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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 2 Annu - Baltic

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Thomas Baker
Baker, Thomas (1656-1740), English Antiquary, Was Born At Lanchester, Durham, England, And Died At Cambridge. His Most Important Printed Work Was His Reflections On Learning (1709-10) . He Spent The Greater Part Of His Life As Fellow, And Then As Commoner-master Of St. John's College, Cambridge. He Was A Non-juror, ...

Thomas Ball
Ball, Thomas (1819-1911) American Sculptor, Was Born At Charlestown (mass.) On June 3, 1819. After Starting, Self-taught, As A Portrait-painter He Turned His Attention In 1851 To Sculpture, His Earliest Work Being A Bust Of Jenny Lind. At 35 He Went To Florence For Study. There, With An Interval Of ...

Thomas Howard
Thomas Howard (c. 1585-1646), 2nd Earl Of Arundel, And Earl Of Surrey And Of Norfolk, Son Of Philip, 1st Earl Of Arundel And Of Lady Anne Dacre, Was Born In 1585 Or 1586 And Educated At Westminster School And At Trinity College, Cambridge. At The Accession Of James I. He ...

Thropometry
Thropometry, Etc., The Reader Will Find Special Articles On Divisions Of Anthropological Science, Such As Discussions Of ...

Tick
Tick.) Most Of The Existing Orders Of Terrestrial Arachnida Are Repre Sented In The Coal Measures. But Those Deposits Have Yielded Re Mains Of Genera Referable To Three Distinct Orders, The Haptopoda, Phalangiotarbi And Anthracomarti. The Haptopoda In The Wide Confluence Of The Cephalothorax And Abdomen, The Apparent Fusion Of ...

Titus Pomponius Atticus
Atticus, Titus Pomponius B.c.), Roman Patron Of Letters, Was Born At Rome Three Years Before Cicero, With Whom He Was Educated. His Name Was Titus Pomponius, That Of Atticus Being Given Him Afterwards From His Long Resi Dence In Athens (86-65) And His Intimate Acquaintance With The Greek Literature And ...

Titus Quintius Quinticius Atta
Atta, Titus Quintius (quinticius) (d. 77 B.c.), Roman Comedy Writer, Was Distinguished As A Writer Of National Comedies. See Aulus Gellius Vii. 9; Ribbeck, Comicorum Latinorum Reliquiae A855) ...

Topeka And Santa Fe
Atchison, Topeka And Santa Fe Railway Company. Chartered By The State Of Kansas In 1859, To Construct And Operate A Railroad From Atchison On The Missouri To Topeka And In The Direction Of Santa Fe, N.m., With A Grant Of Land I Oo Ft. Wide Along The Route, This Railroad ...

Topography And Antiquities
Topography And Antiquities The Attic Plain, Td 7r€biov, Slopes Gently Towards The Coast Of The Saronic Gulf On The South-west ; On The East It Is Overlooked By Mt. Hymettus (3,369ft.) ; On The North-east By Pentelicus Ft.) From Which, In Ancient And Modern Times, An Immense Quan Tity Of ...

Tor Aulin
Aulin, Tor (1866-1914), Distinguished Swedish Violinist, Was Born At Stockholm And Acquired Wide Renown As One Of The Most Accomplished Executants Of His Time. He Also Composed And Conducted. ...

Tower Of Babel
Babel, Tower Of, According To Gen. Xi. A Structure Which Was Erected In The Plain (or Valley) Of Shinar And Here The Confusion Of Tongues Is Said To Have Taken Place. The Name "babel," However, Gives A Totally Different Interpretation Of The Structure For It Is Derived From Bab, A ...

Trade Balance And National
Trade Balance And National Balance The Phrase "balance Of Trade," Then, Appears To Be An Applica Tion Of A Trader's Language In His Own Business To The Larger Af Fairs Of Nations Or Rather Of The Aggregate Of Individuals In A Na Tion Engaged In Foreign Trade. A Trader In ...

