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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20

Wittekind
Wittekind, Vit'te-kint, Or Widukind, ( ?-e.807). A 1:vestplialian Chieftain, The Most Celebrated Leader Of The Saxons Against Charles The Threat. When Most Of The Saxon Nobles Submitted To The Frankish King. At The Imperial Diet At Paderborn, In 777, Wittekind Fled To Siegfried. King Of Whose Sister Gera He Is ...

Witwatersrand
Witwatersrand, (south African Dutch, Prange). A Gold Mining District In The Southern Part Of The Transvaal, The Most Productive In The World, Extending Some 40 Miles Along A Low Range Of Hills Known By The Same Name (map: Transvaal Colony, E 5). The Conglomerate Or Was First Discovered In 1885, ...

Woffington
Wof'fington, J-teuanet (p1:0) (e.1714 (10). A Celebrated Irish Actress, Born Of Poor Parents In Dublin, Where It Was Long Remembered How As A Child She Sold Salad On College Green, And Charmed Purchasers By Her Bright And Vi Vacions Ways. When About Ten Years Old, She Appeared In A 'lilliputian' ...

Wofford College
Wof'ford College. An Institution Of Higher Learning At S. C., Founded In 1853 By A Legacy Of $100,000 From The Rev. Benjamin Wofl'ord, The Institution Is Under The Control Of The _methodist Church, South. It Offers An Academic Course Leading To The Bachelor's Degree, And Maintains A Preparatory School On ...

Wolcot
Wolcot, Wrd'kut, .101in (1738-1819). An English Poet, Better Known Under The Pseudonym Of Peteu L'indar. Ile Was Born At 1)1albrook, In Devon. Ile Was Educated By An Uncle, :il Kingsbridge And In France, And Subsequently Studied Medicine In London And In Aberdeen. In 1767 He Went To .jamaica With Sir ...

Wolf As
Wolf (as. Mull. Goth. Wnlfs, (mg. Wolf, “cr. Waif, Wolf, Connected With Lat. Lupus, Mos, Tokos. Ochureh Slay. Lith. R Max, Skt. Rrka, Wolf, And With Skt. Rraie, To Rend, (1k. Iducco,, O('hureh Slay. Rtekoti, To Haul). The Name Of Several Typically Ennino Ani Mals: Specifically Ontis Tapas. This. The ...

Wolffian Bottle
Wolffian Bottle. A Form Of Apparatus Used For Washing Gases, That Takes Its Name From The English Chemist Peter Wolff. It Consists Usually Of A Glass Bottle With Three Separate Openings Or Months On The Neck. 'cho Gas Which It Is Desired To Wash Enters Through A Tube, Which Extends ...

Wolfram Von Eschenbach
Wolfram Von Eschenbach, Vtarriim Fen Eslecn-blio (c.1165-c.1220). The Greatest Of Middle High German Epic Poets. He Was Born At Eschenbaeh, Near Ansbaeh, In Bavaria, And Passed His Life Chiefly At The Court Of Hermann, Landgrave Of Thuringia, Where Lie Was Associ Ated In Friendly Rivalry With Walther Von Der Vogelweide ...

Wollner
Wollner, Vul'n?lr.. Adolf (1835-1. A German Physicist, Horn In Dusseldorf. He Stud Ied In Bonn. Munich, And Berlin, And Became Docent In Marburg, 1858. In 1862 He Was Appointed Director Of The Technological School At Aix-la-chapelle, In 186.5 Professor Of Physics In The Agricultural School At Poppelsdorf, And Was Also ...

Wolseley
Wolseley, Sir Garnet Joseph, First Viscount (1833—). A British Soldier, Born In Dublin County, Ireland, June 4. 1833. He Entered The Army In 1852, And In The Burme$e War Of 1852-53 Received A Severe Wound. He Was Twice Womuled In The Crimean War. For His Bravery In The Latter Struggle ...

