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Burns and

oil, grains and drachm

BURNS AND SCALDS.—The first are caused by contact with tire, hot objects, molten metal, etc. ; the second by hot water or steam. As the immediate and ulterior consequence of both may be very serious, inedicztl assistance should be summoned promptly when they exceed the smallest dimensions.

Treatment. —As soon as the accident occurs, if it is a small area, powder the affected surface freely with flour, dip the hand or arin in flour. If some time (three minutes) has elapsed, use the following salve, to be spread upon linen and applied to the surface : 'lake equal parts of sweet oil, beeswax, and oil of turpentine ; melt the sweet oil and beeswax together and let cool ; when somewhat cooled, add the oil of turpentine ; then stir until the mixture is cold. In place of this salve some advise the use of Carron-oil, which is prepared by mixing well equal parts of lime-water and linseed-oil.

It has been recommended that the burned area should be painted with a r per cent. (5 grains to the ounce) solution of picric acid, applied with a cotton swab, gauze mop, clean feather, or soft brush ; but caution is necessary, as poisoning symptoms may result. The pain is controlled at once in superficial burns, and is materially relieved in the deeper ones. Healing takes place

within forty-eight hours in most of the lighter cases, no further dressing being required. The bed clothing should be protected against the intense yellow stain ; ammonia removes it from the hands.

When an ointment is necessary, one of the following will be found excellent, to be applied directly to the surface : Iclithyol, r drachm ; boric acid, 11 drachm ; alum, ro grains ; wool-fat, drachm ; vaseline, enough to make ounce. Or bismuth subnitrate, drachm ; menthol, 2 grains ; salicylic acid, 2 grains ; boric acid, 20 grains ; simple ointment, enough to make ounce. As stated above, Carron-oil is a most useful application to burns. It ma3,' be made of oil (olive or any bland oil) and lime-water, equal parts.

In the case of anyone's clothes having caught fire, the quickest way to extinguish the flames is by smothering. Take a blanket, carpet, or cloak, and wrap the same tightly around the sufferer, who, if possible, should be thrown on the grohnd and rolled over until the fire is extinguished.