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John Bellenden Ballantyne Or
Bellenden (ballantyne Or Bannatyne), John (fl. Scottish Writer, Was Educated At The Universities Of St. Andrews And Paris. He Was In The Service Of James V. From The King's Earliest Years, As Clerk Of Accounts. At The Request Of James He Undertook Translations Of Boece's Historia Scotorum, Which Had Appeared ...

John Bell_2
Bell, John American Political Leader, Was Born Near Nashville, Tenn., On Feb. 15, 1797. He Graduated At The University Of Nashville In 1814, And In 1817 Was Elected To The State Senate, But Retiring After One Term, He Devoted Himself For Ten Years To The Study And The Practice Of ...

John Benbow
Benbow, John (1653-1702), English Admiral, The Son Of A Tanner In Shrewsbury, Went To Sea When Very Young, And Served In The Navy On The Accession Of William Iii. He Re-entered The Navy As A Lieutenant And Was Rapidly Promoted. After Taking Part In The Bombardment Of St. Malo (1693), ...

John Bennet
Bennet, John, English Madrigalist, Whose First Known Published Work, Madrigalls To Foure Voyces, Was Printed In 1599 (the Years Of His Birth And Death Are Unknown). He Contributed To Morley's Triumphs Of Oriana (16o 1), Five Hymn Tunes To Bar Ley's Psalter Between 1604 And 1614, And Some Of His ...

John Beresford
Beresford, John (1738-1805), Irish Statesman, Was Born On March 14, 1738, A Younger Son Of Sir Marcus Beresford Who, Having Married Catherine, Sole Heiress Of James Power, 3rd Earl Of Tyrone, Was Created Earl Of Tyrone In 1746. After The Death Of The Earl In 1763, Beresford's Mother Successfully Asserted ...

John Berry
Berry, John, Duke Of (1340-1416), Third Son Of John Ii., King Of France And Bonne Of Luxemburg, Was Born On Nov. 3o, 134o, At Vincennes. He Was Created Count Of Poitiers In 1356, And Was Made The King's Lieutenant In Southern France, Though The Real Power Rested Chiefly With John ...

John Biddle
Biddle, John , Frequently Called The Father Of English Unitarianism, Was Born At Wotton-under-edge, In Gloucestershire. He Was Educated At The Grammar School Of His Native Town And At Magdalen Hall, Oxford, Being Subsequently Appointed To The Mastership Of The Free School In The City Of Gloucester, Where "he Was ...

John Bigelow
Bigelow, John (181 7-1911 ), American Journalist And Diplomat, Was Born At Malden (n.y.), On Nov. 25, 1817. He Graduated At Union College In 1835, Practised Law In New York, Was Joint Owner (with William Cullen Bryant) And Managing Editor Of The New York Evening Post (1849-61) ; Was United ...

John Blow
Blow, John English Musical Composer, Was Born In 1648, Probably At North Collingham In Nottinghamshire. He Became One Of The Children Of The Chapel Royal When The Choir Was Reconstituted In 166o. He Composed Several Anthems At An Unusually Early Age, Including Lord, Thou Hast Been Our Refuge; Lord Rebuke ...

John Bourchier Berners
Berners, John Bourchier, 2nd Baron (c. 1469 1533 ), English Translator Of Froissart And One Of The Founders Of The Tudor Prose Style, Was Born Probably At Tharfield, Hert Fordshire, England. His Father Was Killed At Barnet In 1471, And He Inherited His Title In 1474 From His Grandfather, John ...

John Bouvier
Bouvier, John (1787-1851), American Jurist, Was Born In Codogno, France In 1787. In 1802 His Family Emigrated To America And Settled In Philadelphia. He Became A Citizen Of The United States In 1812 And Was Admitted To The Bar In 1818. He Is Best Known For His Able Legal Writings. ...

John Boydell
Boydell, John (1719-1804), English Engraver, Print Publisher And Lord Mayor Of London, Was Born At Dorrington. At The Age Of 21 He Came To London And Was Apprenticed For Seven Years To An Engraver. In 1746 He Published A Volume Of Views In England And Wales And Started In Business ...

John Bradford
Bradford, John English Protestant Mar Tyr, Was Born At Manchester. In 1547 He Studied Law In The Inner Temple, But Removed In The Following Year To St. Catha Rine's Hall, Cambridge, Where He Took An M.a. Degree In Divinity And Was Made Fellow Of Pembroke Hall. He Was Appointed Chap ...

