. An Act Of 1870 Empowered The Post-office To Acquire The Existing Electric Tele Graphs: And The Telegraphic Communication Of The Country Is Now In The Hands Of The Post-office. As A Result Of Governmental Control The Rates Charged Have Been Greatly Reduced And The Num Ber Of Messages Sent ...

Terence Vincent Powderly
Pow'derly, Terence Vincent (1849—). An American Labor Leader, Born At Carbondale, Lackawanna County. Pa. He Received A Common School Education, In 1862 Became A Switchman For The Delaware And Hudson Railway, In 1s64 A Car-repairer, And In 1860 An Apprentice To The Machinist Trade In The Shops Of The Company. ...

The Austrian School
The Austrian School Represents A Reaction Within The Limits Of The Classical Economy The Name Austrian School Is Used Simply Be Cause The Marginal Utility Theory Of Value, Which Constitutes The Essence Of This Reaction. Has Been Most Thoroughly Developed And Most Widely Ap Plied By A Group Of Austrian ...

The Cumberland Presbyterian Church
The Cumberland Presbyterian Church Was Organized In Tennessee On February 14, 1810, By Three Presbyterian Ministers, Finis Ewing, Sam Uel King, And Samuel Mcadow. They Called The Organization The Cumberland Presbytery. This Act Was The Crisis Of A Movement Begun A Dozen Years Earlier, The Great Spiritual Revival Which Had ...

The Deductive Iettiod
The Deductive :\ Iettiod. What Is Known In Economics As The Deductive Method Consists Nsually Of Three Stages, The First And Last Of Which Are Inductive. In The Preliminary Stage. Either From Common Observation Or More Complex Induction, The Postulates Of The Deductive Science Are Secured. In The English Economic ...

The Defendant In Default
The Defendant In Default Under A Con Tract. When A Defendant Is In Default Under A Contract Because Performance By Him Has Become Impossible. The Plaintiff Is Entitled To Recover In Quasi Contract For Benefits Conferred By Him Upon The Defendant Provided The Defendant's Failure To Perform Is Total, Or ...

The Hindu Priesthood
The Hindu Priesthood. The Priesthood Of India Belongs To The First Or Brahman Caste Ex Clusively. The Growth Of A Priest Caste Can Be Traced In The History Of Hindu Literature. Origi Nally A King. Or Paterfamilias, Whether Of Priestly Caste Or Not, Could Officiate As A Priest. Any Defective ...

The Irish Church
The Irish Church. The History Of Presby Terianism In Scotland Is Also Essentially Its His Tory In Ireland. The First Presbytery In Ireland Was Organized In 1642 By Scotch Chaplains Ac Companying The Army Sent There To Subdue The `great Rebellion' Of That Period. The Presby Terian Population Increased By ...

The Literature Of Political
The Literature Of Political Science. It Has Been Intimated With Some Truth That Politics Has Not As Yet Fully Made Good Its Claim To Rank As A Science, Because Political Literature Lacks That Succession Of Effort Which Constitutes The Progres Sive Element In The Natural Sciences. In The Latter An ...

The Mercantilists 1500 1750
The Mercantilists (1500-1750). Medheval Economic Theory Had Been Dominated By Ethical Considerations; The Economic Thought Of The Early Modern Period Was Dominated By Political Neces Sities. Both The Feudal System And The Tem Poral Power Of The Papacy Had Been Undermined By The Growth Of The Great Modern Monarchies. The ...

The Methods Of Political
The _methods Of Political Science. The Sei Entifie Method Of Politics Acquires Its Materials By The Historic Study Of Individual Institutions, By The Analysis Of Contemporary Political Life, By Statistical Investigation, And By The Comparative Study Of Institutions. On The Basis Of The Facts Thus Secured It Arrives By The ...

The Presbyterian Church In
The Presbyterian Church In The United States. In May, 1861, The General Assembly, Meeting In Philadelphia, Adopted A Paper In Reference To The Civil War, Which Asserted The Loyalty Of The Church To The Union And Promised The Support Of All Its Churches And Ministers To The Federal Government. The ...

The Presbyterian Church In
The Presbyterian Church In The United States Was Founded By The Scotch, Irish, French, German, And Dutch Reformed Immigrants To This Country. Fugitives From Persecution, They Took Refuge In The More' Liberal Colonies Of Pennsyl Vania, Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia, And The Carolinas, And Some In New England. The Founding ...