Trailing Arbutus
Arbutus, Trailing (epigaea Repens), A Fragrant, Flowering Plant Of The Heath Family (ericaceae), Also Called May Flower, Common In Rocky Woods And On Hillsides From Maine To Florida And Westward To Minnesota. It Appears As Early As April, While The Snow Still Lingers, And Is Eagerly Sought As One Of ...

Transport Of Artillery
Transport Of Artillery At The Present Time The Draught Horse Is In Process Of Being Replaced By Mechanical Transport For All Heavier Types Of Artillery. This Change Is Necessarily A Gradual One, And Its Nature And Prog Ress In Different Countries Are Partly Determined By The Extent To Which The ...

Types Of Artillery
Types Of Artillery The Function Of Land Artillery Is To Kill Troops At A Range Beyond That Of A Hand Weapon, And To Destroy Material, Obstacles And Defences. Various Natures Of Artillery Have Been Developed, Suit Able To The Tasks To Be Fulfilled. The Four Main Classes Are : Field ...

United States Apple Growing
Apple Growing, United States Although More Than 7,500 Varieties Of American Apples Are Re Corded, Those Most Desirable For Planting Are Limited To A Much Smaller Number. Nurserymen Offer For Sale To Planters Several Hundred Varieties Every Year, Each One Of Which May Have Some Characteristic To Recommend It, But ...

Unlawful Assembly
Assembly, Unlawful, The Term Used In Common 117 For An Assembly Of Three Or More Persons With Intent To Commit A Crime By Force, Or To Carry Out A Common Purpose (whether Lawful Or Unlawful), In Such A Manner Or In Such Circumstances As Would In The Opinion Of Firm ...

Upper Austria
Austria, Upper, Or "austria Above The River Enns," Formerly A Province Of Austria And Now The Oberdonau Gau Of Greater Germany, Is Situated In The North-west Of The Country, And Divided By The Danube Into Two Unequal Parts. The Smaller North Ern Part Is A Portion Of The S. Flank ...

Vale Of Avoca Or
Avoca Or Ovoca, Vale Of, A Mountain Glen In South East Wicklow, Ireland. The Small Rivers Avonmore And Avonbeg Unite To Form The Ovoca River, Flowing South And South-east To The Irish Sea At Arklow. The Vale's Beauty Was Sung By Thomas Moore In His Irish Melodies; It Is Narrow ...

Valentine Baker Pasha Baker
Baker, Valentine (baker Pasha) (1827-1887), British Soldier, Was A Younger Brother Of Sir Samuel Baker (q.v.). He Was Educated At Gloucester And In Ceylon, And In 1848 Entered The Ceylon Rifles As An Ensign. He Distinguished Himself In The Kafir War Of 1852-53 And In The Crimean War, And Was ...

Vasco Nunez De Balboa
Balboa, Vasco Nunez De (c. Spanish Explorer And Conquistador, The Discoverer Of The Pacific, Was Born At Jerez De Los Caballeros, In Estremadura, About 1475, Of Gentle Parentage. In 15oi He Followed Rodrigo De Bastidas In His Voy Age Of Discovery To The Western Seas. He Appears To Have Settled ...

Via Appia
Appia, Via, A High Road From Rome To Campania And Lower Italy, Constructed 312 B.c. By The Censor Appius Claudius Caecus. It First Ran Only To Capua (132m.) But Was Prolonged To Beneven Turn, Venusia, Tarentum And Brundisium, Probably Reaching The Last-named Place By 244 B.c. The Original Road Was ...

Via Aurelia
Aurelia, Via, Ancient Highroad Of Italy, Date Unknown. It Ran From Rome To The Sea At Alsium, And Thence Along The West Coast Line Of Italy, Perhaps Originally Only As Far As Cosa, But It Was Later Extended To Vada Volaterrana, And In 109 B.c. To Genua And Dertona By ...

Victor Balaguer
Balaguer, Victor (1824-1901), Spanish Politician And Author, Was Born At Barcelona And Was Educated At The Uni Versity Of His Native Town. His First Dramatic Essay Pepin El Joro Bado, Was Placed On The Barcelona Stage When He Was 14 Years Of Age, And At 19 He Was Publicly "crowned" ...

