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Chamber's Encyclopedia, Volume 4

Conductors And Non Conductors Of
Conductors And Non-conductors Of Electricity. If A Rod Of Metal Be Made To Touch The Prime Conductor Of An Electrical Machine Immediately After The Plate Has Ceased To Rotate, Every Trace Of Electricity Immediately Disappears. But If The Rod Were Of Shellac, Little Or No Diminution Would Be Perceptible In ...

Confederation Of The Rhine
'confederation Of The Rhine. During The War Of 1805, So Disastrous For Aus Tria, Several German Princes, Too Weak To Remain Neutral, Were Forced To Ally Themselves With France. The First To Do So Were The Electors Of Bavaria And Wurtemberg, Who, In Recompense Of Their Services, Were Elevated To ...

Conference
Conference, A Coming Together To Consult Upon Any Cause Or Course. In Legisla Tion There Are Often Committees Of Conference When The Two Houses Of Congress Or Of A State Legislature Disagree On Any Measure. In That Case Each House Appoints Ai Committee, And These Committees Either A Single Course, ...

Conferences Of The Methodist
Conferences Of The Methodist Episcopal Church Are Five In Number: 1. The Quarterly Conference, Limited To A Single Pastoral Charge (or Local Church), And Hav Ing Supervision Over It. Its Members Are (lie Pastor, Local Preachers, Exhorters, Stewards, And Class-leaders, Together With The Trustees And Sunday-school Superintendent, If Mem Bers ...

Conferta
Conferta, A Genus Of Plants Of The Natural Order Alga!, Sub-order Confercacete (or Order Confervacecc). The Plants Of This Genus Consist Of Simple Or Branching Jointed Fila Ments, Which Are Filled With Green—seldom Purple Or Red—matter, And Are Found In Abundance In Water—sonie Of Them In Fresh, And Some In ...

Confession
Confession, In Roman Catholic Theology, Means A Declaration Of Sins To A Priest In Order To Obtain Absolution. The Practice Of C. Is Believed By Roman Catholics To Be Of Divine Institution, Being Founded On The Power Of Binding And Loosing From Sin Conferred On The Apostles By Christ (matt. ...

Confidentiality
Confidentiality, In Law. The Most Common Instance Of C. Is In The Case Of Those Communications Between A Client And His Legal Adviser, Which Neither Of Them Can Be Called On To Produce In A Suit, And Upon Which No Action Of Damages Can Be Founded. The Privilege Extends To ...

Confirmation
Confirmation, A Latin Word Which Signifies Strengthening. In The Ancient Church, The Rite So Named Was Administered Immediately After Baptism, If The Bishop Happened To Be Present At The Solemnity, Which Is Still The Custom Iu The Greek And African Churches. In The Roman Catholic Church, For The Last 300 ...

Conflict Of Laws
Conflict Of Laws. On The Breaking Up Of The Roman Empire Into Separate King Doms. As Many Systems Of Jurisprudence, More Or Less Dissimilar, Arose, And Were Admin Istered Side By Side. But Owing To Commercial Intercourse And Inter-marriage, Many Persons Held Property In More Countries Than One; Many Possessed ...

Confuciits
Confu'ciits, A Celebrated Chinese Sage, Was B. 19th June. 551 Tlc., At Shang-ping, Near The Town Of Tscaise, In The Petty Kingdom Of Lu. His Own Name Was Kong. But His Disciples Called Him Kong-fu-tse (i.e., " Kong, The Master Or Teacher"). Which The Jesuit Missionaries Latinized Into Confucius. His ...

Congestion
Congestion May Be Defined To Be "excess Of Blood In The Vessels Of A Part, With Diminished Motion Of That Blood." The Chief Causes Of Congestion May Be Classed Under The Two Heads Of (1) Congestion From Venous Obstruction, And (2) Congestion From Want Of Tone In The Vessels. 1. ...

Congo
Congo, In The Widest Sense Of The Name, Includes All The Countries On The W. Coast Of Africa Lying Between The Equator And Lat. 18° S.; But More Definitely The Name Is Given To The Territory Lying Between The Rivers Dando And Congo, Or Zaire.—the Great Central African River, The ...

