Home >> Cyclopedia Of India, Volume 2 >> Medina to Multan

Cyclopedia of India, Volume 2

Medina
Medina, A Small City 215 Miles From Mecca, Where Mahomed Died And Was Buried, A.d. 622, And The Succeeding Khalifs, Abubakr And Dinar, Are Interred At His Side. The Building Which En Closes The Tombs Is Hung With Silk. It Has 500 Houses, With About 8000 Population. Medina Is About ...

Meena
Meena, An Active, Energetic Race, Whose History Illustrates Several Points. They Constitute A Por Tion Of The Population Of Rajputana, Especially In The Jeypore Country Between Ajmir And Dehli. In Northern Rajputana The Country To The East Of Shekhawatti Is The Chief Home Of The Meena, And It Is A ...

Megna
Megna, A River Running Through The Eastern Part Of The Province Of Bengal. It Is Formed By The Junction Of The Surma And The Barak, Which Have Their Sources In The Mountains Running Along The N. And E. Frontiers Of The Sylhet District. The United Stream, After A Course Of ...

Mehman
Mehman, A Muhammadan Sect, Numerous About Hyderabad, Sehwan, And Kurachee, In Sind. They Are A Quiet Race, Largely Engaged In Trade. Their Name Is A Corruption Of The Arabic Word Momin, A True Believer, And Was Given To The People When They Were Converted From Hinduism To Be Muhammadans. The ...

Mei Kong
Mei-kong, A River, Flows Through The Eastern Side Of Laos And Cambodia. It Is Called By The Chinese Lan-tsang Or Lan-chiang. It Rises About Lat. 33° Or 34° N., In The Konen Lim Range, Near Koko Nor. Its Two Branches Have Their Confluence About Lat. 30° N., North Of Cha-m ...

Meivat
Meivat, A Tract Lying South Of Dehli, And Including Parts Of The British Districts Of Muttra And Gurgaon, A Considerable Portion Of L'lwar, And Some Of Bhurtpur. For Many Centuries Its People Were Predatory, And Gave Great Trouble To The Dehli Rulers. They Are Now Mostly All Muhammadans, But Are ...

Mekran
Mekran, Sometimes Called Also Kej Mekran, A Province Of Baluchistan Which Extends From Near Cape Jashk, In Lat. 25° 38' 3" N., Long. 46' 13" E., To The Hingol River, And The River Of Las, Reaching To Cape Maize, In Lat. 24° 51' N., And Long. 35' E., A Distance ...

Melaleuca Cajauputi
Melaleuca Cajauputi. Roxb. M. Minor, Smith, D.c. Thit-tha Hpu Tshi, Burn. I Kayu-puteh, . Malay. Cajaput Tree, . . Eng. The Oil. Kayu-puteh-ka-tel, Hind. I Kayu-puteh-tailam, . Tan. Ka Mal. The Malaya Give The Name Of Kayu-puteh Both To M. Cajaputi And M. Leucadendron. It Is A Small Tree With ...

Melanorriiyea Usitatissima
Melanorriiyea Usitatissima. Ivall. Theet-see, . . . Bum/. I Kheu Of . . . Dianipur. Theet-see-yaing, . „ Lignum Vita Of . Pegu. This Black Varnish Tree Or Burmese Varnish Tree Grows From Manipur Southward To Tavoy, Thus Extending From Lat. 14° To 25° N. At Kubbu, An Extensive Valley ...

Meleagrina Margaritifera
Meleagrina Margaritifera. Lam. The Pearl Oyster, Which Furnishes The Finest Pearls And Finest Nacre. When Secreted In The Globular Form, It Is The Pearl ; When On The Inner Walls Of The Shell, The Nacre. The Pearl Oyster Is Met With In The Persian Gulf, Arabian Coast, In The Japanese ...

Melia Azadirachta
Melia Azadirachta. Linn., Roxb. Aria Bepou, Rheede. I Azadirachta Indies, Jass. Kohomba In . Ceylon. I Margosa Tree, . . . Esc. Lien-tsze, . . . Chin. Nim, ..... . Hind. Ku•lien-tsze Veyrun I Kin-ling-tsze, . . . „ Yepa, Tel An Ornamental Tree, Very Much Planted In Avenues And ...

