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Encyclopedia Britannica Volume 3 Baltimore - Braila

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The Printed Bible
The Printed Bible It Is Singular That While France, Spain, Italy, Bohemia And Hol Land Possessed The Bible In The Vernacular Before The Accession Of Henry Viii., And In Germany The Scriptures Were Printed In 1466 And 17 Times Reprinted Before Luther Began His Great Work, Yet No English Printer ...

The Red Blood Corpuscle
The Red Blood Corpuscle The Primary Object Of The Red Blood ,corpuscle Is That Of An Oxy Gen Transporter. Its Efficiency As Such Depends Upon The Quantity Of Haemoglobin It Contains. The Average Number Of Red Corpuscles In Man Is 5,000,000,000 Per Cubic Centimetre Of Blood. The Aver Age Weight ...

The Royal Highlanders Black
Black Watch, The (royal Highlanders), The Title Of A Famous British Highland Regiment. The Origin Of The Corps Dates From 1729 When A Number Of Loyal Highlanders Were Embodied Forming Six Independent Companies, And Constituted A Part Of The Regular Army. They Continued To Wear The Dress Of Their Country, ...

The Siege Of Namur
The Siege Of Namur The Belgium 4th Division Remained At Namur. The Moment It Lost Touch With The Bulk Of The Belgian Army, It Became Part Of The Fighting System Of The Franco-british Forces. German Plan Of Attack.—on The Morning Of Aug. 18 Joffre Issued A Succession Of Orders In ...

The Stereoscope
The Stereoscope The Fundamental Property Of Stereoscopic Vision, Or Simul Taneous Vision With Both Eyes, Is The Direct Perception Of Relative Distances Of Near Objects. Even By The Use Of One Eye It Is Pos Sible To Obtain An Impression Of Depth Or Relative Distance, But This Is The Result ...

Theodor Benfey
Benfey, Theodor (1809-1881), German Philologist, And Sanskrit Scholar, Born On Jan. 29, 1809. He Published In 1848 His Edition Of The Samaveda; In 1852-54 His Manual Of Sanskrit, Comprising A Grammar And Chrestomathy; In 1858 His Practical Sanskrit Grammar, Afterwards Translated Into English; And In 1859 His Edition Of The ...

Theodor Bergk
Bergk, Theodor 881), German Philologist, Was Born At Leipzig. After Studying There Under G. Hermann, And Holding Posts At Halle, Neustrelitz, Berlin And Cassel, He Succeeded K. F. Hermann As Professor Of Classical Literature At Marburg (1842). In 1852 He Went To Freiburg, And In 1857 Returned To Halle. In ...

Theodore Barriere
Barriere, Theodore (1823-1877), French Dramatist, Signed, Alone Or In Collaboration, Over Zoo Plays; Among The Most Successful Were: La Vie De Boheme (1849), Adapted From Henri Murger's Book With The Novelist's Help; Manon Lescaut 0850; Les Filles De Marbre (1853) ; L'heritage De Monsieur Plumet (1858); Les Faux Bonshommes (1856) ...

Theodore Beza De Besze
Beza (de Besze), Theodore French Theologian, Son Of Bailli Pierre De Besze, Was Born At Vezelai, Burgundy, On June 24, Of Good Parents, Known For Generous Piety. An Uncle, Nicolas De Besze, Counsellor Of The Paris Parle Ment, Placed Him (1529) Under Melchior Wolmar At Orleans, And Later At Bourges. ...

Theodore Faullain De Banville
Banville, Theodore Faullain De (1823 1891), French Poet And Miscellaneous Writer, Was Born At Moulins In The Bourbonnais, On March 14, 1823, And Died In Paris On March 15, 1891. In 1842 He Published His First Volume Of Verse (les Cariatides), Which Was Followed By Les Stalactites In 1846. The ...

Theophilo Braga
Braga, Theophilo (1843-1924), Portuguese Writer And Politician, Was Born At Punta Delgada, In The Azores. He Published Six Volumes Of Poems Between 1859 And 1868, And His History Of Portuguese Literature (20 Vols.) Between 187o And 1881. In Philosophy He Was A Positivist. Braga Was Elected Deputy For Lisbon In ...

Thomas Baltzar
Baltzar, Thomas (c. ), German Violinist, Was Born At Lubeck. He Visited England In 1656 And Made A Great Impression On Evelyn And Anthony Wood. In 1661 He Was Appointed Leader Of The King's Famous Band Of 24 Violins, But His Intemperate Habits Cut Short His Career Within Two Years. ...

