WORLD'S WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN TEM PERANCE UNION. An international associa tion organized through the instrumentality of Alifs Frances E. Willard (q.v.). Mrs. Margaret Bright Lucas, at that time president of the British Woman's Temperance Association, was the first president. She was succeeded by Miss Willard. who held the position until her death in 1898, when Lady Henry Somerset of England be came president. The first world's convention was held in Fancuil Ball, Boston, in 1891, being the first international woman's convention of any kind ever held. Conventions have since been held in Chicago (1893), in London (1895), in Toronto, Cam (1897), in Edinburgh (1900). and in Geneva (1903). Fifty-six nations are now af filiated with the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and the presidents of the na tional societies are ex-officio vice-presidents of the World's Union.
The Round the World missionaries who have gone out under the auspices of the World's Wo man's Christian Temperance Union are Mrs. Mary ('lenient Leavitt, of Massachusetts, who before the organization of the World's Union had organized many national unions; Miss Jessie Ackerman, of California, who organized unions in Australia and federated them into a National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, of which she became president; Mrs. Elizabeth Wheeler Andrew, and Dr. Kate C. Bushnell, of Evanston,
Ill., whose work had contributed to the breaking down of the system of legalized vice in the In dian Empire, and brought to light the abuse, of the opium trade of India and China; Miss Mary Allen West, of Illinois, who fell at her post in Japan after a few weeks of heroic exertion; Miss Clara Parrish (now Sirs. Wright), who took up the work where Miss West laid it down; Miss Alice Palmer. who remained nearly three years in South Nfrica, placing the Woman's Christian Temperance Union there on a firm basis; Sirs. J. K. Barney, of Rhode Island, who paid particu lar attention to evangelistic work in penal insti tutions; Miss Kara G. Smart; and Mrs. Addle Northam Fields. tither World's mis•donarieo, are under appointment.
The most important special work undertaken by the World's Woman's Christian Temperan(. Union has been the polyglot petition for Home Protection, as Miss Willard named it. addressed "To the Governments of the World (Collectively and Severally)". This petition, written by Miss Willard, was circulated throughout the world, and the signatures came in fifty languages. There were 771....100 names in ;d1, exclusive of the 350, 000 that came from Great Britain. The petition was presented94 to Prcsidellt Cleveland on Febru ary 19, 1897.