Melolonthid
Melolonthid.., The Chafer Group Of Beetles; They Are Large; Their Larvae Feed On Grass, The Beetles On The Leaves Of Trees, Round Which They Fly In The Evening. Under The Name Of White Grub, One Of The Insects Injurious To Coffee 'plants, Are Included The Lame Of Various Melolouthkim, The ...

Melon
Melon. Under This Name Several Vegetables Are Known, Viz. Citrullus Cucurbita, Linn., Water Melon ; Si-kwa, Han-kwa, Chin., Turbuza, Hind. The Water-melon Is To Be Had At The Same Time As, And Grown In A Similar Manner To, The Cucumis Melo. The Seed Should Always Be Preserved From The Finest ...

Menado
Menado. The Tongue Of Land In The North Of Celebes, Known Administratively Under The Name Of The Dutch Residency Of Meuado, Comprehends All The Northern Extent Of The Island, From The Bay Of Palos In The West To The Cape Of Taliabo In The East, And Comprises The Great Bay ...

Mendicants
Mendicants. Mendicancy In India, Burma, And Tibet, Amongst Muhammadans And Hindus Anal Buddhists, Is Largely Associated With Their Religious Views, And Begging Is Supposed In A Great Measure To Be Honourable, A Badge Of Religion, And The Honoured Occupation Of Old Age. Some Of These Religionists Are Professed Ascetics ; ...

Menu
Menu. The Menu Of The Hindus Are Seven,— Swayambhuva (who By Some Is Termed An Incarna Tion Of Brahma), Swarochesa, Uttoma, Tamasa, Raivata, Chaishusha, And Satyavrata. Sir William Jones Has Considered Swayambhuva To Have Been Adam, And Satyavrata, Noah. Menu, The Name Of The Author Of A Book Called The ...

Mercury
Mercury. Abuk, Zibakh, . Arab. Hydrargyrum, . . Lat. Shwuyyiu, Hung, . Chin. Sim-ab, . . . Pers. Mercure, Vif-argent, Fr. Pamda, Rasa, . . Sansii. Quicksilber, . . Ger. Rasam, . . Tam., Tel. Para, ..... Hind. Mercury Or Quicksilver Was Known To The Ancients. The Romans And Arabs ...

Mergui Archipelago
Mergui Archipelago Is Called By The People Myut Myo. The Innumerable Islands Fronting The Coast Of The Malay Peninsula Extend To The Distance Of 70 Miles From It, And Form The Mergui Archipelago. They Exhibit A Great Variety Of Picturesque And Wild Scenery, The Larger Islands Rising In Successive Ranges ...

Meriah
Meriah, The Name Given To The Victims Of Sacrifice In The Khond Tracts Near Orissa, Where Young Persons Were Sacrificed To Propitiate The Divinity Supposed To Preside Over The Soil. The Meriah Sacrifices To The Earth Goddess Were Made Amongst The Khond Until The Close Of The Gumsur War In ...

Meru
Meru, A Mythological Mountain Of The Hindu Religionists, Also Called Sumeru And Hemadri. It Is The Mien-mo Of The Burmese, And The Simeru Of The Siamese. It Is Termed By The Hindus In Their Theogony, The Navel Of The World, And Is The Fabled Residence Of Their Deities. Hindus, Siamese, ...

Merv
Merv Is Situated In An Oasis Of The Same Name. It Was The Capital Of The Ancient Mar Giana, Is Said To Have Been Founded By Alexander The Great, And Became The Residence Of One Of His Successors, Antioehus Nicator, Who Called It Antiocha Margiana. In More Modern Days It ...

Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia Is The Name By Which Baby Lonia Was Designated After The Macedonian Con Quest. Strictly, It Comprises All The Country Between The Euphrates And The Tigris, But The Name Is Usually Restricted To The Part Of It S. And E. Of Orfa And Marlin. The Most Of It Is ...