John Bradshaw
Bradshaw, John (1602-1659), President Of The "high Court Of Justice" Which Tried Charles I., The Second Son Of Henry Bradshaw, Of Marple And Wibersley In Cheshire, Was Baptized On Dec. 1o, 1602. He Was Admitted Into Gray's Inn In 1620, And Was Called To The Bar In 1627, Becoming A ...

John Braham
Braham, John English Singer, Was Born In London March 20, Of Jewish Parentage, His Real Name Being Abraham. A Pupil Of An Italian Artist Named Leoni, He Made His First Appearance In Public At Covent Garden Theatre On April 21, When He Sang "the Soldier Tired Of War's Alarms" And ...

John Francis Bentley
Bentley, John Francis (1839-1902), English Archi Tect, Was Born At Doncaster, Jan. 3o, 1839, And Died At Clapham, London, March 2, 1902. He Began As An Engineer, Passing After A Short Time Into A Builder's Office And Then Went As Pupil To Henry Clutton, An Architect Whose Practice Was Largely ...

John Hamilton Belhaven And
Belhaven And Stenton, John Hamilton, 2nd Baron (1656-1708), Eldest Son Of Robert Hamilton, Lord Presmennan (d. 1696), Was Born On July 5 1656. He Succeeded To The Title Of Belhaven And Stenton In Virtue Of His Wife In 1679. In 168 I He Was Imprisoned For Opposing The Government And ...

John Henry Bernard
Bernard, John Henry (186o-1927), Archbishop Of Dublin, Was Born In India On July 27, 1860, The Son Of A Civil Engineer. He Was Educated Privately, And At Trinity College, Dublin, Of Which He Became A Fellow. From 1888-1911, He Was Archbishop King's Lecturer In Divinity. Dr. Bernard Was A Select ...

John Henry Blunt
Blunt, John Henry English Divine, Pub Lished Among Other Works An Annotated Prayer Book (1867), A History Of The English Reformation (1868) And A Book Of Church Law (1872), As Well As A Dictionary Of Doctrinal And His Torical Theology (187o), A Dictionary Of Sects And Heresies (1874), An Annotated ...

John Hughes Bennett
Bennett, John Hughes (1812-1875), English Phy Sician And Pathologist, Was Born In London On Aug. 31, 1812. He Was Educated At Exeter And The University Of Edinburgh, And In 1837 Graduated With The Highest Honours. During The Next Four Years He Studied In Paris And Germany, And On His Return ...

John J Boyle
Boyle, John J. (1851-1917), American Sculptor, Was Born In New York City. He Studied In The Pennsylvania Academy Of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, And In The Kcole Des Beaux Arts, Paris. He Was Particularly Successful In The Portrayal Of Indians. Among His Principal Works Are : "stone Age," Fairmount Park, Philadel ...

John Jeremiah I Bigsby
Bigsby, John Jeremiah (i 792-1881), English Geolo Gist And Physician, The Son Of Dr. John Bigsby, Was Born At Not Tingham On Aug. 14, 1792. Educated At Edinburgh, Where He Took The Degree Of M.d., He Joined The Army Medical Service, And Then, In 1817, Was Stationed At The Cape ...

John Plantagenet
John Plantagenet Duke Of Bedford, Third Son Of Henry Iv., King Of England, Was Born On June 20, 1389, And Created Duke Of Bedford By His Brother, Henry V., In 1413. He Acted As Lieutenant Of The Kingdom During Henry's Expedition To France In 1415, And In Aug. 1416 Commanded ...

John Russell Bartlett
Bartlett, John Russell American Historical And Linguistic Student, Was Born At Providence (r.i.), Oct. 23, 1805. After A Varied Mercantile Career He Was In 1850 53 Commissioner For The Survey Of The Boundary Between The United States And Mexico. As A Result Of This Work He Published A Personal Narrative ...

John Russell
John Russell, 1st Earl Of Bedford (c. 1486-1ss5), Was A Son Of James Russell (d. 1509). In 1513 He Took Part In The War With France. He Was With Henry At The Field Of The Cloth Of Gold In 1520, And, Returning To Military Service, When The French War Was ...

John Russell_2
John Russell, 4th Duke Of Bedford (1710-1771), Second Son Of Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke Of Bedford, By His Wife, Eliza Beth, Daughter And Heiress Of John Howland, Of Streatham, Surrey, Was Born On Sept. 3o, 171o, And Succeeded His Brother Wriothesley (1708-32), 3rd Duke Of Bedford. The New Duke Joined ...

