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Twentieth Century Practice: An International Encyclopedia of Modern Medical Science by Leading Authorities of Europe and America, Volume 2: Nutritive Disorders" by Thomas Lathrop Stedman (1895)

Obesity Plethoric Form
Obesity - Plethoric Form. The First Signs Of Increased Fat Formation And Deposition In The Plethoric Form Manifest Themselves Often In Youth Or In Early Man Hood When The Body Is In The Full Vigor Of Development, And Shape, Carriage, And Color Correspond To Perfect Health. With The First Deposition ...

Obesity Prognosis
Obesity - Prognosis. Varying According To The Causes, Form, Symptoms, And Complica Tions, The Prognosis Of Obesity Cannot Be Always Uniform, But Will Present Itself In All Transition Stages From One Which Is Relatively Or Even Positively Favorable, Up To One Which Is Decidedly Bad. According To The Fundamental Causes, ...

Obesity Sex Physioloyicalconstitution
Obesity - Sex Physioloyical Constitution And Temperament. Sex.—even Under Physiological Conditions The Female Body, In The Roundness Of Its Parts And The Softness Of Its Outlines, Is Richer In Fat Than The Male Figure, Which Is More Muscular And Has A More Angular Contour. The Cause Of This Phenomenon Lies ...

Obesity The Influenceof
Obesity - The Influence Of Age. It Is Known That The Normal Fat Formation In Man Is Influenced By The Age, In Connection With Which The Mode Of Nutrition, Rest, And Slight Muscular Activity Are Of Decisive Importance. The Pathologi Cally Increased Fat Formation Likewise Depends Materially Upon The Age ...

Ocular Changes Complicationsof
Ocular Changes - Complications Of Diabetes. 1. Cataract.—the Opacity, Almost Always Bilateral, Of The Lens Is A Late Symptom Of Diabetes And Belongs Almost Without Exception To The Cases In Which There Is Marked And Obstinate Glycosuria. The Complication Attacks By Preference Young Persons, And When It Occurs In The ...

Other Characteristics Of Diabetic
Other Characteristics Of Diabetic Urine. 1. Quantity Of The Urine ; Specific Gravity.—polyuria Is One Of The Most Striking Symptoms Of Diabetes. It Often Causes The Patient Uneasiness Before Any Other Phenomena Of The Disease Are Noticed. The Desire To Urinate Often Wakes The Patient And Forces Him To Get ...

Other Diseases Diabetesmellitus
Other Diseases - Diabetes Mellitus. 1. Infectious Diseases.—it Has Often Been Sought To Establish Some Connection Between Diabetes And Other Diseases, And Indeed There Is Hardly A Disease Which Has Not At Some Time Or Other Been Looked Upon As The Exciting Cause Of This Affection. In Most Of These ...

Pathology Arthritis Deformans
Pathology - Arthritis Deformans. The Question Of The Pathology Of Arthritis Deformans Is One To Which Very Different Answers, All More Or Less Tentative, Have Been And Are Still Returned, And It Is Obvious That There Is Ample Room For Differences Of Opinion Upon This Point, Seeing That The Joints ...

Pathology Gout
Pathology - Gout. After This Protracted Survey We Find Ourselves Again Facing The Inquiry, "what Is Gout? What Is The Nature Of That Change By Virtue Of Which Uric Acid And Its Compounds Are Deposited In The Tissues In Stead Of Being Harmlessly Voided With The Urine?" Gout Has Been ...

Pericarditis
Pericarditis. In Subacute Pericarditis The Subjective Symptoms Are Less Marked. There May Be No More Than A Sense Of Uneasiness About The Heart, With Some Increased Rapidity Of Its Action. In Mild Cases There May Be No Subjective Symptoms Whatever- Nothing But The Pericardial Rub To Point Out The Existence ...

Pericarditis Rheumatism
Pericarditis - Rheumatism. Between The Pericardium Of The Anatomist And That Of The Pathol Ogist There Is No Difference. Rheumatic Pericarditis Consists In Rheu Matic Inflammation Of The Investing Membrane Of The Heart. As Already Explained, Such Inflammation Is Most Common In Acute Cases And In Young Subjects. Of All ...

