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Cyclopedia of India, Volume 2

Hindu
Hindu Is The Ordinary Name By Which The Idol-worshipping People Of British India Are At Present Known, But The Term Is Only Of Recent Use. The Races To Whom It Is Applied Are Only Now Fusing, Under The Firm Rule Of The British, And Never, Hitherto, Could Have Had One ...

Hippopotamus
Hippopotamus, The Behemoth Of The Old Testament, Is Found In Africa In Great Numbers, And The Existence Of Two Species Is Suspected. The Natives Kill It With Spears After Enticing It Into A Pitfall. The Flesh Is Delicate And Succulent ; The Layer Of Fat Next The Skin Makes Excellent ...

Hirudo
Hirudo, The Leech, One Of The Class Annelid Many Of Which Occur In The South And East Asia ; They Were Early Employed Therapeutically The Hindus, And The Arabs Adopted Their Practi (royle, Hindu Med. P. 38; And Wise, Him Medicine, P. 177). Herodotus Alludes To O Kind, Bdella Nilotic.% ...

Hirundinide
Hirundinide, A Family Of Birds Of T Order Insessores, Tribe Fissirostres, Comprising T Sub-family Hirundinimu, With The Genera Hirune Cotyle, And Chelidon, And The Sub-family Cyrn Line, With The Genera. Cypselus, Acanthylis, Col Calia, And Dendrochelidon. Hirundo Rustica, The Rustic Swallow Of Europe, A: Africa • Is Migratory, And Common ...

Hissar
Hissar, Municipal Town And Administrative Headquarters Of Ilissar District, Panjab, Lat. 29' 9' 51" N., Long. 75° 45' 55" E. ; Population (1868), 14,133. The District, Lying Between Lat. 3g' And 29° 49' N., And Long. 75° 16' And 27° 22' E. ; Area, 353,973 Square Miles ; Population, 484,681. ...

Hittite
Hittite, A Dominant Race Mentioned In 1 Kings X. 29 And 2 Kings Vii. 6. They Held Mastery In Syria In The Era Of The Hebrew Judges And Earlier Kings. They Were Called Khcta By The Egyptians, And Khatta By The Assyrians. In B.c. 835, Shalmaneser Received Tribute From All ...

Hockey
Hockey. A Game Of Tibet Resembling Hockey, And Called Chaughan, Is Played On Horseback, On A Plain About 60 Yards Broad And 350 Long, With A Stone Pillar At Each End As The Goal. The Ball Is Somewhat Larger Than A Cricket Ball, And In Tibetan Is Called Pulu. The ...

Hoffmeister
Hoffmeister, Author Of Travels In Ceylon And Parts Of The Himalayas To The Borders Of Thibet. Hog, Indian Wild Boar, Sus Indices. Khanzir, . . . Arab. Porco, . . . It., Port. Varaha, . Beng., Bans& Sus, Porous, . , . Lat. Handi, Mikka, . . Can. Babi, Babi ...

Hoisala Bellala
Hoisala Bellala, A Dynasty Who Had Supreme Sway In Mysore From A.d. 1000 To 1300. They Built Three Groups Of Temples, One At Somnathpur, S. Of Mysore, By Vinaditya Bellala (1043), Another At Baillur By Vishnu Verddhana (1114), And The Greatest At Dwara Samudra Or Hullabid (1145) By Vijaya Narsinha, ...

Holidays
Holidays Of The Several Races Dwelling In India Chiefly Occur At Seasonal Changes, Hut Also At The Anniversaries Of Certain Occurrences Con Nected With Their Religions Or Historical Events. The Dates Of The Public Holidays Vary With The Lunar Months, And Those Below Are Approximate : Christi/ill. Now Year's Day, ...

Holkar
Holkar, The Family Name Of The Mahratta Rulers At Indore And Its Territories. The Family Name Is Taken From The Village Of Hull, On The Nira River In The Dekhan, Where They Were Shep Herds And Farmers. Mulhar Rao Holkar, Son Of Khundaji Holkar, Was Born About The Year 1693, ...

Holland
Holland, A Country In Europe With Great Possessions In The Eastern Archipelago, Which Are Designated Netherland India, Also The Dutch Possessions In India; And Holland Formerly Held Parts Of Ceylon, Also Parts Of What Is Now British India, And Likewise Malacca In The Malay Peninsula. Holland Is Situated Along The ...