John Russell_3
John Russell, 6th Duke Of Bedford (1766-1839), Was Suc Ceeded As Seventh Duke By His Eldest Son, Francis (i 788—i $61), Who Had An Only Son, William (1809-7 2) , Who Became Duke On His Father's Death In 1861. When The Eighth Duke Died In 1872, He Was Succeeded By ...

John Shaw Billings
Billings, John Shaw (1839-1913), American Sur Geon And Librarian, Was Born In Switzerland County, Ind., On April 12, 1839. He Graduated At Miami University In 1857 And At The Medical College Of Ohio In 186o. During The Civil War He Served As A Surgeon In The Field And In Hospitals ...

John Shute Barrington
Barrington, John Shute, 1st Viscount (16 7 8 1734), English Lawyer And Theologian, Was The Son Of Benjamin Shute Of Theobalds, Herts., And Took The Name Of Barrington On Succeeding To An Estate. He Was Created An Irish Peer As Viscount Barrington Of Ardglass In 1720. Employed By Lord Somers ...

John Spencer Bassett
Bassett, John Spencer American Historian, Was Horn In Tarboro, N.c., On Sept. 1o, 1867. He Graduated At Trinity College, Now Duke University, In 1888 And Received The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy At Johns Hopkins In 1894. In 1893 He Began Ing History In Trinity College, Continuing There Until 1906. ...

John Stuart Blackie
Blackie, John Stuart (1809-1895), Scottish Scholar And Man Of Letters, Was Born In Glasgow On The 28th Of July, 1809. After Attending Classes At Edinburgh University (182 5 1826), Blackie Spent Three Years At Aberdeen As A Student Of The Ology. In 1829 He Went To Germany, And After Studying ...

John Swanwick Bradbury Bradbury
Bradbury, John Swanwick Bradbury, 1st Baron (1872— ), British Civil Servant, Was Born At Winsford, Cheshire, Sept. 23, 1872, And Educated At The Manchester Grammar School And Brasenose College, Oxford. He Entered The Civil Service In 1896, And Spent Most Of His Official Life At The Treasury, Of Which He ...

John Wilkes Booth
Booth, John Wilkes (1839-65), American Actor, Assassin Of President Lincoln, Was Born In Hartford Co., Md., In 1839. He Was The Son Of Junius Brutus, And Brother Of Edwin Thomas Booth (q.v.) And An Actor Of Prominence. He Sympa Thized With The South In The American Civil War, And In ...

Jonas Basanavicius
Basanavicius, Jonas Lithuanian States Man, Was Born In The Province Of Suwalki In 1851 And Edu Cated At Mariampol. He Then Proceeded To Moscow University, Where He Studied Philology, History And Medicine. His Name Was Particularly Associated With The Famous Journal Ausra (dawn), Which He Issued In East Prussia And ...

Jonathan Battishill
Battishill, Jonathan (1738-1801), English Com Poser Of Church Music. Until 1764 He Wrote Chiefly For The Theatre (incidental Songs, Pantomime Music, And An Opera In Collabora Tion With Michael Arne, The Son Of Thomas Arne), But In 1764 He Became Organist Of A City Parish, And His Later Compositions Are ...

Jonathan Boucher
Boucher, Jonathan (1738-1804), English Divine And Philologist, Was Born Near Wigton, Cumberland, On March 12, 1738, And Died At Epsom On April 27, 1804. In Early Life He Was A Tutor In Virginia Where He Taught Washington's Stepson. After A Short Stay In England For His Ordination He Returned To ...

Jons Jakob Berzelius
Berzelius, Jons Jakob (17 Swedish Chem Ist, Was Born At Vaf Versunda Sorgard, Near Linkoping, Sweden, On Aug. 20 Or 2g, 1779. He Studied Chemistry And Medicine, And Graduated As M.d. In 1802 At Uppsala. Appointed Assistant Professor Of Botany And Pharmacy At Stockholm In The Same Year, He Became ...

Jose Benlliure Y Gil
Benlliure Y Gil, Jose (1855-1937), Spanish Painter, Born At Valencia, Studied Under Domingo, And Was Sent To The Spanish School In Rome. He Was One Of The Select Circle Pensioned By The Spanish Government For Residence In Italy And Executed Several State Orders For The Decoration Of Public Buildings; But ...