Metals
Metals Imported Into India Consist Of Wrought Brass, Copper Unwrought And Wrought, Cast Or Pig Iron And Wrought Iron, Lead Ore, Pig Lead, Wrought Lead In Sheets, Pipes, And Tubes, Quicksilver And Steel, Tin Unwrought And Wrought, Zinc. These Will Be Found Noticed Under Their Individual Names, But The Total ...

Meteorites
Meteorites. Till The Beginning Of The 19th Century, The Fall Of Stones From The Sky, Aerosider Ites, Aerosiderolites, And Aerolites, Seemed An Eveut So Strange, That Neither • Scientific Men Nor The Mass Of The People Could Be Brought To Credit Its Possibility. Such Falls Are, Indeed, Recorded By The ...

Metrosideros
Metrosideros (from Ttirpu, The Heart Of A Tree, And Granpoc, Iron), A Genus Of Plants Belonging To The Natural Order Myrtacem, So Named Because Of The Hardness Of Their Inner Woods. M. Lucida, A Beautiful Tree, Occurs As Far South As Auckland Islands, In Lat. 50r S. M. Polymorpha, A ...

Mewar
Mewar, An Independent Principality In Raj Putana, Often Called By The Name Of Its Present Capital, Udaipur. It Is Ruled By A Maharana, In Alliance With The British Government. The Capital Is In Lat. 24° 37' N., And Long. 37° 49' E., And Is 2064 Feet Above The Sea. The ...

Mhang Or
Mhang Or Mang Are Scattered Through All The Northern Parts Of The Indian Peninsula, In The Bombay Presidency, Gujerat, Kandesh, The Konkan, And Kolhapur. They Dwell Outside The Walls Of The Villages. They Are Tanners, Workers In Raw Hides And Leather, Shoe And Harness Makers, Messengers, Scavengers, And Executioners. They ...

Miau Tsze Or
Miau-tsze Or Miao-tzu And Mau-tzu, Are Aboriginal Tribes In The Various Highlands In The S. And W. Provinces Of China Proper. They Are Regarded By The Chinese As Barbarians, And Are Designated By Derogatory And Contemptuous Appellations. Recent Travellers, And Particularly Mr. Colquhoun, In His Travels Across Chryse, Have Given ...

Mica
Mica. Kobub-ul-arz, . Arab. Glimmer, Da., Dut., Ger. Kin-sing-shill, . Citt N. Tulk, . . 1) Ux., Pers. Yin-sing-ahih, . „ Abraka, . . . Sansk. Mica Is One Of The Constituents Of Granite, Gneiss, And Mica-slate, And Gives To The Latter Its Laminated Structure. It Also Occurs In Granular ...

Michelia Champaca
Michelia Champaca. Linn. Champaka, . . Beng. Bongas Jampacca, Malay. Champa, . . . „ Sappoo, . . . Singh. Saga, . . . . Mem. Shembugha, . . . Tam. Sumpaghy, . . Can. Champakamu, . . Tel Chen-poo-kia, . Chin. Kanchanamu, . Urtya. A Large Tree Of Most ...

Migration
Migration Of Birds To And From Southern Asia, Says Mr. Hodgson, Seems To Take Place Across The Mountains Of Nepal. The Wading And Natatorial Birds, Generally, Make A Mere Stage Of The Valley On Their Way To And From The Vast Plains Of India And Tibet, The Valley Being Too ...

Mikado
Mikado, A Title Of The Emperor Of Japan. The First Historic Emperor, Jimmu, Succeeded To The Throne Of Japan About B.c. 660. His Father Was Reputed To Be A God. Hence His Descendants The Mikados Trace Their Descent From The Goda, Land Have A Sanctity Attached To Them. Books Describe ...

Mikir
Mikir, A Bill Race In The Nowgong District Of Assam, At The Foot Of The Naga Hills. Their Clans Extend Across The Naga Hills From Nowgong Into Cachar. According To Their Own Legend, They Were Driven By The Cachari From What Is Called Tolaram Or Senapatis Country, Between Nowgeing And ...

