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Abdominal
Abdominal Pains.—pains Which Originate In The Stomach, Intestine, Peritoneum, In The Liver, Spleen, Uterus, Or In The Kidneys And In The Genital Organs Situated In The. Abdominal Cavity. They May Occur Either Tempo Rarily, In Attacks (see Colic), Or They May Exist More Or Less Permanently. They Are Caused By ...

Acetic
Acetic Acid.—egects : Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal Pains, Low Temperature, Impaired Respiration. Antidotes And Treatment : Give Large Quantities Of Milk, Lime-water, And Solutions Of Soap, And Keep The Patient Warm By External Means. A Small Dose Of Opium May Be Given To Relieve Pain. Aconite.—etfects : A Tingling Sensation, Followed ...

Action Ether
Ether, Action Of.—ether Acts As Alcohol, And Others Of The Marsh Gas Series, But Being More Diffusible Its Effects Come On Much More Rapidly And Are Recovered From More Quickly. Its Main Actions Are Primarily To Impair Consciousness, Then To Cause Muscular Excitement, Then Loss Of Mus Cular Power, And ...

Action Salts
Salts, Action Of.—the Inorganic Salts, As Used In Medicine, Have Effects On The Body Which Cannot Be Explained By Their Chemical Reaction With The Various Tissues. These Changes Depend On A Disturbance In The Relative Density Of The Fluids Of The Body, And Are Governed By Recognised Physical Laws. An ...

Adenoids
Adenoids. Soft Tissue That Grows On The Sides Or Roof Of The Space At The Back Of The Nasal Passages. The Adenoid Varies In Size, And Often Blocks The Passage By Which Air Is Conveyed Into The Ear As Well As That Ity Hich One Must Breathe When Breathing Through ...

Analgesics
Analgesics. Agents That Diminish Pain. These May Be Either Agents That Are Applied Locally, And Exert Their Influence On The Ends Of The Sensory Nerves ; Or They May Be Remedies Which Are Given Internally And Either Act On The Centres Of Consciousness In The Brain, Benumbing The Sense Of ...

Angina
Angina Pectoris.—see Heart, Diseases Or. Angiomata.—morbid Formations Resulting From Abnormally Deve Loped Blood-vessels. A Number Of Terms Are Applied To Certain Peculiar Patches In The Skin Which Are Present At Birth Or Developed Shortly After. To The Laity They Are Known Most Commonly As Birthmarks, And Ascribed To Some Mental ...

Anthrax
Anthrax. .\ Dangerous Infectious Disease Transmitted From Cattle To Man, And Caused By A Minute Bacterium (bacillus Anthracio. It Is The Cause Of Wool-sorters' Disease. I T Invades. The System Either By The Lung Or By Some Abiasion Of The Skin. The Course Of The Disease Is Rapid, And Only ...

Apoplectic
Apoplectic Stroke.—see Brain, Apoplexy Or. Appendicitis,—inflammation Of He Vermiform Appendix. At The Very Tip Of The Cmcum, Or Blind Pouch, Situated At The Beginning Of The Large Intestine, There Is Located An Organ Which Closely Re.fembles In Form And Size An Ordinary Earthworm, And Which Is Known As The Vermiform ...

Apoplexy Brain
Brain, Apoplexy Of.—a Suddenly Occurring, And Usually Extensive, One-sided Paralysis, Due To The Obstruction Or Rupture Of A Blood-vessel Of The Brain. Obstruction Of A Blood-vessel Is Brought About Either By Coagulation Of The Blood In An Artery Of The Brain, Or By The Lodging Of Blood-clots, Formed In One ...

Arsenic Poisoning And Arsenic
Arsenic-poisoning And Arsenic Eaters.—arsenic-poisoning May Result From Swallowing The Nvhite Arsenic In The Form Of Rat-poison, Or From Eating The Meat Of Animals Which Have Become Poisoned By This Means. It May Also Be Caused By The Ingestion Of Various Colours Containing The Poison, Or By Inhalation Of Dust From ...