Wolsey
Wolsey, Wul'zi, Thomas ( 1475?-1530). A Famous English Cardinal And Statesman. Lie Was Born At 1piwich, In Suffolk. Of Parents Not Very Exalted In Station, His Father Having Been, Accord Ing To Report, A Butcher, Though There I.s Evidence Of His Having Possessed Some Property. Ile Was Sent, At The ...

Wolverine
Wolverine (probably French-canadian, Eng. ?ruin, Or Carca,1017. The Largest Of The Ann.:lean Fur-bearing Animals (q.v.) Of The Family Ninstelidtr, And Substantially Identical With The Glutton (gulp Fusel's) Of The Old World. It Is Bear-like In Form, About 40 Inches In Total Length. Less Than A Quarter Of Which Is Taken ...

Womans Suffrage
Woman's Suffrage. The Movement In Favor Of Granting Suffrage To Women Is One Phase Of The Demand For (vial Political, Indus Trial, And Edimational Opportunities For Women, Whi V11 Was Brought Into Prominence By The °m Amair Changes Of The Nilimeenth Century. A Few Early Writers Disenssed The Position Of ...

Women In Industry
Women In Industry. In Primitive So Ciety Men Were Fishers, Fighters, Hunters, While Women Fashioned The Hut, Gathered And Stored The Seeds, Roots, And Fruits, Tamed Young Animals, Prepared The Meat And Skins From The Animals Slain By Men, And Made Garments And Utensils. When The Pastoral Stage Followed Immediately ...

Womens Clubs
Women's Clubs. Organizations Of Women Which Originated After The Civil War As An Out Come Of The New Demand For Cooperation And Popular Education, And Which From 1880 To Mo Became A Characteristic Feature Of Woman's Ac Tivity. Previous To The Nineteenth Century Asso Ciations Of Women Were Practically Unknown. ...

Wood Carving
Wood-carving. A Very Early Form Of Sculpture. While Practically Unknown In The Babylonian. Assyrian. Persian. And Other Styles Of Western Asia, It Was Fairly Common In Very Early Egyptian Sculpture. Some Of The Most Realistic Portrait And Genre Statues Of The An Dent Were Carved In Wood. Such Is The ...

Wood Working Machinery
Wood-working Machinery. Under This Head May Be Embraced The Various Machines By Means Of Which Lumber As Cut In The Forest Is Reduced To Standard Dimensions And Then Made Into Pieces Ready For Immediate Use, Sue!' As Boards, Trim, Doors, Sashes, Boxes, Pte. As The Lumber Advances Throngh Consecutive Operations ...

Wood As
Wood (as. Wudu, Widu. 013g. /ritn, Wood ; Connected With Orr. /id, Welsh Gnid,gwydd. Corn. Guider, Bret. Gine:awn, Wood, Tree). Popularly Considered, The Aggregated Tougher Portions Of The Vascular Bundles Of Seed And Fern Plants. Only The Seed-plants Yield Wood Which Is Of Any Value As Lumber, And Among Them ...

Woodcock As
Woodcock (as. Tritdueoc, From Wtolu, Wood + Coo, Cock). The Popular Name Of Certain Birds Closely Related To The Snipes (q.v.), But Of More Bulky Form And Having Shorter And Stronger Legs. The Common Woodcock Of The I Lid World I 8coto Pax Rusticola), Well Known As A Game-bird In ...

Woodpecker
Woodpecker. A Forest Bird Of The Family Pickle>, Adapted To Clinging To The Trunks Of Trees And Digging Holes In The Wood With Its Beak. The Toes Are In Pairs, Two Before And Two Behind. Armed With Sharp Strong Claws; In Pieoides And Some Other Genera One Of The Two ...

Wool Sorting
Wool-sorting. The Differences In The Quality Of Wool, And Especially That From Different Parts Of The Fleece. Render Sorting A Necessity. In Shearing, The Fleece From Each Sheep Sticks To Gether As A Mat, And Is Tied Up Separately. In Sorting, The Different Parts Of The Fleece Repre Senting Separate ...

