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Cyclopedia of India, Volume 2

Keisii Island
Keisii Island, In The Persian Gulf, Is 21 Miles In Circumference, Well Wooded, And From The Sea The Prettiest In The Gulf. There Is Plenty Of Good Water, And Some Cultivation Of Barley And Vegetables. The Island Is Subject To The Shaikh Of Canack On The Mainland. The Goats On ...

Kemp
Kemp, Also Kempty, The Coarse Rough Hairs Of Wool, Which Are Avoided By The Manufacturer In His Purchases Of Wool, Deteriorating As It Does The Appearance Of Even Common Fabrics By Their Inferiority And Harshness, And Not Taking Dye Readily. The Kemp Of The Kashmir Goats' Wool Is, However, Made ...

Kerala
. Kerala, The Land Of Cocoanuts. Keram, Maleal., A Cocoanut Tree, A Cocoanut ; An Ancient Kingdom Which Extended From The Kangarote River In Canara In The North, To Cape Comorin In The South, With The Western Ghats As Its Boundary On The East. It Thus Included Malabar And Cauara. ...

Keunjhar
Keunjhar, A Tributary State Of Orissa, Lying Between Lat. 21° 1' And 22° 9' 30" N., And Long. 14' And 86° 24' 35" E. Bounded On The North By Siugbhum District, On The East By Morbhanj State And Balasor District, On The South By Cuttack District And Dhenkanal State. Its ...

Kha Mi
Kha-mi, The Most Important Tribe In The .arakan Hill Tracts. The Population Of The District Is Estimated At 12,000, Viz. :— Rakhaing Called Shandu, Khyeng, Khyoung-tha, Anu Or Khoung-tso, 2162 Sons Of The River, 1219 Khyaw Or Kuki, Kha-mior 7172 Mro, 2126 The Ralchaing Or Khyoung-tha (sons Of The River) ...

Khadim Arab
Khadim. Arab. Servant ; And In India Applied To Persons In Charge Of Tombs, Mosques, Etc. In Arabia, It Is A Term Applied To The Servile Races, And Thereby Denotino. That They Are Polit Ically And Socially Inferior Denoting The Native Arab. They Are Only To Be Found In Yemen, ...

Khaibar Or
Khaibar Or Khybar, A Pass Leading From The Peshawur District Of The Panjab Into Afghanistan ; Centre Of Pass Being In Lat. 34° 6' N., And Long. 71° 5' E.. The Khaibar Pass Commences Near Jantruil, To The West Of Peshawnr, And Twines Through The Hills For About 33 Miles ...

Khaja Or
Khaja Or Khoja Is A Titular Appellation Of A Sect Of Muhammadans, Who Say That They Emigrated From Persia. They Are A Sect Of Ismaili Muhammadans, Are Therefore Heterodox Shiahs ; For, While The Ismaili Believes Only In Seven Imam, The Khaja Continues The Line Down To The Present Day. ...

Khajurahu
Khajurahu, An Ancient And Now Decayed Town In Ch'hatarpur State, Bundelkhand, Provinces, Famous For Its Magnificent Architectural Remains. Population About 900. It Is Situated At.the South-east Corner Of The Khajur Sagar Or Ninora Tal Lake. It Was The Ancient Capital Of The Chandel Dynasty, Is About 125 Miles W.s.w. Of ...

Khalifail Arab
Khalifail Arab. A Ruler, King, Deputy, A Title Assumed By The Successors Of Mahomed. Who Possessed Absolute Authority In Civil And Religious Matters. Abubakr, Who Succeeded Mahomed, Was The First To Adopt It, Styling Him Self Khalifah Rasul Allah, Vicegerent Of The Apostle Of God; And This, Together With Amir-ul ...

Khalsa Hind
Khalsa. Hind. The Sikh People ; The Sikh Theocracy Established By The Guru Govind ; The Old Prominent Division Into Khalasa, Meaning Of Nanak, And Khalsa, Meaning Of D'vind, Which Is Noticed By Forster, Is No Longer In Force ; The Former Term Khalasa Is Almost, Indeed, Unknown In The ...

