Home >> British Encyclopedia >> Voice to Zoology

American Edition of the British Encyclopedia

Voice
Voice. The Parts Employed In The Production Of The Voice Are, The Trachea, Or Wind-pipe, By Which The Air Passes To And From The Lungs : The Larynx, Which Is A Short And Cylindrical Canal At The Head Of The Trachea ; And The Glottis, Which Is A Small Oval ...

Volcanoes
Volcanoes, Mountains Which Emit Ignited Matter And Smoke Through Aper Tures, Communicating With Cavities In The Depths Of The Earth, Where Eternal Fires Are Situated, That Burn With More Or Less Force, As They Are Influenced By Causes Which It Is Impossible Should Ever Be Explained By Actual Observation, But ...

Votes
Votes. The Decision Of Any Ques Tion By An Assembly Of Persons, Being In Its Own Nature Impracticable In The Case Of Dissent By One Or More Of The Indi Viduals, It Becomes An Object Of Practical Necessity To Provide For That Case, In Moat , Instances, By Some Expedient. ...

Vpp Y Y3
(= Vp+p) = Y Y 3 = Y X 1 - ; The Fluent Of Which, Universally Expressed In An Infinite Series, N =y2 To. Is Y 2n- Lx2a2n.-.2 4n 3 X 8 A4n--t &c. =6n 5 X 16 Case Ii. Let All The Ordinates ...

Wales
Wales. By Statute 27 Henry Viii. C. 26, And Other Subsequent Statutes, The Dominion Of Wales Shall Be Incorporated With, And Part Of The Realm Of England ; And All Persons Born In Wales Shall Enjoy All Liberties And Privileges As The Subjects In England Do. And The Lands In ...

Wallis
Wallis (dr. John), In Biography, An Eminent English Mathematician, Was The Son Of A Clergyman, And Born At Ashford, In Kent, November 23, 1616. After Be. Ing Instructed, At Different Schools, In Grammar Learning, In Latin, Greek, And Hebrew, With The Rudiments Of Logic, Music, And The French Language, He ...

Wapentake
Wapentake (from The Saxon), The Same With What We Call A Hundred, And More Especially Used In The Northern Counties Beyond The River Trent. There Have Been Several Conjectures As To The Original Of The Word ; One Of Which Is, That Anciently Musters Were Made Of The Ar Mour ...

Warping
Warping. These Points Must Be Well Understood, Because They Form A Very Prominent Fea Ture In The Practice Of Irrigation, And Will Be Found Highly Worthy The Notice Of All Who Iay Their Lands Down With That In Tention. But We Must Observe, That Many Soils Laying Contiguous To Streams, ...

Warrant
Warrant, A Pracipe, Under Hand And Seal, To Some Officer, To Bring Any Of Fender Before The Person Granting It ; And Warrants Of Commitment Are Issued, By The Privy Council, A Secretary Of State, Or Justice Of Peace, &c. Where There Has Been A Private Information, Or A Witness ...

Waste
Waste, Is The Committing Any Spoil Or Destruction In Houses, Lands, &c. By Tenants, To The Damage Of The Heir, Or Of Him In Reversion Or Remainder ; Where Upon The Writ Or Action Of Waste Is Brought For The Recovery Of The Thing 'wasted, And Damages For The Waste ...

Watch
Watch, In The Art Of War, A Number Of Men Posted At Any Passage, Or A Com Pany Of The Guards Who Go On The Patrol. At Sea The Term Watch Denotes A Mea Sure Or Space Of Four Hours, Becadse Half The Ship's Company Watch And Do Duty In ...

Water
Water, A Transparent Fluid, Without Co Lour, Smell, Or Taste, In A Very Small Degree Compressible ; When Pure, Not Liable To Spontaneous Change ; Liquid In The Com Mon Temperature Of Our Atmosphere, As Suming The Solid Form At 32 Fahrenheit, And The Gaieous At 212, But Returning Unaltered ...

Water Ma
Water *ma An Extraordinary Me Teor, Most Frequently Observed At Sea. It Generally Begins By A Cloud, Which Ap Pears Very Small, And Which Is Called By The Sailors The Squall : This Augments In A Little Time Into All Enormous Cloud Of A Cy Lindrical Form, Or That Of ...

Waters
Waters, Mineral. The Complete And Accurate Analysis Of Mineral Waters Is One Of The Most Difficult Subjects Of Chemical Research, And Requires A Very Extensive Acquaintance With The Properties And Ha Bitudes Of A Numerous Class Of Substances. Such Minuteness, However, Is Scarcely Ever Required In The Experiments That Are ...

