LEGHORN. This enterprising free port in Tuscany is, in the western district, inter sected with canals, by which goods are carried in boats from the shipping in the harbour and landed before the warehouses of the merchants. Many of the private houses are handsome. The outer mole is about a mile inIength. The harbour is tolerably large, but not sufficiently deep for large vessels, which lie in the roads, where the anchorage is safe and good. The Darsena, or interior harbour or dock, is only fit for smaller vessels. Leghorn is rather a commercial than a manufacturing town ; it has however tan yards, ropewalks, soap and candle factories, glass-works, establishments for the manufacture of coral ornaments, wool len caps, cream of tartar, borax, and sulphur. Steamers and sailing vessels are built. A rail road connects the town with Pisa, Pontedera, Empoli, and Florence.
The imports into Leghorn are either for consumption or for deposit. They consist of corn, tissues of cotton, hemp, and wool, sugar, raw and manufactured silk, bronze work and jewellery, salt fish, hides, hemp and flax, cof fee, raw cotton and cotton yarn, wool, spices and drugs, dye-stuffs, porcelain, gum, wine, brandy, rum, spirits, tobacco, &c., to the value
of about 3,000,000/. annually. Many of these articles of course enter into the exports, for the transit trade is very extensive. Other ex ported articles are—oil, anchovies, paper and rags, straw hats, marble and alabaster, works of art, timber, cork, coral, tallow, potash, &a. The total value of the exports amounts to about 2,000,000/. a year. The number of vessels that enter the harbour annually is over 1000, with about 400,000 tons cargo. The number of ships that clear out annually are about the same in number, but the freights are somewhat less. About 2000 of these ves sels are Tuscan. Steamers ply regularly to Civita-Vecchia, Naples, Sicily, Genoa, Nice, and Marseille.