Vincent Auriol
Auriol, Vincent (1884– ), French Lawyer And Politician, Born At Revel, Haute Garonne, On Aug. 27, 1884. He Became Socialist Deputy For Haute Garonne ; After The Party Con Gress Of Tours (192o) Which Adhered To The Communist Inter National, He Remained With The Minority Which Retained The Name Of ...

Wahhabi Movement
Wahhabi Movement Modern Arabian History Begins With The Wahhabi Movement Of The Middle Of The 18th Century. Arabia Was At The Time Par Celled Out In A Number Of Principalities Or Baronies, Independent Of Each Other And Ever Striving For Existence And Mastery. Of The Central And Eastern States Those ...

Waldorf Astor Astor
Astor, Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount (1879 ), British Politician, Born In New York May 19, 1879, And Educated At Eton And New College, Oxford. He Married In 1906, The Daughter Of Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (see Astor, Nancy Witcher). He Represented Plymouth As A Unionist 1910-18, And The Sutton Division Of ...

Wallace Walter Atwood
Atwood, Wallace Walter (1872— ), Ameri Can Geographer And Geologist, Was Born In Chicago, Ill., On Oct. I, 1872. He Graduated In 1897 And Received The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy In 1903 From The University Of Chicago, In Which From 1903 To 1913 He Was Successively Instructor, Assistant Profes ...

Walter Bagehot
Bagehot, Walter (baj'ot) (1826-1877), English Economist, Editor Of The Economist Newspaper From 186o To His Death, Was Born At Langport, Somerset, His Father Being A Banker At That Place. His Life Was Comparatively Uneventful, As He Early Gave Up To Literature The Energies Which Might Have Gained Him A Large ...

War Of Sion
Sion, War Of.) But The Change Of Regime In England, The Quarrel Between Queen Anne And The Whigs, And Her Growing Dislike Of Marl Borough Was Disastrous For The Allies' Conduct Of The War. The Greatest Change Was, However, Brought About By The Death Of Joseph I. (april 171 1) ...

War Of The Austrian
Austrian Succession, War Of The (1 7 40 1748). This War Began With The Invasion Of Silesia By Frederick Ii. Of Prussia In 1740, And Was Ended By The Peace Of Aix-la-chapelle (aachen) In 1748. After 1741 Nearly All The Powers Of Europe Were Involved In The Struggle, But The ...

War Of The League
Augsburg, War Of The League Of (the Name Applied To The European War Of . The League Of Augs Burg Was Concluded On July 9, 1686, By The Emperor, The Elector Of Brandenburg And Other Princes, Against The French. Spain, Sweden, England And Other Non-german States Joined The League, And ...

Western Asiatic Architecture
Western Asiatic Architecture Many Architectural Records Are To Be Found In The Countries North-east Of Egypt, Where Archaeologists Have Unearthed The Remains Of Assyrian And Persian Structures. A Great Deal Of Historic Value In Explaining The Movements Of People In The Development Of Dominant Monarchies Has Come To Light. About ...

Wet Assaying
Wet Assaying This Employs The Volumetric, Gravimetric, And Electrolytic Methods. Volumetric Methods Are In Particular Favour, As Less Manipulation Is Required, And The Sample May Often Be Titrated Without Lengthy Chemical Separations. The Weight Of Ore Taken For Assay Is Much Smaller Than In Fire Assaying, 0.25-2.0 Grammes Generally Being ...

William Archer
Archer, William (1856-1924), English Critic, Was Born At Perth, Sept. 23 1856, And Was Educated At Edinburgh University. He Became A Leader-writer On The Edinburgh Evening News In 1875, And After A Year In Australia Returned To England And Became Dramatic Critic Of Various Newspapers. Archer Intro Duced Ibsen To ...

William Baffin
Baffin, William English Navigator And Discoverer. The Earliest Mention Of His Name Occurs In 1612, In Connection With An Expedition In Search Of A North-west Passage, Under The Orders Of Captain James Hall, Whom He Accompanied As Chief Pilot. Captain Hall Was Murdered In A Fight With The Natives On ...