Thomas Banks
Banks, Thomas English Sculptor, Son Of A Surveyor Who Was Land Steward To The Duke Of Beaufort, Was Born In London On Dec. He Was Taught Drawing By His Father, And In 1750 Was Apprenticed To A Wood-carver. In His Spare Time He Worked At Sculpture, And Before 1772, When ...

Thomas Barnes
Barnes, Thomas (1785-1841), British Journalist. Edu Cated At Christ's Hospital And Pembroke College, Cambridge, He Was Appointed (1817) Editor Of The Times, A Position Which He Held Until His Death, When He Was Succeeded By Delane. ...

Thomas Basin
Basin, Thomas Bishop Of Lisieux And His Torian, Was Born Probably At Caudebec In Normandy, And In He Became Bishop Of Lisieux. In 1464 The Bishop Joined The League Of The Public Weal, And The King Seized The Temporalities Of His See. In 1474 Pope Sixtus Iv. Bestowed Upon Him ...

Thomas Beaufort
Thomas Beaufort (d. 1426) Held Various High Offices Under Henry Iv., And Took A Leading Part In Suppressing The Rising In The North In 1405. He Became Chancellor In 141o, But Resigned This Office In Jan. 1412 And Took Part In The Expedition To France In The Same Year. In ...

Thomas Becket
Becket, Thomas (1118-117o), By His Contemporaries More Commonly Called Thomas Of London, English Chancellor And Archbishop Of Canterbury Under Henry Ii. His Mother Was A Native Of Caen ; His Father, Who Came Of A Family Of Small Norman Landowners, Had Been A Citizen Of Rouen, But Migrated To London ...

Thomas Beckington Or Bekynton
Beckington Or Bekynton, Thomas (c. 1390 1465), English Statesman And Prelate, Was Born At Beckington In Somerset, And Was Educated At Winchester And New College, Oxford. Having Entered The Church He Held Many Ecclesiastical Appointments, And Became Dean Of The Arches In 1423 ; Then Devoting His Time To Secular ...

Thomas Beddoes
Beddoes, Thomas (1760-18o8), English Physician And Scientific Writer, Was Born At Shifnal, Shropshire, On April 13, 176o. After Being Educated At Bridgnorth Grammar School And At Pem Broke College, Oxford, He Studied Medicine In London Under John Sheldon (1752-1808). In 1784 He Published A Translation Of L. Spallanzani's Dissertations On ...

Thomas Belt
Belt, Thomas (1832-1878), English Geologist And Nat Uralist, Was Born At Newcastle-on-tyne, And Educated In That City. He Spent Eight Years On The Australian Gold Fields And Some Time Gold-mining In Nova Scotia, Returning To England About 186o. In 1861 He Issued A Separate Work Entitled Mineral Veins: An Enquiry ...

Thomas Betterton
Betterton, Thomas (c. 1635-171o), English Actor, Son Of An Under-cook To King Charles I., Was Born In London. He Was Apprenticed To John Holden, Sir William Davenant's Publisher, And Possibly Later To A Bookseller Named Rhodes, Who Had Been Wardrobe-keeper To The Theatre In Blackfriars. The Latter Obtained In 1659 ...

Thomas Bewick
Bewick, Thomas English Born At Cherryburn, Near Newcastle-on-tyne, On Aug. 12, 1753, Showed, At A Very Early Age, A Remarkable Talent For Drawing. He Had No Tuition, And No Models Save Natural Objects. At 14 He Was Apprenticed To Mr. Beilby, An Engraver In Newcastle. He Seems After This To ...

Thomas Bilney
Bilney, Thomas (c. English Martyr, Was Born At Or Near Norwich. He Was Educated At Trinity Hall, Cam Bridge, Graduating Ll.b. And Taking Holy Orders In 1519. Among His Friends Were Matthew Parker, The Future Archbishop Of Canter Bury, And Hugh Latimer. Latimer, Previously A Strenuous Con Servative, Was Completely ...

Thomas Binney
Binney, Thomas (1798-1874), English Congregation Alist Divine, Was Born Of Presbyterian Parents At Newcastle-on Tyne. He Entered The Theological School At Wymondley, Herts, Now Incorporated In New College, Hampstead. In 1829, After Short Pastorates At Bedford (new Meeting) And Newport, Isle Of Wight, He Accepted A Call To The Historic ...

