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PHOSPHORUS POISONING.—Phosphorus paste is used as a rat-poison, and is sometimes taken with suicidal intent. The heads of phosphorus matches are highly poisonous ; the swallowing of two match-heads has been known to kill a child. For effects, see THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, pages 734, 787, 1059-1060.

Treatment.—Empty the stomach by giving 3 grains of sulphate of copper every five minutes until vomiting occurs or by stomach-pump. Do not give oils or fats, but administer demulcents, such as milk and eggs. Peroxide of hydrogen and permanganate of potassium act as antidotes. Give Epsom salts, ounce, as purge. Charcoal or lime-water, given in large quantities, checks the destruction of the tissues. Empty the bladder frequently. Morphia injections medically administered may be required for pain.

PILES (H/EMORRHOIDS).—Iumours composed of enlarged and thickened blood-vessels at the lower end of the rectum, either within or without the anus. For causes, constitutional treatment, etc., see THE STANDARD PHYSI CIAN, pages 523-525.

Treatment.—For internal use, Dr. Chase suggests : Pulverise and mix thoroughly in a mortar i ounce each of goldenseal, cream of tartar, jalap, senna, flower of sulphur, and z ounce of saltpetre. Dose, r teaspoonful three times a day. Or drink during day, until the pain disappears, a mixture of a teaspoonful of sulphur in a pint of milk.

External : Use soap and water with a clean sponge after each stool, and apply the following in the morning and evening : Thorn-apple ointment, ounce ; lead carbonate, ounce ; and 20 drops of olive-Oil. Or mix equal parts of tannin and glycerine, and anoint the piles with it. Or insert after each stool a glycerine suppository, to which may also be added tannin. A suppository known as an anusol suppository is useful ; also a suppository with grain of orthoform is valuable in very painful piles.