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YON'KERS. A city in Westchester County, N. Y., adjoining New York City on the north; oh the east bank of the !Judson River and on the New York Central and Hudson River Rail road. from whose terminal in New York it is 15 miles distant (111ap: New York, C Si. It is sit uated on ground rising gradually from the river. The more elevated section affords a magnificent view of the Hudson and of the Palisades (q.v.) on the bank, and has handsome residences. There are 107 miles of streets, more than half of which distance is paved. the greater part with macadam. The most interesting structure of the city is time Philipse Mama- IIonsc. dating from 1682, which now serves as the idly hall. Other noteworthy features include the Hebrew I 1 only for the Aged and Infirm, the Locke and Watts Orphan House, Saint John's Ihiverside hospital, Saint Joseph's Hospital, the Ilonveopathie Hos pital. and 'Greystone,' formerly the residence of Sa M net J. Tilden. A he fulsome building for the use of the Public Library (18.00(1 volumes) is in course of construction in Washington Park. The funds for the superstructure. which will cost $50.000, were donated by Andrew Carne gie. There are also Saint Joseph's Catholic Seminary, with a library of 22,000 volumes, the Hollywood Inn for Workingmen. With a library of 5300 volumes, and the free circulating library of time Woman's Institute. Not only is Yonkers an attractive residential city, hut it has impor tant industrial interests. In the census year 1900 the various manufacturing establishments had an invested capital of $13,097,205 and an output valued at $19,5S0,324. Hats, carpets, and rugs are among the principal products. There are large grain elevators, sugar refineries, foundries and machine shops, patent medicine and chemical factories, and the extensive works of the Otis Elevator Company. The government

is vested in a mayor, chosen biennially. and a common council. Of the subordinate officials, the board of assessors. the health, park. fire, police, civil service, and water commissioners, and the board of education, are appointed by the mayor. The water-works, which represent. a total expenditure of $1,070.084, are the property of the municipality. The city maintains three small public parks. a steel recreation pavilion on the water front, and two public hath-houses. For maintenance and operation it spends an nually nearly $1.000,000. the chief items being: Schools, about $250,000: interest on debt, $145, 000; public lighting. $100,000; 1o/dice depart ment, $90,000: water works, $80,000; fire de partment, $75.000; and streets, $55,000. The assessed valuation of real and personal property within the city for the year 1902 was as follows: Real estate, $38,749,918; personal. $3.317,700. Population, in 1890. 32.033; in 1900, 47.931.

Yonkers was first settled about 1050, and de rives its name from Adrian Van der Donek, called De Jonkheer. o• 'young nobleman,' by time Dutch, who owned the surrounding territory from 1645 to 1072. From 1072 to 1770 it was included in the Philipse Manor. the part now constituting the city being called Philipsburg. Dimming the Revo lution it was in the midst of the 'Neutral t:round.' in 1788 the township of Yonkers was and in 1855 the village of Yonkers was incorporated. in 1872 the town was divided. the north portion being chartered as a city, and the south portion becoming Kingsbridge, which two years later was annexed to New York City. sult: Allison. The History of Yonkers (New York, 1896) ; Scharf. History of Westchester County (New York, 188)i).