Home >> Encyclopedia-britannica-volume-3-baltimore-braila >> Shuisky Basil Iv to The Manuscript Bible

Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

Loading


Shuisky Basil Iv
Basil Iv., Shuisky (d. 1612), Tsar Of Muscovy, Was During The Reigns Of Theodore I. And Boris Godunov, One Of The Leading Boyars Of Muscovy. It Was He Who, In Obedience To The Secret Orders Of Tsar Boris, Went To Uglich To Enquire Into The Cause Of The Death Of ...

Shute Barrington
Barrington, Shute (1734-1826), Youngest Son Of The 1st Viscount Barrington (q.v.), Educated At Eton And Oxford, Be Came Successively Bishop Of Llandaff In 1769, Salisbury In 1782, Durham In 1791. He Was A Protestant Who Was Willing To Grant Catholics "every Degree Of Toleration Short Of Political Power," But He ...

Sigismund Bathory
Bathory, Sigismund (zsigmond) ) , Prince Of Transylvania, Was The Son Of Christopher, Prince Of Transylvania, And Elizabeth Bocskay, And Nephew Of The Great Stephen Bathory. He Was Elected Prince In His Father's Lifetime, But Being Quite Young At His Father's Death (1581), The Govern Ment Was Entrusted To A ...

Simon Bernard
Bernard, Simon French General Of Engi Neers, Was Born At Dole, Educated At The Ecole Polytechnique, And Entered The Army In The Corps Of Engineers. He Rose Rapidly, And Served (1805-12) As Aide-de-camp To Napoleon. After The Emperor's Fall He Emigrated To The United States, Where, Being Made A Brigadier-general ...

Simon Bolivar
Bolivar, Simon (1783-183o), Soldier And Statesman, Leader Of The Revolutions Which Resulted In The Independence From Spain Of What Are Now Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru And Bolivia, Was Born In Caracas, Venezuela, On July 24, 1783, And Died, At The Age Of 47, Near Santa Marta, In The Republic ...

Sir Arnold Edward Trevor
Bax, Sir Arnold Edward Trevor ), English Composer, Born In London On Nov. 8, 1883, Studied At The Royal Academy Of Music Under Frederick Corder For Composi Tion And Tobias Matthay For Pianoforte. As A Student His Ex Ceptional Facility, Alike In Composition And As An Executant, Ex Cited Astonishment ...

Sir Arthur William Blomfield
Blomfield, Sir Arthur William '899), English Architect, Son Of Bishop C. J. Blomfield, Was Born On March 6, 1829, And Educated At Rugby And Trinity, Cam Bridge. He Was Articled To P. C. Hardwick. He Became President Of The Architectural Association In 1861, And A Fellow (1867) And Vice-president (1886) ...

Sir Charles Barry
Barry, Sir Charles (1795-186o), English Architect, Was Born In London On May The Son Of A Stationer. He Was Articled To A Firm Of Architects Till 1817, When He Set Out On A Three Years' Tour In Greece And Italy, Egypt And Palestine To Study Architecture. In 1820 He Settled ...

Sir Charles Bell
Bell, Sir Charles (1774-1842), Scottish Anatomist, Was Born At Edinburgh. Educated At The High School And The Uni Versity Of Edinburgh, He Devoted Himself Chiefly To The Study Of Anatomy, Under The Direction Of His Brother John. In 1802 He Published A Series Of Engravings Showing The Anatomy Of The ...

Sir Edmund Barton
Barton, Sir Edmund (1849-1920), Australian Lawyer And Statesman, Was Born In Sydney Jan. 18 1849. Educated At The Grammar School And University There, He Was Called To The Bar In 1871, Becoming A Q.c. In 188g. He Was Elected To The New South Wales Legislature By The University Of Sydney ...

Sir Edward Augustus Bond
Bond, Sir Edward Augustus Eng Lish Librarian, Was Born At Hanwell, Dec. 31, 1815, The Son Of A Schoolmaster. He Was Educated At Merchant Taylors' School, And In 1832 Obtained A Post In The Public Record Office. In 1838 He Entered The Manuscript Department Of The British Museum. In 1854 ...

Sir Edward Belcher
Belcher, Sir Edward (1799-1877), British Naval Officer, Entered The Navy In 1812. In 1825 He Accompanied Fred Erick William Beechey's Expedition To The Pacific And Bering Strait, As A Surveyor. He Subsequently Commanded A Surveying Ship On The North And West Coasts Of Africa And In The British Seas, And ...