Congregationalism Independents
Congregationalism (independents, Ante), A Church Polity According To Which Any Congregation Of Believers, Associated For Christian Worship And Work, Mutual Edification, And The Maintenance Of Christian Ordinances, Is A Church Of Christ, Subject To No Ecclesiastical Authority, Though Bound By The Law Of Christ To Be In Fellowship Especially With ...

Congress
Congress, An Assembly Either Of Sovereign Princes, Or Of The Delegated Representa Tives Of Sovereign States, For The Purpose Of Considering Matters Of International Interest. Even In America, Though The Term Has Now A Different Meaning (see Txrred States), It Had A Similar Origin, The First C. Being That Of ...

Conifer
Conifer. (lat. Cone-bearers), An Important Natural Order Of Exogenous Plants, Containing The Pines, Firs, Juniper, Yew, Etc.: Agreeing With The Other Exogenous Orders Generally In The Structure Of The Stem And In The Mode Of Vegetation, Hut Differing Remarkably From Most Of Them In Having Naked Ovules—i.e., Ovules Which Are ...

Conjugation
Conjugation (lat. A Connecting Or Together), A Term In Grammar Applilld To A Connected View Or Statement Of The Changes Of Form That A Verb (q.v.) Undergoes In Its Various Relations. See Inflection. The Forms Usually Included Under This Term Are Those That Serve To Mark: 1. Person, Or The ...

Conjunction
Conjunction, In Astronomy, Is One Of The Aspects (q. Sr.) Of The Planets. Two Heavenly Bodies Are In C. When They Have The Same Longitude—that Is, When The Same Perpendicular To The Ecliptic Passes Through Both. If They Have, At The Same Time, The Same Latitude--that Is, If They Are ...

Conjunctions
Conjunctions', One Of The "parts Of Speech," Or Classes, Into Which Gramma Rians Divide Words. C. Serve The Purpose Of Connecting Sentences, Parts Of Sentences, And Single Words; As "day Ends, And Night Begins. William And John Learn. Latin. Charles And James Carried The Basket Between Them." In The First ...

Connecticut
Connecticut, The Most South-westerly State Of New England In The United States, And One Of The Original Members Of The Great Confederacy, Is Situated In Let. 41° To 42° 3' N., And Long. 71° 55' To 73' 50' West. Arca. 4,750 Sq. Miles. Between 1790 And 1870, The Inhabitants Had ...

Connecticut
Connecticut (ante), (from The Indian Name Of The River, Quon-ek-ta-kot, Mean Ing " Long River"); One Of The Original 13 States. The Region Was First Explored By The Dutch From New Amsterdam (new York), But They Made No Settlement Until 1633, When They Built A Fort Called The " House ...

Consanguinity
Consanguinity Is Relationship By Blood, As Distinguished From Affinity (q.v.), Or Connection By Marriage. C. Is Either Direct Or Lineal—that Is To Say, In A Line Constituted By Persons Generating And Generated, Whether It Be Regarded In An Ascending Or Descend Ing Point Of View; Or It Is Collateral, Oblique, ...

Consanguinity
' Consanguinity (lat. Con, Together, And Sanguis, Blood), The Relationship Which Subsists Between Persons Who Are Of The Same Blood. It Is Either Is The Relationship Between Ascendants And Descendants—or Collateral, Between Persons Sprung From A Common Ancestor. In The Direct Line, A Son Is Said To Stand In The ...

Conscience
Conscience, Iienonicic, The Most Fertile And Original Writer Of Fiction In Belgium, Was Horn Dec. 3, 1819, At Antwerp, Where His Father Was Inspector Of The Dock-yards, Until He Became A Dealer In Waste-paper, Old Books, Etc. C. Educated Himself By The Aid Of His Father's Miscellaneous Store Of Books ...

Consciousness
Consciousness. This Is Perhaps The Most Comprehensive Term Employed In Desig Nating The Mind. If It Had Been Used Only In Its Widest Signification, There Would Have Been Little Diffienity In Defining It; But Unfortunately There Are Some Exceedingly Impor Tant Meanings Of A Narrower Range That Are Commonly Expressed ...