Thomas Birch
Birch, Thomas (17o5-1766), English Historian, Son Of Joseph Birch, Was Born At Clerkenwell On Nov. 23, 17o5. He Was Ordained Deacon In The Church Of Englanci In 173o And Priest In 1731. He Held Successively A Number Of 1)enefices In Dif Ferent Counties, And Finally In London. Birch Was Killed ...

Thomas Blacklock
Blacklock, Thomas (1721-1791), Scottish Poet, The Son Of A Bricklayer, Was Born At Annan, Dumfriesshire, On Nov. Io, 1721, And Died At Edinburgh On July 7, When Not Quite Six Months Old He Lost His Sight By Smallpox, And His Career Is Largely Interesting As That Of One Who Achieved ...

Thomas Blackwell
Blackwell, Thomas (1701-57), Scottish Classical Scholar, Was Born At Aberdeen On Aug. 4 1701, And Was Principal Of The Marischal College From 1748 Till His Death In 1757. His First Work, An Inquiry Into The Life And Writings Of Homer, Published Anonymously In 1735 (reprinted 1736), Shows Con Siderable Research ...

Thomas Blanchard
Blanchard, Thomas (1788-1864), An American In Ventor, Was Born In Sutton, Mass., On June 24, 1788. At 18 He Contrived A Machine For Making Tacks. Later He Made One For Turning And Finishing Gun-barrels In A Single Operation, An Inven Tion Which Has Been Developed To Produce A Great Variety ...

Thomas Blount
Blount, Thomas (1618-1679), English Antiquarian, Was The Son Of Myles Blount, Of Orleton In Herefordshire. He Was Born At Bordesley, Worcestershire. He Was Called To The Bar At The Inner Temple, But, Being A Zealous Roman Catholic, His Religion Interfered Considerably With The Practice Of His Profession. He Retired To ...

Thomas Boston
Boston, Thomas Scottish Divine, Author Of The Fourfold State, Was Born At Duns On March 17, 1676. In 1699 He Became Minister Of The Small Parish Of Simprin, Where He Found In 1704 A Book Which Had Been Brought Into Scotland By A Commonwealth Soldier. This Was "e. F.'s" Famous ...

Thomas Bourchier
Bourchier, Thomas (c. 1404-1486), English Arch Bishop, Lord Chancellor And Cardinal, Was A Younger Son Of William Bourchier, Count Of Eu (d. 1420), And Through His Mother, Anne, A Daughter Of Thomas Of Woodstock, Duke Of Gloucester, Was A Descendant Of Edward Iii. Educated At Oxford And Then Enter Ing ...

Thomas Bowdler
Bowdler, Thomas (1754-1825), Editor Of The "fam Ily" Shakespeare, Was Born At Ashley, Near Bath, On July Ii And Died At Rhyddings, South Wales, On Feb. 24 1825. In 1818 He Published The Family Shakespeare "in Ten Volumes, In Which Nothing Is Added To The Original Text ; But Those ...

Thomas Bradwardine
Bradwardine, Thomas (c. English Archbishop, Called "the Profound Doctor," Was Born Either At Hart Field In Sussex Or At Chichester. He Was Educated At Merton Col Lege, Oxford, And Became Chancellor Of The University And Profes Sor Of Divinity. From Being Chancellor Of The Diocese Of London He Became Chaplain ...

Thomas Braidwood
Braidwood, Thomas (1715-1806), British Teacher Of The Deaf And Dumb, Was Born In Scotland In And Educated At Edinburgh University. He Became A School Teacher, And In 1760 Opened In Edinburgh, With One Pupil, The First School In Great Britain For The Deaf And Dumb, Following The System Of Dr. ...

Thomas Edward Bowdich
Bowdich, Thomas Edward English Traveller And Author, Was Born At Bristol In 1790. In 1814 He Obtained A Writership In The Service Of The African Company Of Merchants And Was Sent To Cape Coast. In 1817 He Was Sent, With Two Companions, To Kumasi On A Mission To The King ...

Thomas Egerton Brackley
Brackley, Thomas Egerton, Viscount (c. 154o-1617), Better Known As Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, British Statesman And Lawyer, Was A Natural Son Of Sir Richard Egerton Of Ridley, Cheshire. Educated At Brasenose College, Oxford, He Was Called To The Bar At Lincoln's Inn In 1572. In 1581 He Became Solicitor-general. In The ...

Thomas Francis Bayard
Bayard, Thomas Francis American Diplomatist, Was Born In Wilmington, Del., On Oct. 29, 1828, Of A Distinguished Family. His Great-grandfather, Richard Bassett Governor Of Delaware; His Grandfather, James Ashe Ton Bayard (1767-1815), A Prominent Federalist, And One Of The United States Commissioners Who Negotiated The Treaty Of Ghent With Great ...

