Home >> Standard Physician >> Tetanus to Yellow

The Standard Physician

Tetanus
Tetanus (lockjaw).—a Disease Caused By Infection Of A Wound With The Bacillus Of Tetanus, A Micro-organism Present In The Earth. People Who Work In The Earth May Become Infected By Getting Splinters Of Wood Under The Nails. Infection May Likewise Occur From The Improper Application Of Mud - Compresses And ...

Therapeutic Applications Electricity
Electricity, Therapeutic Applications Of.—elect Rotherapv Was First Used In The Eighteenth Century, Although Scientific Investigations Regarding The Nature And Effects Of The Electric Current In Its Applications To The Human Body Were Not Instituted Until The Nineteenth Century. Not Withstanding The Numerous And Laborious Experiments And Observations, Very Little Is ...

Tight Lace
Tight-lace Liver.—see Dress. Tinctures.—by This Term Is Understood Certain Preparations In Which The Medicinal Substances Are Dissolved In Alcohol By Means Of Maceration Or Percolation. The Latter Process, Which Is By Far The More Common, Takes Place As Follows : In The Neck Of The Percolator (a Cylindrical Or Conical ...

Tobacco
Tobacco Poisoning.—for Description, Symptoms, Etc., See The Standard Physician, Pages 962-963, To61. Treatment.—cease Smoking Immediately. In Acute Cases The Treatment Consists Of Out The Stomach With A Weak Solution Of Tannin. Give Plenty Of Water Or Milk (lukewarm). If A Stimulant Is Required Give Brandy Or Whisky. Tonsilitis.—inflammation Of The ...

Treatment Wounds
Wounds, Treatment Of.—cleanliness Is The First Essential In The Treatment Of Open Wounds Of Any Kind. They Must Be Most Carefully Guarded Against Contact With Dirty Objects, Such As Handkerchiefs, Rags, Clothing, Soiled Fingers, Etc. Only Perfectly Clean, Boiled Water, Or Some Antiseptic Solution May Be Used For Cleansing Them. ...

Tropical
Tropical Diseases.—the Various Diseases Of Mankind Are Not Evenly Iistributed Throughout The Various Quarters Of The Globe, And Those Diseases Which Are More Prevalent Or Are Peculiar To The Warm Climates Claim Special Attention. In The Realm Of Infectious Diseases It Is A Striking Fact That The Tropical Countries Are ...

Tuberculosis Of The Lungs
Tuberculosis Of The Lungs (consumption).—with Its Con Ception Of " Pulmonary Tuberculosis," Public Opinion Generally Associates The Idea That In This Disease The Affected Organ, The Lung, Gradually Wastes Away And Finally Breaks Up. This Assumption Is True Only In Some Cases Of The Disease. Under The Name " Pulmonary ...

Typhoid
Typhoid Contagious Disease, The Seat Of Which Is Chiefly In The Intestine. The Cause Of This Affection Has Been Found To Be A Bacterium, The Bacillus Typhosus. How The Bacteria Enter The Human Body Has Not Yet Been Definitely Established ; But Infection Probably Takes Place By Way Of The ...

Typhus
Typhus Fever.—an Infectious Febrile Disease ; Called Also Gaol-fever. It Has Nothing In Common With Typhoid, Except That, Like The Latter Disease, It Occurs Almost Exclusively In Epidemics. Typhus Is Principally A Disease Affecting People Who Live Under Unfavourable Conditions ; And, For This Reason, It Is Frequently Called " ...

Ulcer Of The
Ulcer Of The Leg.—ulcers Are Found Rather Fre Quently On The Leg ; Not In Connection With Any General Disease, But Conditioned By Disturbances Of The Circulation Of The Blood. These Disturbances Are Caused Either By Varicose Veins Or By A Sluggish Flow Of Blood In The Veins, Owing To ...

Varicose
Varicose Veins.—anything That Prevents Or Impedes The Flow Of The Blood Which Is Being Returned To The Heart Causes Congestion Of The Veins Involved ; And In Consequence Of The Yielding Character Of Their Walls, They Become Unduly Dilated. Such Dilated Veins Are Called Varicose Veins, And Are Found Especially ...

Varicose Veins
Varicose Veins. --ahnormal Dilatation Of Veins, Usually Situated On The Inner Side Of The Leg. For Causes, Description, Ctc., See Tiie Standard Physician, Pages Ioo5-loo6. Treatment. Palliative Treatment Is That Which That Checks The Increase Of The Varicose State Of The Veins And Prevents Their Ulceration. This Is Done Largely ...

