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Anthrax

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ANTHRAX. .\ dangerous infectious disease transmitted from cattle to man, and caused by a minute bacterium (Bacillus anthraciO. It is the cause of wool-sorters' disease. I t invades. the system either by the lung or by some abiasion of the skin. The course of the disease is rapid, and only energetic treatment and operation will preserve life. This name is ()ken erroneously api lied to czirbuncle. For causes, diagnosis, and constitutional treatment, see THE STANDARD l'IlYsiciAN, pages 136-137.

ApopLExy. A sudden toss of con:iciousitess or loss or diminution of sensation and of the power of voluntary motion, due to the obstruction or rupture of a blood-vessel of the brain.

Treatment.—If there are any forewarnings, a brisk purgative should be given. Put the patient to bed. If the face is flushed, keep the upper part of the body raised, and apply cold compresses to the head. Also, by placing the feet in hot water, relief may be obtained. Send for a physician. In certain cases venesection may be necessary. Bromide of potassium in 20 grain closes may be given. For causes, diagnosis, and further information, see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 2S2-2S4.

APPENDICITIS.—Inflammation of the vermiform appendix caused by the presence within it of some foreign or irritating substance. There are three forms of this disease, for general treatment of which see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 233-236. A surgical operation for the removal of the appendix, or for the evacuation of an abscess, is necessary in many cases.

ARSENIC-POISONING.—This may be due to the swallowing of white arsenic in the form of rat-poison, or from eating the meat of animals which have been poisoned by this substance. For other causes, diagnosis, and constitutional treatment, see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 237, 1051.

Treatment.—Empty the 'stomach promptly by administering a tablespoonful of mustard in a teacupfui of warm (not hot), or by giving from 10 to 30 grains of sulphate of zinc dissolved in a teacupful of warm water. If these are not at hand, induce vomiting by pushing the finger or some soft substance down the throat and sickening the patient. After this, the washing out of the stomach with a stomach-pump or tube should take place if a medical man be available. Magnesia mixed with milk or the white of eggs with milk or lime-water may also be given. Olive-oil is also useful, but the medicinal antidote is a mixture of iron (hydrated ferric oxide) and magnesia. Dilute ounces of tincture of perchloride of iron in a wineglassful of water, and add ounce of sodium carbonate (washing-soda) in half a tumblerful of water. Mix, administer, and repeat if necessary. Dialysed iron in tablespoonful doses with a little common salt dissolved in water may be given. Stimulants are required for prostration.