Thomas George Bonney
Bonney, Thomas George English Geologist, Son Of The Master Of Rugeley Grammar School, Was Educated At Uppingham School And St. John's College, Cambridge, And Held Various Academic Posts And Ecclesiastical Preferments. He Became Secretary And Afterwards President Of The Geological Society (1884-86), Secretary Of The British Association (i881-85), President Of ...

Thomas Hart Benton
Benton, Thomas Hart (1782-1858), American Statesman, Was Born At Hillsborough, Orange County, North Caro Lina, On March 14, 1782. His Father, An Englishman Of Refinement And Scholarship, Died In 179o, Leaving The Boy Under The Influence Of A Very Superior Mother, From Whom He Received Lessons In Book Learning, Piety ...

Thomas Haynes Bayly
Bayly, Thomas Haynes (1797-1839), English Pop Ular Song-writer And Dramatist, Was Born At Bath On Oct. 13, He Was Educated At Winchester And At St. Mary Hall, Oxford. In 1824 He Became Famous With The Popular Song "i'd Be A Butterfly," Which He Followed Up With "we Met--'twas In A ...

Thomas John Barnardo
Barnardo, Thomas John English Philanthropist, And Founder And Director Of Homes For Destitute Children, Was Born At Dublin, Ireland. His Father Was Of Spanish Origin, His Mother Being An Englishwoman. He Studied Medicine At The London Hospital, And Later At Paris And Edinburgh. His Medical Work In The East End ...

Thomas Lovell Beddoes
Beddoes, Thomas Lovell English Dramatist And Poet, Son Of The Physician, Thomas Beddoes, Was Born At Clifton On July 20, 1803. His Mother Was A Sister Of Maria Edgeworth, The Novelist. He Was Sent To Bath Grammar School And Then To The Charterhouse. In 1820 He Was Entered At Pembroke ...

Thomas Spencer Baynes
Baynes, Thomas Spencer English Editor And Man Of Letters, The Son Of A Baptist Minister, Was Born At Wellington, Somerset. At Edinburgh University He Was A Pupil Of Sir William Hamilton, Whose Assistant He Became, And Of Whose Views On Logic He Became The Authorized Exponent. This Teaching Was Embodied ...

Thomas Thynne Bath
Bath, Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess Of (1734 1796), English Politician, Was The Elder Son Of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth. Born On Sept. 13 17 34, Thomas Thynne Succeeded His Father As 3rd Viscount Weymouth In January 1751, And Was Lord-lieutenant Of Ireland For A Short Time During 1765, Although ...

Thrush Dise
Dise, Thrush, Sparrow, Etc. Insects Are Covered By Compre Hensive Articles On Insects And Entomology, In The Latter Of Which Is An Account Of The Economic Bearings Of This Important Class; The Better Known And Economically Important Insects Are Dealt With In Greater Detail In Separate Articles, Such As Gypsy, ...

Torbern Olof Bergman
Bergman, Torbern Olof Swedish Chemist And Naturalist, Was Born At Katrineberg, Vestergotland, Sweden, On March 20, 1735. He Was Educated At The University Of Uppsala, And, After Taking His Degiee, Began To Teach Mathe Matics And Physics At The University, Publishing Papers On The Rainbow, The Aurora, The Pyroelectric Phenomena ...

Training And Welfare Of
Blind, Training And Welfare Of The. Sec Tion 69 Of The English Education Act, 1921, Defines The Word "blind" As Meaning "too Blind To Be Able To Read The Ordinary School Books Used By Children." In 1927 There Were 2,554 Blind Children Between The Ages Of 5 And 16 In ...

Trajano Boccalini
Boccalini, Trajano (1556-1613), Italian Satirist, Was Born At Loreto In 1556, The Son Of An Architect. His Most Important Work Is The Ragguagli Di Parnaso, In Which Apollo Is Represented As Receiving The Complaints Of All Who Present Them Selves, And Distributing Justice According To The Merits Of Each Particular ...

Tristan Bernard
Bernard, Tristan ), French Dramatist And Novelist, Was Born In Besancon On Sept. 17, 1866. Before He Began To Write Plays He Published Stories, Sketches, Etc., In The Revue Blanche And In Various Short-lived Periodicals On Which His Writings Conferred Temporary Popularity. His First Dramatic Writ Ings Were One-act Comedies; ...