Wool And Worsted Manufac
Wool And Worsted Manufac Tures. The Development Of The Art Of Spinning And Weaving Took Place So Early In The History Of Civilization That No Records Of Its Beginning Are Preserved, And Which Of The Textile Fibres Was Used First For This Purpose Is Unknown. But Certainly The Art Of ...

Wool As
Wool (as, Well, (loth. Vsella, 011g. (?(•n. 11'o//e, Nv(ed ; Connected With Lat. Ti//us, Re/tus,, ()church Slay. R/r0ur, Lit H. Wins, Skt. Wool, From Ror, To Cover). The Soft Hairy Covering Of Sheep And Several Allied Ani Mals. Next To Cotton The Most Extensively Used Of All Fibres. Its History ...

Worcester
Worcester, The Capital Of Wor Cestershire, England, In The Centre Of The Severn Valley, On The Eastern Hank Of The River, 27 Miles Southwest Of Birmingham (map: England. D 4). The Most Important Public Buildings Are The Cathedral, The Shire-hall, The Guild-hall, The County Prison, The City Library, The Worcester ...

Worcester_2
Worcester. The Second City Of Massa Chusetts, And One Of The Two County-seats Of Worcester County; 44 Miles West-southwest Of Boston And Nearly The Same Distance North-north West Of Providence, 11. 1. (map: Massachusetts, Et 3). It Has One Union Railroad Station, Occupied By The Three Railroads Which Have Leased ...

Work In The Army
Work In The Army And Navy. About 1880 Some State And Provincial Committees Established Association Tents In Summer Militia Encamp Ments. This Effort Is Still Growing In Extent And Usefulness. Three Days After The First Call For Volunteers For The Spanisli-ameriean War, The International Committee Decided To Under Take A ...

Workhouse
Workhouse. A Name Given, In England, To Establishments For The Segregation And Main. Tenance Of Paupers; Sometimes In The States, To Institutions In Which Vagrants, Drunk- Ants, And Other Minor Offenders Are Detained On Short Sentences And At Labor, But Which Are Usually And Rightly Known As Houses Of Correc ...

Worlds Columbian Exposition
World's Columbian Exposition. _\n International Exposition Held In Chicago, ..111., From May 1 To October 30, 1893. It Had Been Pro Posed To Celebrate The Four Hundredth Anniversary Of The Landing Of Columbus By A Universal Expo Sition, To Be Held In The United States, And The Claims Of New ...

Worlds Womans Christian Tem
World's Woman's Christian Tem Perance Union. An International Associa Tion Organized Through The Instrumentality Of Alifs Frances E. Willard (q.v.). Mrs. Margaret Bright Lucas, At That Time President Of The British Woman's Temperance Association, Was The First President. She Was Succeeded By Miss Willard. Who Held The Position Until Her ...

Worms
Worms, Corms. A Town Of The Grand Duchy Of Ilese, Germany, On The Left Bank Of The Rhine, 22 Miles North Of Heidelberg (map: Germany, C 4). Its Chief Structure Is The Cathedral, Dat Ing From The Eleventh Century, With A Richly Or Nate Gothic Portal Of The Fifteenth Century. ...

Worship As
Worship (as. Near Scipc, Honor, From Wror. R. Worthy, Honorable + -scipc, Straet Sntlix, Eng. -ship). The Expression In Ally Suitable Form Of The Reverence Which Man Feels For A Superior Being, And Particularly For God. It Is As Old As The Knowledge Of Superhuman Be Ings, And Ranges From ...

Worsted
Worsted Tlanifacttre. In Making A Worsted Thread, If A Comparatively Short Or Medium Staple Fibre Is Used, The Wool Is First Carded As In Woolen Manufacture. But If A Very Long Staple Wool Is Used. Having A Fibre Five Inches Or More Long, The Wool Is Not Carded At All, ...

Wound As
Wound ( As. Wund. C)11g. Wunta, (,er. Wound; 1x•obably Connected With Guth. Winnan. To Suffer). An Injury Attended With A Division Of Tissue Produced By Sudden Mechanieal Force. The Skin May Be Broken, As In The Ease Of An Open Wound; O• It May He Unbroken, And Deep Structures Attacked, ...