William Bainbridge
Bainbridge, William Commodore In The United States Navy, Was Born On May 7, 1774, In Princeton (n.j.). At 54 He Went To Sea In The Merchant Service And Was In Command Of A Trading Schooner At An Early Age. When The United States Navy Was Organized In 1798 He Was ...

William Balfour Baikie
Baikie, William Balfour Scottish Explorer, Naturalist, And Philologist, Eldest Son Of Captain John Baikie, R.n., Was Born At Kirkwall, Orkney. He Studied Medicine At Edinburgh, And, On Obtaining His M.d. Degree, Joined The Royal Navy In 1848. He Early Attracted The Notice Of Sir Roderick Murchison, Through Whom He Was ...

William Ballantine
Ballantine, William (1812-1887), Born In London On Jan. 3, The Son Of A London Police-magistrate, Was Edu Cated At St. Paul's School, Called To The Bar In 1834, And Created A Serjeant-at-law In 1856. He Began In Early Life A Varied Ac Quaintance With Dramatic And Literary Society, And His ...

William Eden Auckland
Auckland, William Eden, 1st Baron, Cr. English Statesman, Was Educated At Eton And At Christ Church, Oxford, And Was Called To The Bar In 1768. He Was Under Secretary Of State (1772), Commissioner Of The Board Of Trade (1776), Commissioner To North America In Connexion With The Dispute With The ...

William Edmonstoune Aytoun
Aytoun, William Edmonstoune Scottish Poet And Humorist, Only Son Of Roger Aytoun, A Writer To The Signet, And Of The Same Stock As Sir Robert Aytoun. He Was Educated At Edinburgh Academy And University, And At Aschaffen Burg, Germany. He Became A Writer To The Signet In 1835 And Was ...

William Edward Ayrton
Ayrton, William Edward English Physicist, Was Born In London On Sept. 14 1847. He Was Educated At University College, London, And In /868 Went Out To Bengal In The Service Of The Indian Government Telegraph Department. He Taught Physics At Tokyo And In London And In 1884 Became Pro Fessor ...

William George Armstrong Armstrong
Armstrong, William George Armstrong, Baron (1810-i900), British Inventor, Founder Of The Elswick Manufacturing Works, Was Born On Nov. 26, 181o, At Newcastle-on Tyne, And Educated At A School In Bishop Auckland. From 1833 To 1847 He Was Engaged In Active Practice As A Solicitor In Newcastle. In 1841-43 He Published ...

William Guybon Atherstone
Atherstone, William Guybon British Geologist, One Of The Pioneers In South African Geology, Was Born In 1813 In The District Of Uitenhage, Cape Colony, And Died At Grahamstown, June 26, 1898. He Devoted The Leisure Of A Long And Successful Medical Practice To The Pursuit Of Geological Science. Atherstone's Identification ...

William Jacob Baer
Baer, William Jacob ), American Paint Er, Was Born On Jan. 29, 186o, In Cincinnati (ohio). He Studied At Munich In 188o-84. He Had Much To Do With The Revival In America Of The Art Of Miniature-painting, To Which He Turned In 1892, And Was The First President Of The ...

Women In Athletics
Athletics, Women In. During The World War, Women Began To Enter Fields Of Sport Which Hitherto Had Been The Private Preserves Of The Male Sex. Football, Boxing, Wrestling And Field And Track Athletics, Including The Tug-of-war, Became Popu Lar And Were More Or Less Efficiently Practised By Women. After The ...

Writ Of Attaint
Attaint, Writ Of, An Obsolete Method Of Procedure In English Law, For Inquiring By A Jury Of 24 Whether A False Ver Dict Had Been Given In A Trial Before An Ordinary Jury Of 12. It Originated In The Days When Jurors Were Regarded As Witnesses As Well As Judges ...

Yair Bacharach
Bacharach, Yair 0639-1702), German Rabbi, Was The Author Of Hawwoth Fair, A Collection Of Responsa, And Other Works. ...