Turf
Turf). Through Many Vicissitudes The National Movement Strug Gled On, From The Recognition By The Academy Of Brussels (1772), To The Work Of Willems (1818 And 1836) And David, Founder Of The Review De Middalaer. Several Writers Set Forth Their Seasoned Opinions On The Value Of Flemish As A Natural ...

Tycho Brahe
Brahe, Tycho (1546-1601), Danish Astronomer, Was Born On Dec. 14, 1546, At The Family Seat Of Knudstrup In Scania, Then A Danish Province. He Studied At Copenhagen, Leipzig, Rostock And Augsburg, And In 1571 Was Permitted By His Mater Nal Uncle, Steno Belle, To Install A Laboratory At His Castle ...

Ugo Bassi
Bassi, Ugo Italian Patriot, Was Born In Cento, And Received His Early Education At Bologna. An Unhappy Love Affair Induced Him To Become A Novice In The Barnabite Order When 18 Years Old. He Entered On His Ministry In 1833 And Became Famous As A Preacher, His Sermons Attracting Large ...

Ulrich Boner Or Bonerius
Boner Or Bonerius, Ulrich (fl. 14th Century), Swiss Writer Of Fables, Was Born In Berne. He Was Descended From An Old Bernese Family, And, As Far As Can Be Ascertained, Became A Monk; Yet, As He Subsequently Married, It Appears That He Received The "tonsure" Only And Was Thus Entitled ...

United States
United States : History.) The Questions Were Largely Financial, Although The Quebec Act Which Recognized The Entity Of The Ro Man Catholic Church In That Province, Gave The Protestant Citizenship In The Colonies Some Uneasiness. The First Important Outward Manifestation Of Dis Content Came In Boston When Paxton, The Collector ...

Varieties Of Banks
Varieties Of Banks The Foregoing Description Is Applicable To The Ordinary Bank Of Discount And Deposit, Which Combines The Functions (i) Of Sup Plying Credit Money As A Means Of Payment (current Accounts) ; (2) Of Giving Facilities For The Temporary Investment Of Balances (deposits Subject To Notice) ; And ...

Vaughan Co Ltdbolckow
Bolckow, Vaughan & Co. Ltd. This British Steel Company Is Associated With One Of The Most Important In Ventions In The Iron And Steel Industry, The "thomas-gilchrist" Process, Which Was Invented As Recently As 1879. This Process Enables Steel To Be Made From The Phosphoric Ores Which Form By Far ...

Vergeboard
Vergeboard, As Some Times Written, In Architecture, The Exposed Board Running Down The Slopes Of A Projecting Gable Roof : A False Rafter. Bargeboards Are Frequently Decorated ; In The Tudor Period In England, And In The Late Gothic Period Throughout Europe, They Became Extremely Rich Decorative Features. ...

Vidal De La Blache
Blache, Vidal De La (1845-1918), French Geog Rapher, Was Born In Pezenas, Herault, On Jan. 22, 1845. He Was Educated At The Ecole Normale Superieure In Paris, And Entered Upon The Study Of Geography By Way Of That Of History. The Rela Tions Between Geographical Causes And Historical Effects Were ...

Vilhelm Bjerknes
Bjerknes, Vilhelm ), Norwegian Physi Cist, A Son Of Carl Anton Bjerknes, Professor Of Mathematics In The University Of Christiania (oslo), Was Educated At The Uni Versity Of That City. At An Early Age He Gave An Experimental Confirmation Of His Father's Prediction, On Theoretical Grounds, Of The Remarkable Apparent ...

Vincent Benedetti
Benedetti, Vincent, Count (1817-1 Goo), French Diplomatist, Was Born At Bastia, Corsica, On April 29, 1817. In The Year 184o He Entered The Service Of The French Foreign Office. He Spent Eight Years In Egypt, Being Appointed Consul In In 1848 He Was Made Consul At Palermo, And In 1851 ...

Vincent Bourne
Bourne, Vincent , English Classical Scholar, Became A Fellow Of Trinity College, Cambridge, In He Passed Most Of His Life As Usher In Westminster School, And Died On Dec. 2, 1747. He Published Three Editions Of His Latin Poems, And In 1772 There Appeared A Handsome Quarto Volume Con Taining ...

Vincenzo Bellini
Bellini, Vincenzo (1801-1835), Operatic Composer Of The Italian School, Was Born At Catania In Sicily, On Nov. 3, 18o1. He Was Descended From A Family Of Musicians, Both His Father And Grandfather Having Been Composers Of Some Reputation. After Having Received His Preparatory Musical Education At Home, He Entered The ...