Sir Edward Bellingham
Bellingham, Sir Edward (d. 1549) Was A Son Of Edward Bellingham Of Erringham, Sussex, His Mother Being A Member Of The Shelley Family. In May 1548 He Was Sent To Ireland As Lord Deputy. Ireland Was Then In A Very Disturbed Con Dition, But The New Governor Crushed A Rebellion ...

Sir Frank Robert Benson
Benson, Sir Frank (robert) Eng Lish Actor, Son Of William Benson Of A1resford, Hants, Was Born On Nov. 4, 1858. While At New College He Produced The First Oxford Greek Play, The Agamemnon. He Made His First Pro Fessional Appearance At The Lyceum, Under Irving, In Romeo And Juliet, As ...

Sir Frederick Grant Banting
Banting, Sir Frederick Grant ), Canadian Scientist, Born In Canada, Was Educated At University Of Toronto. He Served In The World War And Then Practised Medicine In London, Ontario, Until May 1921, When He Com Menced Research At The University Of Toronto On The Internal Secretion Of The Pancreas. In ...

Sir Frederick William Borden
Borden, Sir Frederick William Canadian Statesman, Was Born In Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, On May 14, 1847, And Died At Toronto On Jan. 6, 1917. He Was Educated At King's College, Windsor, And At Harvard University, And For Some Years Practised Medicine At Canning, Nova Scotia. In 1874 He Was Elected ...

Sir George Thomas Beilby
Beilby, Sir George Thomas British Chemist, Was Born In Edinburgh Nov. 17 185o And Educated At The University There. He Joined The Oakbank Oil Company In 1869, And Later Became A Director Of The Cassel Cyanide Company, The Castner-kellner Alkali Co., And Many Other Important Under Takings. He Invented A ...

Sir Gilbert I Blane
Blane, Sir Gilbert (i 749-1834), Scottish Physician, Was Born At Blanefield, Ayrshire, On Aug. 29, 1749. He Was Educated At Edinburgh University, And Shortly After His Removal To London Became Private Physician To Lord Rodney, Whom He Accompanied To The West Indies In 1779. He Improved The Health Of The ...

Sir Granville Bantock
Bantock, Sir Granville (1868— ), English Com Poser, Born In London On Aug. 7, 1868; Studied At Trinity College Of Music And The Royal Academy Of Music, London. From 1893 96 He Edited The New Quarterly Musical Review And Toured The Country As Conductor Of Musical Comedy And Light Music. ...

Sir Henry Bessemer
Bessemer, Sir Henry (1813-1898), English Engineer, Was Born On Jan. 19, 1813, At Charlton, In Hertfordshire. Throughout His Life He Was A Prolific Inventor, But His Name Is Chiefly Known In Connection With The Bessemer Process For The Manufacture Of Steel. It Has Been Of Enormous Industrial Importance, Since It ...

Sir Henry Rowley Bishop
Bishop, Sir Henry Rowley English Musical Composer, Was Born In London On Nov. 18, 5786. He Studied With Francisco Bianchi, And His First Work, A Collection Of 12 Glees And Some Italian Songs, Shows His Master's Influence. After Various Earlier Efforts The Maniac, An Opera Written For The Lyceum In ...

Sir Herbert Atkinson Barker
Barker, Sir Herbert Atkinson ), British Manipulative Surgeon, Was Born In Southport, Lanes., April 21, 1869. At An Early Age He Showed An Aptitude For Manipulative Surgery And In 1889 Was Placed Under The Tutorship Of J. Atkin Son. On The Latter's Death In 1904, Barker Took Over The Practice, ...

Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose
Bose, Sir Jagadis Chunder Indian Physicist. After Graduating From St. Xavier's College, Calcutta, He Entered Christ's College, Cambridge, Gaining High Honours In 1884. In 1885 He Became Professor Of Physical Science At The Presidency College, Calcutta. His First Appearance Before The British Association At Liverpool In 2896 Was To Demonstrate ...

Sir James Matthew Barrie
Barrie, Sir James Matthew, O.m. 7 ) British Novelist And Dramatist, Was Born At Kirriemuir, In For Farshire, Scotland, May 9, 1860. He Began To Write Even Before He Went To School And, While He Was A Student At Edinburgh Uni Versity, Almost Finished A Three-volume Novel. In 1883 He ...