Josef Bem
Bem, Josef (1795-185o), Polish Soldier, Was Born At Tarnow In Galicia, And Was Educated At The Military School At Warsaw. Joining A Polish Artillery Regiment In The French Service, He Took Part In The Russian Campaign Of 1812, And Brilliantly Distinguished Himself In The Defence Of Danzig (jan.— Nov. 1813) ...

Joseph Bedier
Bedier, Joseph (1864-1938), French Scholar, Was Born Jan. 28 1864, In Paris And Was Appointed Professor Of Mediaeval French Language And Literature At The College De France In He Won The Degree Of Docteur-es-lettres With Les Fabliaux, A Work On Early French Poetry Which Was Crowned By The Academie Fran ...

Joseph Bingham
Bingham, Joseph (1668-1723), English Scholar And Divine, Was Born At Wakefield In Yorkshire In Sept. 1668. Educated At University College, Oxford, He Was Made Fellow In 1689 And Tutor In 1691. A Sermon Preached By Him From The University Pulpit (st. Mary's), On The Terms "person" And "substance" In The ...

Joseph Black
Black, Joseph Scottish Chemist And Phys Icist, Was Born At Bordeaux, Where His Father—a Native Of Belfast But Of Scottish Descent—was Engaged In The Wine Trade. He Was Educated At Belfast, And At Glasgow University. There He Had William Cullen For His Instructor In Chemistry, And The Relation Between The ...

Joseph Blackburn
Blackburn, Joseph (c. I7oo--176o), American Por Trait-painter, Probably Came From England, Landing In New York And Going Almost Immediately To Boston, Where Most Of His Work Was Done. It Was Not Until 192o That His Christian Name Was Defi Nitely Known. No Record Of His Birthplace Or Antecedents Has Been ...

Joseph Edwin Barnard
Barnard, Joseph Edwin (187o– ), British Phys Icist, Born In London, Achieved Considerable Success In The Science Of Microscopy. He Carried Out Valuable Work At The National Institute For Medical Research, Hampstead, London, Where He Was In Charge Of The Department Of Applied Optics, By Co-operating With Dr. Gye In ...

Joseph Frederic Berard
Berard, Joseph Frederic French Physician And Philosopher, Was Born At Montpellier. His Doc Trine Medicale De L'ecole De Montpellier (1819) Is Indispensable To A Proper Understanding Of The Principles Of The Vitalistic School. From 1823 To 1826 He Was Professor Of Medicine At Paris; He Was Then Nominated Professor Of ...

Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc
Belloc, Joseph Hilaire Pierre ), British Author, Was Born At La Celle, St. Cloud, France, July 27 187o, The Son Of A French Barrister, Louis Swanton Belloc. His Mother, Bessie Rayner Parkes (1829-1925), Was Prominent In The Early Days Of The Woman Suffrage Movement. Belloc Was Edu Cated At The ...

Joseph I Bellamy
Bellamy, Joseph (i 719—i 790), American Theologian, Was Born In Cheshire (conn.) Feb. 20, 1 7 19. He Graduated From Yale In 1735, Was Licensed To Preach When Scarcely 18 Years Old, And From 174o Until His Death, March 6, 179o, Was Pastor Of The Congregational Church At Bethlehem (conn.). ...

Joseph Rene Bellot
Bellot, Joseph Rene (1826-1853), French Arctic Explorer, Was Born At Rochefort On March 18, 1826, The Son Of A Farrier. With The Aid Of The Authorities Of His Native Town He Was Enabled At The Age Of 15 To Enter The Naval School. He Took Part In The Anglo-french Expedition ...

Joshua Barnes
Barnes, Joshua English Scholar, Was Born In London On Jan. 1 O, 1654. Educated At Christ's Hospital And At Emmanuel College, Cambridge, He Was In 1695 Chosen Regius Professor Of Greek. One Of His First Publications Was Entitled Gerania; A New Discovery Of A Little Sort Of People, Anciently Discoursed ...

Juan Boscan Almogaver
Boscan Almogaver, Juan (1490?-i542), Spanish Poet, Was A Catalan Of Patrician Birth, And, After Some Years Of Military Service, Became Tutor To The Duke Of Alva. His Poems Are Divided Into Sections Which Mark Stages Of His Poetical Evolution. The First Book Contains Poems In The Old Castilian Metres, Written ...

Judah Philip Benjamin
Benjamin, Judah Philip Anglo American Lawyer, Of Jewish Descent, Was Born A British Subject At St. Thomas In The West Indies, On Aug. 11, 1811. After 1818 His Parents Lived In Charleston (s.c.). He Went To Yale In 1825, But Left There Without Taking A Degree, And Entered An Attorvey's ...