Wouwerman
Wouwerman, Plumes (1619-68). A Dutch Animal Painter, Born At Haarlem. His Landscapes Show The Influence Of Jan Wynants And His Figures That Of Pieter De Laar, Under Whom It Is Supposed That He Studied; Another Supposition Is That He Was A Pupil Of Verbeek. Ile Is Recorded As A Member ...

Wreck As
Wreck (as. Exile, Misery. Icel. Rek, Reki, Anything Drifted Or Driven Ashore. From As. Wreean. Icel. Reka, Goo. Uyikans To Perse Cute, Ohg. Rehhan, Ger. Riiehen, To Revenge; Con Nected With Lith. Rorgas, Affliction, Ochurch Slay. Rraga, Enemy, Persecutor, Lat. Vrgcre, To Press, Gk. Einetv, Eirqein. To Repel. Skt. To ...

Wren
Wren, Sir Christopher ( 1032-1723). One Of The Greatest Of English Architects, Born At Knowle. Wiltshire. Lie Was A Graduate Of Wad Ham College. Oxford. Fellow Of All Smile- In 1653, And Savilian Professor Of Astronomy In 1660. Ile Was One Of The Founders Of The Royal Society And Its ...

Wren As
Wren (as. Wreana, Irralina. Wren Perhaps Connected With As. Irrrrue, Wanton). A Sub Family Of Birds (troglodytint) Of The Family Troglodytidas The Other Members Of Which Are The Mocking-birds And Thrashers (qq.v.). The Wrens Have A Slender, Slightly Curved, And Pointed Bill, The Edge Of The Mandibles Entire; The Wings ...

Wrestling
Wrestling (from Wrestle, As. Wrwstlian, Wraxlian, To Wrestle, Frequentative Of Wrcestan, Heel. Reista, To Twist, Probably From As. Wripon, Feel. Ells, Ohg. Ridan, To Turn, Twist, Wrest). A Sport In Which One Person Tries To Throw Another To The Ground. The Rule With The Greek Wrestlers Was To Secure Three ...

Wrist Drop
Wrist-drop. See Lead-polsonixo; Neu Ritis. Writ (from As. Writan, To Write, 011(1. Rizan, (ler. Reissell , To Tear). A Mandatory Pre Cept Issued By A Court In The Name Of The State For The Purpose Of Compelling A Designated Per Son To Do Sonic Act Specified Therein. Under The Common-law ...

Writing
Writing. The Art Of Fixing Thoughts In A Visible And Lasting Shape, So As To Make Them Intelligible To Others And Capable Of Preservation. This May Be Done In Many Ways Which, However, In General Fall Into Two Great Classes: Picture Writing, Where The Actual Pie•ture Or Symbol De Notes ...

Wullenweber
Wullenweber, Vyl'1cn-va'ber, 0492-1537). A Hanseatic: Statesman Born In Hamburg. Having Removed To Lubeck He Ac Quired Great Influence There During The Party Conflicts Attendant Upon The Establishment Of The Reformation, And, Becoming The Leader Of The Democratic-protestant Faction, Was Elected One Of The Four Burgomasters In 1533. In This Posi ...

Wundt
Wundt, Tuft, Wilhelm A Ger Man Physiologist, Psychologist, And Philosopher, Born At Neekaran, In Baden. He Studied From 1851 To 1856 At Tiibingen, Heidelberg, And Berlin, Specializing In Medicine. In 1557 He Qualified As Privat-docent In Physiology At Heidelberg. Where He Became Assistant Prov.s.sor In 1864. After Serving One Year ...

Wurttemberg
Wurttemberg, Vurt't6m-berk. A King Dom Of The German Empire In Southwestern Germany, Bounded By Bavaria On The Northeast, East. And Southeast, By Baden On The South, Southwest, West, And Northwest, And In Addition On The South By Lake Constance, Which Separates It From Switzerland, And By Hohenzollern, Which In An ...