Holothuria
Holothuria. Hey-shun, . . . Chin. Swala, . . . Japan. Sea Cucumber, . Eng. Holothurion, . . Lat. Sea Slug, . . , Trepang, Dialav, Japan. Cornechu, . . . Fa. Biche-da-mar, . Se. Beche-cle-mer, . . If There Are Thirty-three Species Or Varieties, And Several Of Them Are ...

Hookah Hind
Hookah. Hind. The Indian Pipe And Appar Atm For Smoking. In Bengal Generally, And In Persia, Pure Tobacco Is Rarely Smoked ; But Various Compounds Are Made And Smoked In Hookahs Of Various Forma, The Ghalyuu Of Arabia, Nargyle Of Persia, Hubble-bubble Of British India Generally, And The Highly Ornamental ...

Hooly
Hooly, A Hindu Festival In Honour Of Krishna, Which Takes Place In The Month Phalgun, Feb Ruary—march, At The Commencement Of The Joyous Spring. The Amusements On This Occasion Consist In Dancing, Singing, And Play. Their Songs Are Called Kavir, Or Extempore Stanzas, Principally In Allusion To The Charms Of ...

Hops
Hops. Ifutnic, . . . Da., Sw. Luppoli, It Hoppe, . . . Dut. Itarnalas Lupulus, . Lat. Lfoublon, Fa. Chmel, . . . Bus. Hopfen, . . . . Ger. Oblon, Sr. Brascandoli, . . . It. Lupulo, . . Sr., Fort. T The Hop Plant Has Been Introduced ...

Hordeum
Hordeum, A Genus Of Plants Of The Natural Order Panicaceze, Furnishing The Barley So Much Used By The More Northern Nations Of The World. H. Distichon, Linn., 2-rowed Barley. H. Deficiens, Stendel, Of Red Sea, 2-rowed Barley. H. Hexastichon, Linn., 6-rowed Barley. H. Vulgare, Linn., 4-rowed Barley. H. Zeocriton, Linn., ...

Hordeum Hexastichon
Hordeum Hexastichon. Linn. Shair, Arab.' Yoa Of . . Kangra, Jav. Juvo , Beng. Soa, Jhotak, . . Ladakil Mu-yau, . . . Bum/. Shiroka Of . . . „ Thanzatt, Nai, . Chenab. To-sa Of . . . Nepal. Jaw, Jaws, . . „ Tro, Ne, Of . . ...

Horn
Horn. Hoorn, Dom Tanduck Sungu, Malay. Coyne, Fr Rogg, Rus. Sing, Gus., Ii1nd., Karn. Cuomo, . . Sr. Como, It , Pole Kombu, . . . Taiu. Corms, Lat. I . . . . " Tel. The Horns Of Animals Are Largely Utilized In The Manufactures Of The South And ...

Horse
Horse. Hisan, . . . Arab. Asp, Pens. Son ; H'nyet, . . Bunn. Kon, Hest, Dan. Loschad, . . . . Ru8. Paard, . . Dut. Asu ; Hya; Aswa, Sanmk. Cheval, Fn. Caballo, Sr L'ferd ; Gaul, . . Ger. Hast, Sw. 'ivrro‘, Gr. I Kudri, . . ...

Hot Springs
Hot Springs And Sulphurous Springs Are Numerous On The Shores Of The Dead Sea, And Also In Its Basin, And In Other Parts Of The Jordan Valley. The Hot Springs Of Callirboe Were The Favourite Resort Of Ilerod. There Are Others At Um Keis (gadara), Where Are The Ruins Of ...

House
House. Bait, Arab. Casa, . . . . It., Sr. Maison, Oor, Tam. Hans, Ger. Illu, Tel. Khans, . Hind., Pers. Er, Konak, . . Tunic. In The Granitic Country Of Telingana, The Houses Are Usually Built Of Adhesive Earth Or Clay, Of A Square Or Rectangular Form, Smeared Often ...

Hulugu
Hulugu, Grandson Of Chengiz Khan, Founded The Mongol Dynasty Of Persia. On The 22d Of January 1258, He Appeared With His Army Before Baghdad. On The First Of February He Took The City By Storm, And Put An End To The Power Of The Khalifs. He Had Made The Khalif ...

