EARLE, Baron Hailing and Bulwer (1801-72). ..1n English diplomat and author, familiarly known for years as Sir Henry Bulwer. He was horn in London, February 13, 1801, a descendant of illustrious families on both sides. and was edu cated at Sunbury. Harrow, and Cambridge. In 1822 he published his first literary work, re markable for its prophetic dedication to his younger brother, Edward Lytton Bulwer. In 1824, as agent for the London Greek eommittee, with a large amount of money consigned to Prince Mavro•ordato, he made an adventurous journey to Moren, which he described in in A utman in Greece (1820). lie entered the army, hut abandoned it for the diplomatic service, and from 1827 was attached successively to the 13rit ish emhassy at Berlin. Brussels, and The Hague, acquiring a brilliant reputation. In 1830 he en ter•d Parliament as an advanced Liberal. and in 18:37 became secretary of embassy at Constanti nople, where he negotiated and concluded a treaty which is the foundation of Great Britain's com mercial system in the East. ln 1843 lie was made Nlinister Plenipotentiary to the Court of Madrid, and concluded the peace between Spain and 'Morocco in the following year. While in
Spain his firmness and candor proved in•ouve nient to Narvaez, the Spanish soldicr-dictator, who, accusing him of plotting against the Span ish Government, ordered him to leave Madrid. May I!), 1848. Parliament approved of But wer's condnet, and he was awarded the highest decorations of the Order of the Bath. In 18411 52 he was Minister at Washington, where he negotiated the Clayton-Bulwer treaty in 1830. (See CLAYTON, JuuN MmiumoN.) In 1852 he went to Tuscany as Envoy Extraordinary, and in 185fi was nominated commissioner at Bucharest for investigating the state of the Danubian prin cipalities. Ire was appointed Ambassador to the Porte in 1858, and held the position until 1865. In 1871 lie was created Lord Hailing and Bulwer. lle died in Naples May 2:3, 1872. His works include France, Roe hit, Literary, and Political (London, 1835-36) ; a Life of Byron. (1835); Historical Oharartcrs (18(18-70) ; and an unfin ished Life of Palmerston (1870-74).