Jules Amedee Barbey Daurevilly
Barbey D'aurevilly, Jules Amedee (18o8 1889), French Man Of Letters, Was Born At Saint-sauveur-le Vicomte (manche). His Most Famous Novels Are Une Vieille Maitresse (1851), Attacked At The Time Of Its Publication On The Charge Of Immorality; L'ensorcelee (1854), An Episode Of The Royalist Rising Among The Norman Peasants Against ...

Jules Barthelemy Saint Hilaire
Barthelemy Saint-hilaire, Jules (1805 1895), French Philosopher And Statesman, Was Born In Paris On Aug. 19, 1805, And Died On Nov. 24, 1895. In His Early Years He Was A Journalist, And From 1826 To 1830 Opposed The Reactionary Policy Of The King In Le Globe. At The Revolution Of ...

Jules Bastide
Bastide, Jules (1800-1879), French Publicist And Car Bonaro, Took Part In The Revolution Of 183o, And Throughout The Reign Of Louis Philippe Conducted A Republican Agitation In The Press. In 1847 He Founded The Revue Nationale With The Collabo Ration Of P. J. Buchez (q.v.), Whose Supporter He Had Become. ...

Jules Bordet
Bordet, Jules (187o– ), Belgian Physiologist, Was Born At Soignies, June 13, 1870. In 1892 He Graduated As Doctor Of Medicine At The University Of Brussels. From 1894 To 1901 He Worked At The Pasteur Institute At Paris Whence He Was Recalled To Brussels To Found A "pasteur Institute" For ...

Julia Brace
Brace, Julia (1806-1884), American Blind Deaf-mute, Was Born At Newington, Conn., On June 13, 1806. At That Time The Study Of Blind Deaf-mutes And Their Scientific Training Was In Its Infancy, But She Learned To Sew Well, Was Neat In Her Dress, And Had A Good Memory. Dr. S. G. ...

Julien Benda
Benda, Julien ), French Essayist And Novel Ist, Was Born In Paris On Dec. 26, 1868. His First Work Appeared In 1898, A Commentary On The Dreyfus Affair, Published In The Revue Blanche. He Contributed To Cahiers De La Quinzaine By Charles Peguy. His First Important Work Is L'ordination (1912), ...

Julius Roderich Benedix
Benedix, Julius Roderich German Dramatist And Librettist, Was Born At Leipzig On Jan. 21, 181r, And Was Educated At The Thomasschule At Leipzig. He Was Manager Of Theatres At Wesel, Elberfeld, And Frankfort-on-main, And Died In Leipzig On Sept. 26, 1873. Benedix's Comedies, The Scenes Of Which Are Mostly Laid ...

Karel Bendl
Bendl, Karel (1838-1897), Bohemian Was Born On April 16, 1838, At Prague. He Studied At The Organ School, And In 1858 Had Already Composed A Number Of Small Choral Works. In 1861 His Poletuje Holubice Won A Prize And At Once Be Came A Favourite With The Local Choral Societies. ...

Karl August Bottiger
Bottiger, Karl August German Archaeologist, Was Born At Reichenbach On June 8, 176o, And Died At Dresden On Nov. 17, 1835. In 1791 He Was Appointed Rector Of The Gymnasium At Weimar, Where He Entered Into A Circle Of Literary Men, Including Wieland, Schiller, And Goethe. In 1804 He Was ...

Karl Begas
Begas, Karl German Historical Painter, Was Born In Heinsberg, Near Aix-la-chapelle, On Sept. 3o, 1794, And Died On Nov. 23, 1854, At Berlin. He Studied In Paris Under Gros. In 1814 His Copy Of The "madonna Della Sedia" Was Bought By The King Of Prussia. He Was Engaged To Paint ...

Karl Benz
Benz, Karl German Engineer, Was Born At Karlsruhe Nov. 26 1844. In 1879 He Constructed A Two-stroke Engine Model Of His Own, And Founded An Engine Factory. As, However, The Group Financing Him Would Only Deal With Fixed Engines, He Left It. He Founded The Firm Benz And Co., Rhein ...

Karl Binz
Binz, Karl (1832-1912), German Physician, Was Born At Bernkastel, And After Studying Under Virchow Became, In 1868, Professor At Bonn, Where He Founded The Pharmacological Insti Tute. He Investigated The Physiological Action Of Quinine, Alcohol, Arsenic And Other Drugs. His Works Include A Text Book On Materia Medica (1866) And ...