Arthritis
Arthritis Deformans.—deforming Inflammation Of The Joints. It Is Still An Open Question Whether This Affection Is An Individual Disease, Or Whether It Is A Variety Of Chronic Articular Rheumatism. It Is Distinguished From The Latter In That The Affected Joints, As Is Implied By The Name, Are " Deformed," Considerable ...

Artificial
Artificial Respiration.—respiration Produced By Mechanical Means. To Perform Artificial Respiration The Tongue Should Be Grasped ‘vith A Handkerchief Or Towel, Held Between The Thumb And Index-finger, And Pulled Out Beyond The Line Of The Teeth. With The Other Hand Pressure Is Made Over The Abdomen In The Notch Between The ...

Artificial Bath Sulphur Bath
Bath; Sulphur-bath, Artificial. Beard.—the Hair On The Cheeks, Chin, And Upper Lip (moustache). The Growth Of The Beard,.as Well As That Of Hair In Other Parts, Depends On The Development Of These Structures From The Hair-follicles, Which Also Determine The General Character And Colour Of The Form, Distribution, Length, The ...

Asphyxia
Asphyxia. —partial Or Complete Unconsciousness Due To An Insuffi Cient Supply Of Oxygen In The Blood. The Condition May Result Suddenly, As In Drawing Food Into The Windpipe (in Choking) ; By Being Immersed In Water (in Drowning) ; By Pressure On The Lungs (in Pleurisy) ; Or By Insufficient ...

Asthma
Asthma. For Causes, Diagnosis, Constitutional Treatment, Etc., Sec The Standard Physician, Pages 245-246. During An Attack Of Asthma Some Patients Will Derive Benefit From Inhaling The Fumes From The Dried Leaves Of The Thorn-apple Or Jamestown-weed (stramonium). The Dried Leaves Are To Be Placed In A Vessel Or On A ...

Asylums For Blind
Blind, Asylums For The.—aside From The Institutions For The Care Of The Blind Which Are Known To Have Existed In China Thousands Of Years Ago, The First Asylum Of This Kind Was Founded In Paris, In The Year 1784. Shortly Afterward, Similar Institutions Were Started In Liverpool, Edinburgh, Bristol, And ...

Auto Intoxication
Auto-intoxication (self-poisoning).—a Type Of Poisoning Which May Take Place In The Body Of An Animal Or A Plant As A Result Of Its Own Metabolism. In All Plant And Animal Growths, Certain Products Appear Which, Unless Modified, Would Poison The Plant Or Animal. Thus, In All Plants Oxalic Acid Is ...

Balsam Of
Balsam Of Tolu.—a Balsam Obtained From The Toluifera Bal A Tall Tree Of Venezuela And Neighbouring Countries. It Has Many Of The Properties Of Balsam Of Peru, But Being Milder And Less Irritating Than The Latter It Is Used More Widely In Internal Medicine. Bandages.—surgery Employs Various Kinds Of Bandages, ...

Baths And
Baths And Bathing.—from The Medical Point Of View Baths And Bathing May Be Discussed Along A Number Of Lines. Cleanliness, Exercise, Pleasure, Medicinal Treatment, Each Or All May Be In The Mind Of The Bather. If The History Of Primitive Peoples Is Considered, It Would Appear That They Bathed Very ...

Beer A
Beer. --a Beverage Properly Prepared By A Process Of Fermentation From Water, Hops, Yeast, And Malted Barley. In Some Beers Malted Wheat Is Used ; From Others, Hops Are Omitted ; And Still In Others (as In Bohe Mian Beers) A Greater Proportion Of Hops Than Malt Is Employed. While ...

Belching Of Wind
Belching Of Wind.- See Also Tiie Standard Physician, Eficc-rxriox, Page 4o4, And Flatulence, Page 439. Treatment. Put As Much Sodium Bicarbonate As Can Be Placed Upon The Point Of A Table-knife Into Half A Glass Of Water And Drink It. Charcoal Tablets Or Soda-mints, Which May Be Bought Of A ...

