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Lice Boil

skin and pus


BOIL. —"Tend applied to a collection of pus under the skin, which may occur during the course of an acute or chronic inflammation of the skin or other organs. According to whether the pus is the result of an acute or a chronic process, so-called hot and cold abscesses are distinguished. The former are accompanied by redness of the skin, a feeling of heat in the affected part, a severe, pulsating pain, and, usually, fever. A cold abscess is free from these symptoms, or they are present only in small degree. The superficial forms in the skin are termed boils ; the deeper-seated ones, carbuncles.

.1n abscess results from the effort of the body to combat a bacterial foe. If this does not succeed, either because the overlying skin is too thick or because some improper mode of treatment, such as massage, has been applied, particles of pus are absorbed by the body and distributed to various parts, resulting in a general blood-poisoning or pyrumia. It is therefore -very

important to assist in the formation of the abscess by putting the part at rest and improving its circulation ; and as soon as the pus has gathered, to give it free exit by means of an incision into the skin. Rest may be secured by putting the limb on a splint. It should then be kept elevated and furnished with a \•an», moist .\s soon as the abscess is fully developed ("•ripe ") it should be freely lanced. The most frequent bacterium found in boils is the Shiphy/ococcus pyogones aurens. The Bacillus tukerculosi,'s is primarily responsible for many cold abscesses.

BONE.----For structure, shape, number in body, COMpOSitiOH, anal ItinCtionS, SO' INTRODUCTORY CHAPTERS (pp. 12o-i;o).