Khampti
Khampti, A Shan Clan Who Occupy A Tract Of Country On The Extreme Eastern Frontier Of Assam, Bordering On Lakhimpur District. The Khampti Are A Hill Tribe Of Shan Origin, Akin To The Ahams. About The Middle Of The 18th Century, Owing To Internal Dissensions, A Colony Of Khampti Migrated ...

Khanbalig
Khanbalig. This City, Now Called Pekin, Was Founded Or At Least Rebuilt By Kablai Khan After His Conquest Of Northern China, About A.d. 1280. Marco Polo Calls It Cambalu, And Says That In Magnificence It Surpassed Every Other City He Had Visited. Khanbalig Are Two Mongol Words Signifying The Khan's ...

Khandesh
Khandesh, A District In The Northern Part Of The Bombay Presidency, Lying Between Lat. 15' And 22° N., And Long. 73° 37' And 76° 24' E., With An Area Of 10,162 Square Miles, And A Popu Lation In 1872 Of 1,028,642 Souls. It Is Divided Into Two Parts By The ...

Kharagora
Kharagora, A Small Village On The Out Skirts Of The Lesser Runn Of Cutch, Where Salt Has Been Manufactured Since 1872. The Kharagora Salt Is In Beautiful Crystals, About The Size Of An Almond, And So Hard That The Wastage Caused By Removal Is Insignificant. Ordinary Sea Salt Is Made ...

Kharasm
Kharasm, The Ancient Chorasma And Modern Khiva, Is The Country On The East Of The Caspian Sea, The Capital Of Which Was Gurganj. The Arabs Converted The Name Of The Country Into Jurjan, And That Of The Capital To Jurjaniya. The Mongol Form Of The Name Was Organj. Nosh Tigin, ...

Kharria
Kharria, A Tribe In Singbhuni In A Very Wild State, Living Much In Backwoods And On The Tops Of Bills Apart From The Ho And Bhumij, Who Are Somewhat In Dread Of Them, As These Isolated Kharria Have The Reputation Of Being Great Wizards. They Are Found Also, Under The ...

Khartra
Khartra Signifies True, An Epithet Of Dis Tinction Which Was Bestowed By Sidraj, King Of Anhilwara Patan, On One Of The Branches (gatcha) Of The Buddhist And Jain Faith In A Grand Religious Disputation (badha) At That Capital In The 11th Century. The Celebrated Ilema Chandra Acharya Was Head Of ...

Khassya Hills
Khassya Hills With The Jaintia Hills Form A British District In Assam, Between Lat. 25° 1' And 26° 14' N., And Between Long. 90° 47' And 92° 52' E., Of An Area Of 6157 Square Miles, And With A Population, According To The Census Of 1881, Of 169,113 Souls. These ...

Khatak Hills
Khatak Hills, A Range Or Series Of Ranges In The Kohat And Peshawur Districts, Panjab, So Called From An Afghan Tribe Who Inhabit Them. They Bound Peshawur District To The South, And Extend From The Safed Koh System To The Indus. Between The Plain Of Peshawur And The Salt Range ...

Khatri
Khatri Are A Scattered Hindu Race ; A Khatri Village Is Unknown. They, However, Monopolize The Trade Of The Panjab, Of The Greater Part Of Afghanistan, And Farther To The West In Central Asia, And Even To St. Petersburg. They Are The Only Hindus In Central Asia, In The Panjab ...

Khayyam
Khayyam, The Takhallus Or Literary Title Of Omar, A Native Of Naishapur In Khorasan, A Cele Brated Poet And Astronomer. In The Days When Alp Arslan Ruled In The Stead Of His Father Toghrul Beg, Three Lads, Each Of Whom Was Destined To Rise To Eminence Or Noto Riety, Might ...