Poisons Gout
Poisons - Gout. The Interesting Observations Of Haig Have Made More Prominent Than Formerly Certain Facts Regarding The Influence Of A Considerable Number Of Chemical Agents In The Production Of Arthritic Symptoms Through Their Hindrance Of The Excretion Of Uric Acid. Chief Among These Substances Are " Acids, Iron, Lead, ...

Post Mortemmyocarditis
Post Mortemmyocarditis. The Post-mortem Appearances Presented In Cases Of Myocarditis, Like The Symptoms During Life, Are Not Very Obvious, Though Quite Distinct When Carefully Looked For. They Consist Chiefly In Loss Of Consistence In The- Ventricular Walls, For The Disease Is Generally Lim Ited To The Left Ventricle. The Muscular ...

Primary Myositis Diseasesof
Primary Myositis - Diseases Of The Muscles. We May Say That The Work Of Pasteur And Of His Followers Has Thrown New Light Upon The Entire Field Of Medicine; And The Chapter On Myositis Forms No Exception To This Statement. Indeed, The Ques Tions Of Its Etiology And Pathology Have ...

Primary Progressive Myopathy
Primary Progressive Myopathy. This Affection Did Not Outer Already Complete Into Nosological Nomenclature, But Took Ground There Little By Little, Being Built Up By The Approximation Of Elements At First Regarded As Iu No Way Re Lated To Each Other. Its History Is Therefore Somewhat Complex And Has Only Recently ...

Prognosis Addisons Diseaseand
Prognosis - Addison's Disease And Other We Have So Far No Certain Evidence Of The Complete Arrest Or Cure Of Any Ease Of This Malady. Temporary Improvement Is All That Can Be Looked For. Some Of The Chronic Cases Appear To Last For Five Or Six Years. The Average Age ...

Prognosis Arthritis Deformans
Prognosis - Arthritis Deformans. Seeing, Then, That Arthritis Deformans Has No Tendency To Attack Any Vital Organ, It Is No Matter For Surprise That The Disease Is Apt To Persist For Many Years, Sometimes Rendering The Patient A Helpless Cripple, And Being Terminated Only By The Supervention Of Some In ...

Prognosis Gout
Prognosis - Gout. Garrod Has Informed Us Of The Very Signifidant Fact That The English Assurance Companies Always Demand A Higher Premium For The Insurance Of Applicants Who Have Had Articular Attacks Of Gout Than For Those Who Have Not Experienced That Misfortune. This Is Decisive As To The Opinion ...

Progressive Atrophic Myopathy
Progressive Atrophic Myopathy. For The Sake Of Clearness Of Presentation I Have Thought It Best To Describe Separately The Two Forms Of Primary Myopathy, Viz., Pseudo Hypertrophic And Atrophic Paralysis, Notwithstanding That These Two Clinical Types Are Of The Same Nature. We Will Now Take Up The Con Sideration Of ...

Prophylactic Treatment Complicationsof
Prophylactic Treatment - Complications Of Diabetes. We Can Scarcely Say Anything Of The Prophylaxis Of Diabetes Mel Litus Beyond Laying Down The Most Ordinary And Every-day Rules Of A Hygienic And Health-preserving Mode Of Life. Practically It Is Only Under Certain Special Circumstances That We Can Have To Do With ...

Prophylaxis In Early Life
Prophylaxis In Early Life. As To The First Category We Have To Do Principally With An Heredi Tary Disposition. The Children Of Such Parents, According To The Liter Ature, Already At Birth Show A High Degree Of Adiposity, Or They May Take On Abnormally Large Quantities Of Fatty Tissue A ...

Prophylaxis In More Advanced
Prophylaxis In More Advanced Life And After Effective Reduction Of The Fat Under Treatment. In This Section We Shall Consider The Prescriptions Suitable For A Patient Whose Surplus Fat Has Been Reduced To The Norm By Thera Peutic Measures, Which Will Depend Entirely Upon Previous Changes In The Organs Which ...