Wurzburg
Wurzburg, Vnrts'brmrk. The Capital Of Lower Franconia, Bavaria. 81 Miles By Rail Northwest Of Nuremberg (map: Germany, D 4). It Is Almost Wholly Situated On The Right Bank Of The Navigable Main, Which Is Here Erossed By Three Bridges (two Of Them New). The Fortifica Tions Were Entirely Removed By ...

Wyandot
Wy'andot ( Properly Wand& O• Ircadrit, Of Uncertain Etymology), Or Huron. An Ha Portant Tribe Or Confederacy Of Iroquoian Stock (q.v.). The Original Wyandot Were Known To The French As Huron; This Tribe Was Made Up Of The Wyandot Proper Or Huron And The Neighboring And Cognate Tionon Tati, Who ...

Wyatt
Wyatt, Sir Tim Mas (e.1503-421. An Eng Lish Poet And Diplomatist, Born On His Father's Estate Of Allington, Near Maidstone In Kent. Ilis Father• Sir 11enry Wyatt, Of A Family Originally Of Yorkshire, Stood High In Favor With Both Henry Vii. And Henry Viii. The Younger Wyatt Studied At Saint ...

Wycherley William
Wycherley. William (1640? 1716). An English Dramatist, One Of The Found Ers Of The School Of 'artificial Comedy,' Which Reached Its Complete Development In The Work Of Congreve And Ins Associates And, At A Later Day, Of Sheridan. Wycherley Was Born At Clive, In Shropshire. He Was The Son Of ...

Wylie
Wylie, W'i'll, Alexander ( 1815-87). An English Missionary And Sinologist, Born In Lon Don. He Was Educated Partly In Scotland And Partly In London. With Premare's Notitia Yaw ,inicce And With A New Testament He Learned To Read Chinese Fairly Well. In 1847 Lie Went To Shanghai As Superintendent Of ...

Wyoming
Wyoming (corrupted From North Ameri Can Indian Haughtrauwama, Large Plains). A Western State Of The United States, Situated Within The Rocky Mountain Region Between Lati Tudes 41° And 45° N., Longitudes 104° 3' And 111° 3' W. It Is Kounded On The North By Mon Tana, On The East By ...

Wyoming Valley
Wyoming Valley. A Beautiful And Fertile Valley In Luzerne County, Pa., Along The North Branch Of The Susquehanna. It Is About 21 Miles Long By 3 Wide, And Is Supposed To Have Derived Its Name From The Indian Word Maugh A-a Wit Ma—large Plains.' Though Early Claimed By Both Connecticut ...

X Rays
X-rays. A Radiation Proceeding Out From The Interior Of A Highly Exhausted Glass Bulb Through Which A Discharge Of Eleetrieity Is Taking Place. This Radiation Was Discovered In 1895 By Professor Inintgen (q.v.) Of The University Of Wiirzburg, Who Was Performing Some Experiments Involving The Discharge Of Electricity ,through Glass ...

Xanthus
Xanthus, Ziin'thus (lat., From Gk.:z=400c). The Capital Of Ancient Lycia. It Lay At The South West Corner Of Asia Minor, Its Site Being Near The Modern Village Of (hnk. When The Persians Under Harpagus Invaded Lycia, After The Conquest Of Crcesus And The Lydians, The Inhabitants Resist Ed With Desperation, ...

Xenocrates
Xenocrates, Za-na'ra-tr.z (t.at., From (1k. Zevwcpd-rn ) (n.c. 396-314). An Ancient Philosopher, Born At Chaleedon. At An Early Age Lie Attached Himself To Plato, Who Took Great Care In Developing His Mental Powers. Which Were Naturally Slow. On The Death Of Speusippus He Succeeded To The Presidency Of The Academy ...

Xenophanes
Xenophanes, Z&-rif'rt-nez (lat.. From Gk. Zevoxio)s) (second Half Of The Sixth Century N.c.). Thy Founder Of The Eleatic School Of Phi Losophy. He Was Born At Colophon, In Asia Minor, About 570, But Early Removed To Elea, In Lower Italy. He Brought Over From His Home, Which Had Been For ...

