Home >> New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20 >> Wittekind to Yttrium >> Work in the Army

Work in the Army and

committee, navy, international and associations

WORK IN THE ARMY AND NAvy. About 1880 some State and provincial committees established association tents in summer militia encamp ments. This effort is still growing in extent and usefulness. Three days after the first call for volunteers for the Spanisli-Ameriean War, the International Committee decided to under take a similar work in the regular army and Davy. Under Gnvernment authorization 133 tents. generally 40 by GO feet in size, equipped with facilities fir the comfort and welfare of the soldiers, were maintained by internal bona I. State, and local committees in the United States, Cuba, Porto Rice. and the Philippines. In charge of the work 223 trained secretaries were employed. At least fifty per cent, of the men who lied ac cess to the tents visited them daily. Similar work was carried on for sailors from Key West. The cost of this widespread work during 1898 was 8135.225.

At the (dose of the war, the President, Govern ment i11ieia1.. army and navy officers, and sol diers and requesting the continuance of this work. the International Committee began to form associations wherever the number of sol diers or sailors warranted. The first army as sociation building, dedicated in 1900, was the gift of Mr. William E. Dodge to the New York City association for the work on Governor's Island. Two other buildings have since been erected. Army work is now carried on at thirty

points in America, and at 21)0 elsewhere. At each centre the practicable features of associa tion work are maintained, also extensive distribu tion of reading and writing materials, and a sys tem of traveling libraries. The Soldiers' Bible and Prayer League is based upon a promise of daily prayer and Bible reading; the Army Tem perance Union, upon a pledge of total abstinence. In 1901 the provincial committee of Ontario and Quebec, with some aid from the international committee, sent secretaries and equipment with the Canadian contingents to South Africa. The effort was highly successful.

In the navy (1) associations in coast cities have extended their privileges to sailors. (2) Branches of the naval associations have been formed on warships. A Naval Temperance League has been organized. (3) A house rented in 1S99 near the New York Navy Yard and fitted up as a resort for enlisted men was superseded in 1902 by a seven-story building. 75 by 100 feet in size, and costing $415.000. It was the gift of Miss Helen Miller Gould through the Women's Auxiliary of the International Committee. Smaller buildings are in use near the Norfolk and Newport navy yards.