Pseudo Hypertrophic Muscularparalysis
Pseudo - Hypertrophic Muscular Paralysis. This Disease Belongs To Childhood, And Rarely Begins After The Tenth Year, Although Cases Have Been Reported In Children Of Fourteen Or Fifteen Years. It Occurs More Frequently In Boys Than Girls, And Often Attacks Several Members Of The Same Family. The Direct Examination Of ...

Purgatives Gout Medicinaltreatment
Purgatives Gout - Medicinal Treatment. The Employment Of Purgatives In The Treatment Of Gouty Con Ditions Must Be Conducted With Moderation And Precaution. Chola Gogues And Cathartics Are For The Most Part Beneficial Only So Far As They Promote Good Digestion And Obviate Hepatic Congestion. For This Reason It Is ...

Relation Of Glycosuria To
Relation Of Glycosuria To The Ingestion Of Fat And Alcohol. A. Fat.—up To The Present Time The Influence Of Carbohydrates And Albumin Upon The Excretion Of Sugar Has Alone Entered Into Consid Eration. But It Is Of The Utmost Importance To Know How Fat Acts In This Respect. Fat Is ...

Relation Of Glycosuria To_2
Relation Of Glycosuria To Muscular Exercise. As A General Rule The Effect Of Muscular Exercise Is To Reduce The Glycosuria, The Dietary Condition Remaining Unchanged (zimmer, Kill; Von Mering). Among The Exercises Of This Nature Are Walking, Mountain-climbing, Wheel-turning, Work At The Ergostat, Etc. This Fact Is Readily Understood, If ...

Relation Of Glycosuria To_3
Relation Of Glycosuria To The Condition Of The Digestive Organs. In Diabetes The Paradox Has Been Observed That The Glycosuria The Phenomenon Upon Which We Depend Especially To Measure The Gravity Of The Disease—diminishes Immediately Upon The Intercur Rence Of Gastro-intestinal Disturbances. This Is, However, Only An Apparent Paradox, And ...

Relation Of Glycosuria To_4
Relation Of Glycosuria To Intercurrent Diseases. I Have Already Had Occasion To Note The Fact That In Many Cases Of Diabetes The Urine Becomes Less Saccharine Or Entirely Sugar-free During The Intercurrence Of An Acute Pyretic Infectious Disease. This Is An Old Experience. Typhoid Fever And Relapsing Fever Are Most ...

Results Of The Dietetic
Results Of The Dietetic - Mechanical Treatment - Obesity. If This Dietetic-mechanical Treatment Of Obesity, Even In The Ad Vanced Stages Of The Disease, But Not In The Final Stages, Is Carried Out According To The Above Rules, The Result Is Without Exception A Cure, Or In Advanced Degeneration Or ...

Retrocedent Gout
Retrocedent Gout. Betrocedent Gout Requires Prompt And Energetic Treatment. The Transfer Of Symptoms Is To Either The Head, The Heart, Or The Gastro Int-stinal Tract. The Indications For Treatment Are Twofold—to Obviate The Danger Of Collapse, And To Recall The Disease To The Distal Articulations Of The Limbs. When The ...

Rheumatic Fever Or Acute
Rheumatic Fever; Or Acute Articular Rheumatism. The Phenomena Which Present Themselves For Consideration In This Disease Are: 1. The Occurrence, Along With The General Febrile Disturbance, Of A Local Inflammatory Lesion. 2. The Almost Entire Limitation Of This Lesion (a) To Such Parts Of The Motor Apparatus Of The Body ...

Rheumatic Hyperpyrexia
Rheumatic Hyperpyrexia. Every Now And Then A Case Of Acute Rheumatism Occurs Which, After Presenting The Symptoms Of The Malady In The Ordinary Form, Suddenly Develops Alarming Nervous Symptoms, With A Temperature Rapidly Rising To 107°, 108°, 109°, Or Even Higher, And A Tendency To Death By Coma. Our Knowledge ...