Sir John Beaumont
Beaumont, Sir John (1583-1627), English Poet, Sec Ond Son Of The Judge, Sir Francis Beaumont, Was Born At Grace Dieu In Leicestershire In 1583. The Death Of His Father (in 1s98) And Of His Elder Brother, Sir Henry Beaumont (in 16o5), Made The Poet Early The Head Of This Brilliant ...

Sir Joseph Banks
Banks, Sir Joseph, Bart. English Natu Ralist, Was Born In London, On Feb. 13, 1743. In 1764 He Came Into Possession Of The Ample Fortune Left By His Father, William Banks, M.p. In 1766 He Made His First Bcientific Expedition To Newfoundland And Labrador, Bringing Back A Rich Collection Of ...

Sir Joseph Barnby
Barnby, Sir Joseph (1838-1896), English Musical Composer And Conductor, Son Of Thomas Barnby, An Organist, Was Born At York Aug. 12, 1838. He Was A Chorister At York Minster From The Age Of Seven, Was Educated At The Royal Academy Of Music Under Cipriani Potter And Charles Lucas, And Was ...

Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm
Boehm, Sir Joseph Edgar, Bart. British Sculptor, Was Born Of Hungarian Parentage On July 4, 1834, At Vienna, Where His Father Was Director Of The Imperial Mint. After Studying The Plastic Art In Italy And At Paris, He Worked For A Few Years As A Medallist In His Native City. ...

Sir Joseph William Bazalgette
Bazalgette, Sir Joseph William English Engineer, Carried Out Many Important Engineering Works In London, Being Concerned With The Construction Of The Main Drainage System And The Thames Embankment. On The Creation Of The Metropolitan Board Of Works (1855) He Was At Once Appointed Its Chief Engineer. His Drainage Plans Were ...

Sir Julius Benedict
Benedict, Sir Julius (1804-1885), Musician, Was Born At Stuttgart, The Son Of A Jewish Banker, Nov. 27, 1804, And Died In London June 5, 1885. He Studied Under Hummel And Weber At Dresden, And By The Latter's Influence Received An Appointment In Vienna In 1823. He Then Spent Some Years ...

Sir Mackenzie Bowell
Bowell, Sir Mackenzie Canadian Politician, Was Born At Rickinghall, England, Dec. 27 1823, And Died At Belleville, Ontario, Dec. Ii 1917. In 1833 He Moved With His Family To Belleville, Canada, Where He Finally Became Editor And Proprietor Of The Intelligencer. Mackenzie Was A Member Of The Macdonald And Thompson ...

Sir Muirhead Bone
Bone, Sir Muirhead (1876– ), British Painter And Etcher, Born At Glasgow On March 23, 1876, Son Of David Drum Mond Bone, A Journalist. He First Studied Architecture And Then Art In The Evening Classes Of The Glasgow School Of Art. Being Attracted By The Picturesque Aspect Of Buildings He ...

Sir Nathan Bodington
Bodington, Sir Nathan (1848-1910, Vice-chan Cellor Of Leeds University, Was Born At Aston On May 29, 1848. A Graduate Of Wadham College, Oxford, He Became A Fellow Of Oriel, And In 1882 Professor Of Greek And Principal Of Yorkshire College, Leeds. He Secured The Endowment And Incorporation Of The College ...

Sir Nathaniel Barnaby
Barnaby, Sir Nathaniel English Naval Architect, Was Born At Chatham On Feb. 25, 1829, And Died At Lewisham On June 15, 1915. From 18s4 To 1885 Barnaby Was Employed In The Constructive Department Of The Admiralty, During Which Time He Took An Active Part In The Great Changes In Naval ...

Sir Redmond Barry
Barry, Sir Redmond British Colonial Judge, Son Of Maj.-gen. H. G. Barry, Of Ballyclough, Co. Cork, Educated At A Military School In Kent, And At Trinity College, Dublin, Was Called To The Irish Bar In 1838, And Emigrated To Australia. After Practising For Some Years At Melbourne He Be Came ...

Sir Reginald Blomfield
Blomfield, Sir Reginald (1856- ), English Architect And Author, Was Born On Dec. 20, 1856 At Aldington In Kent, Where His Father Was Rector, And Was Educated At Hailey Bury And At Exeter College, Oxford. He Worked For Three Years Under His Uncle, Sir Arthur Blomfield, And Studied In The ...

