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Belching of Wind

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BELCHING OF WIND.- See also TIIE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, Eficc-rxriox, page 4o4, and FLATULENCE, page 439.

Treatment. Put as much sodium bicarbonate as can be placed upon the point of a table-knife into half a glass of water and drink it. Charcoal tablets or soda-mints, which may be bought of a druggist, may be used according to directions. A seidlitz powder may also be taken (see Bilious NEss). If the 13elching is persistent, a laxative should also be taken, such as a tablespoonful of Epsom salt, dissolved in half a glass of warm water, or magnesium citrate, 3 to 8 grains, in a wineglassful of water. Twenty to 30 drops of tincture of cinnamon in water often affords relief. Twenty to no drops of Hoffmann's anodyne are sometimes beneficial. See Citot.Et:A .\st.vi ICA.

BELLADONNA-POISONING.—Commonly the result of eating by accident or by mistake the blackish-red elicrrv-like berries of the deadly nightshade, characterised by a sweet taste, but haying, instead of one large seed, many small OlICS.

Treatment.- Give an emetic of mustard or of Castile soapsuds, or use the stotnach-pump. Administer black hot coffee or tea by the mouth if the patient_ cart swallow, or, if not, by an enema. .\pply warm poultices to the feet and give alternate douches of hot and cold water. Artificial respiration may be necessary. For further particulars, see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 263, to5f.

BENZINE-POISONING.—The action of this drug is that of a narcotic like chloroform or ether.

Treatment. –Give an emetic of mustard, ipecacuatilia, or sulphate of zinc, fo to 3o grains, or empty the stomach with a stomach-pump or tube. Give the patient plenty of fresh air, alternate douches of hot .1nd cold water, and practise artificial respiration.

BILIOUSNESS.—For causes, diagnosis, constitutional treatment, etc., see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, page 266.

Treatment.—A light attack may be overcome by a dose of bicarbonate of soda, of which take as much as can be carried on the point of a table-knife, in a little water. In general, attacks may be relieved bv a seidlitz powder, or a glass of water in which is dissolved 3 to S grains of magnesium citrate, which should be taken before retiring. A severe attack should be treated by absolute rest and abstinence from all food and drink excepting water, of which a good deal should be taken, about a glassful every half hour or so. A pill of calomel and podophyllin, containing grain of each, should be taken. Instead of one pill, the dose may be divided into three pills, to be taken at intervals of fifteen minutes. In the morning a glass of bitter water, such as Abilena, Hunyadi Janos, Apenta, Carlsbad, etc., should be taken. If relief is not obtained,

it may become necessary to give an enema, which should consist of 2 quarts of warm water and soapsuds.

In certain cases of so-called biliousness, which is often the result of intestinal dyspepsia, five drops of dilute nitrohydrochloric acid in infusion of calumba taken after meals is a useful remedy.

Every housewife can make her own seidlitz powder. First, she should get two paper bags—one blue and the other white. From the druggist let her obtain 3 ounces of Rochelle salts and ounce of sodium bicarbonate ; mix these two thoroughly and put them into the blue bag and label it. She should then purchase ounce of tartaric acid, and put it into the white bag which should also be labelled. When she wishes to give a seidlitz powder, all that she has to do is to place 2 teaspoonfuls of the contents of the blue bag in a large glass half-filled with water, add a few drops of lemon-juice, and mix, then add A teaspoonful of the contents of the white bag, and administer the preparation while effervescing. Some persons prefer the following method : Use two glasses, one large, filled one-third with water, into which dissolve 2 tea spoonfuls of the contents of the blue bag with a few drops of lemon-juice ; in the second and small glass filled one-third with water, place N teaspoonful of the contents of the white bag to be dissolved, and pour quickly into the contents of the large glass. Drink while effervescing.

BLACK DEATH.—See TIIE STANDARD PIIYSICIAN, under PLAGUE, page 789.

BLACKHEADS.—For causes and constitutional treatment, see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, page 267.

Treatment.—The blackheads may be removed by the aid of a watch-key, if available (or with a special instrument for the purpose, which can be bought froni a druggist), the pustules opened, and the pus expressed ; everything to be done with clean and sterilised hands. Some authorities condemn this process. The face should then be washed with very warm water and green soap, dried, and steamed. Massage will help also ; cover the face lightly with massage cream or any good cold-cream, and rub it gently, using slight pressure. For an application every evening before retiring, the following lotion should be used : Corrosive sublimate, i grain ; alcohol, ?, ounce ; rose-water, up to 4 ounces. Or, in its place, a sulphur preparation may be used : Precipitated sulphur, drachm ; ointment of rose-water and albolene (fluid vaseline), together 4 drachms. Constipation should be relieved by mild laxatives (see CONSTIPATION).