Vissarion Grigorievich Belinsky
Belinsky, Vissarion Grigorievich (181 I 1848), Russian Critic, Born On June 13, 1811, At Fribourg, And Died On June 9, 1848, At St. Petersburg; The Son Of An Army Doctor. At The University Of Moscow He Became Friendly With Stankevich And Other Young Writers, But He Took No Degree. On ...

Vitus Jonassen Bering
Bering, Vitus Jonassen (1681-1741) Danish Navi Gator, Was Born At Horsens, Jutland, In 1681, And Died On Bering Island, Dec. 1741. Joining The Danish Navy Early, He Went In 1703, On A Voyage To The East Indies; The Following Year He Entered The Russian Navy, And Served In The War ...

Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev
Bekhterev, Vladimir Mikhailovich (185 7 19 2 7) , Russian Neuropathologist, Was Born In The Province Of Viatka. He Studied Medicine In The Medico-surgical Academy At St. Petersburg (now Leningrad). In 1884 He Went Abroad To Do Research Work Under Du Bois-reymond, Wundt And Charcot, And Was Appointed Professor At ...

Waldemar Bargiel
Bargiel, Waldemar (18 28-189 7) , German Com Poser, Was Born In Berlin On Oct. 3, 1828, And Died There On Feb. 23, 18g7. He Was A Step-brother Of Clara Schumann And Studied At The Leipzig Conservatoire. After Teaching For Some Time In Berlin And Cologne He Went To Rotterdam ...

Waleran De Beaumont
Waleran De Beaumont (i104—i166) Obtained His Father's French Fiefs And The Title Of Count Of Meulan In 1118. After Being Imprisoned For Five Years By Henry I. He Spent Some Time In Eng Land, And During The Civil War Between Stephen And The Empress Matilda He Fought For The Former ...

Walter Bower
Bower, Walter (c. , Scottish Chronicler, Was Born At Haddington. He Was Abbot Of Inchcolm (in The Firth Of Forth) From 1418, And In 1433 Was One Of The Embassy To Paris On The Business Of The Marriage Of The King's Daughter To The Dauphin. He Played An Important Part ...

White Corpuscles
White Corpuscles The Blood Contains About I I,000 White Corpuscles Per Cubic Millimetre ; Thus There Is Only One White Corpuscle To 400-500 Red. The Number Varies Within Considerable Limits. The White Corpuscles In Blood Are Of At Least Five Kinds ; The Classical Classification Depends Upon (i) Whether The ...

Wilfrid Scawen Blunt
Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen English Poet And Publicist, Was Born Aug. 17 184o At Petworth House, Sussex, And Died At Crabbet Park Sept. Io 1922. He Was The Son Of Francis Scawen Blunt, Who Served In The Peninsular War And Was Wounded At Corunna. He Was Educated At Stonyhurst And Oscott, ...

Wilhelm Adolf Becker
Becker, Wilhelm Adolf German Classical Archaeologist, Was Born In Dresden. In 1842 He Was Appointed Professor Of Archaeology At Leipzig. The Works By Which Becker Is Most Widely Known Are The Gallus Or Romische Scenen Aus Der Zeit Augusts (1838, New Ed. By Goll, 188o-82) And The Charicles Or Bilder ...

Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel Bleek
Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel (1827— 1875), German Philologist, Studied At Bonn And Berlin, Where He First Noted The Philological Peculiarities Of The South African Languages. In His Doctor's Dissertation (bonn, R851), De Nomi Num Generibus Linguarum A F Ricae Australis, He Endeavoured To Show That The Hottentot Language Was Of ...

Wilhelm Von Bode
Bode, Wilhelm Von (1845-1929), German Art Critic, Was Born At Kalvorde, Brunswick, On Dec. Io, 1845. After Having Studied Law He Entered The Legal Profession. In 1869 He Turned To The Study Of Dutch Painting. He Became Assistant In The Berlin Museum In 1872, Curator Of The Department Of Christian ...

Willem Barents
Barents, Willem (d. 1597), Dutch Navigator, Was Born About The Middle Of The Century. In 1594 He Left Amsterdam With Two Ships To Search For A North-east Passage To Eastern Asia. He Reached The West Coast Of Novaya Zemlya, And Followed It Northward, Being Finally Forced To Turn Back When ...