Rheumatic Myositis Diseasesof
Rheumatic Myositis - Diseases Of The Muscles. I Remarked Above, When Speaking Of Acute Primary Myositis, That Certain Authors Regarded This As Belonging To The Class Of Rheumatic Diseases. Indeed We Are Always Tempted To Refer Muscular Inflamma Tions To The Agency Of The Rheumatic Poison. I Believe, However, That ...

Rheumatism Case
Rheumatism - Case I.—a Girl, Aged 16, Never Had Rheumatism Before. Was Quite Well On April 12th, 1876. Ou The 13th Felt Out Of Sorts, And Had A General Feeling Of Cold, With Some Pain In The Limbs. On The 14th The Pains Increased, And Toward Evening Got Very Bad. ...

Rheumatism Case
Rheumatism - Case —a Man, 44, Had Rheumatic Fever When He Was 28 Years Of Age, Again When He Was 30, A Third Time When He Was 33, And A Fourth Time When He Was 37. On The First Occasion He Was Confined To The House For Three Months, And ...

Rheumatism Case Iii
Rheumatism - Case Iii Man, Wt. 30, Robust And Well Built, Had Rheumatic Fever For The First Time Four Years Ago. Was Then Two Months In Bed, And Three Off Work. December 31st, 1878: Two Days Ago Was Seized With Pain In The Right Knee. Yesterday The Right Was A ...

Rheumatism Case Xi
Rheumatism Case Xi. " Symptoms Of Meningitis. Acute Inflammation Of The Pericardium.—a Aged 26, The Mother Of Two Children, And .7d Who Had Recently Had A Miscarriage, Was Admitted Into La Charite Early In The Year 1820, In Such A State Of Delirium That No Information Could Be Got Regarding ...

Rheumatism Case Xiii
Rheumatism Case Xiii. —a Man, Aged 25, Of Irregular Rather Than Of Dissi Pated Habits, Had An Ordinary Attack Of Acute Rheumatism With The Characteristic Joint Affection And Acid Sweats Of The Disease. The Temperature Ranged From 102° To 103° F. He Was Treated With Sali Cylate Of Soda. His ...

Rheumatism Case_2
Rheumatism - Case Ii.—a Girl, Aged 17; Had Always Enjoyed Good Health. With The Exception Of Measles And Scarlatina In Childhood Never Had Any Ailment. On May 26th, 1878, She Felt Out Of Sorts And Had Such Aching In The Limbs That She Did Not Leave The House. On The ...

Rheumatism Case_3
Rheumatism - Case V.—a Man, Yet. 22; Never Had Rheumatism Before. December 12th, 1877: Present Attack Commenced Four Days Ago With Sore Throat And General Aching. Now The Pain Is Localized In The Left Knee, Both Ankles, And Right Shoulder. Except The Shoulder, The Affected Joints Are Slightly Swollen, And ...

Rheumatism Case_4
Rheumatism - Case Yi.—a Woman, Aged 25, Seen March 2d, 1878, Had Rheumatic Fever Five Years Ago, Was Then Laid Up For Two Months. Present Attack Began Five Days Ago With Aching In The Limbs. March 2d: Face Flushed And Anxious, Skin Covered With Acid Per Spiration, Tongue Furred, Urine ...

Rheumatism Case_5
Rheumatism Case Xil. —"a Boy, Aged 12 Years, Although Of A Delicate Frame, Had Enjoyed Generally A Good State Of Health. On Saturday, The 20th Of April, He Was Apparently Quite Well, Having Been On That Day On A Visit To One Of His Relations By Whom This Remark Was ...

Rheumatism Case_6
Rheumatism Case Xiv.—a Man, Aged 40, Had An Ordinary Attack Of Acute Rheumatism With Inflamed And Swollen Joints, Sweats, And A Tem Perature Varying From 101 To 102.4°. He Was Treated By Alkalies And Salicylate Of Soda. Though His Pains Were Less And The Temperature Fell A Little He Did ...

Rheumatism Case_7
Rheumatism Case Xv.—a Girl, Aged 20, Who Had Previously Enjoyed Good Health, Suffered From An Attack Of Acute Rheumatism In March, 1872. The Attack Was An Ordinary One Of Medium Severity, Presenting No Unusual Feature, But Complicated By A Slight Attack Of Endocarditis Which Gave Rise To No Subjective Symptom, ...