Milk Arab
Milk. Arab. Possession, Property. Malik, Owner, King ; Malan, Queen ; Mamliik, Possessed. Milk. Halib, . . Arab., Her. Mum, . . . Maleal. Niu=ju, Niu-nai, . Chin. Shir, Pass• Lait, Fr Leite, Port. Mikh, Ger Moloko, . . . Rms. Dud'h, . . . . , Hind. Ellakerrie, . ...

Milk Trees
Milk Trees, Arbol De Leche, Palo De Vaca, Arbro De La Vache. Milk - Yielding Plants Occur Chiefly Amongst The Euphorbiacem, Urticacem, And Apocynem, But Nearly All Their Milky Secretions Contain Acrid And Deleterious Principles. The Genera Euphorbia And Asclepias, However, Con Tain Species Said To Yield A Mild And ...

Millet
Millet. Dukhn, . . . Arab: Navaria, . . . Maleal. Navonay,. . . . Can. Arzun, . . . Pers. Liang, Kau-liang, . Chin. Milbo, Mindoo, . Port. Cay Khe, . Com.-chin. Prosso, . . . . Rus. Hine, . . . Dan., Ger. Kangu, Priyangu, Sansk. Rid, Rala, ...

Mimansa
Mimansa, A School Of Philosophy Which In Vestigates The Doctrine Andpractices Of The Vedas. The Hindus Have Six Different Schools Or Systems Of Metaphysical Philosophy. They Are Called The Purva Mimansa, Uttara Mimansa Or Vedanta, The Sankhya, The Patanjala, The Nyayika, And The Vaisheshika. These, Although Some Of Them Offer ...

Minagara
Minagara, A Historical City On The Indus River, The Chief Site Of The Dominions Of The Parthian Kings Of The Panjab. Captain Balfour, I.n., Is Of Opinion That It Was Situated On The Baggaur Branch Of The Indus, Which Flows From The Main Stream A Few Miles South Of Tatta, ...

Mincopi
Mincopi Occupy The Andaman Islands, And Are Perhaps The Least Civilised Race In The World, Being Nearer To A State Of Nature Than Any People We Read Of. They Are In The Very Lowest And Most Abject State Of Human Society, Without Fixed Dwellings, Unclad, And Unacquainted With The Meanest ...

Mindra
Mindra, In A Hindu Temple, Is The Cella. Mineralogy Is A Science Which Vleals With The Description And Classification Of The Chem Ically Distinct Substances Which Form The Material Of The Globe. Mineral Substances, Useful In The Arts, And Applicable For Personal Ornament, Are Very Numerous In South-eastern Asia, And ...

Mineral Springs
Mineral Springs Exist In. Many Parts Of The South And East Of Asia. The Districts Richest In Mineral Waters Appear To Be The Tenasserim Provinces ; A District Around Hazaribagh, Stretch Ing In Almost Every Direction For About 130 Miles, In Many Places Literally Teeming With Hot Springs; The Upper ...

Minery
Minery, An Artificial Lake In Ceylon, 20 Miles In Circumference. A Charming Sylvan Spot. Ming. A Dynasty Of China Of A.d. 1370-1650. Choo Yuen-chaug, The First Of The Dynasty, Was The Son Of A Labouring Man. In His Youth He Had Been A Servant In A Monastery, But Joined The ...

Mir Jafar
Mir Jafar, A Nawab Of Bengal, Whom The English East India Company's Council Raised To That Office After The Defeat At Plassey Of Suraj-ud Dowla. On The Outbreak Of War Between Great Britain And France, Clive Took Possession Of The French Factory Of Chandernagar On The Hoogly, Which Suraj-ud-dowla Resented ...

Mirage
Mirage. Dahr-bi . . Ar. Narnaish-i-ab, . Pers. Si-kot, Chitram, . Hind. Sahr-ab, . . . . „ This Phenomenon Is The Unreal Waters Alluded To In Jeremiah Xv. 18 ; The Parched Ground Of Isaiah Xxxv. 7. It Is Said That Beasts Are Never Deceived By The Mirage. But, ...

Missionaries
Missionaries. The South And East Of Asia Has Been A Scene Of Proselytizing Labour From Remote Times. The Earliest Recorded Missions In India Were Of The Buddhists, Who Sent Agents To Every Country Around, And Forms Of Their Faith Still Prevail In Tibet, In Ceylon, Burma, Siam, Cochin-china, Java, China, ...