Willem Bilderdijk
Bilderdijk, Willem (1756-1831), Dutch Poet, Was The Son Of An Amsterdam Physician. His Parents Were Ardent Partisans Of The House Of Orange, And Bilderdijk Grew Up With Strong Monarchial And Calvinistic Convictions. After Studying Law At Leyden University, He Practised As An Advocate At The Hague. He Refused In 1i95 ...

William Barclay
Barclay, William Scots Jurist, Born In Aberdeenshire In 1546. He Was Educated At Aberdeen University, Went To France In 1573, And Studied Law Under Cujas, At Bourges, Where He Took His Doctor's Degree. Charles Iii., Duke Of Lorraine, Appointed Him Professor Of Civil Law In The Newly-founded Uni Versity Of ...

William Barnes
Barnes, William (1800-1886), The Dorsetshire Poet, Was Born On Feb. 22 1800, At Rushay, Near Pentridge, In Dorset Shire, The Son Of John Barnes And Grace Scott, Of The Farmer Class. He Was A Delicate Child, In Direct Contrast To A Strong Race Of For Bears, And Inherited From His ...

William Bates
Bates, William (1625-1699), English Nonconformist Divine (one Of The Ejected Ministers In 1662), Was Born In London. He Was Rector Of St. Dunstan's, London, And Was One Of The Commissioners At The Conference In The Savoy, For Reviewing The Public Liturgy, And Was Concerned In Drawing Up The Exceptions To ...

William Bateson
Bateson, William (1861-1926), British Biologist, Was Born At Whitby, Aug. 8 1861. He Was Educated At Rugby School And St. John's College, Cambridge, And Became Known For His Biological Investigations, Which Included Important Researches On Mendelism And The Determination Of Sex. In 1894 He Published Materials For The Study Of ...

William Beaumont
Beaumont, William (1785-1853), American Physi Ologist, Was Born On Nov. 21, 1785, The Son Of A Farmer. He Studied Privately Under A Practitioner, And After Being Granted A Licence To Practise By The Third Medical Society Of The State Of Vermont, Became A Surgeon In The United States Army. His ...

William Beckford
Beckford, William (17o9-177o), Alderman Of The City Of London, Was Lord Mayor In 1762 And 1769. He Was One Of The Chief Organizers Of The City's Opposition To The Dominance Of Lord Bute, And Afterwards To The Encroachments Of George Iii. Though Publicly Ridiculed For His Grammar And Accent, He ...

William Bedell
Bedell, William (1571-1642), Anglican Divine, Was A Fellow Of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, And Spent Four Years At Venice As Chaplain To Sir H. Wotton, The English Ambassador. After Holding Various Preferments He Became In 1629 Bishop Of Kilmore And Ardagh, Where He Encouraged The Use Of The Irish Language And ...

William Bedloe
Bedloe, William (1650-168o), English Informer, Was Born In Chepstow On April 20, 165o. He Appears To Have Been Well Educated ; He Was Certainly Clever, And After Coming To London In 1670 He Became Acquainted With Some Jesuits And Was Occa Sionally Employed By Them. Calling Himself Now Capt. Williams, ...

William Bellenden
Bellenden, William, Scottish Classical Scholar (died After 1625). He Lived In The Reign Of James I. (vi. Of Scotland), Who Appointed Him "master Of Requests." Bellenden Lived At Paris, Where He Became Professor At The University, And Advocate In The Parliament. In 16o5 Was Published Anonymously His Ciceronis Princeps, A ...

William Black
Black, William (1841-1898), British Novelist And Jour Nalist, Was Born At Glasgow On Nov. 9, 1841, And Died At Brighton On Dec. Io, 1898. He Joined The Staff Of The Morning Star In London, And During The War Between Prussia And Austria In 1866 Acted As War Correspondent, And Was ...

William Blackwood
Blackwood, William Scottish Pub Lisher, Founder Of The Firm Of William Blackwood And Sons, Was Born Of Humble Parents At Edinburgh On Nov. 20, 1776, And Died There On Sept. 16, 1834. In 1804, He Opened A Shop In South Bridge Street, Edinburgh, For The Sale Of Old, Rare And ...

William Blades
Blades, William (1824-9o), English Printer And Bibli Ographer, Was Born At Clapham, London, Dec. 5 1824, And Died At Sutton, Surrey, April 27 1890. In 184o He Was Apprenticed To His Father's Printing Business In London, And Was Subsequently Taken Into Partnership. His Life And Typography Of William Caxton, England's ...

