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bath and water

SEA-BATH. The effect of a sea-bath is more pronounced than that of a bath in a lake or river, because the motion of the water is more violent, the water contains salt, which acts as a stimulant to the skin, and the sea-air is more invigorating than the air of the interior. The characteristics of a sea-bath are the billows, and the salt contained in the water and in the air. This withdraws a considerable amount of heat from the body of the bather, and this heat must be again supplied by heightened metabolism resulting in an increased appetite. Thus the entire body is strengthened, provided that sleep is normal. Many persons, particularly neurasthenics, do not do well at the seashore. Their sleep is distirbed, and they suffer from palpitation of the heart, and have sensations of fear. Such persons, as well as those who suffer from heart-disease or from pulmonary consumption, ought not to go to the seashore.

Sea-baths are especially beneficial for scrofulous children, and for patients suffering from stubborn catarrhs of the respiratory passages. The choice between different seaside resorts must depend upon the strength of surf desired. Some patients are not allowed to take surf-baths, but are given tub-baths with warm sea-Water instead. Weak and aniemic persons stand these baths very well. For a sick person, a good general rule for the duration of a surf bath is : " Take three dips and come out." The bath should be followed by a thorough drying of the skin and by exercise, Young children often derive.great benefit from a summer at the sea ; but, if kept too long, they may become over-stimulated, and a stay in mountain-air, where they may indulge in lake or river bathing, is then advisable.