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Worcester

city, cathedral and ancient

WORCESTER, The capital of Wor cestershire, England, in the centre of the Severn Valley, on the eastern hank of the river, 27 miles southwest of Birmingham (Map: England. D 4). The most important public buildings are the cathedral, the shire-hall, the guild-hall, the county prison, the city library, the Worcester nni scum, the corn exchange. the music-hall, and a city grammar school• founded by Queen Elizabeth. A cathedral, dedicated to Saint Peter, was found ed as early as the seventh century. In 1084 Bishop Wulfstan laid the foundation of a new cathedral, which was not completed till 1216. Restored since l855. it is now distinguished by the simplicity, if not plainness, of the exterior, which is amply compensated for by a fine perspec tive, the lofty roof. and generally charming effect of the interior. The tombs of King John. of Arthur, Prince of Wales (eldest son of llenry VII.), and of Bishop Garden (q.v.), are the chief ancient monuments in the bifilding. The city owns the water and electric lighting works. slaughter-houses. markets, and ceme

teries, and maintains a large recreation ground, swimming baths, technical and art schools, and a public library. Glove-making, leather dressing and staining. porcelain factories. ironworks. locomotive-engine factories• tanning and currying. weaving, vinegar, wine and sauce making. coach-building. aml the manu facture of chemical manures and agricultural im plements are the chief industries. The frequent discovery of ancient remains proves that Wor cester was a Roman station. It became a city 'm iler the kings of Slercia, and holds charters from Richard 1. and subsequent monarchs. Ilere Cromwell overthrew a Scotch army under C11:1111'9 II.. September 3, 16g1. Population, in 1891, I'2, 9(18: in 1901. 46,623.

Consult Curzon, Manufacturing Industries of Worcestershire (Birmingham, 1883) ; Brassing ton, Historic Worcestershire (ib., 1894-95).