Humpi
Humpi, A Ruined City In The Bellary District Of The Madras Presidency, Known Formerly As Bijanagar, Also Written Vijayanagar And Vijia Nuggur, Properly Vidianuggur, Or The Town Of Learning. There Is A Tradition That There Was A Town Here About A.d. 1100, But It First Acquired A Name From Being ...

Hun Hind
Hun. Hind. A Gold Coin Of S. India, Worth 31i Rupees, Called Pagoda By The British. It Is About 50 Grains Weight. Hun, A Race Who Have Secured For Themselves A Niche With The 36 Races Of India. D'anville, Quoting Csoma De Koros, Informs Us That The White Hun Occupied ...

Hunde Karn
Hunde. Karn. A Name Of The Kuru-baru, Mysore Shepherds. Hundeb Or Gnari Khorsum Is A Part Of Chinese Tibet Comprising The Upper Basin Of The Sutlej And Headwaters Of The Kamali River. For The Name, Professor Wilson Gave Hiun, Snow, And Des, Country ; But Captain H. Strachey Derives The ...

Hur Puja Or
Hur-puja Or Har-puja, Amongst The Agricul Tural Races Of India, The Worship Of The Plough. This Takes Place On The Day Which Closes The Season Of Ploughing And Sowing. It Generally Occurs In The Month Of Kartik, But In Some Places Is Held Both After The Kharif And Rabi Sowing, ...

Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali, An Officer Of The Mysore Hindu Sovereigns, Whom He Set Aside And Then Ruled Over The Country As An Independent Prince. His Great Grandfather, Muhammad Bahlol, Came From The Panjab, And Settled In The District Of Kulburga, About 110 Miles S.w. Of Hyderabad. He Was Accompanied By Two ...

Hyderabad
Hyderabad, In Sind, In Lat. 25° 23' 5" N., And Long. Se 24' 51" E., Was Built In 1768 On The Site Of The Ancient Patala Or Patalene By Ghulam Shah, Kalhora. It Was The Chief Town Of The Territories Ruled By The Talpur Dynasty, Until 14th February 1843, When, ...

Hyderabad_2
Hyderabad Cottectonate, 754,624. Ba Tech. — Talimr, Rind, Lasharri, Laghari, Jamali, Murree, Chandia, Hajana, Nizamani, Khosa, Gubole, Gadi, Mugsi, Kunbhui, Kuppri, Nuhani, Buglani, Chulgri, Hote, Nadani, Chang-juttoi, Porkhurri, Lund, Julbani, Kurmi, Dewani, Mubrani, Rusmani, Mushori, Kulloi, 'lore, Kolachi, Buldi, Mungalja, Ruse, Bhurgri, Jiskam, Man, Surgani, Lakhani, Mahan', Gubeham, Kliatrian, Sanjantni, ...

Hyderabad_3
Hyderabad Is A Principality In The Centre Of The Plateau Of Peninsular India. It Is Ruled Over By A Muhammadan Sovereign, Whose Ancestral Title, Nizam Of The Dekhan, Was Bestowed On The Founder Of The Family By The Emperor Of Dehli, But The Dynasty Is Known As The Asof Jahi. ...

Hydrocharace2e
Hydrocharace2e, A Natural Order Of Float Ing Or Water Plants ; Six Genera With Eleven Species Occur In The East Indies, Viz. Species Of Ottelia, Vallisneria, Hydrilla, Blyxa, Enhalus, Boottia, And Hydrocharis. Hydrilla Verticillata, Along With Similar Plants, Is Employed By Sugar Refiners For Covering The Surface Of Their Sugars, ...

Hyjenina
Hyjenina, A Sub-family Of The Felidm, Digiti Grade Carnivorous Maminalia, Distinguished By Having Their Fore Legs Longer Than Their Hind Legs, By Their Rough Tongue, Great And Conical Molar, Or Rather Cutting-and-crushing, Teeth, Projecting Eyes, Large Ears, And A Deep And Glandular Pouch Beneath The Anus. In General Form, Hymnas ...