Bismuth
Bismuth Salts.—the Soluble Salts Of Bismuth Are All Too Poisonous To Be Utilised In Practical Medicine. The Insoluble Salts, However, Arc Widely Employed As Intestinal Antiseptics And As Anti-fermentatives In Affec Tions Of The Stomach And Intestines. The Salts Of Bismuth Most In Use For This Purpose Are Bismuth Salicylate, ...

Bitter Almond
Almond, Bitter. The Ripe Seed Of The Amvgdalus Communis Amara, A Native Of Western Asia And Extensively Cultivated In The Tropics. It Is Particularly Interesting Because It Contains An Active Glycosid, Amygdalinp, Which On Contact With Water Develops A Very Active Acid, Hydrocyanic Or Prussic Acid. See Prussic Acid. Aloes.—the ...

Black Water
Black-water Fever.—a Disease Thought To Be A Severe Type Of Malaria. It Is Observed In Various Bad Malarial Regions, But Chiefly On The Coast Of Tropical Africa; And It Is Characterised By Fever, Generally Ushered In By A Severe Chill, Serious Constitutional Symptoms, Vomiting, Jaundice, And A Peculiar Discoloration Of ...

Bladder
Bladder Pains.—for Diagnosis, Causes, Constitutional Treatment, Etc., See Tile Standard Physician, Pages 268-272. Treatment.—.\ Simple But Effective Remedy Is A Little Grated Fresh Nutmeg, About As Much As Can Be Placed On The Point Of A Table-knife, To Be Added To A Glass Of Warm Milk, Which Is To Be ...

Blood Letting
Blood-letting (venesection).—a Very Old Remedial And Thera Peutic Measure. Certain Observers Have Claimed That Animals At Times Deliberately Bite Into Their Blood-vessels In Order To Abstract Blood. This Observation Is Supposed To Have Prompted Similar Experiments In Man. The Old Greek Physician Hippocrates, Who Flourished About 4o0 Recommended The Procedure ...

Blood Poisoning
Blood-poisoning (sept/emia).—a General Systemic Poisoning, Caused By The Absorption Into The Circulation Of The Poisonous. Products Of Certain Bacteria. It May Be Complicated By The Presence In The Blood Of The Micro Organisms Themselves. The Symptoms Comprise A High Temperature, A Feeling Of Weakness And Fatigue, A Pytmic Coma Or ...

Boil
Boil. A Collection Of Pus Under The Skin, With Swelling And Redness Of The Skin. For Causes, Diagnosis, Constitutional Treatment, Etc., See The Standard Physician, Page 276, And Under Carbuncles, Page 3o3. Treatment.—to Prevent The Formation Of Boils, Use Application Of Ice, Or Apply A Plaster Consisting Of Salicylic Acid ...

Bow Legs Or Bandy
Bow-legs Or Bandy Legs.—legs Which Are Bent In An Outward Curve (see Fig. 99). They Are The Result Of A Curvature Of The Bones Of The Thighs And Lower Legs, Usually Due To Rickets. In Very Small Children, Bow Legs May Straighten If The Cause Of The Condition (rickets) Is ...

Brights
Bright's Disease.—a Disease Characterised By Degeneration Of The Kidney-cells, Which Impairs The Excretory Function Of The Organ ; Any Disease Of The Kidneys Marked By Persistent Presence Of Albumin In The Urine And Attended By Disintegration And Wasting Of The Organ. For Causes, Diagnosis, Etc., See Tile Standard Physician, Pages ...

Bronchitis Bronchial
Bronchitis (bronchial Catarrh).—inflammation Of The Mu Cous Membrane Of The Bronchi And Their Branches. The Disease May Occur As An Acute Or As A Chronic Affection ; It May Implicate One Side Or Both ; It May Affect Either Only The Larger Or Only The Finer Ramifications Of The Trachea ...

Bruises And
Bruises And Contusions.—these Are Commonly Caused By Violence, As Falls, Knocks, And Blows, And The Arca Affected Is Sometimes Much Greater Than Suspected. Treatment.—apply Immediately Water As Hot As Can Be Borne To Avoid Discoloration.. If The Skin Is Broken, Add About 6o Drops Of Tincture Of Arnica To A ...

