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Cornice Work

shown, sheet-metal, front, fig, modillion and metal

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CORNICE WORK There is no trade in the building line to-day which has made such rapid progress as that of Sheet-Metal Cornice, or Architectural Sheet Metal Work. It is not very long since the general scope of this branch of craftsmanship merely represented a tin-shop business on a large scale. But as things are to-day, this is changed. From an enlarged tin-shop business, sheet-metal cornice work, including under that title every branch of architectural sheet-metal work, has become one of the substantial industries of the country, comparing favorably with almost any other mechanical branch in the building trades. Nor is this work confined io the larger cities. In the smaller towns is shown the prog ress of architectural sheet-metal work in the erection of entire building fronts constructed from sheet metal.

Sheet-metal cornices have heretofore, in a great measure, been duplications of the designs commonly employed in wood, which, in turn, with minor modifications, were imitations of stone.

With the marked advancement of this industry, however, this need no longer be the case. A sheet-metal cornice is not now imita tive. It possesses a variety and beauty peculiarly its own. No pat tern is too complex or too difficult. Designs are satisfactorily executed in sheet metal which are impossible to produce in any other material. By the free and judicious application of pressed metal ornaments, a product is obtained that equals carved work. For boldness of figure, sharp and clean-cut lines, sheet-metal work takes the lead of all com petitors.

In order that there may be no misunderstanding as to the various parts contained in what the sheet-metal worker calls a "cornice," Fig. 255 has been prepared, which gives the names of all the members in the "entablature"—the architectural name for what in the shop is known as the cornice. The term "entablature" is seldom heard among mechanics, a very general use of the word "cornice" having supplanted it in the common language of business.

An entablature consists of three principal part.

the cornice, the frieze, and the architrave. A glance at the illustration will serve to show the relation that each bears to the others. Among mechanics the shop term for architrave is foot-moulding; for frieze, panel; and for the subdivisions of the cornice, dentil course, modillion wares, bed mould, and crown-mould. In the modillion course, are the modillion band and modillion-mould; while in the dentil course are the dentil band and dentil-mould. Drips are shown at the bottom of the crown and foot-mould fascias, and the ceiling under the crown mold is called the planceer. The edge at the top of the cornice is called a lock, and is used to lock the metal roofing into, when covering the top of the cor nice. In the panel, there are the panel proper, the panel-mould, and the stile. The side and front of the modillion are also shown.

Fig. 256 shows the side and front view of what is known as a bracket. Large terminal brackets in cornices, which project beyond the mouldings, and against which the mouldings end, are called trusses, a front and a side view of which are shown in Fig. 257. A block placed above a common bracket against which the moulding ends, is called a stop block, a front and a side view of which are shown in Fig. 258.

Fig. 259 is the front eleva tion of a cornice, in which are shown the truss, the bracket, the modillion, the d e n t i 1, and the panel. It is sometimes the case, in the construction of a cornice, that a bracket or modillion is called for, whose front and sides are carved as shown in the front and side views in Fig. 260. In that case, the brackets are ob tained from dealers in pressed ornaments, who make a specialty of this kind of work. The same applies to capitals which would be required for pilasters or col umns, such as those shown in Figs. 261 and 262. The pilaster or eolumn would be formed up in sheet metal, and the capital purchased and sol dered in position. In Fig.

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