Vaseline
Vaseline (petrolatum).—a Distillation Product Of Petroleum. It Is A Yellowish, Transparent Substance, Of The Consistency Of Lard, And Having A Faint Odour Of Petroleum. It Is Used As A Bland Dressing In The Case Of Mild Burns Or Other Local Inflammations Of No Special Significance, And As A Basis For ...

Vegetarianism A
Vegetarianism.---a Theory Advocating An Exclusively Vegetable Diet. In All Parts Of The Civilised World, There Exist Groups Of Men Who Consider Vegetables The Only Proper Food For Mankind, And Who Call Themselves Vege Tarians. The Propaganda For This Exclusive Form Of Nourishment Has Been Carried On With More Or Less ...

Venereal Disease
Venereal Disease (syphilis).—a Remarkably Widespread, Con Tagious Disease, Which Is Generally Transmitted Through Uncleanly Sexual Intercourse. Contagion May, However, Occur From Other Than Sexual Con Tact ; For Instance, By Kissing, Or By Using Articles (glasses, Dishes, Etc.) That Have Been Used By A Syphilitic Person. This May Happen When ...

Vertigo A
Vertigo.--a Condition Characterised By A Seeming Defect In The Equi Librium Of The Body, And Accompanied With More Or Less Severe Disturbances Of Consciousness. This Simple Condition May Be Due To A Variety Of Causes. Disturbances In The Semicircular Canals Of The Labyrinth Of The Ear—the Organ Of Equilibrium—may Be ...

Voice And
Voice And Speech.—the Human Voice Is Produced By The Combined Action Of All The Muscles Of The Respiratory Apparatus. With More Or Less Force, The Air Expelled From The Lungs Acts Upon The True Vocal Cords Situated In The Larynx, And These Cords Are Kept In A Certain State Of ...

Volatile Volatile Oils
Volatile Oils, Volatile. Volvulus.--see Intestines, Diseases Of. Vomiting.—the Act Of Ejecting, Through The Mouth, Matter Which Has Been Regurgitated From The Stomach. It Consists In The Sudden Violent Reversal Of The Normal Act Of Swallowing And Of The Movements Of The Stomach. Vomiting May Result From A Vast Variety Of ...

Warburgs
Warburg's Tincture.—a Complex Mixture Which Was Devised By Dr. Warburg, The Formula Being Kept A Secret By Him For Many Years. It Was Finally Published, And The Mixture Has Since Then Been Largely Used In Tropical Countries For Severe Malarial Infection. It Is A Dark Brown Liquid, Containing Fourteen Ingredients, ...

Water Treatment
Water-treatment (hydrotherapeutics).—the Method Of Treating Patients By Means Of Water Is As Old As Mankind. Accounts Of Cures Effected By This Means Have Been Handed Down From Antiquity. The Greek Physician Hippocrates (400 B.c.) Recommended Hydrotherapeutics In Cases Of Paralysis And Rheumatism, By Means Of Douches And Rubbings. Cold-water Treatment ...

Water And Drinking Of
Water And Drinking Of Water.—sixty Per Cent., Or More, Of The Weight Of The Human Body Is Made Up Of Water ; And This Quantity Must Be Maintained By A Large Daily Consumption, In Order To Preserve Good Health. Drinking-water Should Be Absolutely Pure, Or It May Become A Menace ...

Widal Test
Widal Test, -the.—it Is Sometimes Very Difficult To Determine In A Given Case Whether The Patient Is Suffering From Typhoid Fever Or From One Of A Large Number Of Other Diseases That Frequently Resemble It Very Closely, At Least During The Earlier Stage Of The Illness. In The Second Week ...

Worms
Worms. These Parasitic Animals Are Usually Located In The Alimentary Canal ; Although The Term May Be Extended Sufficiently To Include Also Those Forms Of Worms Which Are Known To Burrow Into The Skin, Or May Even Be Found In The Eyes, Blood-vessels, Liver, Lungs, Muscles, Connective Tissue, Kidneys And ...

Writers
Writer's Cramp.—this Is One Of The Most Important Of The So-called Occupation Neuroses (which See), Owing To Its Frequency And Obstinacy. It Generally Affects Persons Who Write A Great Deal, And Who At The Same Time Pay Attention To Penmanship ; But Less Frequently Those Who, Although Writing Much, Are ...

Yellow
Yellow Fever.—an Acute, Infectious Disease, Which Runs A Rapid Course, And Which Is Restricted Principally To The Warm Countries Of The Western Hemisphere, Occurring Mainly In Populous Cities With Maritime Traffic. In Europe, Only The South-western Countries, Especially. Spain And Portugal, Have Been Visited By Severe Epidemics. It Has Been ...