Hystricidie
Hystricidie, A Family Of Mammals Of The Order Rodentia. The Sub-family Hystricinw Em Braces The Animals Familiarly Known As Porcupines, Of The Genus Hystrix Of Linnaeus. They Are Rodents, Whose Covering Consists For The Most Part Of Offensive And Defensive Armour, In The Shape Of Spines Or Quills, Instead Of ...

Ibis
Ibis, A Familiar Name Applied To Species Of Birds Of The Tribe Cultirostres ; The Pelican Ibis Is Tantalus Leucocephalus, Extremely Common Throughout India, Ceylon, And Burma. The Shell Ibis Is The Anastoma Oscitans, Boddacrt, Very Abundant In The Lake And River Districts. The Ibisinm Or True Ibis, Of Which ...

Ibn Batuta
Ibn Batuta, Born A.d. 1304, Died 1377-78, Was One Of The Great Travellers Of The Arab Race. He Spent 24 Years (from 1325-49) In Travelling Throughout The East, From Tangiers Across Africa To Alexandria, And In Palestine, Syria, And Arabia ; Down The East Coast Of Africa To Tiuiloa ; ...

Ibrahim Lodi
Ibrahim Lodi, King Of Dehli, Was Defeated At Panipat By Haber. In Many Countries, The Command Of A Proper Supply Of Ice Or Snow For Cooling Water Or Other Liquids In Summer, Has Long Been Regarded As One Of The Necessaries Of Life. There Aro Even Allusions To It In ...

Icica Indica Tv
Icica Indica. Tv. And A. Bement Aerrata, Wall. I &maus Liberia, If. B. Sehinus Liengalenzia, Il B. S. Niara, The Nayor Tree Of Assam And Chittagong, Grow Ing 70 Feet High ; Timber Close-grained And Hard, As Tough As Oak, But Heavier, And Used For Furniture By The Natives. In ...

Iciithyophagi
Iciithyophagi, A Fisher Race Of The Ancients, On The Coasts Of Persia, The Sir Matsya Or Ser Mahi. Fish To This Day Is The Staple Article Of Food Of The Inhabitants On The Sea-coast Of Baluchistan. In The Shatt-ul-arab, Fish Are Caught And Cured, And Sold At One Shilling The ...

Idols
Idols. Mole, Fa Imagen, . . . . Sr. Bild, Ootze, . . . Gen. Vigraham, Salai, • Tail Ebenbild ,, Vikmmn, Vigram, • Tel. But, . . Aim., Pzas. Prattima, . . . . ,, Imagine Ir. Put, Surat, . . Turk. Melo . It , Sp. Tho Idols ...

Iguana
Iguana. Zib, Arab. Manawak, Manuwak,mal. Iguana Or Inguana, Erg. Ghoda-sala, . . Sansk. Lizard, „ Talla-goya, . . Singh. Ghorepore, Hind., Dub. Udurnu,. . . . Tam. Biyawak, Bewak, Malay. Udumbu, . . Tel. Iguana Is The Popular Name For Species Of Reptiles Of The Genus Varanus, Family Varanidme, Order ...

Ii Yderabad
Ii Yderabad, In Lat. 17° 21' 45" N., And Long. 78° 30' 10" E., On The Right Bank Of The River Musa, Is The Capital Of An Independent Inland Kingdom Of The Same Name, In The Centre Of The Peninsula Of India. The Territory Lies Between Lat. 15° 10' And ...

Iianunian
Iianunian, A Hindu Deity. From Hanu, The Cheek, Ilanuman Means Long Jaw. His Figure Is That Of A Man With A Black Monkey Face And A Long Tail. Ilanuman Or Ilanumat, In Hindu Mytho Logy, Is Son Of Pavane, The Wind, By Anjana, Wife Of A Monkey Named Kesari, Called ...

Iierat
Iierat Is Also Called Heri ; And The River On Which It Stands Is Called Hari-rud. This River Hari Is Called By Ptolemy Apron, By Other Writers Arius • And Aria Was The Name Given To The Country Between Parthia (parthuwa) In The West, Margrana (marghush) In The North, Bactria ...

Iinau Ben
Iinau-ben. Bunn. A Large Tree, Of Pale Yellow Wood, Preferred For Making Combs. It Bears A Large Fragrant Fruit, But Worthless.— Crawfurd, D. P. 102. Ho, A Chinese Measure Of Capacity, About 7i Gallons.—sinimonds' Diet. Ho. Arias. He, Ho Is ; The Name Of God. Ho Ul Aziz, He Is ...