Xenophon
Xenophon, Zi;n't,-fon ( Lat.. From Gk.. Zepo06rv) (c.434-c.355 N.c.). An Athenian Torian, Soldier And Philosophical Writer, The Son Of Gryllus, Born Near Athens. His Own Writings And The Account In Diogenes Ltmrtius Are The Chief Sources For His Biography. The Legend That Socrates Saved His Life At Helium In B.c. ...

Xerophytes
Xerophytes, (from Gk. >71:iv, Xeros, Dry Ciarr6y, Phyton, Plant). Plants Whose Structure Specially Fits Them To Withstand Excessive Transpiration, Especially Plants Of Deserts And Sandy Or Roeky Habitats, To Which Forms The Term Was Previously Restricted. Many Recent Authors, However, Have Extended The Term To All Plants, E.g. Those Of ...

Xerxes
Xerxes, Zprk'sz (lat., From (1k. 2.r.(ptr, From Infer. Xiayargq. Mighty Hero). Three Kings Of Persia, The First Two Of Whom Belonged To The Celebrated Aelnemenian Dynasty.—x Erx Es I. (c.51j-e.405 N.e.), Commonly Identified With The Ahasuerus Of The Bible, Was The Son Of Darius 1. Hystaspis And Of Atossa, Daughter ...

Ximenes
Ximenes, Sp. Pron. Ne-mafnas, Francisco (1436.1517). A Spanish Prelate And Statesman, Born At Torrelaguna In Castile. He Was Educated At Cicolfls Salamanca, And Rome, Where He Prac Ticed As An Advocate In The Papal Courts. Ile Ob Tained From The Pope A Benefice Near His Native Place, But The Archbishop ...

Ya Luitg Kiang
Ya-luitg-kiang, Ylifing'kylime. A River Of Western China, Rising On The Southern Slope Of The Bayan-kara, An Eastern Extension Of The Kum-11m Mountains In Eastern Tibet, Near The Headwaters Of The Yellow Biver, Latitude 34° N. And Longitude 97° E. (map: China, B 0). Its Course Is Generally South Through Deep ...

Yacht
Yacht ( \l Dutch Jack T, Dutch Jazf, Yacht, Chase, From Jagcn, Jag6n, Ger. Piaci?, To Bunt. Chase) And Yachting. A Yacht Is A Boat Used For Pleasure. The Prehistorie Savage Who Built The First Boat, And Used It For His Own Pleasure Owned A Yacht. The Dugout With An ...

Yajur Veda
Yajur-veda, Yn'jnr-vfi'dn (skt., Veda Of Sacrifice). The Name Of The Third Veda. See Veda. Yak (tibetan Gyak, Gyag). A Species Of Ox (pcephagus Yeanniens) Found In Tibet, And Domesticated There. The Wild Yak Of Central Asia Is Found Only Near The Limits Of Perpetual Snow, Descending Into The Higher Wooded ...

Yakima
Yakima, Yiifkiana (runaway, Applied To Them In Derision By Another Tribe). An Im Portant Con Federaey Of Sbahaptian Stock (q.v.), Formerly Occupying A Considerable Territory On The Yakima And Columbia Rivers, Eastern \vash Inglim, And Now Gathered With Other Tribes On The Yakima Reservation In The Same Country. They Call ...

Yale University
Yale University. One Of The Leading Institutions Of Learning In The United States, Situated In New Haven, Conn. The Plans Of The First Settlers Of New Haven In 1638 Included The Establishment Of A College, But Massachusetts Objected, Because There Was At That Time Not Enough Population In The Colonies ...

Yang Tse Kiang
Yang-tse-kiang, Yii Rig'tso'kyling' ( He Yang-tse River). The Longest And Most Im Portant River Of China, Having A Length Of Over 3000 Miles And A Drainage Area Of Between 650,000 And Square Miles (slap: China, C 5). It Has Its Origin In A Number Of Small Rivulets Which At A ...

