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Brights

disease, time and pint

BRIGHT'S DISEASE.—A disease characterised by degeneration of the kidney-cells, which impairs the excretory function of the organ ; any disease of the kidneys marked by persistent presence of albumin in the urine and attended by disintegration and wasting of the organ. For causes, diagnosis, etc., see TILE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 585-586.

Treatment.—To prevent attacks of Bright's disease in those predisposed to it, the mode of living should be carefully regulated. Avoid over-exertion, living in old, damp houses, and repeated exposure to rain or cold. Harden the body by cold ablutions and regular exercise, as this will stimulate the action of the various organs of the body. Do not retain the urine for any length of time ; yield at once to the call of nature, for its retention may result in disagreeable consequences. Over-eating, and the excessive and continued use of a meat diet, strong spices, alcoholic beverages, coffee, and tea cause marked irritation of the kidneys. Many so-called remedies for Bright's

disease are offered for sale in the open market. Great care should be exercised in making use of these, and they are best altogether avoided, as the greater number of them are harmful. A tea prepared from buchu-leaves and the leaves of uva-ursi (the bearberry plant), a tablespoonful of each to a pint of hot water, and allowed to simmer five to ten minutes, and taken half a pint at a time, three times a day, has been found useful.

BROMIDE-POISONING.—The effects of bromide-poisoning are skin eruption., on the face, gradually spreading down the back until pustules appear. The patient becomes mentally depressed, slow, and stupid. His digestion suffers and causes constipation.

Treatment.—Cease administering bromide, and give copious drafts of carbonated waters.