Bubonic
Bubonic Plague.—see Plague. Buchu.—the Leaves Of A Species Of Barosma, Derived From South African Shrubs. The Active Principles Are Volatile Oils And Resins With An Active Glycosid, Barosmin. Buchu Is Widely Used As A Stimulant For The Mucous Membrane Of The Genitourinary Tract, And Has Been Employed For Many Years ...

Burns And
Burns And Scalds.—the First Are Caused By Contact With Tire, Hot Objects, Molten Metal, Etc. ; The Second By Hot Water Or Steam. As The Immediate And Ulterior Consequence Of Both May Be Very Serious, Inedicztl Assistance Should Be Summoned Promptly When They Exceed The Smallest Dimensions. Treatment. —as Soon ...

Cancer Breast
Breast, Cancer Of.—an Affection Which Occurs Not Only In Older Women, But Also In Those Who Have Not Yet Reached Middle Life. Usually The Patient's Attention Is Directed To The Condition By Finding A Hard Nodule In The Breast, Which May Or May Not Be Painful. The Discovery Is Very ...

Cancer Of The
Cancer Of The Breast.—this Generally Begins As A Hard Nodule, Which Is Found In The Breast, And Which May Or May Not Be Painful. All Such Nodules Should Be Examined At Once By A Physician Or Surgeon, And If They Prove To Be Cancerous An Early Operation Is To Be ...

Cannabis Indica Indian
Cannabis Indica (indian Hemp).—the Flowering Tops Of The Female Plant Cannabis Saliva, Indigenous To Tropical Climates, But Largely Obtained From India And Egypt. This Drug Has A Peculiar Effect On The Nervous System, And For Centuries Past It Has Been Largely Used As An Intoxi Cant In Parts Of Asia ...

Carbolic Acid
Carbolic Acid Poisoning.—a Form Of Acute Poisoning Caused By The Ingestion Of Carbolic Acid, Either Accidentally Or With Suicidal Intent. The First Symptom Is A Severe Burning Of The Mucous Membranes Of The Mouth, Gullet, And Stomach, Accompanied By Excessive Pain. This Is Soon Followed By Headache, Nausea And Vomiting, ...

Care Ear
Ear, Care Of.—the Care And Protection Of The Ear Should Begin With The Nursling. In The Infant The Tympanic Cavity, Which Later Is Filled With Air, Is At First Full Of Mucus, Which May Suppurate If The Mouth Or Ear Is Unclean. Hence, Cold Should Be Avoided, As It Reduces ...

Care Eye
Eye, Care Of.—the Eye Is One Of The Most Sensitive Nerve-organs Of The Body. Its Systematic Care Must Therefore Be Counted Among The Most Important Hygienic Necessities, And It Is To The Individual Interest Of Every One To Consider This A Duty. What May Be Said In A General Way ...

Care Hair
Hair, Care Of.—although Heredity Plays An Important Part In The Development Of The Hair, Much May Be Accomplished Toward Directing Its Growth In A Favourable Manner. Lip To About Its Sixth Year, The Child's Hair Should Be Frequently Cut In Order To Ensure A Vigorous Growth. It Should Be Borne ...

Care Nursling
Nursling, Care Of.—the New-born, Mature Infant Averages From 49 To 52 Centimetres (19'6 To 20's Inches) In Length, And Weighs, On An Average, .3,200 Grammes (7 Pounds) ; The Weight Is Rarely More Than 4,00o Grammes (s's Pounds), And Only Very Exceptionally 5,000 Grammes (ii Pounds). The Skin Of The ...

Care Skin
Skin, Care Of.—from The Detailed Description Given In The Intro Ductory Chapters (pp. 110-115), It Will Be Seen That The Human Skin Is An Extremely Complicated Organ. It Regulates The Temperature Of The Body And The Circulation Of The Blood, And Serves As An Avenue For The Excretion Of Consumed ...