Yankton
Yank'ton. The County-seat Of Yankton County. S. D., 61 Miles Northwest Of Sioux City, Iowa. On The Missouri River, And On The Chicago, Milwaukee And Saint Paul, The Chicago And Northwestern, And The Great Northern Railroads (slap: South Dakota, H 7). It Is The Seat Of Yankton College (congregational). Opened ...

Yaqui
Yaqui, Yvka. An Important And Warlike Tribe Of Pi Man Stock (o.v.). Who Have Numerous Villages Along The Yaqui River In Central Sonora, Mexh.o. They Are A Robust, Active People, In Dustrious. Enterprising, Talented In Musie, And Of Most Determined Bravery. At Honie The Men Concern Themselves Chiefly With Stock-raising ...

Yazoo Fraud
Yazoo Fraud. A Term Commonly Ap- • Plied To The Transaction By Which The State Of Georgia, Through An Act Of The Legislature Of Januar/. 7, 1705. Granted A Large Portion Of Her Western Territory Chiefly To Four Land Com Panies Known As The Yazoo Companies From The Region Thus ...

Year As
Year (as, Ge'ar, Pry-, Goth. 0110. Jar, Ger. Jahr, Year; Connected With °church Slay. Pa, Horn, Season, Spring, Hour, Al. Yard. Year). In General, A Space Of Time Equal In Length To The Period Occupied By The Earth In Completing A Circuit Of Its Orbit Around The A-tronomers Distinguish Several ...

Yellowstone Lake And Caron
Yellowstone Lake And Ca:ron. The Yellow Stone River Enters The Park At Its Southeastern Corner In A Marshy Valley, And Soon Flows Into The Southeastern Arm Of Yellowstone Lake. The Lake Lies At An Altitude Of 7741 Feet Above Sea Level, Being The Hugest Lake At That Altitude In North ...

Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park. A United States Government Reservation Set Apart As A Public Pleasure Ground And Game Preserve. It Occupies A Reetanguhlr Area In The Northwest Ern Corner Of Wyoming, Overlapping The Territory Of The States Of And Idaho On The North And West By Strips Of Land About Two ...

Yemen
Yemen. A Region In The Southwestern Cor Ner Of Arabia, Extending Along The Coast Of The Red Sea From Hedjaz To The Strait Of Bab-el Mandeb, And Bounded By The Desert And Iladra Ulna On The East And By The Gulf Of Aden On The South. It Forms Part Of ...

Yenisei
Yenisei, One Of The Three Great Rivers Of Siberia, And One Of The Four Or Five Long Est Rivers In The World. It Rises On The Southern Slope Of The Sayansky Mountains In The North Western Part Of Along°lia, And Flows In A General North.northwest Direction Across Siberia And Within ...

Yeniseisk
Yeniseisk, Of Siberia Extending From The Arctic Ocean To Mon Golia And Bounded On The East By Yakutsk And Irkutsk And On The West By Tobolsk And Tomsk (map: Asia, J 2). Area, Estimated At Over 988,000 Square Miles, Or Nearly Half Of Euro Pean Russia (excluding Finland). The Region ...

Yeniseisk_2
Yeniseisk. A Town In The Government Of Yeniseisk, Siberia, On The Yenisei, About 220 Miles North Of Krasnoyarsk. It Has A Cathedral. The Town Was Founded In 16is. Population, In 1807, 11,530. Yeo, Sir Janies Lucas (1782-isis). A British Naval Officer, Prominent In The War Of 1812. Lle Was Born ...

Yezidis
Yezidis, Yez'e-dc•z. The Name Given To A Sect Known As 'devil-worshipers' Found In Kur Distan. Armenia, And The Caucasus. They Speak Of Themselves Rather As Dasni, After The Name Of Certain Tribes In The Vicinity Of Mosul. The Term Yezidi Itself Is Of Uncertain Derivation. The Mohammedans Associate It With ...