Sir Richard Blackmore
Blackmore, Sir Richard (c. English Physician And Writer, Was Born At Corsham, In Wiltshire, And Educated At Westminster School And St. Edmund Hall, Oxford. After Graduating In Medicine At Padua, He Settled In Practice As A Physician In London, And Held The Office Of Physician In Ordinary Both To William ...

Sir Robert Bond
Bond, Sir Robert (18j7-1927), Son Of John Bond (a Devonshire Man And Founder Of The Newf9undland Branch Of William Hounsell And Co.), Was Educated At Queen's College, Taunton, And Edinburgh University, Where He Studied Law. He Re Turned To Newfoundland And Entered Politics In 1882, When He Was Elected To ...

Sir Robert Laird Borden
Borden, Sir Robert Laird Canadian Statesman, Born At Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, On June 26, 1854 Called To The Bar In 1878, He Rapidly Became A Leading Figure In The C'ourts Of His Native Province And In 1896 Was Elected Conserv Ative Member For Halifax In The Canadian House Of ...

Sir Squire Bancroft
Bancroft, Sir Squire (1841-1926), English Actor And Manager, First Appeared In 186 I At Birmingham, And Played In The Provinces For Several Years. His First London Appearance Was In 1865 In Wooler's A Winning Hazard At The Prince Of Wales's Theatre, Under The Management Of Effie Marie Wilton (b. 184o), ...

Sir Surendranath Banerjea
Banerjea, Sir Surendranath 2 5 ), Indian (brahman) Politician And Journalist. Passing For The Indian Civil Service At The Open Competition Of 187o, He Retired After Two Years' Service, And Opened A Small School In Calcutta, Which Expanded Into Ripon College. In 1876 He Founded The Cal Cutta Indian Association, ...

Sir Thomas Barclay
Barclay, Sir Thomas (1853— ), English Lawyer, Was Born In Dunfermline, Scotland, And After Studying At The Universities Of London, Paris And Jena, Went To Paris As A Corre Spondent Of The Times In 1876. He Was Called To The Bar (1881), And In 1882 Resigned From The Times In ...

Sir Thomas Beecham
Beecham, Sir Thomas ), British Conduc Tor And Impresario, Was Born On April 29, 1879, The Elder Son Of Sir Joseph Beecham, 1st Baronet. He Was Educated At Rossall School And Wadham College, Oxford, And Gave His First Concert With The Queen's Hall Orchestra In London In 1905. He Founded ...

Sir Thomas Bodley
Bodley, Sir Thomas English Diploma Tist And Scholar, Founder Of The Bodleian Library, Oxford, Was Born At Exeter March 2 And Died In London Jan. 28 1613. Bodley Was Educated At Geneva, Where His Father Had Gone To Live On Account Of His Protestant Principles. On The Accession Of Queen ...

Sir Thomas Pope Blount
Blount, Sir Thomas Pope English Author, Eldest Son Of Sir Henry Blount And Brother Of Charles Blount (q.v.), Was Born At Upper Holloway. He Represented The Borough Of St. Albans In The Two Last Parliaments Of Charles Ii., And Was Knight Of The Shire From The Revolution Till His Death. ...

Sir Thomas Sydney Beckwith
Beckwith, Sir Thomas Sydney (17 7 R ), British General, In 1791 Entered The 71 St Regiment In Which He Served In India And Elsewhere Until 1800, When He Obtained A Company In Col. Coote Manningham's Experimental Regiment Of Riflemen. In 1802 He Was Promoted Major And In The Following ...

Sir Walter Besant
Besant, Sir Walter (1836-1901), English Author, Was Born At Portsmouth On Aug. 14 1836. He Was Educated At King's College, London, And Christ's College, Cambridge, Grad Uated In 1859 As I8th Wrangler, And From 1861 To 1867 Was Senior Professor Of The Royal College, Mauritius. From 1868 To 1885 He ...

Sir William Batten
Batten, Sir William (fl. 1626-1667), British Sailor, Son Of Andrew Batten, Master In The Royal Navy, First Appears As Taking Out Letters Of Marque In 1626, And In 1638 He Obtained The Post Of Surveyor To The Navy. In March 1642 He Was Ap Pointed Second In Command Under The ...

Sir William Beechey
Beechey, Sir William English Por Trait-painter, Was Born At Burford On Dec. 12 1753, And Died On Jan. 28 1839. He Became A Pupil At The Royal Academy In 1772. Some Of His Smaller Portraits Gained Him Considerable Reputation, And In 1793 He Was Made Portrait-painter To Queen Charlotte. He ...