Care Teeth
Teeth, Care Of.—in Order To Preserve The Teeth As Long As Possible, And Render The Gums Healthy And Firm, Due Attention Should Be Given To The Cleaning Of The Mouth From The Very Beginning. The Baby's Mouth Should Be Cleansed Every Day With A Pledget Of Cotton Dipped Into A ...

Care Of Child
Child, Care Of The.—see Health-care Of Children. Childbed.—in A Limited Sense Childbed Embraces The Time Needed For The Healing Of The Wounds Of The Internal Generative Organs, Caused By Childbirth ; In A Broader Sense It Embraces The Time Needed For The Complete Involution Of The Pelvic And Abdominal Organs, ...

Catarrh Eustachian Tube
Eustachian Tube, Catarrh Of.—the Passage By Which The Ear Communicates With The Nasopharyngeal Space Is Called The Eusta Chian Tube (see Fig. 6o). All Acute Inflammations Of The Nose And Of The Pharynx (especially Coryza And Tonsilitis), As Well As Enlargement Of The Nasopharyngeal Tonsil, Inflammations And Ulcers In The ...

Chancroid Soft
Chancroid (soft Chancre).—a \vide-spread, Infectious, Sexual Disease, To Be Distinguished From Hard Chancre, Or Syphilis. It Is A Com Paratively Mild Affection, Inasmuch As Its Duration Is Limited ; Permanent Cure May Always Be Expected, And A General Infection Is Not Associated With The Essentially Local Disorder. In Most Cases ...

Chilblain
Chilblain. A Blain Or Sore Of The Hands Or Feet, Usually Accompanied By Heat And Itching, Resulting From Exposure To Extreme Cold. Treatment.—old Chilblains, From Which One Has Been Suffering For Some Time, Should Be Treated Before Going To Bed. They Are To Be Bathed In Hot Water To Which ...

Chilblains
Chilblains —flat Or Nodular Swellings And Elevations, Which At The Onset Itch Greatly, And Are Often Very Painful. They Are Due To Paralyses And Dilatations Of The Blood-vessels, Resulting From A Disturbance Of The Circulation Of Blood In The Skin Under The Influence Of Low Temperatures. Chilblains Develop Especially On ...

Cholera
Cholera Infantum.—the So-called Summer-diarrhcea, An Affliction Which Carries Away Many Children In Their First Year Of Life. It Prevails At Any Time From May To October, But Most Frequently During July And August. Excessive Heat And High Humidity Are Factors Favouring Its Development. Artificially Nourished Infants Are Particularly Prone To ...

Cholera
Cholera Asiatica.—an Acute Infectious Disease, Characterised By Pain, Excessive Diarrhoea, Rice-water Discharges, And Intense Collapse. The Disease Is Endemic In Certain Portions Of India, Where It Rages Most Of The Time, Occasionally Spreading To Other Parts Of The Globe. In The United States Epidemics Of Cholera Occurred At Irregular Intervals ...

Cholera Asiatica
Cholera Asiatica. —an Acute Infectious Disease Characterised Bv Pain, Excessive Diarrlhea, Rice-water Discharges From The Bowel, And Intense Collapse. See Also Tlie Standard Physician, Pages 318-32e Treatment.—there Are No Specific Remedies Or Methods Of Treatment By Which Recovery May Be Assured In Cases Of Cholera Which Urgently Demand Immediate Medical ...

Cholera_2
Cholera Morbus.—an Acute Affection Of Adults Or Adolescents, Resulting From Indiscretion In Diet. It May Be Due To The Quantity, But Is More Often Due To The Quality And Kind Of The Food. The Numerous Component Dishes Of A Single Meal Are Often, When Mixed Together In The Stomach, The ...

Cholera_3
Cholera Infantum.—the So-called Summer Diarrlicea Of Infants Is An Affection Which Carries Away Many Children In Their First Year Of Life. Its Appearance Is Usually Sudden, And Begins With Simple Diarrlitua ; But After A Time The Stools Become Green, Or Consist Of Mucus Streztked With Green. Iti Some Cases ...