Mithila
Mithila, A Historical Country North Of The Ganges, Between The Gandak And Kosi Rivers, Com Prehending The Modern Provinces Of Puraniya And Tirhut. The Remains Of The Capital Founded By Janaka, And Thence Termed Janakapur, According To Buchanan, Are Still To Be Seen On The Northern Frontier, At The Janickpur ...

Mithra Or
Mithra Or Mithras, The Sun, The Object Of Worship Of The Ancient Aryans, The Bactrian Sun God. Mithra Is Not Mentioned In The Gatha Of Zoroaster. In The Vedas He Is Rarely Invoked Alone, But Generally Along With (ouranos) Varuna, The Heavenly Vault. In The Later Iranian Religion, Mithra Is ...

Moghul
Moghul, A Term Derived From Mongol. As A Title It Was Especially Applied To The Sovereigns Of Dehli Of The House Of Timur, Although They Were Equally At Least Of Turk Descent, And Pre Sented In Their Appearance Entirely Turkish Cha Racteristics. But Hindus Apply This Term, As Also Turk, ...

Mohana
Mohana, A Fisherman Race In Sind, Who Appear To Be Converted Hindus, But They Claim To Be Of Arab Descent From The Town Of Arlitab. They Have Five Clans,—the Bundri, Karacha, Lana, Jhabar, And Wungara. They Fish In The Creeks And Channels. They Profess Muhammadanism. The Jhabar Eat The Porpoise ...

Mollusca Or
Mollusca Or Molluscs. Mollusc Is A Term Derived From The Greek Word Peactxti;, Soft ; And Molluscs Are Animals Whose Bodies Are Soft, But Are Mostly Protected By An External Shell. The Molluscs Are Related To The Zoophytes By The Affinity Of Their Simpler Forms, And The Higher Classes Of ...

Momund
Momund, An Afghan Tribe, Partly In British Territory, Partly Semi-independent. The Upper Or Hill Momund Country Stretches From The South Western Districts Of Swat To The Hills North Of The Khaibar, And Includes Both Banks Of The River. Kabul, Lalpura, The Capital Town, Being Situated On Its Left Bank, Just ...

Monastery
Monastery. Kyoung, . . Bums. Terah, Jar. Ast'hol, . . . Hind. Wat, Siam Akora, Math, . . „ Mattam, . . . . Tam. Monasticism Is An Essential Feature In Buddhism. In The Brahmanical Religion, It Is Only So Far Con Nected With The Popular Worship That Several Of ...

Money
Money. Naqd, Tankah, . Arab. I Moueta, Daharo, . It. Monnaie, . . . Bit. Zar-o-sim, . . . Pers. Geld, Ger. I Moneda, . . Port., Sr. Paise, . Hind. Para, Akcha, . . Turk. The Greeks, The Inventors Of The Use Of Money, Were Imbued With The Only ...

Mongolia
Mongolia, In The East Of Asia, Stretches From Siberia In The North, Towards The Great Wall Of China In The South, And From Dauria And Manchuria In The East, To The Altai And The Sources Of The Irtish, Tian Shan, And Eastern Turkestan In The West. In The Centre Of ...

Monkey
Monkey, Ape, Baboon, Gibbon. Kird, Mainnin, . Arab. Cephus, . . . . Lat. Sadan, . . . . „ Kcibi, Kubbi, . . Pers. Cepb, . . . . Ethiop. Kaki, Singh. Kephos, Kepos, . . Gr. Mono, Sr. Koph, . . . . Her. Korangu, . . . ...

Monsieur Law
Law, Monsieur, A Descendant Of John Law, Of Lauriston, Who Started The South Sea Company. Monsieur Law, In 1748, Defended Ariacopang, And Subsequently Commanded The French Troops With Chanda Sahib At Trichinopoly. His Com Mand Was Not Advantageous To The French In Terests. He Delivered Up Chanda Sahib To Monaji ...