William Blake
Blake, William English Mystic, Poet And Artist, Born In London, Nov. 28, 1757. His Father, James Of Whose Family And Origin Nothing Is Known, Was A Hosier, Living At 28 Broad Street, Golden Square. His Mother's Maiden Name Has Not Been Recorded. The Family Consisted Of Four Sons And A ...

William Blakeney Blakeney
Blakeney, William Blakeney, Baron (1672— '760, British Soldier, Was Born At Mount Blakeney In Limerick In 1672. In 1747 George Ii. Made Him Lieutenant-general And Lieutenant-governor Of Minorca. The Governor Of That Island Never Set Foot In It, And Blakeney Was Left In Command For Ten Years. In 1756 The ...

William Bligh
Bligh, William (1754-1817), English Admiral, Accom Panied Captain Cook (q.v.) In His Second Expedition (1772-74), As Sailing Master Of The "resolution." He Was Nicknamed "bread Fruit Bligh" Because Of The Discovery Of The Fruit On The Voyage, And Was Sent In 1787 In H.m.s. "bounty" To The Pacific, To Fetch ...

William Blount
Blount, William (1749-180o), American Politician, Was Born In Bertie County (n.c.), On March 26, 1749. He Was A Member Of The Early Continental Congresses, Of The Constitu Tional Convention At Philadelphia In 1787, And Of The State Con Vention Which Ratified The Federal Constitution For North Caro Lina In 1789. ...

William Booth
Booth, William Founder And "general" Of The Salvation Army, Was Born At Nottingham On April Io 1829, The Son Of A Speculative Builder. He Was Apprenticed To A Pawn Broker. At 15 He Underwent The Experience Of Religious Conver Sion, And He Became A Revivalist Preacher. In 1849 He Went ...

William Borlase
Borlase, William (1695-1772), English Antiquary And Naturalist, Was Born At Pendeen, Cornwall. As Rector Of Ludgvan, He Made In His Parish A Collection Of Mineral And Metallic Fossils, And Thus Was Led To Study Somewhat Minutely The Natural History Of The County. In 175o He Was Admitted A Fellow Of ...

William Bowyer
Bowyer, William English Printer, Was Born In 1663, Apprenticed To A Printer In 1679, Made A Liveryman Of The Stationers' Company In 170o, And Nominated As One Of The 20 Printers Allowed By The Star Chamber. He Was Burned Out In The Great Fire Of 1712, But His Loss Was ...

William Boyce
Boyce, William (1710-1779), English Musical Com Poser, The Son Of A Cabinet-maker, Was Born In London, On Feb. 7, 171o. As A Chorister In St. Paul's He Received His Early Musical Education From Charles King And Dr. Maurice Greene. In Having Become Organist Of Oxford Chapel, Vere Street, Cavendish Square, ...

William Boyd
Boyd, William, 4th Earl (1704-46), Joined Charles Ed Ward, The Young Pretender, In 1745, And Fought At Falkirk And Culloden, Where He Was Made Prisoner, And Was Beheaded On Aug. 18 1746. The Title Of Earl Of Kilmarnock Is Now Merged In That Of Earl Of Eroll. ...

William Bradford
Bradford, William (159o-1657), American Colonial Governor And Historian, Was Born At Austerfield, Yorkshire, Eng Land, Of A Well-to-do Family, Probably In March 1590. In Early Youth He Joined The Separatists, And After A Brief Imprisonment Emigrated To Holland In 1608. Bradford Was One Of The Party That Sailed In The ...

William Bradford_2
Bradford, William , American Colonial Printer, Was Born In Leicestershire, England, On May 20, 1663. He Learned The Printer's Trade In London And In 1682 Emigrated With William Penn To Pennsylvania, Where In 1685 He Introduced The "art And Mystery" Of Printing. His First Imprint Was An Almanac, Kalendarium Pennsilvaniense ...

William Bradford_3
Bradford, William American Marine Painter, Was Born At New Bedford (mass.) . He Was A Quaker, And Was Self-taught, Painting The Ships And The Marine Views He Saw Along The Coast Of Massachusetts, Labrador And Nova Scotia; He Went On Several Arctic Expeditions With Dr. Hayes And Was The First ...

William Bramwell Booth
Booth, William Bramwell General Of The Salvation Army, And Eldest Son Of General William Booth, Its Founder, Was Born At Halifax, Yorkshire, In 1856. He Became An Officer In The Salvation Army In 1874, And Was From 188o Its Chief Organizer. He Organized The First Social Relief Operations Of The ...