Khelat
Khelat, Properly Kalat; In Lat. 28° 53' N., And Long. 66° 28' S., Is 6800 Feet Above The Sea. It Is The Capital Of Baluchistan, And The Seat Of Government Of The Khan, Among Whose Subjects Are Many Tribes Of Brahui And Baluch, Some Af Ghans, With Sects From Persia, ...

Khiraj Arab
Khiraj.. Arab. Tax, Tribute, Land Tax, Generally The Largest Item Of Revenue. In Timur's Institutes, The Land Tax Was Fixed At A Third Of The Produce On All Irrigated Land, Besides A Certain Due For Using Water From The Public Reservoirs ; The Land Tax Has, From The Most Remote ...

Khizr
Khizr, Also Written Khidjer And Khidr, Is The Khaja Khizr Of Muhammadans Of Persia And India. The Hebrew Notions About The Identity Of Phinheas And Elias Have Been Adopted And Expanded By The Muhammadans, Who, Also Iden Tify In Some Way With Them Their Mysterious Prophet Khidr Or Khizr. Hermitages ...

Khorasan
Khorasan May Be Regarded As Comprising The Whole Of Persian Territory Lying Between The Caspian And The Afghan Border Near Herat. On The North It Is Bounded By The Aral Caspian Desert, From Which It Is Now Separated By The Long Narrow Strip Of Akhal Tekke Turkoman Territory Occupied By ...

Khoten
Khoten, Iltsa, Ilchi, Or Ili, Lies To The South- ' East Of Yarkand, In Lat. 37° 15' N., And Long. 79° 25' E., And Is Situated Between, Or Rather Above, The Junction Of The Khoten And Karakash Rivers. It Is Surrounded By A Low Wall, And Has 18,000 Houses; With ...

Khyroda
Khyroda Is A Tuppa Or Subdivision Of One Of The Greater Khalisa Or Fiscal Districts Of Mewar, And Consists Of Fourteen Townships, Besides Their Hamlets. Its Land Is Of Three Classes, Viz. Peewul, Or Watered From Wells ; Gorma, Also Irrigated Land, Extending Three Or Four Khet Or Fields Around ...

Kiang
Kiang, The Dzightai Or Jaghtai, Is In All Probability The True Equus Heinionus Of Pallas. It Has Been Often Confounded With The Gor-khar Or Wild Ass, Though They Differ Considerably In Appearance, And Inhabit Countries With Very Dis Similar Climates. The Kiang Exists In The High Cold Regions And Mountains ...

Kier
Kier!. Near This Town, In The Pass Through Which The Ak-su Penetrates To The Plains, Is A Naphtha Pit. The Hills Are About A Mile S.e. Of The Town Of Tuzkurmatti, Close To The Gypseous Hills Of Kifri, And The Pit., Being In The Bed Of The Torrent, Is Sometimes ...

Kiiaja Appak
Kiiaja Appak. The Rulers Of Eastern Turkestan Have Always Been Muhammadan Front The Time Of Taghalaq Timur, Who Was, We Arc Told, The First Muhammadan Sovereign Of Kashgar Of The Lineage Of Chengiz. Buddhism Indeed Was Found Still Prevalent In The Cities Of Tur Fan And Kamil At The Time ...

Kiiatmandu
Kiiatmandu. At The Foot Of The Northern Range, Situated Upon The Eastern Bank Of A Small River, The Vishenmuttee, In Lat. 27° 36' N., And Long. 85° 24' E., Stands The City Of Khatmandu. It Is Not The Largest Of The Towns In Nepal, But It Is The Residence Of ...

Kiiiva
Kiiiva Is The Ancient Kharasm, The Corasmia Of European Writers, Which Was Famous Between The 10th And 13th Centuries, But Was Overthrown By Chengiz Khan, And Its Last Sovereign, Jalal-ud Din, Fell In Mesopotamia (kharasm), Since Which Events The Area Of The Territories Have Remained As At Present, Comprising A ...