Conscription
Conscription Is The System Whereby The French—since The Year 1795—and Some Other Foreign Armies A/o Recruited. It Differs Essentially From The English System In Being Compulsory, And, Taken For All In All, As A Disturbance Of The System Of Employ Ment In All Grades Of Society, Is Probably The Most ...

Consecration
Consecration Is The Act Of Solemnly Dedicating A Person Or Thing To The Service Of God. It Is One Of The Most Widely Spread Religious Ceremonies Of The Ancient World, Being Practiced In India, Egypt, Chidden, Judea, Greece, Rome, Britain, And Other Countries. In The Old Testament We Read Of ...

Consent
Consent. When We State That C. Is The Foundation Of All Contracts And Legal Obli Gations Of Every Kind. We State A Proposition Often In The Mouths Of Lawyers, But The Vast Magnitude And Importance Of Which Is By No Means Always Apparent Even To Them. The Doctrine That The ...

Conservators Of Tiie Peace
Conservators Of Tiie Peace. The Sovereign, By Virtue Of His Office, Is The Prin Cipal Conservator Of The Peace Within These Realms. The Function Which Lie Thus Possesses Lie May Delegate, Thus Constituting A Subject A Conservator Of The Peace. The Office, I Ce, However, Must Always Be Exercised In ...

Consideration
Consideration, In Law, The Thing Given, Or Done, Or The Forbearing Or Suffering Something As Recompense To Another, For Doing, Giving. Forbearing, Or Suffering. Au Obligation Incurred Without C. Is, In England, Termed Voluntary, In Scotland Gratuitous; If For C., It Is So Styled In England, But In Scotland'it Is ...

Consistory
Consistory (lat, Consistorium), Properly, A Place Of Assembly, But In The Later Latin Ity The Word Came To Signify The Particular Place Where The Privy Council Or Cabinet Of The Roman Emperor Met, And After The Time Of Diocletian And Constantine, The Council Itself. The Assessors Of This Council Were ...

Consonance
Con'sonance, In Music, A Term Applied To Combinations Of Sounds, Whose Vibrations When Heard Together So Satisfy The Ear That No Other Sound Is Wished For, Or Expected To Follow. The More Or Less Satisfying Effect Of C. Depends On The Greater Or Less Simplic Ity Of The Interval Formed ...

Constable
Constable (lat. Eonstabulus). Whether This Officer Was Called Originally Comes Stabuli, The Count Of The Stable Or Master Of The Horse (as Alleged By Ducange), Or The Koninq-stapel, Staff And Stay Of The King (as Coke, Selden, And Others, With Less Reason, Have Maintained), The C., Both In France And ...

Constantia
Constantia, A District Of Cape Colony, In South Africa, Lying On The Eastern And N.e. Slopes Of Table Mountain Range, And Distant From Cape Town About 12 Miles. C. Consists Of Only Two Estates, Great Constantin And Little Constantin, Which Have Long Been Famed For The Quality Of The Wines ...

Constantine I
Constantine I., Fravms Valerios Aurelius, Surnamed "the Great," A Roman Emperor, Was B. 272 Or 274 A.d., At Naissus, In Mwsia. He Was The Eldest Sou Of Con Stantins Chlorus, And First Distinguished Himself By His Military Talents Under Diocletian, In That Monarch's Famous Egyptian Expedition, 296; Subsequently He Served ...

Constantinople
Constantinople, Couxcas Of. Eight Have Been Held Which Are Recognized As Ecumenical Either By The Greek Or Latin Church, Or By Both. The First Was The 2d Ecumenical Council Of The Church, Convened In 381 By The Emperor Theodosius I. To Legalize His Violent Ejectment Of The Arians From The ...

Constantinople
Constantino'ple, Called By The Turks Stamboul Or Was Originally Called Byzantium (q.v.). In 330 A.d., The Emperor Constantine Made It The Capital Of The Roman Empire, And Called It After His Own Name, Constantinople. From This Period Dates Its Importance. It Continued Thenceforth To Be The Residence Of The Roman, ...