Sir William Berkeley
Berkeley, Sir William (c. 1608-1677), British Colonial Governor In America, Was Born In Or Near London, Eng Land, About 1608, The Youngest Son Of Sir Maurice Berkeley, And Brother Of John, First Lord Berkeley Of Stratton, One Of The Pro Prietors Of The Carolinas. He Graduated At Oxford In 1629, ...

Sir William Blackstone
Blackstone, Sir William The Most Famous Of English Jurists, Was Born In Cheapside On July Io, 1723, The Posthumous Son Of Charles Blackstone, Silkman, Citizen And Bowyer, Of London. From Charterhouse School He Went At The Age Of To Pembroke Colleee. Oxford. And Was Entered At The Middle Temple In ...

Sir William Henry Bragg
Bragg, Sir William Henry (1862- ), British Physicist, Was Born At Wigton, Cumberland, July 2, 1862, And Was Educated At King William's College, Isle Of Man, And Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1886 He Was Appointed Professor Of Math Ematics And Physics At Adelaide, South Australia, Where He Carried Out His ...

Sir William Maddock Bayliss
Bayliss, Sir William Maddock English Physiologist, Only Son Of Moses Bayliss, Iron Manufac Turer, Was Born At Wolverhampton, 1866. In 188i He Entered University College, London, As A Medical Student, But Preferring The Pursuit Of Science To The Practice Of Medicine, In 1885 He Went To Oxford And Continued To ...

Sir William Riddell Birdwood
Birdwood, Sir William Riddell ), British Field-marshal, Was Born Sept. 13, 1865. He Joined The 12th Lancers In 1885 And Was In The Following Year Transferred To The Indian Staff Corps, Joining The Cavalry. After Service In Several Frontier Expeditions, And In The South African War 0899-1902), He Was Closely ...

Sir William Sterndale Bennett
Bennett, Sir William Sterndale 1875), English Musical Composer, Was Born At Sheffield On April 13, 1816. He Entered The Choir Of King's College Chapel In 1824, And There Studied The Pianoforte Besides Composition At The Royal Academy. It Was During This Time That He Wrote Several Of His Most Appreciated ...

Solon Hannibal Borglum
Borglum, Solon Hannibal Ameri Can Sculptor, Was Born In Ogden, Utah, On Dec. 22, 1868, The Son Of A Danish Wood-carver And The Brother Of Gutzon Borglum (q.v.). He Studied Under Louis F. Rebisso In The Cincinnati Art School In 1895-97, And Under Fremiet In Paris. He Took As His ...

Solvency
Solvency Liquidity Is A Special Need Of Banks. Solvency Is A Requirement Common To Them And To All Other Enterprises. But The Conditions Of Solvency Of A Bank Are In Certain Respects Peculiar. A Trader's Debts Are Incidental To His Business, And Ought To Be Moderate In Proportion To His ...

Spranger Barry
Barry, Spranger British Actor, Was Born In Dublin, On Nov. 23 1719, The Son Of A Silversmith. His First London Appearance Was Made In 1746 As Othello At Drury Lane Theatre. In Hamlet And Macbeth He Alternated With Garrick, Arousing The Latter's Jealousy By His Success As Romeo. This Resulted ...

Sri Ganga Singh Bikaner
Bikaner, Sri Ganga Singh, Maharaja Of (188o— ), Indian Soldier And Statesman, Succeeded By Adoption His Elder Brother, Dungar Singh, In 1887, As 21st Ruler Of The State, Being Invested With Full Powers In 1898. The First Of His Many Visits To England Was Made In 1902, When He Attended ...

St Bartholomew
Bartholomew, St., The Apostle: See Apostle. For Massacre See Saint Bartholomew, Massacre Of. ...

St Bernardinofsiena
Bernardin Of Siena, St. , Franciscan Preacher, Was Born Of A Noble Family. His Parents Died In His Childhood, And On The Completion Of His Education, He Spent Some Years In The Service Of The Sick In The Hospitals And Thus Caught The Plague, Of Which He Nearly Died. In ...