Cirrhosis Of The A Liver
Liver, Cirrhosis Of The.--a Chronic Inflammatory Disease Charac Terised By Morbid Formation Of Connective Tissue With Subsequent Atrophy Of The Liver-cells. The Most Frequent Cause Of This Affection Is Excessive Use Of Alcohol, But It May Occur Independently Of The Use Of Alcohol. Treatment.--•he Essential Feature Is Total Abstinence From ...

Climate And
Climate And Disease.—the Relations Between The Effects Of Climate And The Treatment Of Disease Are Very Complex For At Least Two Reasons : In The First Place, Because It Is Extremely Difficult To Define Climate ; And Secondly, Because The Reaction To Climate May Vary Within Wide Limits In Different ...

Cocaine Poisoning A
Cocaine-poisoning.--a Morbid Condition Produced Either By An Overdose Of Cocaine, Or By The Continued Use Of The Drug. The Acule• Form Of This Disease Is Probably Always Caused By Excessive Medicinal Doses Of The Remedy. The Poisoned Individual At First Creates The Impression Of Being Under The Influence Of Alcohol ...

Cod Liver
Cod-liver Oil.—a Complex Oil Obtained From The Fresh Or Partly Decomposed Liver Of The Codfish. The Oil Is Light To Clark-red In Colour, Has A Mild, Fishy Taste, And Contains, In Addition To Various Fats And Their Acids, Small Quantities Of Iodine. It Also Contains Iodine Compounds In Com Bination ...

Colchicum
Colchicum (also Colocynth).—ellects : An Overdose, In The Course Of Two Or Three Hours, Causes Severe Pains In The Stomach, Intestines, And Kid Neys, And Sometimes Diarrhoea, With Bloody Stools. There May Be Local Areas Of Anesthesia ; And, Usually Following A Severe Headache, The Patient Collapses, With Slow And ...

Congenital Dislocation Hip Joint
Hip-joint, Congenital Dislocation Of.—a Malformation Of The Hip-joint, In Which The Head Of The Thigh-bone, Instead Of Being Situated In Its Socket In The Pelvis, Is Placed Outside The Socket, Either In Front Of It Or Behind. The Deformity May Affect One Or Both Sides ; And Girls Are More ...

Convulsions
Convulsions.- Violent And Abnormal Muscular Contractions Of The Body. For Causes, Classifications, Diagnosis, Etc., See The Sfandard Physician, Pages 337'339. Treatment.- Pending A Professional Diagnosis Of The Case, Loosen The Patient's Clothing About The Chest And Neck To Prevent Strangulaticm ; Place Wedges Between The Jaws If There Be Tendency ...

Corset Lobe
Corset-lobe Liver.—see Dress. Coryza.—cold In The Head. This Affection Is Of So Frequent Occur Rence That Everyone Believes Himself To Be Quite Familiar With It, But It Often Leads To Consequences Which Are Difficult Of Recognition By The Laity. Acute, Chronic, And Nervous Coryzas Are To Be Distinguished. Acute Coryza ...

Cramp A
Cramp.--a Painful Muscular Contraction Occurring Chiefly In The Lugs, Especially Of Swimmers And Wheelmen. The Best Remedy For Cramp Is To Rub Briskly The Part Affected. Bromide Of Potassium, Io Grains, Taken Internallv, Is Recommended As A Remedy That Gives Relief And Checks Recurrence Ot The Spasm. If The Cramp ...

Curvature Nose
Nose, Curvature Of.—a Deformity Which Is Due Principally To A Bending Of The Dividing Wall Of The Nose. Slight Curvatures Are So Frequent That They May Almost Be Called The Rule ; And Usually They Cause No Dis Turbances. More Marked Degrees Of Curvature Prevent The Free Passage Of Air, ...

Curvature Vertebral Column
Vertebral Column, Curvature Of.—a Condition Which Consists In A Deflection Of The Vertebral Column To One Side. It Is A Frequent Disease In Very Young Children And In Children Between The Ages Of Five And Six. The Deflection Is Accompanied By A Turning Of The Vertebrae Around Their Long Axis, ...

