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Worms

town and gothic

WORMS, corms. A town of the Grand Duchy of Ilese, Germany, on the left bank of the Rhine, 22 miles north of Heidelberg (Map: Germany, C 4). Its chief structure is the cathedral, dat ing from the eleventh century, with a richly or nate Gothic portal of the fifteenth century. Second only in interest to the cathedral is the Church of Saint Paul, now used as a museum. The Church of Saint Martin (restored in 1888), the Gothic Liebfrauen-Kirehe, and the town li brary, with early historical records and me inentwi of Luther, are other notable build ings. An interesting object is the mediawal Jew ish The town has manufactures of leather, cloth, alachincry, shoddy, worsted yarn, chicory, chemicals, slate, and flour. In the vicin ity is produced the famous wine known as Lich franenmilch. The town has a considerable river and canal trade. Population, in 1895, 28,611; in 19(10, 40,714. Worms is the Roman

magu.s. From very early times the town was the seat of a bishop. It became the capital of the Burgundians, and later was occasionally the residence of the Frankish kings. It gradually emancipated its-elf from the rule of its bishops and became a free Imperial city. In 1122 the famous Concordat (q.v.), which settled the dis pute regarding investitures, was concluded here. The most celebrated event in the history of Worms was the holding of the Imperial Diet of 1521, before which Luther made his sturdy de fense. The town suffered greatly in the Thirty Years' \Yar, and in 1089 was almost entirely destroyed by the French, a blow- from which it never wholly recovered. In 1801 it•was joined to France, and in 1815 to Hesse-Darmstadt.