WORSHIP (AS. near scipc, honor, from wror. r. worthy, honorable + -scipc, straet sntlix, Eng. -ship). The expression in ally suitable form of the reverence which man feels for a superior being, and particularly for God. It is as old as the knowledge of superhuman be ings, and ranges from the grossest superstition to the mint elevated forms of Christianity. For some discussion of the primitive rites which come under this head, see RITE; SACRIFICE. Prominent in its outward form has always been sacrifice; and in strictness such elements of Christian public services as prayer, reading of the Scriptures. and instruction are not properly to be denominated worship at all. In traditional theology, especially the Roman Catholic., a sharp distinction is drawn between what is technically 1,11, \\ 11 as !atria, the worship due to God alone, and du/in. the reN erenee which mar be expressed for the saints and for various sacred objects.
Worship may be private: but it naturally tends to become common among those who follow. the same religion, and thus to culminate in public forms. Such forms were undoubtedly established among Christians as early as the end of the first century: in the Tine/lin!' of the Twelve 1pusUw form, ore found designed to be used in the cele bration of the Eucharist. (See Musi cal accompaniment early grew up in the worship of various nations, and added solemnity to the public rites. Certain formal postures were also recognized as appropriate to the devotion ex pressed. The 'it are found to have used four of thes(---the standing, the kneeling, the inclined, and the prostrate. Kneeling was the but standing was substituted during the En,ter season and on Sundays, to symbolize the resurrection of