Iiugli Or
Iiugli Or Hooey, A Town In Bengal, In Lat. 22° 54' 44" N., Long. 88° 26' 28" E. It Has The Town Of Chinsurah Adjoining It On Its South, And Their Joint Population In 1872 Was 34,761. A Fort Is Said To Have Been Built Here By The Portuguese In ...

Iiumayun
Iiumayun, Emperor Of India, Twice Reigned In That Country, Viz. From The Death Of His Father Baber, 2fith December 1530, Till He Abdicated On The 9th July 1543, And Again From Re-accession, A.d. 1555, Till His Death. Humayun Was The Eldest Of Four Sons Of Baber. Of These, Kamran Was ...

Ilex
Ilex, The Holly Genus Of Plants. Dr. Wight Mentions I. Gardneriana And I. Wightiana. Mr. Thwaites Names, As Growing In Ceylon, I. Den Ticulata, A Large, And I. Walkeri, A Small Tree. Mr. Hodgson, In His Nagasaki, Mentions Eight Species In Japan, Viz. Crenata, Thbg., Microphylla, Ill., Integra, Thbg., Latifolia, ...

Iliyat
Iliyat Are Tribes In Persia And Khiva, Some Of Whom Are Nomade, Dwelling In Tents, And Others Reside In Towns. The Word Iliyat Is Derived From Il, A Turki Word Signifying Tribe, Equivalent To The Arabic Kabilat, To Which Ant,' An Arabic Ter Mination Of The Plural, Was Added,—a Combination ...

Illicium Anisatum L
Illicium Anisatum. L. Star Anise Tree. Badian-i-khatai, . Arad. Chinese Anise, . . Bso. Mvai-hiang, . . Chin. Skimmi, . . . Japan. Ta-hwui-hiang,. . „ San-id, . . Manilla. Pah-koh-hwut-hiang, „ Anasi Pu,. . . . Tali. Anne Phal, Dont., Hind. I Menai Mogga, . . Tel. Aniseed Tree, ...

Imam Arab
Imam. Arab. A Leader ; The President Of A Mosque ; The Person Who Leads The Daily Prayer And Is In Receipt Of The Revenues Of The Mosque ; Also The Title Of The Four Great Doctors Of The Four Orthodox Sunni Sects ; Also The Title Of The Twelve ...

Inam Arab
Inam. Arab. A Gift, A Grant, Of Which There Are Many Kinds. Inamdar, A Holder Of A Rent-fret Grant Of Land. A Revenue Term Introduced By The Mahomedans. Hindus Have No Word To Dent( Rent - Free 'lands, Or Freehold Property, Except Suwusthan, One's Own Place ; But With Them ...

India
India Is Supposed To Have Obtained Its Name !from The Indus, The Sin, Sinda, Or Hinda, The Abu-sin Of The Arabs, The First Great River Met In The Routes From Western And Central Asia. It Is True That So Far Back As The Reign Of Darius B.c. 521, Writers Placed ...

Indian Navy
Indian Navy. In A.d. 1609, In The Early Years Of The English East India Company's Trade With India, The Need For The Protection Of Their Shipping Led To Sir Henry Middleton Being Sent With Three Ships To Surat. His Flag-ship Ran Aground At Mocha, And He Was Detained More Than ...

Indigo
Indigo. Nil, Arab. Lil, ..... Hind. Main-ay, . . . Burn. Indaco, It. Lan-tien,. . . . Chin. Nila (dye), . Malay. Shwui-tien (liquid), „ Tar= (plant), . „ Tu-tien (dry), . . „ Anil, . . . Port., Sp. Tien-taing (indigo Dye), „ Krutick, . . . Rua. Chanano-la, ...

Indigofera
Indigofera, A Genus Of Plants, Some Of Them Of Great Economic Value, Of The Natural Order Fabacere. About 150 Species Are Known, Many Of Which Grow In The East Indies ; Amongst Others Anil. Disperma. ' Linifolia. Tinctoria. Arborea.dosua. Mucronata. Trifoliate. Argentea. I Echinata. Pauciflora. Trita. Aspalathoides. Elliptica. Pedicellata. Uncinata. ...