Karl Heinrich Von Bogatzky
Bogatzky, Karl Heinrich Von German Hymn-writer, Was Born At Jankowe In Lower Silesia, On Sept. 7, 169o. After Living For A Time At Kostritz, And From 174o-45 At The Court Of Christian Ernst, Duke Of Saxe-coburg, At Saalfeld, He Made His Home At The Waisenhaus (orphanage) At Halle, Where He ...

Karl Ludwig Boerne
Boerne, Karl Ludwig (1786-1837), German Politi Cal Writer And Satirist, Was Born On May 6, 1786, At Frankfort-on Main, Where His Father, Jakob Baruch, Carried On The Business Of A Banker. After Wasting Some Years As A Medical Student, He Turned To Political Science And Took His Doctor's Degree At ...

Karl Mikael Bellman
Bellman, Karl Mikael Swedish Poet, Son Of A Civil Servant, Was Born At Stockholm. When He Was 19 He Became Clerk In A Bank And Afterwards In The Customs, But His Habits Were Irregular And He Was Frequently In Great Distress. Particularly After The Death Of His Patron, Gustavus Iii. ...

Karl Theodore Francis Bitter
Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis (r American Sculptor, Was Born In Vienna On Dec. 6, 1867. After Studying Art There, In 1889 He Removed To The United States, Where He Became Naturalized. Among His Principal Works Are : The Astor Memorial Gates, Trinity Church, New York; "elements Controlled And Uncontrolled," On ...

Kaspar Von Barth
Barth, Kaspar Von (1587-1658), German Philolo Gist, Was Born At Kiistrin, In Brandenburg. Of His Writings The Most Important Are : Adversaria (1624), A Storehouse Of Miscel Laneous Learning, Dealing Not Only With Classical But Also With Mediaeval And Modern Writers; And Commentaries On Claudian (1612, 1650) And Statius (1664). ...

Katharine Lee Bates
Bates, Katharine Lee (1859-1929), American Au Thor And Educator, Was Born At Falmouth, Mass., On Aug. 12, 1859. Following Her Graduation At Wellesley College In 188o (m.a., 1881), She Engaged In Teaching. In 1885 She Became In Structor And In 1891 Professor Of English Literature In Wellesley College, Serving In ...

Keeping Social Insects
Keeping; Social Insects). Solitary Bees Nest In A Variety Of Situations : Many, Such As Andrena And Halictus, Construct Burrows In The Ground With The Individual Cells Leading Off From The Main Passage. Others, Such As Osmia, Utilise Existing Hol Lows Or Crevices Whether They Be In Wood, Bramble-stems Or ...

La Belle Alliance
Belle Alliance, La, The Name Of A Farm Occupied By The Centre Of The French Army At The Battle Of Waterloo (see Waterloo Campaign) ; And Also The Name Used By The Prussians For The Battle Itself. ...

Lady Anne Barnard
Barnard, Lady Anne (17 50—i 825) , Author Of The Ballad "auld Robin Gray," The Eldest Daughter Of James Lindsay, 5th Earl Of Balcarres, Married In 1793 Andrew Barnard, Who Became Colonial Secretary At The Cape Of Good Hope. Thither The Barnards Went In March 1797, Lady Anne Remaining At ...

Las Bela Or Lus
Bela, Las Bela Or Lus Beyla, A Town Situated In 26° 27' 3o" N. Lat. And 6o° 45' O" E. Long., 35o Ft. Above Sea Level, The Capital Of Las Bela, South Of Kalat (baluchistan), Ruled By The Jam (or Cham), Who Occupies The Position Of A Protected Chief Under ...

Laura Maria Caterina Bassi
Bassi, Laura Maria Caterina Italian Scholar, Was Born At Bologna, Married In 1738 Giuseppe Verrati, And Left Several Children. She Lectured On Experimental Philosophy At Bologna For Many Years, And Corresponded With Learned Men In Many Countries. ...

Laurence Binyon
Binyon, Laurence ), English 'poet, Art Historian And Civil Servant, Born At Lancaster On Aug. 10 1869, Was Educated At St. Paul's School, London, And Trinity College, Oxford, Where He Won The Newdigate Prize In 1890 For His Per Sephone. He Entered The Department Of Printed Books At The Brit ...

Lawrence Barrett
Barrett, Lawrence (1838-1891), American Actor, Was Born Of Irish Parents In Paterson (n.j.), April 4, 1838. His Family Name Was Brannigan. He Made His First Stage Appearance At Detroit As Murad In The French Spy In 18j3. In Dec. 1856 He Made His First New York Appearance At The Chambers ...