Wave
Wave, In Physics, A Volume Of Water Elevated By The Action Of The Wind, &c. Upon Its Surface, Into A State Of Fluctua Tion, And Accompanied By A Cavity. The Extent From The Bottom Or Lowest Point Of One Cavity, And Across The Elevation, To The Bottom Of The Next ...

Weather
Weather, Rulesforjudging Of 1. The Rising Of The Mercury Presages, In Gene Ral, Fair Weather ; And Its Falling Foul Wea Ther, As Rain, Snow, High Winds, And Storms. 1 Yhen The Surface Of The Mercu Ry Is Convex, Or Stands Higher In The Mid Dle Than At The Sides, ...

Weaving
Weaving, The Art Of Making Threads Into Cloth. This Art Is Of Very Ancient Origin. The Fabulous Story Of Penelope's Web; And, Still More, The Frequent Allu Sions To This Art In The Sacred Writings, Tend To Show, That The Constructing Of Cloth From Threads, Hair, &c. Is A Very ...

Weight
Weight, In Physics, Is A Quality In Natural Bodies, By Which They Tend To Wards The Centre Of The Earth. See Gan Mation. Weight May Be Distinguish Ed Into Absolute, Specific, And Relative. It Is Demonstrated By Sir Isaac Newton ; 1. That The Weights Of All Bodies, At Equal ...

Wheel
Wheel. This Is One Of The Six Powers Of Mechanism ; And Without Doubt, Con Tributes More Than Any Of The Other Five To The General Convenience- Of Mankind, By The Wonderful Variety Of Purposes, From A Mill To A Watch, Wherein It Is Employed. It Is Our Intention, However, ...

Whispering
Whispering Places, Are Places Where A Whisper, Or Other Small Noise,..) May Be Heard From One Part To Another, To A Great Distance. They Depend On A Principle, That The Voice, &c. Being Ap Plied To One End Of An Arch, Easily Passes By Repeated Reflections To The Other. Hence ...

White
White, One Of The Colours Of Bodies. Though White Cannot Properly Be Said To Be One Colour, But Rather A Composition Of All The Colours Together ; For Newton Has Demonstrated, That Bodies Only Appear White By Reflecting All The Kinds Of Colour Ed Rays Alike; And That Even The ...

Wilkins
Wilkins (dr. Joss), In Biography, A Very Ingenious And Learned English Bish Op And Mathematician, Was The Son Of A Goldsmith At Oxford, And Born In 1614. After Being Educated In Amt La Tin, In Which He Made A Very Quick Pro Gress, He Was Entered A Student Of New ...

Will
Will In The Hartleyan Acceptation Of The Term, The Will Is That State Of Mind Which Is Immediately Previous To, And Causes Those Express Acts Of Memory, Imagination, Reasoning, Or Bodily Motion, Which We Term Voluntary ; Corresponding To The Common Acceptation Of The Term Volition. In The More Customary ...

Will_2
`will, Freedom Of. There Are, Per Haps, Tew Topics Of Inquiry Which Have More Than This Perplexed The Understand Ings And Irritated The Passions Of Man Kind. From The Continued Conflict Of Opinion Which Has Existed On The Subject, In Every Age Since The Operations Of The Mind Of Man ...

Will_3
Will And Testament, Is That Disposi Tion Of Property Which Is Made By A Per Son To Take Place After His Decease. Every Person Capable Of Binding Himself By Con Tract, Is Capable Of Making A Will. Also A Male Infant Of The Age Of Four Teen Years And Upwards, ...

Wilt Ian Whiston
Whiston, (wilt-ian!), An English Divine, Philosopher, And Mathematician, Of Uncommon Parts, Learning, And Extra Ordinary Character, Was Born The 9th Of December 1667, At Norton In The Coun Ty Of Leicester, Where His Father Was Rec Tor, He Was Educated Under His Father Till He Was Seventeen Years Of Age, ...

Windmill
Windmill, A Kind Of Mill, The Inter Nal Parts Of Which Are Much The Same With Those Of A Water-mill ; From Which, However, It Differs, In Being Moved By The Impulse Of The Wind Upon Its Vanes Or Sails, Which Are To Be Considered As A Wheel On The ...