Constellation
Constellation (lat. Con, Together, And Steno, A Star), A Group Of Stars. The Stars Which Stud The Firmament Have, From A Time Earlier Than Authentic Records Can Trace, Been Formed Into Artificial Groups, Which Have Received Names Borrowed From Fancy Or Fable. These Groups Are Called Consttllations. Though Quite Devoid ...

Constipation
Constipation, A State Of The System Marked By An Irregular And Sluggish Action Of The Bowels Upon Their Contents, Due Either To Defective Secretion Of The Juices Of The Intestinal Mucous Membrane, Or To An Imperfection Of The Peristaltic Movements (see Dioesnox). Sedentary Habits Predispose To C., As Also Does ...

Constitution
Constitution, In Politics (constitutio, From Lat. Constituere, To Set Up, Or Establish). In Its Modern Acceptation, C. Signifies A System Of Law Established By The Sovereign Power Of A State For Its Own Guidance. Such Being The Ultimate Object Of A C., Its Proximate Objects, Generally Stated, Are, To Fix ...

Constitution Of Matter
Constitution Of Matter. The Atomic Constitution Of Bodies Is Discussed When We Consider Whether They Consist Of Finite Ultimate Particles Called Atoms, Or Are Infi Nitely Divisible. The Cheniical Constitution Of Bodies Is The Mode In Which Elementary Substances Unite To Form Compounds. The Physical Constitution Of Bodies Is The ...

Consul
Consul, The Title Of The Two Highest Ordinary Magistrates In The Roman Republic. The Etymology Of The Word Cannot Be Precisely Determined; Thus Much, However, Seems Clear, That It Implies That There Were More Than One—that There Were Colleagues. The Idea Of Two Supreme Magistrates, Or Joint-presidents Of The State, ...

Consulate
Consulate (lat. Consulatus, Consulship), (in France). This Snpreme Magistracy Of The French Republic Was Established After The Revolution Of The 18th Brumaire (q.v.), And Lasted To The Coronation Of Napoleon. On The Sudden Overthrow Of The Directory With The Constitution Of The Year Iii., The Members Of The Council Of ...

Consumption
Consumption, In Medical Language, Phthisis, Tabes, Marasmus (q.v.), And More Par Ticularly Phthisis Pulmonalis Or Pulmonary C., Is A Disease Of Great Frequency And Severity, Which, In The Civilized Nations Of Europe, Produces From One Sixth To One Tenth Of The Total Mortality In Ordinary Times. It Is Uncertain Whether ...

Continent
Continent. Though No Mathematical Distinction Has Ever Been Drawn Between A C. And An Island, The Usage Of Language Has Generally Recognized Five Great Masses Or Divisions Of Land As Continents—europe, Asia, Africa, America, And Australia. Europe, Asia, And Africa Form Properly One Great C., The Only One Known To ...

Continental System Berlin Decree
Continental System; Berlin Decree.; Orders In Council. The C. S. Was The Name Given To Napoleon's Plan For Shutting England Out From All Connection With The Continent Of Europe, And Thus Compelling Her At Least To Acknowledge The Maritime Law Established At The Peace Of 'utrecht. See Neutrality. This System ...

Contraband Or War
Contraband Or War (lat. Contra Bannum, Against The Proclamation), Is A Name Applied To Certain Commodities, Or The Rules Relating To Them, During Hostilities Between States Which Acknowledge What Are Called The Laws Of Nations. One Such Law Is, That Neutral Nations Must Not Carry On, For The Advantage Of ...

Contract
Contract (coxse:s-r, Ante), An Agreement Between Two Or More Parties To Do Or Not To Do A Particular Thing. There Are Several Varieties Of Contract Besides The Ordi Nary Agreement Which Almost Every Person Understands. The Chief Of These Are Acces Sory Contracts Made To Assume The Performance Of A ...

Contractions
Contractions. The Wish Or Necessity Of Economizing Labor And Parchment, Led The Scribes Of The Middle Ages To Use A Great Many Abbreviations Or C. In Their Many. Contravention. 28g Convalescent. Scripts. These C. Were Transplanted Into The First Printed Books; And More Recently They Have Been Reproduced In Many ...

