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bleeding, treatment, physician and alum

BLADDER PAINS.—For diagnosis, causes, constitutional treatment, etc., see TILE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 268-272.

Treatment.—.\ simple but effective remedy is a little grated fresh nutmeg, about as much as can be placed on the point of a table-knife, to be added to a glass of warm milk, which is to be taken while warm. .1 warm sitz-bath will be helpful also. Drink as much water as possible. When pains are due to a too acid urine with burning and smarting, avoid soups and meats, and drink lemonade, orangeade, or eat grapes.

BLEEDING.—For diagnosis, causes, constitutional treatment, etc., see TILE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, under H=10PHILIA, page 516 ; and HEMORRHAGE, pages 517-522.

Treatment for External Bleeding.—Tannic acid and all substances con taining it (nutgall, hamamelis, cinnamon, and eucalyptus-gum) tend to coagulate the blood. Therefore, powder the wound with tannic-acid powder, or substitute for it nutgall or cinnamon, or apply to the wound a cloth dampened with witch-hazel. Cold will contract the blood-vessels. Cold water or cold lead-water applied to the injured surface directly or with a moistened cloth will stop the bleeding. Table salt is a very painful but efficient remedy when applied to the bleeding area ; alum may be used in its stead. Styptic cotton is of great help to stop bleeding. But prolonged pressure on the

bleeding point affords the blood opportunity to coagulate, and is better treatment than any chemical coagulant. Bleeding of the nose is best con trolled by plugging with cotton and holding the nose tight; but thorough plugging can only be done by a medical man.

Treatment for Internal Bleeding. —ln hannorrhage of lungs, intestines, etc., fluid extract of hamamelis or witch-hazel in closes of 15 to 6o drops may he tried ; but morphia, prescribed by a medical man, is the most trustworthy remedy.

Alum whey—that is, milk curdled by alum has been recommended for arresting bleeding from the stomach. Add to a glass of boiling milk a spoonful of alum, and strain when cool. The patient may drink it slowly, about (of a glass) at a time. As an almost invariable rule, however, nothing should he taken by the mouth without the express direction of the physician. Ergot is also sometimes effective, and may be taken as fluid extract of ergot, ro to 20 drops, but preferably in the form of a hypodermic injection. This drug should only be taken under the direction of a physician. See also NOSE-BLEEDING.

BLEPHARITIS.—Inflammation of the eyelids. See THE STANDARD