Kiiore Pah
Kiiore \pah, Also Written Kharawa, A Con- 1 Siderable Tribe Dwelling Near The Orson And To The North Of The Larka Kol, In The Highest Hills To The North Of Jushpur, And In Those Between Sarguja And Palemow. They Speak Much The Same Language As The Ho, Santal, Bhumi, And ...

Kiiusii Roz
Kiiusii-roz. The No-roia, Or New Year's Day, When The Sun Enters Aries, Is One Of Great Festivity Among The Muhammadan Princes Of Persia ; That Alluded To By Prithi-raj And By The Historian Abut Fazl Was Not New Year's Day, But A Festival Especially Instituted By Akbar, Held On The ...

Kiiusru
Kiiusru, The Chosroes Of The Romans, Who Applied It As A Surname To Almost Every King Of The Sassanfan Dynasty, And It Was Applied By The Arabs, Like Caesar Among The Romans, To Many Ancient Kings Of Persia. Khusru, A Polytheist, Who Was King Of Elam (not Of Persia), Conquered ...

Kiiyen
Kiiyen Is The Name Given To Several Popula Tions Of Burma And Arakan. One Tribe Who Tattoo Their Skins, Dwell On The Koladyn River In Arakan ; Another Dwell On The Yoma Mountains South Of The Koladyn River ; The Mru Are Some Times Called Khyen. Khyen, Indeed, As Also ...

King Fisher
King-fisher, Birds Of The Family Hal Cyonidm, Of Which There Are Several Species In The East Indies. The Tanysiptera Nais Of Am Boyna, The, Racquet-tailed King-fisher, Is One Of The Most Singular And Beautiful Of That Beautiful Family. King-fishers Are Of The Genera Halcyon, Todiramphus, Ceyx, Alcedo, And Ceryle. They ...

Kino
Kino. Dam•u1-akwain, . Arab. Kino-harz, . . . Ger. Pulas-gond, . . Beng. Kumr Kusala, Kini, Hind. Padouk, . . . Burnt. Chino, It. Gornme De Kino, . Fr. Tamble-hoan, . . Thar. The Kino Of Commerce Is A Product Of The Ptero Carpus Marsupium Of India, Linn.; Pt. Erinaceus ...

Kirata Or
Kirata Or Kiranti. This Martial Aboriginal Race Is Spoken Of By Ancient Sanskrit Writers, And Classed By Menu And By The Mahabharata As One Of The Non-hindu Military Peoples, Along With The Khasa, China, Dravida, And Other Recognised Non-aryan Races. They Occupy At This Day The Exact Position Assigned To ...

Kirghiz
Kirghiz Were Originally A Small Tribe Settled In A Remote Corner Of Southern Siberia, On The Banks Of The Yenisei River, But Migrated Or Were Removed In The 17th Century To The Shores Of The 13alkash And Issyk-kul Lakes. In Their New Abode They Amalgamated With The Kazak And Burnt, ...

Kirkook
Kirkook. Naphtha Is Obtained Near Here. It Is Scooped Out With Ladles Into Bags Made Of Skins, Which Are Carried On The Backs Of Asses, For Sale. It Is Principally Consumed In The South West Of Kurdistan, While The Pits Not Far From Kifri Supply Baghdad And Its Environs. The ...

Kirman
Kirman Is Situated In Lat. 29° 56' N., And Long. 56° 6' E., On The Western Side Of A Capacious Plain, So Close To The Mountains, That Two Of Them, On Which There Are Ancient Decayed Forts, Com Pletely Command It. It Is The Chief Town Of A Large Province ...

Kirtan H 1nd
Kirtan. H 1nd. The Relation Of The Deeds Of Rains, During The Nine Days Of The Rama Naomi ; Any Hymn Or Poetical Relation Or Ballad In Praise • Of The Hindu Gods, And Sung To Music. Tho Kirtans Are Arranged For Part Singing, In Con Stantly Changing. Measures, And ...