Convalescent Hospitals
Convalescent Hospitals, Although As Yet Rare In This Country, Are Institutions Of The Greatest Importance. All Who Arc Acquainted With Our Ordinary Hospitals, Which Are Often Situated In Crowded Parts Of Populous Cities, Must Feel That A Very Considerable Number Of Patients Must Almost Of Necessity Die Soon After Returning ...

Conveyancing
Conveyancing Is The Art Of Preparing The Deeds Or Instruments Used For The Trans Ference Of Property From One Person To Another. Such Writings Form The Title Or Evidence Of The Right Of The Person Possessing Or Claiming Possession Of Property; And It Is Of The Greatest Importance That The ...

Convict
Convict (from The Latin) Means A Person Convicted Of Any Criminal Charge. The Term Came By Custom To Be Applied To Persons Subject To Punishment For The More Seri Ous Class Of Offenses, And Of Late Its Meaning Has Become Almost Entirely Restricted To The Class Of Criminals Who Used ...

Convocations
Convocations (from Lat. Conrocare, To Call Together) Were Originally Synods Of The Clergy Or The Ancient Ecclesiastical Councils Of The Archbishop, But Became Incorporated Into The English Constitution Of Church And State, And Endued With Certain Parliamentary Privileges. Some Writers Distinguish Between Councils And C.—the Former As Being For Spiritual ...

Convulsions
Convulsions, A Form Of Disease Very Frequently Affecting Infancy, In Which The Body Is Thrown Into Violent Spasmodic Contractions, The Sensibility And Voluntary Motion Being For A Time Suspended. A Fit Of C. May Last From A Few Minutes To Some Hours, And May Readily Prove Fatal, If Not Relieved ...

Cook
Cook, Captain James, One Of The Most Eminent Among England's Celebrated Naviga Tors, Was B. Oct. 27, 1728, At Marton, In Yorkshire, Where His Father Was An Agricultural Laborer. At First Apprenticed To A Haberdasher, He Afterwards Went To Sea, And, Having Spent Some Years In Coasting-vessels, Entered The Royal ...

Cookery
Cookery. To Prepare And Soften Food By The Action Of Fire, And So To Render It Fit For Digestion By The Human Stomach, Has Been A General Custom From Remote Times; And More Or Less Of Skill In Accomplishing This Primary End Has Been Displayed, According To The Knowledge, Wealth, ...

Cooper
Cooper, Sir Asrnuv, A Celebrated English Surgeon, Was Born At Brooke, In Norfolk. Where His Father Was A Curate, In Aug., 1768. In His 16th Year, He Went To London, And Placed Himself Under The Care Of Mr. Cline, One Of The Most Noted Surgeons Of His Day. He Devoted ...

Cooperage
Cooperage, The Art Of Making Vessels Of Pieces Of Wood Bound Together By Hoops. It Is A Very Ancient Art. Such Vessels Having Been In Use Among The Romans At The Period Of The Christians Era. The Upright Pieces Forming The Sides Of A Barrel, Or Cask, Or Other Cooper's ...

Copenhagen
Copenhagen (dan. Kjobenhavn, "merchants' Haven"), The Capital Of Denmark, Is Situated On The Island Of Sp:hand, In The Sound, Which Is Here About 15 M. Broad, And Includes The Island Of Amager Or Amak, Which Is Separated Front Sjmlland By A Narrow Arm Of The Sea, Forming A Fine And ...

Copper
Copper, Is Qne Of The Most Anciently Known Metals, And Its Name Is Derived From The Island Of Cyprus, Where It Was First Obtained By The Greeks. In Time Earlier Times C. Does Not Appear To Have Been Employed By Itself, But Always In Admixture With Other Metals, Principally Tin, ...

Copper Smelting I
Copper-smelting. I. The Dry Process.—the Ores Are Sorted According As They Contain Much Or Little Sulphur, And Are Mixed By The Smelter To Produce A Mass, (1) That Will Contain 9 To 14 Per Cent Of Copper; (2) That After Calcining Will Melt Easily Without Flux; (3) That When Fused ...