Leather Belting
Leather Belting Manufacture Of Leather Belting.—the Raw Material For This Article Is The Product Of The Heavy-leather Tanning Industry Known As A Strap Butt. The Best And Most Serviceable Leather Is Derived From Butts Cut From Steer Hides. The Strap Butt Repre Sents Approximately So% Of The Total Weight Of ...

Leon Blum
Blum, Leon ), French Politician, Was Born On April 9, 1872, In Paris, A Member Of An Alsatian Jewish Family. In 1890 He Entered The "ecole Normale Superieure," Taking His Degree In Philosophy. He Also Studied Law, And In 1895 Entered The Conseil D'etat. In 1919, However, He Was Elected ...

Leon Boellmann
Boellmann, Leon (1862-1897), French Composer, Was Born At Ensisheim, Alsace, Sept. 25, 1862, And Died In Paris Oct. 11, 1897. He Studied At The Ecole De Musique Religieuse In Paris And Became Organist At The Church Of St. Vincent De Paul, Paris. He Composed Some Works For The Organ, Also ...

Leon Victor Auguste Bourgeois
Bourgeois, Leon Victor Auguste (1851 1925), French Statesman, Was Born In Paris May 21 1851, And Received A Legal Education. He Entered The Civil Service In 1876, Rising In 1887 To Be Prefect Of Police. His Political Career Opened In 1888 When He Defeated Gen. Boulanger In The Marne And ...

Leonardo Bonacci
Bonacci, Leonardo: See Leonardo Of Pisa. Bona Dea, The "good Goddess," An Old Roman Deity Of Fruit Fulness, Both In The Earth And In Women. She Was Identified With Fauna, And By Later Syncretism Also With Ups And Maia—the Latter No Doubt Because The Dedication-day Of Her Temple On The ...

Leonhard Blumenthal
Blumenthal, Leonhard, Count Von (i8io—i Goo) , Prussian Field-marshal, Was Born At Schwedt-on-oder On July 3o 181o, And Died At Quellendorf On Dec. 22 'goo. He Entered The Guards As 2nd Lieutenant In 1827 And Took Part In 1848 In The Suppression Of The Berlin Riots. In 1849 He Served ...

Leopold Berchtold Von Und
Berchtold Von Und Zu Ungarschitz, Leopold, Count (1863— ), Austro-hungarian Statesman, Was Born April 18 1863, And Entered The Austro-hungarian For Eign Office 1893. In 1903 He Went As Councillor Of Legation To St. Petersburg (now Leningrad) And In Dec. 1906 Was Appointed Ambassador There. With The Russian Court And ...

Levin August Bennigsen
Bennigsen, Levin August, Count Von (1745 1826), Russian General, Of Hanoverian Family, Was Born Feb. I O, In Brunswick, And Served In The Hanoverian Army Until 1764. In 1773 He Entered The Russian Service As A Field Officer. He Fought Against The Turks In '774 And In '778, Becoming Lieutenant ...

Limited Bradford Dyers Association
Bradford Dyers' Association, Limited, A Great Combination Of British Firms Engaged In The Dyeing Of Fabrics. In A Normal Year, The Association Treats 500 Million Yards Of Cloth, Or Enough To Wrap Round The Earth 12 Times. The Works Are Equipped For The Dyeing And Finishing Of Cotton, Wool, Mohair, ...

Lord William Bentinck
Bentinck, Lord William Governor General Of India, Second Son Of The 3rd Duke Of Portland, Was Born On Sept. 14, 17 74. He Entered The Army, Rose To The Rank Of Lieuten Ant-colonel And Was Present At Marengo. In 1803 He Was Nominated Governor Of Madras, Where He Quarrelled With ...

Lord William George Freder
Bentinck, Lord William George Freder Ick Cavendish, Better Known As Lord George Bentinck British Politician, Was The Second Surviving Son Of The Fourth Duke Of Portland, By Henrietta, Sister Of Viscountess Canning, And Was Born On Feb. 27 1802. He Served In The Army For Some Years, And Entered Parliament ...

Lorenzo Bartolini
Bartolini, Lorenzo (1777-185o), Italian Sculptor, Was Born In Vernio In Tuscany. After Acquiring Reputation As A Modeller In Alabaster, He Went In 1797 To Paris, Where He Studied Painting Under Desmarets, And Afterwards Sculpture Under F. F. Lemot. For Napoleon He Executed A Colossal Bust, And Was Sent By Him ...