Monsoon
Monsoon. Ransom, . . Arab. I Etesite, Greek, From Ir.r. Ili Hindustan The People Usually Arrange The Year Into Three Periods,—the Choumasa Or Burk'ha, Which Is The Rainy Season Of Four Months' Duration ; After Which Is The Siala Or Jara Or Mohasa, The Gold Season; Followed By The Dhup-kala ...

Montgomery
Montgomery, A Town Which Gives Its Name To The North-eastern District Of The Multan Division Of The Panjab. It Was Named After Sir Robert Montgomery, K.c.b., A Distinguished Civil Officei Of The Bengal Government. The District Occupies A Wide Extent Of The Bari Doab, And Stretches Across The Ravi Into ...

Moon
Moon. Luna. In Hindu Mythology, Chandra, The Moon, Is Fabled To Have Been Married To The Twenty-seven Daughters Of The Patriarch Daksha, Who Are In Fact Personifications Of The Lunar Asterisms. His Favourite Amongst Them Was Rohini, To Whom He So Wholly Devoted Himself As To Neglect The Rest. They ...

Mopla
Mopla, An Energetic And Prosperous Race In Considerable Numbers In The South Of India ; In A Large Portion Of Malabar They Form Half The Populations, And In The Malabar District Their Total Number By Census Is Not Short Of Half A Million ; They Are Also Numerous In Travancore ...

Mordecai
Mordecai. Hamadan, A Town In Persia, Is The Ancient Ecbatana. It Is Impossible To Conceive A More Charming Situation, A Country Better Suited To Live Happily In, Than Hamadan And Its Neigh Bourhood. The Country Is Undulating, The Soil Rich, The Water Good, The Climate Singularly Clear, Healthy, And Bracing ...

Morinda
Morinda, A Genus Of Plants Of The Natural Order Cinchonacew, Section Guettarderu. The Following Species Are The Principal Known To Occur In The East Indies :— Morinda Angustifolia, Roxb., Chittagong. M. Bracteata, Roxb., Ganjam, Andaman,e. Archipelago. M. Citrifolia, L., Peninsula, Pcgu, Moluccas, Cochin China. M.'exserta, Roxb., Bun, Uch, Bengal. M. ...

Moringa Pterygosperma
Moringa Pterygosperma. Airrtn. Hyperanthera Moringa, Va./a. Moriaben, Ban, . Arab. Sainga, Saigut, . Mahr. Hub-ul-ban (seed), „ Mumma, . . Maleal. Sohanjana, . . . Beng. Sajna, . . . Pers. Da-tha-lwon, . . Burn. Sigru, . . . Sansk. Dha-ne Eha, . . ,sau Murangay, Singe. I Nugga, Nugge-gida, ...

Morocco Or
Morocco Or Marocca, The Marakash Of The Arabs, A Country Of 300,000 Square Miles, At The N.w. Extremity Of Africa. The Dominant Race Are Moors. Berber, Shellok, Arab, Negro, Christians, And Jews Are Numerous. All The Mercantile And Artisan Transactions Are Carried On By Jews.. These Reside In The Mellah ...

Morus
Morus, A Genus Of Plants Belonging To Tho Natural Order Urticacem. The Chief E. Indian Species Known :— Morus Alba, L., All Southern Asia. M. Atropnrpurea, Roxb., China, India. M. Bifaria, Wall. I M. Cashmeriana, Boyle, Kashmir. M. Indica, L., Bengal. M. Irovigata, Wall., Nepal, Saharanpur. M. Multicaulis, Perottet, China. ...

Moschus Moschiferus
Moschus Moschiferus. Linn. The Musk Deer Is Found From Siberia Through Central Asia To The Himalaya. In These Moun Tains It Is Found At Great Elevations, In Summer Rarely Below 8000 Feet, And As High As The Limits Of The Forest. It Is Solitary, Living In Retired Spots Near Rocks, ...

Mosque
Mosque, The Place Of Public Worship Amongst Muhammadans. The Jams Masjid Is The Chief Mosque Of The City, Where General Service Is Held Every Friday. The Word Is Derived From The Arabic Masjid Or Masgid. It Is Generally A Square, With Three Walls So Built That Looking To The Back ...