Kisiim Island
Kisiim Island, Called Jazirah-ut-tul By The Arabs, And Jazirah-i-daraz By The Persians, Both Meaning Long Island, Is The Oaracta. Or Verokhtha Of The Ancients, Where Arrian States That Nearchus Saw The Tomb Of King Erythras, After Whom The Persian Gulf Was Named The Erythrfean Sea. In The 13th Century It ...

Kistna
Kistna, A River Of Southern India, Which Runs Almost Across The Peninsula. Its Source Is In Lat. 18° 1' N., And Long. 73° 41' E., Near Mahabaleshwar, At The Ancient Temple Of Maha Deo, At The Foot Of A Steep Hill, At An Eleva Tion Of About 4500 Feet Above ...

Kites
Kites Are Birds Belonging To The Sub-family Milvinm, And They Are Arranged In The Genera Milvus, Ilaliastur, Pernis, Baza, And Elanus. In Bengal, The Kites And Brahmany Kites Breed Chiefly In January And February, And Disappear During The Rains. The Dung Kite Or Dung Bird, Neophron Perenopterus, Linn., Called Pharaoh's ...

Kizzilbash
Kizzilbash, A Term Applied In Kabul And Herat To A Turk Race, Principally Of The Tribe Of Jawanshir, Who Were Placed In The Country By Nadir Shah. Under The Rulers Of Kabul, They Have Served As Bodyguards, Cavalry, And Artillery, And Still Retain Their Own Language. Their History Has Been ...

Kochii
Koch'ii, A Dark-skinned People In The Northern Parts Of Rangpur, Purniah, Dinajpur, And Mai Mansing, Who Have Hitherto, Erroneously Dalton Thinks, Been Classed As Belonging To The Lohitic Or Indo-chinese Race. He Believes Them To Be A Branch Of The Great Bhuiya Or Bhuniya Family, Whom He Classes As Dravidian. ...

Koel Hind
Koel. Hind. Indian Cuckoo. Kokil, . . . . Beng. I Cowde-choa, . . Tahr. . . . . Malay. Kokila Pika, . . . Tel. This Indian Cuckoo Is The Eudynamis Orientalis. The Male Is Of A Deep Black, And The Female Of A Dusky Green Mottled White. Like ...

Koeri
Koeri, An Agricultural And Gardener Race In Hindustan. The Kunbi Are Distinguished From The Koeri, As The Latter Are Frequently Gardeners As Well As Husbandmen. Socially, They Are On An Equality. The Koeri Are Also Called Murao. In Behar They Grow The Poppy ; They Are In General Very Respectable, ...

Koh Pers
Koh. Pers. In Pukhtu, Rob. A Mountain, A Prefix To Many Solitary Mountains And Hill Ranges From West Of The Himalaya And The Indus Even To The Caspian Sea. The Koh-i-kush Or Caucasus, One Of These, Is The Great Stony Belt That Separates Northern From Southern Asia. In Traversing The ...

Kohat
Kohat, A British District In The Panjab, Lying Between Lat. 32° 47' And 33° 53' N., And Between Long. 70° 34' And 72° 17' E. Kohat Lies To The South And South-west Of Peshawur. Its Valley Is 35 Miles Long, And, On An Average, Four Miles Broad. From Peshawur, Through ...

Kohistan
Kohistan, Literally Hill Country Or Highlands, And So Applied To Mountain Tracts On The N.w. Frontier Of British India. Kohistan Of Aba Sin Is A Glen Which Drains Into The Indus, Between Gilgit And The Pathan Valleys Of Ghorband And Chakesar, Supposed To Be Occu Pied By A Race Similar ...

Kohl
Kohl, Female, Koheela, Male ; Also, Called Shahin, Falco Peregrinator, Black - Eyed Hawks, Found In Sind. Koh-i-baba, A Remarkable Snow-clad Ridge, With Peaks About 18,000 Feet In Height. It Is The Great Continuation Of The Hindu Kush, Is About 60 Miles Long, In Lat. 31°30' N., And Between Long. ...