Copts
Copts, The Christian Descendants Of The Ancient Egyptians. Various Derivations Have Been Given Of The Name, Which, However, Is Most Probably From The Same Root As Egypt. The C. Are In Number About 150,000, Only About A Fourteenth Of The Population Of The Country. There Are About 10,000 Of Them ...

Copyhold
Copyhold, A Species Of Estate Or Right Of Property In Land In Ireland And England, Nearly Resembling In Many Particulars The Feu-rights Of Scotland. C. Is Expressed Techni Cally As "tenure By Copy Of Court-roll At The Will Of The Lord, According To The Custom Of The Manor." This Means, ...

Copying
Copying, A Term Applied In Photography To The Reproduction Of Paintings, Engrav Ings, Manuscripts, Maps, Etc. The Kinds Of Camera And Lens Most Suitable For The Pur Pose, Will Be Found Described Under Their Respective Heads; The Quality And Condition Of Chemicals Necessary Are Based Upon The Facts, That Long ...

Copying 3iaciiines
Copying-3iaciiines (ante). 1. The Electric Pen, Invented By Thomas A. Edi Son. This Is A Metallic Tube Or Style Within Which Vibrates Longitudinally A Steel Wire, Pointed And Protruding Slightly At The Lower End. The Vibration Is Caused By An Engine Carried At The Top Of The Style. Several Motive ...

Copying Machines
Copying-machines. The Various Contrivances For Procuring Duplicates Of Writings Without The Labor Of Transcribing Them, May Be Reduced To Two Classes. In The One, The Writing Is First Made, And Then Copied; In The Other, The Copy And The Original Are Pro Duced At The Same Time. The Essence Of ...

Copyright
Copyright, An Author's Exclusive Right Of Property In Any Work Which Lie Writes, And Which, Under Certain Limitations, Is Transferable To His Heirs And Assigns. Such Is The Chief Or General Meaning Of The Term, Which Now, However, Embraces Several Vari Eties Of Right; And These, From The Importance Of ...

Coracoid Bones
Coracoid Bones. In The Mammalian Skeleton, The Scapula Or Blade-bone Presents A Bony Process Termed The Corticoid Process, From Its Supposed Resemblance To A Crow's Beak (lat. Ktrar, A Crow); And From The Idea That The Bones Which We Are Now Describing, And Which Exist In All Birds, In Saurian ...

Coral
Coral, A Calcareous Secretion Or Deposit Of Many Kinds Of Zoophytes (q.v.) Of The Class Antkozoa, Which Assumes Very Various, And Often Beautiful Forms, According To The Different Laws Which Govern The Gemmation Of The Polyps Of The Different Species. The C. Producing Zoophytes Are Compound Animals, Which Increase By ...

Coral Islands
Coral Islands Exist Most Abundantly In The Tropical And Sub-tropical Parts Of The Pacific Ocean. The Formation Of Coral Goes On, In Favorable Circumstances, With Wonder Ful Rapidity, For Masses Of Coral Have Been Found To Increase In Height Several Feet In A Few Months; And A Channel Cut In ...

Cordilleras Of Central America
Cordilleras Of Central America (ante). This Section Of The Great Mountain Chain Which Stretches, Almost Without A Break, From The Arctic Ocean To The Extreme S. Point Of South America, Is Confined To The Isthmus Of Panama And The Small States Of Central America. In Mexico, The United States, And ...

Core
Core Is The Fuel Generally Used In Locomotive Engines, And Is Obtained By The Beat Ing Of Coal In Ovens, Or Other Arrangements Where Little Air Is Admitted. Caking Coal Is Most Suitable For The Manufacture Of Coke. The Process Is Conducted Either (1) In Heaps Or Ridges, Or (2) ...

Corea
Core'a, A Peninsular Kingdom Of Eastern Asia, Tributary To China; Lat. 34° 40' To 42° 30' N., And Long. 125° To 129' E., With An Area Estimated At 79,414 Sq. Miles. It Is Bounded C. By The Sea Of Japan; S. By The Yellow Sea; W. By The Yellow Sea ...