Mosquito
Mosquito. Blachr, . . . . Hind. Kosi, Tam, Namuk, Ages, . Malay. Domq, Tel. Agih Sivri-sinek, . . . Turk. Species Known Are Culex Laniger, C. Fuscanus, C. Circutuvolens, And C. Regius. These Insects Chiefly Abound Near Stagnant Water And Near The Great Rivers. Along The Banks Of The ...

Mosquito Tobacco
Mosquito Tobacco Of China Are Pastilles Made Of. The Sawdust Of Juniper And Other Resinous Woods. The Mixture Is Of Juniper Or Pine-tree Sawings (pih Heang Fun Or Sung Shoo), Artemisia Leaves Reduced To Powder (nai - Hai), Tobacco Leaves (can Fun), A Small Portion Of Arsenic (pe-za), And A ...

Mot Hind
Mot. Hind. A Leathern Bucket Open At Both Ends, Used With The Pe-cottah Lever For Raising Water. Mother. Am, Walidah, . Arab. Ai, Maur. Mere, Fr Madar, . . Pers. Mutter, . . . . Ger. Amnia, . . Sp., Tam. Mater, . . . Gr., Lat. Tyer, Tam Ma, ...

Mother Of Pearl
Mother-of-pearl, Nacre. Perlemoor, . . . Dan. Madre Perla, . It., Sp. Parelmoer, . . . Dut. Indung Mutigara, Malay. Perlen-mutter, . . Ger. Madre-perola, . . Port. Chip, Gus. Perlo-mutr, . . . Rus. Sipi Chip, . . Hind. Perlemor, . . . Sw. Mother-of-pearl, Or Nacre, Is The ...

Mountains
Mountains. The Continent Of Asia Is Crossed By A Great Desert, Extending From The Caspian Almost To The Gates Of Pekin And The Yellow Sea. To The South Of This Wilderness Lies A Region Divided Into Northern And Southern Parts By The Great Chain Of The I Limalaya And The ...

Mugh Pers
Mugh. Pers. A Follower Of Zoroaster, A Fire-worshipper, Applied By The Arabs And Muham Madans Similarly To Gabr (guebre) And Kafir. The Term Is Applied By The People Of Bengal To All The Arakanese, And To A Race In The Chittagong District, Who Call Themselves Rajbansi In Bengali, And Myam-ma-gyee ...

Mujallibah
Mujallibah, Also Called Maklouba, Ruins On The East Or Left Bank Of The Euphrates, If Miles N.n.w. From The Bridge Of Hillah, And 1 N. Of The Amram Hill. Maklouba Means Overturned. The Mujallibah Is A Solid Quadrangular Mound, The Sides Of Which Face The Cardinal Points. Its Height Is ...

Mukhia
Mukhia, In Bengal, One Of The Village Author Ities; Also A Comptroller, Appointed To Collect Tribute To Hindu Idols. Such Sacred Offerings Were Held In High Estimation By The Nations Of Antiquity. Herodotus Observes That These Were Transmitted From The Remotest Nations Of Scythia To Delos In Greece ; But ...

Mulberry
Mulberry. Mure, Fr. Tut, Hum. Maul-beere, . . Ger. I Mora, . . . It., Sr. Species Of The Morus Or Mulberry Trees And Their Fruit. In The Panjab, There Are Red And White Mulberries, And Two Sorts Of Each Colour ; One Is A Small Oval, Being Rather Sweet, ...

Muller
Muller. Frederick Max - Muller, Member Of The Institute Of France, Knight Of The Ordre Pony Le Mdrite, Member Of The Peale Accademia Del Lined Of Rome, And Ll.d. Of Cambridge And Edinburgh, Is A Learned German Who Settled In England. Ho Was Born On The Gth December 1823 At ...

Multan
Multan, A City In The Panjab, Which Gives Its Name To A Revenue Division And District. The City Is In Lat. 30° 12' N., And Long. 71° 30' 45' E., And Is Now 4 Miles From The Present Left Bank Of The Chenab. Cunningham Thinks It Is The Kas Yapapura ...