Kok Tash
Kok-tash, A Coronation Stone In Samarcand, On Which Timur And Each Succeeding Amir Has Sat. Kol, As Popularly Used, Is A Term Which In Cludes Not Only Ho And Mundah Tribes, But Also The Dravidian Orson, While Its Scientific Use Embraces The Three Cognate Kolarian Tribes Of Mundah, Ho Or ...

Kokand
Kokand, A Small Territory West Of Kashgar, With Capital Of Smile Name, The Paternal Kingdom Of Baber. It Was Ruled By An Uzbak Khan Or Chief Of The Tribe Of Yuz, Who Claimed A Lineage From Babes. It Is Famed For Its Silk. The Khanate Of Kokand Comprises Almost The ...

Kolaba
Kolaba District Is In The Konkan Division Of The Bombay Presidency, Lying Between Lat. 17' 52' And 18° 50' N., And Long. 73° 7' And 73° 42' E. Area, 1482 Square Miles. The Sahyadri Range Forms Its Eastern Boundary, And Has Two Re Markable Peaks, —raigarh In The Mahad Sub ...

Kolhapur
Kolhapur, A Native State In The Bombay Presidency, Between Lat. 15° 58' And 17° 11' N., And Between Long. 73° 45' And 74° 24' E. Kol Hapur City Is In Lat. 16° 42' N., Long. 74° 16' E., Opposite A Gap On The Sahyadri Hills, 128 Miles South By East ...

Koli
Koli, A Race Iu The N.w. Of The Peninsula Of India, Supposed To Be An Offshoot From Kol Tribes Farther East. Dionysius (pereig. 1148) Mentions The Kotic, And Ibn Khurdad (ob. A.d. 912) Alludes To The Kol As North Of Malabar, In Their Present Locality. The Numbers Returned In 1881 ...

Kollar
Kollar Is The Plural Of Kullan. The Pro Minent Kollar Or Colleri Tribe Are In The Tondi Man Country, In The Vasanga District, Din The Eighteen Palliams Or Districts, And Throughout The Madura District. Until The 19th Century \ They Were So Predatory That In The South Of \the Peninsula ...

Komar
Komar, A Chief, A Prince, A First-born ; Hence Also Komari, A Virgin, From Which, According To A Legend, Is Derived The Name Of Cape Comorin. Komari Is Also A Term Given To All Forts Until They Stand An Assault. It Is Usually Written Kumar And Kumari. The Law Of ...

Konkan Or
Konkan Or Konkana Is An Ancient Name Of The Countrybetween Devagarh And Sadasegarh ; Hence, Perhaps, The Modern Konkan. It Is Comprised Between The Ocean And The Western Ghats, And Consists Of A Narrow Belt Near The Sea, With Salt Water Inlets And A Succession Of Mountain Spurs. In The ...

Kophene
Kophene, According To General Cunningham, Is Kabul. This District Is First Mentioned By Ptolemy, Who Calls The People Kabolitm, And Their Capital Kabura, Which Was Also Named Ortospana. In Some Copies Of ;pliny The Name Is Written Orthospanum, Which With A Slight Alteration To Orthostana, As Suggested By H. H. ...

Koran
Koran, Properly Quran, Is The Religious Book Of The Muhammadans, And Is Designated By Them Quran-i-sharif, The Noble Quran; Quran Majid, The Glorious Quran ; Furqan, The Distinguisher ; Kalam Allah, The Word Of God. Al-furcjan, The Distinguisher, Is The Same As The Jewish Use Of Perd Or Pirka, Denoting ...

Korawa
Korawa, A Broken Nation Scattered Through Out The South Of India. In The Peninsula Their Subdivisions Are-1. The Bajantri, Called Gaon Korawa Or Sonai Kolawuru ; 2. Tiling Korawa Or Kasbi Korawa Or Kunchi Korawar ; 3. Kolla Korawa ; And 4. Soli Korawa, A Race Of The Southern Mahratta ...

