ASTHMA. For causes, diagnosis, constitutional treatment, etc., sec THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 245-246.
During an attack of asthma some patients will derive benefit from inhaling the fumes from the dried leaves of the thorn-apple or jamestown-weed (stramonium). The dried leaves are to be placed in a VeSSel or on a plate, and ignited so as to allow them to smoulder, when the fumes will till the room.
Saltpetre (potassium nitrate) is a remedy of much value in asthma. It should be used in the following manner : 1)ip linen cloth or blotting-paper into a saturated solution of saltpetre, and then dry it. When the attack of asthma seizes the patient, burn one of these prepared pieces of linen or blotting-paper under a funnel, and let the patient cautiously inhale the fumes through the small end of the funnel mouth.
Or the following may be prepared in a powder, of which a teaspoonful is to be burned on a plate and the fumes inhaled: Anise, 2 drachms; nitre, 2 drachms; stramonium leaves, .1, ounce ; tobacco leaves, 5 grains. In some cases a cup of strong, hot coffee is beneficial. Change of residence is often highly beneficial. Bromide of potassium, 5 to 20 grains, and citrate of caffeine, to 5 grains, may be tried.
In addition to the preceding, potassium iodide may be taken (luring the interval between the attacks, 5 to ro grains a day.
BACKACHE.—This may arise from different causes. If it should be due to muscular pain, a porous or a belladonna plaster applied over the spot where the pain is located will be found to do good service. The plasm- should be cut to cover more than the area affected, and may remain tor a shorter or longer period, from twenty-four hours to a week. llot pose-grease camphorated oil well rubbed in is also very useful. .1 liniment hich will be of service consists of equal parts of olive-oil and oil of turpentine. Massage with the parts well oiled very often arrests the pain. A very great help in relieving pain is a warmed flat-iron. The sufferer should lie on his stomach with his back covered with a warm, damp cloth. Then take a flat-iron which has been made warm and literally " iron " the patient, putting some pressure upon the iron. Care should be taken that the flat-iron does not scorch the hack. The heat and the pressure, as well as the rubbing ironing), will often immediately make the affected parts limber.
of the mucous membrane of the prepuce, usually due to uncleanliness, but frequently due to herpes preputialis.
Treatment.—Wash the parts regularly and apply an antiseptic dusting powder, such as boric acid, to maintain dryness, or Lister's boric acid oint ment. If there be suppuration, cooling lotions should be applied and the patient kept quiet. When clue to herpes, balanitis runs its course in a week or so, and is not influenced by treatment. For further particulars see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, page 250.
causes, constitutional treatment, etc., see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, under HAIR, CARE OF, pages 493-496.
Treatment.—Wash the head mcrning and night with warm water and Castile soap, and, after thoroughly drying the hair, apply the following solution : Tincture of cantharides, i ounce ; carbolic acid, r drachm ; castor-oil, I drachm ; spirit of bay rum and lavender together, 2 ounces. Or use a solution composed of : Tincture of cantharides, 2 drachms ; quinine sulphate, Do grains ; glycerine, 2 drachms ; oil of rosemary, 5 drops ; spirit of bay rum, enough to make 5 ounces.
Fenner recommends the following on account of its stimulating effect upon the growth of the hair : Take 3o grains of cantharides, in coarse powder, and ounce of alkanet-root, in coarse powder, and enclose them in a coarse muslin bag and digest in pint of neutral paraffin-oil or cotton-seed-oil by the aid of a water-bath at a moderate heat for twelve hours, occasionally squeezing the bag. When cool, add about 5 drops of oil of cinnamon, 5 drops of oil of citronella, 15 drops of oil of lemon, and 3o drops of oil of bergamot. Or mix 5 ounces of castor-oil, ounce of tincture of cantharides, 2 ounces of Cologne spirits, io drops of oil of bay-leaves, 5 drops of oil of pimento, and 15 drops of oil of bergamot. These tonics should be rubbed well into the scalp after the hair has been thoroughly dried. To make a pomade to take the place of this : Melt pound of vascline ; when hot, add i ounce of tincture of cantharides. While cooling, add 5 drops of oil of cinnamon, 5 drops of oil of cloves, 3o drops of oil of bergamot, and 10 drops of oil of citronella. When baldness is due to constitutional causes, iron or iodide of potassium, prescribed by a physician, may be necessary, with mercurial ointments. Massage of the scalp is sometimes useful. See also DANDRUFF.