Corea_2
Corea (ante), Native Name Cho-sen (morning Calm). The Name Corea Comes From That Of The Ancient Province Koria Or Kokorai. The French Call It Cork. It Was First Colonized By Kishi (chinese, Ki Tsze), A Chinese Courtier And Reputed Author Of Part Of The Shu-king, The Classic Edited Later By ...

Corfii
Cor'fii, The Most Northerly Of The Ionian Islands (q.v.), In Lat. 38° 40' To 39° 40' N., Long. 19° 10' To 20° East. It Has A Length 38 M., With A Breadth Varying From 3 Or 4 To 20 Miles. Area, 227 Sq. Miles. Pop. '71, 72,466. Like The Rest ...

Corinth
Corinth (originally Called Ephyre), A Famous City Of Antiquity Situated On The Isthmus Connecting The Northern Division Of Greece, Or Hellas Proper, With The Pelopon Nesus. Its Citadel Was The Acrocorinthus, An Isolated Hill 1886 Ft. High, Separated From The Oneian Range On The N. Of The Isthmus By A ...

Cork
Cork, A Maritime Co. In Munster, The Southmost And Largest Of The Irish Counties. It Is Bounded On The N. By Limerick, E. By Tipperary And Waterford, S. By The Atlantic, W. By Kerry. Greatest Length From E. To W., 110 In.; Greatest Breadth, 70; Average, 34. Area, 1,849,683 Acres, ...

Cork Cutting
Cork-cutting. The Bark, After Being Cut Into Square Pieces Or Sheets, Is Pressed, To Remove Its Natural Curvature And Flatten It. If It Is Found That Simple Pressure Has Not Flattened It Sufficiently, It Is Heated On The Convex Side, And The Contraction Thus Pro. Duced Straightens It. It Is ...

Cork_2
Cork, A City And Pad, Borough Of Ireland, Capital Of The County Of The Same Name, And A County In Itself, On The Lee, 11 Tn. Above Its Discharge Into The Sea, Stands In The Center Of A Picturesque Valley. It Is Built In Part On An Island, Formerly A ...

Cormorant
Cormorant (phalocrocorar; Fr. Cormorant; Ital. Corvo Marino; Bret. Morcrau, A Sea-crow; Welsh, Mor, Sea, And Brau, A Crow), A Genus Of Web-footed Birds Of The Family Pelecanidce, Or Tot4palmati, Having, Like The Rest Of That Family, The Hind-toe United In A Single Membrane With The Other Toes; And Also Characterized ...

Corn Laws
Corn Laws, The Name Popularly Given To Certain Statutory Enactments Which Had For Their Object A Restriction Of The Trade In Grain. The English C. L. Date As Far Back As The Year 1360, In The Reign Of Edward Iii. Before This Period, There Seems To Have Been A General ...

Cornell University
Cornell' University, At Ithaca, Tompkins Co., N. Y., Went Into Operation In 1868 As An Unsectarian Institution. Its Charter Provides That No Officer Or Student Shall Be Admitted Or Excluded On Any Religious Or Political Opinions, And That At No Time Shall The Majority Of The Trustees Be Of One ...

Corns
Corns Are Small Hard Growths, Resulting From An Increase In The Thickness Of The Cuticle Or Epidermis, Which Is Generally Caused By The Irritation Of Some Excessive Pressure Or Friction On The Part. They Occur Most Commonly On The Toes As A Result Of Tight Shoes. Three Varieties Of C. ...

Cornwall
Cornwall, A Maritime Co., Forming The S.w. Extremity Of England, And The South Most Co. In The British Isles. It Is A Peninsular Right-angled Strip Of Land, With The Apex In The S.w., And Is Bounded On The E. By Devonshire, With The Tamar Between, On The N. And W. ...

Coronation Oath
Coronation Oath. The Form In Which The Limitations Imposed On The Monarch Were Defined By The Nation And Accepted By Him, Was Probably From The First Something Equivalent To A Coronation Oath. Up To The Period Of The Revolution, However, The C.o., Like All The Other Guarantees For Popular Liberty, ...