Curvatures Of
Curvatures Of), Mostly Lateral Bendings. Of The Organs Of Sense, The Eyes Are Especially Endangered. See Eye, Care Of. It Is Unquestionably True That The School Plays A Part In The Transmission Of Infectious Diseases, For It Is Obvious That The Crowding Of Many Children Into A Comparatively Small Room ...

Cyanosis 1
Cyanosis.---.1 Diseased Condition In Which The Skin Turns A Livid Bluish Zolour. It Is Observed In All Diseases Where There Are Interferences To Respira Tion Or Circulation, Especially In Congenital Malformation Of The Heart, Where It Is An Incurable Condition. Cystitis.—inflammation Of The Bladder. Chnnic Cystitis Is Catarrh Of The ...

Deficiency Hearing
Hearing, Deficiency Of.—more Or Less Marked Disturbances Of The Faculty Of Hearing May Exist As A Hereditary Affection. This Is Particu Larly True In Cases Which Are Unaccompanied By Suppurative Or Inflammatory Processes. Deafness Of One Ear May Remain Undiscovered Until Each Eat Is Tested Separately. The Normal Ear Is ...

Delirium
Delirium Tremens.—a Mental Derangement Attended By Extreme Nervous Agitation, Hallucinations, And Sleeplessness, Caused By The Excessive Use Of Alcoholic Liquors. Severe Prostration Rapidly Follow's An Attack Of This Disease, But Sleeplessness And Nervous Excitement Are So Intense That The Sufferer Cannot Be Kept To His Bed, And Ultimately, Exhausted By ...

Dengue
Dengue Fever.—a Tropical Disease, Which Runs An Acute Course And Is Very Contagious. It Is Endemic In The Lesser Antilles, Along The Coast Of The Red Sea, And On The West Coast Of Africa. From Time To Time The Disease Invades Other Countries. It Has Occurred In The Southern United ...

Diabetes
Diabetes Insipidus.—a Condition In Which Very Large Quantities Of Extremely Thin Urine Are Discharged. In Cases Of Medium Severity The Quantity May Vary From Six To Seven Quarts In A Day, But In Severe Cases It May Increase To Twice These Amounts Or More. In Contrast To Diabetes Mellitus And ...

Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus.—true Diabetes ; A Disease Characterised By The Excretion Of Grape-sugar With The Urine. Persons In Whom The Metabolic Processes Fail To Make Use Of All The Sugar And Sugar-forming Food Which They Eat, And Who Excrete Part Of This Sugar With Their Urine, Are Designated As Diabetic. There ...

Diet For The
Diet For The Sick.—the Nourishment Of Sick Patients Is Often One Of The Most Difficult Of Subjects. The Seriously Sick Should Be Given Only Such Nourishment As Is Permitted By The Family Physician. It Should Be Left To Him, Or To The Nurse Under His Directions, To Select The Food. ...

Digitalis
Digitalis (also Strophanthus, Convallaria, And Scoparius). —effects : Nausea, Vomiting, Pain In The Stomach, Excessive Weakness, Faint Ing, And Collapse. The Pulse-rate Varies From Rapid To Slow, And The Slightest Motion Of The Patient May Cause The Heart To Act With Such Irregularity That Instant Death May Occur. Where Poisoning ...

Diseases Arteries
Arteries, Diseases Of.—a Number Of Types Of Disease Are Found In The Arteries. The Most Important Are : Arteriosclerosis, Due To Old Age ; Arteritis, Due To Infections By Micro-organisms, Notably Syphilis And Tuber Culosis ; And .-ineurism, (inc To Dilatation Caused By Mechanical Defects Which May Depend Upon The ...

Diseases Bladder
Bladder, Diseases Of.—rnder This General Heading Xvill Be Described Some Of The More Common Affections Of The Bladder. Cystitis.--intlarnmation Of The Bladder, Or Vesical Catarrh, May Vary Greatly In Its Manifestations, And May He Due To Any One Of Many Cause,:. Retention Of Urine And Injuries, However Slight, To The ...