Wine
Wine. See Fermentation, &z. All ; Wines Contain An Acid, Alcohol, Tartar, Ex Tract, Aroma, And A Colouring Matter. The Presence And Nature Of Each Of These T Principles May Be Ascertained In The Fol Lowing Way. 1. Acid. All Wines, Even The Softest And Mildest, Redden Litmus, And Therefore ...

Wire
Wire Drawing, The Art Of Drawing Out Long Bars Of Metal, By Pulling It Through Holes In A Plate Of Steel, Or Other Fit Me Tallic Compound. In Order That A Wire May Be Drawn, It Is Requisite That The Metal Should Have Considerable Tenacity. Gold, Silver, Iron, Steel, Copper, ...

Wood
Wood. See Tx St Her. The Wood O Vegetables Consists Of Fibres, Impregnated With A Variety Of The Natural Juices Of The Plant, As Mucilage, Resin, Colouring Mat Ter, Extract, Essential Oil, Sugar, 8,cc. All Of These May Be Obtained From One Or Other Kind Of Wood, By Applying Those ...

Wool
Wool, The Covering Of Sheep. Each Fleece Consists Of Wool Of Several Quali Ties And Degrees Of Fineness, Which The Dealers Therein Take Care To Separate. The Fineness And Plenty Of Our Wool Is Owing, In A Great Measure, To The Short Sweet Grass In Many Of Our Pastures And ...

Words
Words. As We Proposed, In Pinto Sopa; Mental, 104, We Shall Lay Before Our Readers A View Of Ilartley's Very Im Portant Principles, Respecting Some Of The Leading Phenomena Of The Understanding ; And We Beg To Refer Our Readers To Un Derstanding, For Another Branch Of Those Phenomena. These ...

Writing
Writing, Origin Of Alphabetical. The History Of The Origin And Progress Of Writ Ten Languages Is, In Most Of Its Stages, Less Enveloped In Obscurity Than That Of Oral Language. Difficulties Attend It In Common With Every Inquiry Into Antiquity; But The Data Are More Numerous And Pro Gressive Than ...

Wrong
Wrong Stamp. By 37 George Iii. C. 136. Any Instrument (except Bills Of Ex Change, Promissory Notes, Or Other Notes, Drafts, Or Orders) Liable To Stamp-duty, Whereon Shall Be Impressed Any Stamp Of A Different Denomination, But Of An Equal Or Greater Value Than The Stamp Required, May Be Stamped ...

Years
Years, Estate For. Tenant For Term Of Years Is, Where A Man Letteth Lands Or Te Nements To Another, For A Certain Term Of Years Agreed Upon Between The Lessor And Lessee ; And When The Lessee Entereth By Force Of The Lease, Then Lie Is Tenant For Term Of ...

Yunx
Yunx, The Wry-neck., In Natural History,^ A Genus Of Birds Of The Order Mex. Ge Neric Character ; Bill Somewhat Round, Slightly Incurvated And Weak ; Nostrils Bare And Rather Concave ; Tongue Long, Slender, And Armed At The Point ; Tail Of Ten Flexible Feathers ; Feet Formed For ...

Zanonia
Zanonia, In Botany, So Named In Me Mory Of Giacomo Zanoni, Prefect Of The Botanic Garden At Bologna, A Genus Of The Dioecia Pentandria Class And Order. Na Tural Order Of Cuctirbitacex, Jussieu. Essential Cliaract:1 : Calyx Three-leaved ; Corolla Five-parted : Female, Styles Three; Berry Three-celled, Inferior ; Seeds ...

Zeno
Zeno, In Biography, A Greek Philoso Pher Of Considerable Eminence, Was Born Vol. Vi. . In The Isle Of Cyprus. He Was Founder Of The Stoics, A Sect Which Had Its Name From That Of A Portico At Athens, Where' Zeno Was Accustomed To Deliver His Dis Courses. The Father ...

Zinc
Zinc; In Chemistry And Mineralogy, A Metal Unknown To The Ancients,though They Were Acquainted With Calamine, One Of Its Ores, And The Effect Which This Had In Con Verting Copper Into Brass. Zinc Has Usu Ally Been Ranked Among Those Metals, Which, From Their Imperfect Ductility And Malleability, Were Long ...

Zoology
Zoology, Constitutes That Branch Of Natural History Which Relates To Animals. Various Methods Of Arrangement Have, By Different Naturalists, Been Devised To Render This Branch Of Study Easy Of Com Prehension, And Familiar To The Minds Of Those Who Wish For A General View Of Ani Mated Nature. We Shall, ...