Korea
Korea, Known To The Natives As Chosen, Written By The French Tsio-sen Or Tsyo Syeun, In Some Respects To Be Regarded As An Independent Section Of The Asiatic Mainland. It Is A Peninsula With The Sea Of Japan And The Yellow Sea On The E. And W., And Manchuria And ...

Koros
Koros. Alexander Csoma De Koros, Also Written Csoma Korosi. This Extraordinary Man Set Out On His Travels In 1826 From Paris, And Went Via Constantinople To Persia In The Disguise Of A Darvesh. On His Arrival At Teheran Be Lodged With Sir Henry Willock. Thence He Went To Bokhara, Lahore, ...

Korygaum
Korygaum, A Hamlet On The Left Bank Of The Bhima River, Midway Between Seroor And Poona. It Is Famous For A Successful Stand Made By A Small Body Of The E.i. Company's Troops Against The Peshwa's Forces, Which Were Estimated At 20,000 Horse And 8000 Foot. Captain Stanton Left Seroor ...

Kotagi Ri
Kotagi Ri, On The Neilgherry Hills, In Lat. 11° 20' To 11° 20' 10" N., Long. 51' To 76' 56' E., Situated 12 Miles East Of Coonoor, And G500 Feet Above Sea-level, Or Rather From The Bowani River. This Station Is Much Drier Than Either Coonoor Or Ooty, And Although ...

Kotegarh
Kotegarh, Kot Guru, Or Guru Kot Derives Its Name From A Local Saint, Whose Burial-place In The Midst Of The Village Is Decorated With Coloured Flags. Kotegarh Is 54 Miles N.e. Of Simla, On The Left Bank Of The Sutlej, And Is On The High Road Leading From The Plains ...

Koupooee
Koupooee, A Tribe Near The Source Of The Irawadi, Comprises Two Clans, The Songpoo And Pooeer-on. The Koupooee Occupy The Hills Be Tween Caehar And Munipur In Their Whole Breadth, A Direct Distance Of About 40 Miles ; And From Lat. 25° N. They Formerly Extended Over Nearly An Equal ...

Kouyunjik
Kouyunjik, So Called By The Turks, But Armushiali By The Arabs, Are Mounds, Opposite Mosul, Long Believed To Be The Remains Of Nineveh. The Ruins Include The Great Mounds Of Kouyun Jik And Nabbi Yunus On The Eastern Bank Of The River Tigris, And Were Examined By Sir A. H. ...

Kowa Dol
Kowa Dol. The Barabur Hills Are Isolated Rocks Of Syenitic Granite, Rising Abruptly From The Plain About 15 Miles North Of Gyah, By The Left Bank Of The Pliulgo Or Mahaadi ; The Cluster Is Remarkable For The Masses Of Rork, Piled One Above Another, With Hardly Any Soil, An ...

Kraal
Kraal Is The Term Used In Ceylon For The En Closure Into Which, When Fresh Elephants Are Required In Ceylon, A Herd Of Wild Ones Is Driven. In The Continent Of India, The Enclosure Is Called A Kheda. The Kraal Is Made In Some Spot Con Venient To The Districts ...

Krakatoa Island
Krakatoa Island. Java Is Traversed By Two Chains Of Mountains, From 10,000 To 12,000 Feet In Height, In Which There Are About 45 Volcanoes, Many Of Them In Occasional Activity ; And It Has Explosive Mud And Brine Springs, And A Poison Valley, In Which Accumulations Of Carbonic Acid Gas ...

Kris Or
Kris Or Karis. Malay. A Dagger Or Poniard, The Ordinary Weapon Of All The Civilised Inhabit Ants Of The Archipelago. It Is Of A Hundred Different Forms, Short Or Long, With A Straight Or Serpentine Blade, And With Every Variety In The Shape And Ornament Of The Hilt And Scabbard. ...