Stanislas Jean Boufflers
Boufflers, Stanislas Jean, Chevalier De (1738-1815), French Statesman And Man Of Letters, Was Born Near Nancy On May 31, 1738. He Was The Son Of Louis Francois, Marquis De Boufflers. His Mother, Marie Catherine De Beauveau Craon, Was The Mistress Of Stanislas Leszczynski, And The Boy Was Brought Up At ...

State Of North Borneo
Borneo, State Of North (a British-protected State Administered By The British North Borneo Company, Which Was Incorporated By Royal Charter In . The Area Is 31,106 Sq.m., With A Coast-line Of Over 90o Miles. The Interior Consists Almost Entirely Of Highlands With Here And There Open Valleys And Plateaux 5o ...

Steel Belting
Steel Belting This Type Of Belt Has Been Used With Considerable Success In Germany Since 1906 But Results In The United States Have Not Been As Satisfactory. The Steel Belt Is Used In The Same Manner As The Leather Belt, Except That It Is Narrow, Thin And Of Very Light ...

Stephan Bergler
Bergler, Stephan (c. 16so—c. 1 I4o), German Classical Scholar, Was Born At Kronstadt In Transylvania And Died At Bucha Rest. After Studying At Leipzig, He Went To Amsterdam, Where He Edited Homer And Produced Indices To The Onomasticon Of Julius Pollux For Wetzstein The Publisher. Subsequently, At Hamburg, He Assisted ...

Stephen Bethlen De Bethlen
Bethlen, Stephen Bethlen De, Count ) , Hungarian Statesman, Was Born Oct. 8, 1874, At Cornesti (gernyeszag), Transylvania. His Father, Count Stephen Beth Len, Was A Member Of The Famous Family That Gave Gabriel Bethlen, Prince Of Transylvania, To Hungarian History. His Mother Was Countess Helen Teleki. The Son Went ...

Stephen Bocskay
Bocskay, Stephen (istvan) Prince Of Transylvania, The Most Eminent Member Of The Ancient Bocskay Family, Son Of Gyorgy Bocskay And Krisztina Sulyok, Was Born At Kolozsvar (cluj) Transylvania. He Advised Prince Zsigmond Bathory To Contract An Alliance With The Emperor Instead Of Holding To The Turk, And Was Sent On ...

Strait Of Belle Isle
Belle Isle, Strait Of, The More Northerly Of The Two Channels Connecting The Gulf Of St. Lawrence With The Atlantic Between Northern Newfoundland And Labrador ; Its Length Is 35m. From North-east To South-west, Breadth I O To 15m. Belle Isle Is A Precipitous Granite Island, 7oof T. High, At ...

Sub Class Articulata
Sub-class Articulata Valves Articulate By Means Of Two Teeth In Ventral Valve Fitting Into Sockets In Dorsal Valve. Intestine Short And Ending Blindly. Order 11i. Protremata, Beecher Emend. Schuchert. Forms Having Well-developed Cardinal Areas. Shell Calcareous. Pedicle Opening Limited To Ventral Valve Through Life, And Closed By A Plate Called ...

Sub Class Inarticulata
Sub-class Inarticulata Valves Without Teeth Or Sockets But Held Together By Muscles. Intestine Long, Ending In Anus. Order I. Atremata, Beecher Emend. Schuchert. Primitive Forms, Having Horny Or Calcareous And Phosphatic Valves, With The Pedicle Emerging Either Between The Two Valves, Or Through A Cleft Usually Common To Both Valves. ...

Susanna Blamire
Blamire, Susanna (1747-1794), English Poet, Daugh Ter Of A Cumberland Yeoman, Was Born At Cardew Hall, Near Dal Ston And Led An Uneventful Life In Her Native County. Her Poems Were Published In 1842 By Henry Lonsdale As The Poetical W Orks Of Aliss Susanna Blamire, "the Muse Of Cumberland," ...

Svetozar Boroevic Von Bojna
Boroevic Von Bojna, Svetozar Austro-hungarian Field-marshal, Was Born At Umetic In Croatia. He Served Through The Campaign For The Occupation Of Bosnia In 1878, And Afterwards On The General Staff Until He Reached The Rank Of General. In The World War He First Led The Vi. Corps In The Victorious ...

System
System. Thanks To The Improvements In The Banking System Secured Through The Establishment Of The Federal Reserve Banks, The Fi Nancial Operations Incident To The World War Involved No Such Dislocation As Had Occurred At An Early Stage In The Civil War; But It Soon Became Evident That The American ...