The Presbyterian Church Of
The Presbyterian Church Of England. In England The Principles Of The Puritans Were Practically Presbyterian, Although They Were For The Most Part More Concerned With Resistance To Power, Exercised As They Believed Against The Word Of God, Than With The Development Of Church Government. Still The Ministers Of Lon Don ...

The Presbyterian Church Of_2
The Presbyterian Church Of The British Colonies. In Canada The Presbyterian Church Dates From The Conquest In 1759. Its First Preacher Is Supposed To Bave Been The Rev. George Henry, Chaplain Of A British Regiment Stationed In Quebec. In Montreal The First Pres Byterian Church Was Organized In 1790. In ...

The Spitzbergen Archipelago
The Spitzbergen Archipelago. Seientifie Ex Ploration Of The Archipelago Been In The Nine Teenth Century With Clavering And Sabine (1824), And The French Commission, Fabre, Gaimard. Martins. And Marmier (18381. Most Notable Of Countless Explorations In Recent Years Are The Following: Torrell And Nordenskjahl (1861) First Visited Northeast Land. Reaching ...

The United Presbyterian Church
The United Presbyterian Church Of North America Was Organized In Pittsburg, Pa., On Nay 20, 1858. By A Union Of The Associate And The Associate Reformed Churches. By One Line The United Presbyterian Church Is Descended From The Covenanters Of Scotland, By The Other Line It Is Descended From A ...

Thomas 1710 06 Reid
Reid, Thomas (1710-06). A Leading Philos Opher Of The Scottish School. Be Was Horn April 26, 1710, At Strachan, Kincardineshire, Began His Education In The Parish School Of Kincardine. And At The Age Of Twelve Became A Student At Marischal College In Aberdeen. Ile Took His Degree Of M.a. In ...

Thomas 1722 1805 Pownall
Pown'all, Tho.mas (1722-1805). An Eng Lish Statesman And Colonial Official. He Was Horn Probably At Lincoln. Graduated At Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1743. And Soon Afterwards Obtained A Place In The Office Of The Board Of Trade And Plantations. In 1753 He Came To New York As Private Secretary To ...

Thomas Brackett 1839 1902reed
Reed, Thomas Brackett ( 1839-1902 ) . An American Lawyer And Political Leader, Born At Portland, Maine. He Graduated At Bowdoin Col Lege In 1860; Emigrated To California, Where He Taught School, In The Meantime Devoting His Spare Moments To The Study Of Law ; Returned To Port Land In ...

Thomas Scott 1824 91preston
Preston, Thomas Scott ( 1824-91). An American Roman Catholic Clergyman. He Was Horn At New Hartford, Conn., Of Protestant Par Ents. Though The Son's Early Influences Were Ad Verse To Ritualism, When He Graduated From Trin Ity College, Hartford, In 1843 With The Determina Tion Of Entering The Ministry, He ...

Tiie Hebrew And Jewish
Tiie Hebrew And Jewish Priesthood. The Hebrew' Word For Priest (kohrli) Is Of Uncertain Origin; The Arabic Krihin Means Diviner. Which Corresponds To One Of The Most Distinctive Func Tions Of The Priesthood. According To The Later Jewish Theory. The Priesthood Belonged Exclu Sively To The Family Of Aaron, While ...

Tiie Purposes Of Political
Tiie Purposes Of Political Science. The Pri Mary Purpose Of Political Science Is The Under Standing Of The General Laws Of State Life. This, However, Does Not Involve The Tracing Back Of Political Institutions To Primal Impulses In Ani Mal Life And To Dominant Influences Exerted By Inanimate Nature, A ...

Tile
Tile Letters—vowels And Consonants. It Is Impossible Within The Scope Of This Article To Make Any Attempt At A Complete Statement Of The Values Of The Letters And Their Combinations, Even In The Languages Of The Modern Civilized Races. The Following Alphabetic List Is Intended Only To Afford A Clue ...

Tile Branches Of Political
Tile Branches Of Political Science. In Ae• Eordance With The General Division Of Political Science Which Has Been Indicated Above, We May Group The Various Brandies Of The Subject As Follows: Political Dynamics 1. Diplomacy And International Politics. 2. Party Politics. 3. Comparative Legislation. 4. Governmental And Administrative Policies. Political ...

Tile Egyptian Priesthood
Tile Egyptian Priesthood. From The Earliest Times Each Egyptian Nome Had Its Own Local Cult Administered By A Priesthood Who Formed A Sort Of Collegiate Body And Were Divided Into Several Classes. The Most Numerous, And At The Same Time The Highest, Class Were The Priests Called By Egyptians //cu. ...

