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Sore Throat

water, hot, apply, solution and times


Treatment. Before retiring take a hot mustard foot-bath, a handful of mustard in half a pail of hot water. Apply around the throat a handkerchief or piece of linen wrung out of cold water, over it put a piece of oiled silk, and tie in place with a woollen cloth, to remain during the night. To induce perspiration, give hot lemonade, hot linseed or camomile tea (sec GASTRITIS).

The throat should be gargled frequently with salt and water, or warm Dobell's solution. This solution consists of bicarbonate and borate of sodium together, 15 grains ; carbolic acid, 8 grains ; glycerine, 2 drachms ; water, enough to make 8 ounces. Witch-hazel diluted in equal parts of water may also be used as a gargle, or Listerine; or Glycothymoline, all according to directions. Hydrogen peroxide, diluted in water T to 8 parts, makes a good gargle. Inhalation of friars' balsam from hot water often affords relief.

If the tonsils are swollen, apply to them three times a day with a cotton swab the following solution : 20 grains of potassium chlorate ; ounce of glycerine ; T drachm of solution of iron chloride ; water, enough to make 2 ounces. The inhaling through a paper funnel of steam from a kettle containing T pint of hot water with 20 drops of creosote is very soothing.

Lozenges of liquorice or of menthol and eucalyptus are agreeable, or honey or glycerine and lemon-juice, equal parts, a teaspoonful three times a day, are of service.

In chronic sore throat apply to throat and chest three times a day the following liniment : 3 ounces of gum camphor ; 2 drachms of Castile soap, finely shaved ; ounce each of oil of turpentine and oil of origanum ; and T pint of alcohol. Bottle and keep in a dark, warm place for two weeks, when it will be ready for use. Or rub throat and chest with camphorated oil. Internally, give three times a day 5 grains of sodium benzoate. For quinsy sore throat, see TONSILITIS.

SPRAIN.—The twisting of a joint so as to wrench or tear the ligaments. See also THE STANDARD PHYSICIAN, page qio.

Treatment.—A stream of warm water of gradually increasing temperature until it becomes as hot as can be borne should be directed, as soon as possible after the accident, to the affected part. The hot stream should then be gradually cooled off, until the water has the same temperature as at the beginning of the treatment. After this, when the skin is not broken, apply on linen a solution of part of arnica in To parts of water. If the skin is broken, apply equal parts of calendula and wool-fat, to be covered with a tight bandage. Cold application of water is often very soothing. Later smear over the sprain a To-per-cent ichthyol ointment, and cover with a tight bandage. This can be done with zinc-oxide plaster strips, or a flannel with diachylon ointment, or plaster-of-Paris bandage. This is the special use in sprained ankles.