Tasker Howard Bliss
Bliss, Tasker Howard (18j3-193o), American Sol Dier, Was Born At Lewisburg, Pa., On Dec. 31, 1853. He Graduated At West Point Military Academy In 1875, And From 1885 To 1888 Was Professor Of Military Science At The Naval War College. In 1897 He Went To Madrid And Was Military Attache ...

Telescope
Telescope Early History.—the First Binocular Telescope, Consisting Of Two Telescopes Placed Side By Side, Was Constructed In 16o8 By Johann Lepperhey, The Inventor Of The Ordinary Dutch Telescope, I.e., The Combination Of A Collec Tive Lens As An Objective And A Dispersive Lens As An Eyepiece. The Subject Was Next ...

Territory Of Belfort
Belfort, Territory Of, An Administrative Division Of Eastern France, Formed From The Southern Portion Of The Department Of Haut-rhin, The Rest Of Which Was Ceded To Ger Many By The Treaty Of Frankfort (1871), But Recovered By France In 1919. It Is Bounded On The North-east And East By Haut-rhin, ...

Textile Belting
Textile Belting This Is Made By Weaving In A Loom Or Building Up A Belt With Layers Of Canvas Stitched Together. The Success Of This Type Of Belting Depends Upon The Weight And Grade Of Cotton Duck Or Other Material Employed, The Method Of Stitching The Duck Plies Together And ...

The Baltimore And Ohio
Baltimore And Ohio Railroad Company, The, Had Its Inception In A Meeting Held At The Home Of George Brown, Banker, Baltimore, Md., On Feb. 12, 1827, To Consider Means Of Restoring To Baltimore The Trade Which The Recently Opened Erie Canal Was Diverting. A Committee Was Appointed To Investigate, Recommending ...

The Bar
Bar, The. This Term, As Equivalent To The Profession Of Barrister (q.v.), Originated In The Partition Or Bar Dividing The English Law-courts Into Two Parts, For The Purpose Of Separating The Members And Officials Of The Court From The Prisoners Or Suitors, Their Advocates And The General Public. Theoretically, This ...

The Bass Rock
Bass Rock, The, A Small Island In The Firth Of Forth, About 1 -m. From Canty Bay, Haddingtonshire, Scotland, Circular In Shape, A Mile In Circumference, And 35oft. High. On Three Sides The Cliffs Are Precipitous, But They Shelve Towards The South-west Landing. The Bass Rock Is An Intrusive Volcanic ...

The Bayeux Tapestry
Bayeux Tapestry, The. This Venerable Relic Con Sists Of A Band Of Linen, 231ft. Long And Loin. Wide, Now Light Brown With Age, On Which Have Been Worked With A Needle, In Worsteds Of Eight Colours, Scenes Representing The Conquest Of England By The Normans. Of These Scenes There Are ...

The Bible And English
The Bible And English Literature The Purpose Of This Study Is To Give An Indication Of The Princi Pal Ways In Which The Bible, In Its Various English Versions, Has In Fluenced The Development Of English Prose And English Literature Generally. The History Of The English Bible Is Dealt With ...

The Black Country
Black Country, The, Name Applied To A District Of The English Midlands Including South Staffordshire With Parts Of Worcestershire And Warwickshire. The Name Is Due To The Numerous Collieries And Furnaces, And The Desolation Of Scenery And Agglomeration Of Houses Consequent Upon The Mining Of Coal, Ironstone And Clay And ...

The Black Isle
Black Isle, The, A District In The East Of The County Of Ross And Cromarty, Scotland, Bounded North By Cromarty Firth, East By Moray Firth, South By Inner Moray Firth (or Firth Of Inverness) And Beauly Firth, And West By The River Conon And The Parish Of Urray. (see Ross ...

The Blind In Great
The Blind In Great Britain At Chess And Bridge, And Hold Their Own In Competition With Sighted Players. Many Boards Have Been Constructed To Enable The Blind To Work Arithmetical Problems. The One Which Is Most Used Was Invented By The Rev. W. Taylor (fig. 4). The Board Has Star-shaped ...

The Blind In The
The Blind In The United States The Census Of 1920 Estimates The Sum Total Of The Blind Popu Lation Of The United States At 75,000, Approximately 5o% Being Over 5o Years Of Age. There Is No Federal Pension Law, But A Few States Give Pensions And Where These Are In ...