Krishna
Krishna, Written Krishn, Kistna, And Kisn, Is Familiarly Known To The Hindus As Kaniya, And Also Called Heri. He Was A Prince Of The Yadu Tribe, And Lived Towards The Closing Centuries Of The Brazen Age, Calculated To Have Ended About B.c. 1200 To 1100, And He Has Since Been ...

Kruzistan
Kruzistan, A Province In The Extreme S.w. Corner Of Persia, Between Lat. 30° And 32° 30' N., And Long. 48° 51' E., Bounded In The N. By Luristan And The Bakhtiari Mountains, On The S. By The Province Of Fars And The Persian Gulf, And On The W. By The ...

Kshetriya
Kshetriya. Amongst The Aryan Hindus, A Warrior Branch Of Their Race, Taking Social 'rank After The Brahmans. The Word Is An Adjective From The Ancient Noun Kshatra, Which, As Meaning Rule, Dominion, Occurs In All The Three Languages Of The Veda, The Avesta, And The Persian Inscrip Tions. Originally It ...

Kuen Lun
Kuen Lun, Also Written Konen Lun, As Seen From Sumgal In Turkestan, Is In Lat. 36° 8' N., And Long. 78° 5' E., And 13,215 Feet Above The Sea. It Is Part Of The Great Mountain Range In Central Asia Which Bounds The High Table-land Of Tibet. The Range Is ...

Kufa
Kufa Was A Town On The West Bank Of The Euphrates, About 40 Miles From Baghdad, But It Has Entirely Disappeared. It Was Founded During The Khalifat Of Umar, Opposite Modain. Safah, The First Khalif Of The Abbassi, Made It His Capital, But When Mansur Built Baghdad, He Took There ...

Kuhumbar
Kuhumbar, A Forest Race On The Skirts Of The Neilgherry Hills, On Their Western Flanks. They Are Very Much Dreaded By All The Tribes Of The Neilgherries, Excepting The Todas, And Are Supposed To Be Necromancers, And Each Badaga Village Has Its Own Kurumbar To Keep Off The Evil Eye ...

Kuka
Kuka. The Founder Of This Puritan Sect Of Sikhs Was Ram Singh, A Carpenter, Native Of The Small Village Of Bhaini, About 7 Miles S.e. Of Ludhiana. In 1845 He Served As A Soldier In The Sikh Army, Which He Left After The Overturn Of The Sikh Rule, And Endeavoured ...

Kuki
Kuki Occupy The Country To The South Of The Garo, Khassya, And Mikir Areas, Or The Hill Ranges Of Garo, Jaintia, And Kachar, In Sylhet, Tiperah, And Chittagong, Among The Mountains To The North-east Of The Chittagong Province. They Are Found As Neighbours Of The Naga In Assam, And In ...

Kula Sansn
Kula. Sansn. A Family, A Race, A Tribe. Pro Perly The Got Of A Hindu Is His Tribe, And Kula Is The Race. But Kula Among The Rajnuts Means A Tribe, And Corresponds To The Afghan Khel. Gotra Or Kula Mean A Family, And Existed Amongst Kshatriya, Vaisya As Well ...

Kulin
Kulin, A Race Of Brah Ns In Bengal Who Are Deemed By Other Brahm Ns To Be Of Very Nure Descent. And In Cones Enee Ninny Are Anxious To Wed Their Daughters To Them. As A Result, The Kulin Men Are Great Polygamists, And In The Middle Of The 19th ...

Kullu
Kullu, A Valley And Revenue Subdivision Of The Kangra District Of The Panjab, Lying Between Lat. 31° 20' And 32° 26' N., And Between Long. 76° 58' 30" And 77° 49' 45" E. Kullu Or Kuhn, In The N. W. Himalaya, Con Sists Of The Mountain Basin Of The Bess ...