Yezo
Yezo, Yil/z5. The Most Northerly Of The Large Islands Of Japan. Forming With Its Twelve Adjacent Islands And The Kurile Islands (q.v.) A Division Of The Japanese Empire Known As The Hokkaido. Or 'north Sea Circuit.' It Is Separated From The Main Island Of Japan On The South By The ...

Yo Chow
Yo-chow, Vi?ehou'. A Walled City In The Province Of Iin-nan, China, Having The Rank Of Fu. And Capital Of A Department Of The Same Name. It Is Situated Near The Point Where The Tung-flag Lake Connects With The River Yang-tee. Its Inhabitants Have Long Been Noted For Their Turbulence, And ...

Yokohama
Yokohama, (cross Strand). The Principal Treaty Port Of Japan. Situated On The South Coast Of The Main Island. 18 Miles South Of Tokio. The Capital; Latitude 35° 26' N., Longitude 139° 39' E. (map: Japan, F 6). It Stands On A Little Indentation On The West Shore Of The Gulf, ...

Yoktjts
Yoktjts, Yt)-kitits' (people). A Numerous Group Of Californian Indian Tribes Constituting What Is Known As The Mariposan Stock (q.v.). They Range Over The Country About The Up Per San Joaquin River, With Tulare Lake And Its Tributary Streams. Their Villages Consist Each Of A Single Row Of Conical Or Wedge-shaped ...

Yonkers
Yon'kers. A City In Westchester County, N. Y., Adjoining New York City On The North; Oh The East Bank Of The !judson River And On The New York Central And Hudson River Rail Road. From Whose Terminal In New York It Is 15 Miles Distant (111ap: New York, C Si. ...

York
York. The Capital Of Yorkshire, England. Situated At The Junction Of The Ouse And Foss, Nearly Equidistant From London And Edinburgh (slap: England. E 3). The City Preserves Its Mediaeval Aspect With Its Narrow Streets, Quaint Horses, Ancient Gateways, And Double Wall'. The Walls Inclose A Circuit Of 214 Miles, ...

York_2
York. The County-seat Of York County, Pa.. 100 Miles West Of Philadelphia, On The Pennsylvania, The Northern Central. The Wabash System. And Other Railroads. It Is Regularly Laid Out. Among The Prominent Institutions Are The York Collegiate Institute. The Yo•k County Acad Emy, Orphans' Home, Hospital, Almshouse, And The Public ...

Young Mens Christian Associa
Young Men's Christian Associa Tions. Societies Of Young Men Composed Of An Active Controlling Membership Identified With Evangelical Churches And Of A More Numerous Associate Membership Not Yet Connected With The Churches. All Their Work Seeks To Promote The Physical, Social, Mental, And Spiritual Welfare Of Their Members. • Noicrtf ...

Young Womens Christian Asso
Young Women's Christian Asso Ciations. Organizations For The Advancement Of The Physical, Social, Intellectual, And Spiritual Life Of Young Women. The First Young Women's Christian Association Was Formed In London In 1855. There Were A Prayer Union Among And For Young Women, And A Home In London For Young Women ...

Youngstown
Youngs'town. The Eounty-seat Of Ma Honing County, Olno, 67 Miles East By South Of Cleveland, On The Mahoning River, And On The Pennsylvania, The Erie, The Lake Shore And Michigan Southern. The Baltimore And Ohio, And Other Railroads (map: Ohio, .t 3). It Is At Tractively Situated On Both Banks ...

Ypsilanti
Ypsilanti, Ip'se-iiity/t4, Or Hypsilan Tis. The Name Of A Fanariot Family (see Pa Nariots ) Claiming Descent From A Branch Of The Imperial Stock Of The Comneni. The Claim Of Its Members To Distinction Is Derived From Their Leadership Of The Greeks In The Struggle For Independence Of Turkish Rule.—a ...

Yttrium
Yttrium (nee-lat., From In Swe Den). A Metallic Element Contained In The Min Eral Gadolinite And First Pronounced To Be A New Earth By Gadolin In 1794. It Is Found With Other Cerium Metals• As A Silicate, In Gadolinite And Allanite, And As A Fluoride In Yttoeerite. The Metal Was ...