The Blind Of Other
The Blind Of Other Old World Nations The First Effort Towards Organized Help For The Blind In Europe Was Made By Christians. St. Basil Opened A Hospice For The Blind In Cappadocia During The 4th Century ; A Syrian Hermit Lymnaeus Followed His Example In The 5th. Two Hundred Years ...

The Blind Of The
The Blind Of The British Empire Canada.—canada Has A Widely Scattered Blind Population Esti Mated At From 5,000 To 7,000. Until The World War Attracted Attention To The Needs Of The War-blinded, Little Was Done For Civilians. Four Schools Had Been Established For Juveniles And Two Industrial Institutions Which Employed ...

The Border
Border, The, The Territory On Both Sides Of The Bound Ary Line Between England And Scotland, But Especially The Scottish Side. The Vicissitudes Of Its Life Illustrate The Relations Between The Two Kingdoms For Centuries Before The Union. The Line Begins On The Coast Of Berwickshire At A Spot 3m. ...

The Boston And Maine
Boston And Maine Railroad, The, One Of The Principal Systems In The North-eastern States Of The United States, With Important Connections Between New England And The South, The West And Canada, Is The Result Of The Gradual Amal Gamation Of I I I Separate Railroads. Included Are The Former Boston ...

The Boston Post Road
Boston Post Road, The, Extends From New York To Boston And Is 235m. In Length. It Had Its Origin In The Old Post Road Of Colonial Days, But Has Since Been Relocated, Shortened And Improved. It Forms Part Of The Atlantic Highway And U. S. Highway No. 1 And Is ...

The Boy Scouts Of
The Boy Scouts Of America The Corporation Of The Boy Scouts Of America Operates Through The National Council, Consisting Of 1,200 Representatives From Local Councils And Scout Leaders All Over The United States. This Operates Through An Executive Board And Various National Committees. The President Of The United States Serves ...

The Clearing System
The Clearing System Bank Clearing.—if A Number Of People Who Are All Customers Of The Same Bank Pay One Another With Cheques, Their Debts Are Set Off Against Their Credits In The Books Of The Bank. But If There Are Several Banks, The Process Of Set-off Is More Complicated. Each ...

The Craft Of Basketry
The Craft Of Basketry. Showing The Main Varieties Of Plaited And Coiled Work Coiled Work.—the Main Varieties Of Known Coiled Basket Work Are (r) Simple Oversewn Coil, Where Each Stitch Passes Over The New Coil And Pierces A Portion Of The Coil Below. (a) Furcate Coil. If The New Stitch ...

The English Borough
The English Borough There Is No Evidence For The Theory Of Continuity Of Organiza Tion Between The Roman Colony And The Old English Borough. It Is Not Until The Danish Invasions Of The 8th And 9th Centuries That Anything Like Municipal Institutions Is Discernible. Mainly As A Result Of These ...

The Highway
Highway, The, Extends From Truro, Nova Scotia, To Port Hawkesbury, Sydney And Glace Bay On Cape Breton Island. It Is About 223m. Long And Mostly Good Gravel Road, Broken By Ferry Across The Strait Of Canso From Mulgrave On The Mainland To Port Hawkesbury. Glasgow And Antigonish Lie Along This ...

The Invention Of Printing
The Invention Of Printing The Modern System Of Bookselling Dates From Soon After The Introduction Of Printing. The Earliest Printers Were Their Own Edi Tors And Booksellers; But Being Unable To Sell Every Copy Of The Works They Printed, They Had Agents At Most Of The Seats Of Learn Ing. ...

The Kingdom Of The
The Kingdom Of The Netherlands The Powers Were Determined Not To Leave France In Possession Of Belgium. It Could Not Be Given Back To The Austrian Emperor, Who In Any Case Did Not Desire It. Under The Influence Of England It Was Decided To Unite It In A Single State ...

The London Clearing House
The London Clearing House Probably The Most Important Landmark In The I8th Century Was The Birth Of The London Clearing House, And This In Its Turn Marks The Growth In The Use Of The Bill, Draft, Cheque And Similar Negotiable Instruments. Each Bank In London Employed Clerks Whose Duty Was ...

The Manuscript Bible
The Manuscript Bible The First Essays In Biblical Translation, Or Rather Paraphrasing, Assumed In English, As In Many Other Languages, A Poetical Form. Even In The 7th Century, According To The Testimony Of Bede (hist. Eccl. Iv. 24) Caedmon Sang "of The Creation Of The World And The Origin Of ...