Lorenzo Bellini
Bellini, Lorenzo Italian Physician And Anatomist, Was Born At Florence On Sept. 3, 1643. At The Age Of 20, When He Had Already Begun His Researches On The Structure Of The Kidneys And Had Described The Ducts Known By His Name (exercitatio Anatomica De Structure Et Usu Renum, 1662), He ...

Louis Abel Beffroy De
Beffroy De Reigny, Louis Abel French Dramatist And Man Of Letters, Was Born At Laon On Nov. 6, Under The Name Of "cousin Jacques" He Founded A Periodi Cal Called Les Lanes (1785-1787) . The Courrier Des Planetes Ou Correspondance Du Cousin Jacques Avec Le Firmament (1788 1792) Followed. Nicodeme ...

Louis Adolphe Bertillon
Bertillon, Louis Adolphe ), French Statistician, Was Born In Paris. A Doctor By Profession, He Was One Of The Founders Of The School Of Anthropology Of Paris And Was Appointed Professor Of Demography There In 1876; He Also Held The Post Of Director Of The Statistical Office Of Paris. His ...

Louis Antoine De Bougainville
Bougainville, Louis Antoine De French Navigator, Was Born In Paris On Nov. Ii, 1729. He Was The Son Of A Notary, And In Early Life Studied Law, But Soon Aban Doned The Profession, And In 1753 Entered The Army In The Corps Of Musketeers. At The Age Of 25 He ...

Louis Antoine Fauvelet De
Bourrienne, Louis Antoine Fauvelet De (1769-1834), French Diplomatist, Was Born At Sens On July 9, 1769, And Died At Caen On Feb. 7, 1834. He Was Educated At The Military School Of Brienne, Where, He Asserts, He Was A Friend Of Napoleon Bonaparte, And Later Pursued Legal And Diplomatic Studies ...

Louis Auguste Blanqui
Blanqui, Louis Auguste French Revolutionary, Was Born On Feb. 1805, At Puget Theniers, Where His Father Was Sub-prefect. He Studied Both Law And Medicine, But Early Became Interested In Politics. He Fought In The Revolution Of 1830, Receiving A Decoration For His Services. He Was Rapidly Disillusioned By The Conduct ...

Louis Bertrand
Bertrand, Louis (1866— ) , French Author, Was Born At Spincourt (meuse) On March 20, 1866, And Lived In Algiers From 1891 To 1900. He Was Received Into The Academie Franvaise On Nov. 26, 1926. In A Series Of Novels And Other Works, Bertrand Depicted The Civilization Of North Africa. ...

Louis Boufflers
Boufflers, Louis Francois, Due De, Comte De Cagny (1644-171 Marshal Of France, Was Born On Jan. 10 He Served In All The Important French Campaigns From 1663 Onwards. In 168i He Became Lieutenant-general. He Commanded The French Army On The Moselle, Which Opened The War Of The League Of Augsburg ...

Louis Bourdaloue
Bourdaloue, Louis (1632-1704), French Jesuit And Preacher, Born At Bourges On Aug. 20, 1632, At The Age Of 16 Entered The Society Of Jesus, Was Appointed Successively Professor Of Rhetoric, Philosophy And Moral Theology, In Various Colleges Of The Order. His Success As A Preacher Determined His Superiors To Call ...

Louis De Beaufort
Beaufort, Louis De (d. 1795), French Historian, Wrote A Dissertation Sur L'incertitude Des Cinq Premiers Siecles De L'jiistoire Romaine (utrecht, 1738), An Indictment, Bold For Its Time, Of Traditional History Such As Rollin Was Writing At That Very Moment. Beaufort Also Wrote An Histoire De Cesar Germani Cus (leyden, 1760, ...

Louis De Blois
Blois, Louis De (1506-1566), Flemish Mystical Writer, Generally Known Under The Name Of Bloslus, Was Born At The Château Of Donstienne, Near Liege, Of A Noble Family. He Was Educated At The Court Of The Netherlands With The Future Emperor Charles V. Of Germany, Who Remained To The Last His ...

Louis Eugene Boudin
Boudin, Louis Eugene (1824-1898), French Marine Painter, Was Born At Honfleur, The Son Of A Pilot, On July 12 1824, And Died At Deauville On Aug. 8 1898. The Father Gave Up The Sea For A Small Stationer's Shop In Havre. Troyon And Millet Came To The Shop And Discovered ...