BUELL, DON CARLOS (1818-98). A distin guished American soldier. prominent on the Fed eral side in the Civil War. He was horn near _Marietta, Ohio, within the limits of the present Lowell; graduated at West Point in 1841, and served iu Florida in 1841-42 against the Semi noles, on the frontier of Louisiana in 1844-45, and in Texas in 1845-46. During the Itlexiean War he participated in the battles of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, and :Monterey under General Taylor. and in those of Cerro Gordo. Contreras, and Chu•ubuseo under General Scott, and for his gallantry at Churubuseo, where he was severely wounded, was brevetted major. Until the out break of the Civil War he served as assistant adjutant-general of various departments in turn, and in May, 1861, was appointed brigadier-gen eral of volunteers. He assisted for two months in organizing the army at Washington, and in No vember replaced Gen. W. T. Sherman in command of the Department of the Ohio the newly reor ganized and enlarged Department of the Cumber land). He occupied Bowling Green. Ky.. on Febru ary 14, 1862, and. advancing into Tennessee. took possession of Nashville on February 25. On March 21 he was raised to the rank of major-general of volunteers, his department at the same time being merged into that of the Mississippi, then under the command of General llalleek. On April 6-7 he took a prominent part in the battle of Shiloh, bringing his fresh troops upon the field toward the close of the first. day's fighting, and on the following day helping to defeat the weakened Confederates. (See SHILOH, BATTLE OF.) On Anne 12 he assumed command of the Army of the Ohio. and soon afterwards was called upon to repel Bragg's invasion of Kentucky.
After an exciting march he arrived first at Louis ville on September 24, and then, turning upon the Confederate Army, forced it to retreat. over took and crippled it at Perryville on October 8 (see PERRYVILLE, BATTLE OF), and pursued it across the State, though, according to sonic mili tary erities, his pursuit was marked by all un fortunate lack of enterprise and vigor. On the 24th he was replaced by General Itoseerans. and from November. 1862, to May, 1863, was before a military commission appointed to investigate his eainpaign in Tennessee and Kentucky. This commission presented an adverse report, which, however, has never been published in full. Buell refused to accept any further assignments to active duty, though several were offered him, and on June 1, 1SG4, he resigned from the service. After the war lie was president of the Green River Iron Works from 1865 to 1870, and served as United States pension agent at Louisville, Ky., from 1885 to 18:49. There has been much discussion with regard to his career as a soldier, but by the majority of military critics he is con sidered to have been an able officer and a good strategist, whose usefulness was impaired by an unfortunate lack of tact in dealing with his subordinates, and especially with civilians, and a tendency at times to be somewhat dilatory in his movements. His own side of the controversy with regard to the Kentucky and Tennessee cam paign is presented in the Statement of Major General Buell in Reriew of the Eridence Before the Military Commission Appointed by the War Depart in eat, and in Fry, Operations of the Army Under Buell (New York, 1884).