Tile Reformed Episcopalchurch
Reformed Episcopal Church, Tile. A Religious Body Which Was Originated For Such Members Of The Protestant Episcopal Church As Were Opposed To The Growth Of Saeramentarianism And Sacerdotalism In That Communion, And For Any Others Who, Like-minded With Them, De Sire To Be Associated With A Church Evangelical In Its ...

Tile Rehearsal
Rehearsal, Tile. A Burlesque By George Villiers, Duke Of Buckingham, Produced In 1671, Ridiculing D'avenant, Dryden, Sir Robert How Ard, And Other Writers Of The Heroic Dramas Of The Restoration. It Was Long Popular, And Was Imitated By Fielding In Toni Thumb The Great And By Sheridan In The Critic. ...

Topography
Topography. The Kingdom Occupies The Great Er Part Of The Atlantic Slope Of The Great Penin Sular Tableland. The Country Has A Coat Line Of Nearly 465 Miles. The Harbors Are Relatively Nu Merous, Though Those In The North Arcobstructed By Sand Bars. The Most Important Are Those Of Lisbon, ...

Tr
Tr ?rt 1tion And Rom)unic.vtion. One Of -t Faetors In The Industrial Develorment Of Pn,--ia Has Been The Excellen Is Of Its Inland Water Ron-en And Railroad Line,, Which Supple /. Eat In-tead Of Ri‘alinj One Another. An Enor O 0 Rinage Is Carried On The Great River-, On Their ...

Track Construction
Track Construction. The Width Of The Road Bed At The Top Is From 26 To 32 Feet For Double Track And From 14 To 18 Feet For Single Track On Embankment. In Cuts The Width Of Roadbed Exclusive Of Ditches Is From 28 To 33 Feet For Double Track And ...

Transportation And Communication
Transportation And Communication. In November, December, And .tanuary The North Eoast Ports Are Difficult Of Access On Account Of North Winds, And From June To Nove•nlber South Erly Winds Endanger The Anchorages On The South Ern Coast. The Priu•iysl Ports Are San Juan, On The North; Fajardo And Ensenada Honda, ...

Tue Inductive
Tue Inductive The Ultimate Aim Of The Inductive Method Is By Systematic Analysis And Comparison Of Concrete Economic. Phenomena, "to Observe The Effects Of A Cause Coming Singly Into Action While All Other Forces Remain Un Altered." The Attempt To Do This Gives Rise To Two Inductive Processes: The Method ...

Type Setting Or Composing
Type-setting Or Composing. The Setting Of Printing Types In Proper Order For Printing Is Termed Composing, And May Be Performed Either By Hand Or By Machine. (for Machine Composi Tion. See Type-setting Machines.) Ln Hand Com Position, The Compositor Places The Copy Before Him On The Upper Case, And Standing ...

Unite States
Unite]) States. In The English Colonies Of America Before 1639 Such Postal Facilities As Ex Isted Were Supplied By Private Enterprise. Let Ters From Abroad Were Delivered At The Wharf To Those Who Called For Them Or Sent To A Near-by Coffee-house For Distribution. In 1639 The General Court Of ...

University Of Prague
Prague, University Of. Prague Has Two Universities, One German, The Other Bohemian. Of These, The Older And More Famous Is The Former, Which Is The Oldest Of German Univer Sities. It Was Founded By Charles Iv. In 134s On The Basis Of An Older School Dating Back To The Middle ...

Urban Popwtion
Urban Popwtion. No Feature In The Rapid Increase In The Population Of Civilized Countries During The Nineteenth Century Has Been More Marked Than The Growth Of Cities, Both In The Older European Countries And In The Newer Coun Tries Whither That European Population Has Mi Grated. The Results Of The ...

The German Reformedreformed
Reformed Church In The United States, The ( Germa.n Reformed). A Reli Gious Body Founded By Emigrants From The Pa Latinate And Other Districts Of Germany. Their First Minister Was Rev. Samuel Goldin. Who Came In 1710; Their First Church Was Founded At Ger Mantown. Va., 1714: And Their First ...

The Regulators
Regulators, The. The Name Given To Those Who Actively Opposed Excessive Taxes, Dis Honest Sheriffs, And Extortionate Fees, In North Carolina, In 1765-71. Practically All Authority Was At This Time Centred In The Royal Governor; The Taxes Were Levied Exclusively Upon The Poll; There Was Little Money In The Counties ...