Salicylic And Benzoic Acids
Salicylic And Benzoic Acids - Gout Medicinal Treatment. Sodium Salicylate Is The Form In Which Salicylic Acid Is Usually Exhibited. Too Great Care Cannot Be Taken To Procure A Pure Specimen Of The Drng. Many Of The Failures In Its Use Are The Result Of Impuri Ties In The Medicine, ...

Season Gout
Season - Gout. The Change Of The Seasons Produces A Decided Effect Upon The Manifestations Of Gout. The Disease Is Most Frequently Experienced In The Spring And Autumn Of The Year. Various Causes Unite To Bring About This Result, And It Cannot Be Ascribed To Any Single Fact. It Is ...

Second Group Foods Permissible
Second Group Foods Permissible In Moderate Quantities - Diabetes These Contain Carbohydrates, But So Little That They Need Not Be Considered, And Demand No Compensation By A Reduction In The Allow Ance Of Bread. Some Of The Articles Contain A Rather Large Percentage Of Carbohydrates, But The Absolute Quantity In ...

Secondary Arthritis Deformans
Secondary Arthritis Deformans. It Is Often Very Difficult To Be Sine Whether Or No The Chronic Ar Ticular Lesions Which Follow As The Sequelm Of Various Acute Forms Of Arthritis Are Actually Of The Natu] L Of Arthritis Deformans Or Merely Simulate That Disease. There Cinnot, I Think, He Any ...

Secondary Myositis Diseasesof
Secondary Myositis - Diseases Of The The Muscles May Became Inflamed In Consequence Of A Large Num Ber Of Influences Acting Upon Them From Without. In The First Place An Inflammation Which Is Primarily Limited To A Certain Region, To One Tissue Or One Organ, May Advance Slowly And Gradually ...

Secondary Trophic Troubles Diseases
Secondary Trophic Troubles - Diseases Of The Muscles. We Shall Not Devote Much Time To A Consideration Of Secondary Trophic Affections Of The Muscles. They Are Really An Essential Part Of The Diseases With Which They Are Associated, And Their Description Belongs Rather To Treatises Dealing With These Diseases. I ...

Severe Cases With Ordinary
Severe Cases With Ordinary Onset And Course - Complications Of Diabetes. Here Nothing Definite Can Be Learned Of The Beginning Of The Dis Ease. The Bodily Weakness, Intellectual Relaxation, Impotence, And Emaciation Have Come On Gradually And Almost Imperceptibly. The Patients Look Upon Themselves As Nervous And Overworked In Body ...

Severe Forms Of Glycosuria
Severe Forms Of Glycosuria. Under This Heading Are Grouped Those Cases In Which, In Spite Of A Continued Diet As Free As Possible From Carbohydrates, Sugar Is Con Stantly Excreted In The Urine. In Order To Stop The Glycosuria Entirely The Proteids Must Be Restricted As Well As The Carbohydrates, ...

Sex Gout
Sex - Gout. Are Far Less Liable Than Men To The Incidence Of Gout. Even Among The English, Scudamore Could Find But 12 Females Out Of 68 Cases Of The Disease. Durand-fardel And Patissier, In A Total Of 580 Cases, Numbered Only 20 Women. If, However, The Allied Diseases, Lithiasis ...

Symptomatic Myositis Diseasesof
Symptomatic Myositis - Diseases Of The Muscles. We Consider The Importance Of The Muscular Tissue In The Organism, We May Well Imagine A Priori That Every General Disease Ought To Affect It More Or Less; And Iu Fact Lesions Of The Muscles Have Been Observed In A Very Large Number ...

Symptomatology Of Gout
Symptomatology Of Gout. Before Passing To The Consideration Of The Symptoms Of An Acute Attack Of Articular Gout, It Is Important To Know Its Antecedents ; In A Word, To Recognize The Signs That Characterize The Arthritic Diathesis. By This Term Is Meant A Predisposition To A Certain Class Of ...