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Order

india, species, himalayas, found, south, occur and peculiar

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ORDER, Cetacea, posterior extremities wanting. • b. Implacental or Marsupial mammals. I. UNGIIIOULATA, with nails.

Distribution.—Southern India, more particularly the richly-wooded _Malabar coast, possesses more species peculiar to it than all Central and Northern India, except the Himalayan range. Of the animals found in the Himalayan range, several equally belong to the Indo-Chinese fauna, of which they appear to be the western extension, and a few others to Central Asia, whilst a moder ate number appear to be peculiar to the Himalayan mountains.

The Langur monkeys (Preshytis) form a well marked group in India, And still furthet developed in the Judo - Chinese provinces and Malayana. Out of five continental species, one is spread through all the plains of Central and Northern India, one through the Himalayas, am there are three well-marked species in the extreme south of the Peninsula. Macacus radiatus of Southern India replaces Inuus rhesus of all Northern and Central India. A well-marked form of this group, Inuus silenus, is peculiar tc the south-west corner of the Peninsula.

The lemurs are almost peculiar to Madagascar, but one species of the Lemuridm is very abundant in the extreme south, and a Malayan specie= extends sparingly through Burma into the N.E. corner of Bengal.

Two species of frugivorous bats are spread all over India, and one species occurs only in the south. Of insectivorous bats, seven species of Rhinolophus have been found in the Himalayas, but only two species in Southern India. The Hipposideros section is represented equally in the north and south of India, and is more Malayan. The Ccelops of Blyth has as yet been found only in the Bengal Sundcrbans. The yellow-bellied Nycticeji occur pretty generally throughout India, N. ornatus occurring in the Himalayas.

A few European forms are found in the Him alayas. Moles occur in the Indo-Chinese region, and in the S.E. portion of the Himalayas. Shrews occur in all parts of India, but are most abundant in the Himalaya. One species of Tupaia occurs in Southern India, and another extends from the S.E. II imalayns to Burma.

Of the carnivore, two species of bears are I Iiinalayan, and a third species extends throughout all the plains of India. Ailurus fulgens, one of

the Ursidre, is peculiar to the Eastern Himalayas. Weasels occur only on the Himalayas ; one marten is found both on the Neilgherries and Himalayas. One species of otter is found in the south of India ; in Bengal are two species, and others occur in the Himalayas. Of fifteen feline mammals found in India, five are common to India and Africa, seven are found in India and tho Indo-Chinese region, but three of these occur only in the S.E. Him alayas. One, the ounce of Central Asia, is Him alayan, and the smallest of the feline animals are peculiar to the plains of India, two of them in the extreme south of the Peninsula, and the other on the N. W.

Of the strictly Asiatic Parodoxurus, more Malayan than Indian, one species is common in most parts of India, and two occur on the Min alayas and adjoining Terai. The genus lierpestes is common to India and Africa ; out of seven Indian species, five occur only in the south of the Peninsula, and of these four only in the extreme south. One small civet-cat is found throughout India, and is common in the Himalaya, a large species on the Himalaya replaced by a different race in the extreme south. Arctonyx, Arctictis, Helictes, Urva, and Prionodon are found in the S.E. Himalayas and in the Indo-Chinese region. The wolf, the jackal, and wild dog are found throughout India ; two small desert foxes are found throughout the plains, and a fox of the European type occurs in the Himalayas. Squirrels are found throughout India up to the foot of the Himalayas, in the Indo - Chinese region, Assam, Burma, and Malayana. One species of flying squirrel is limited to the extreme south of the Peninsula, one in the south of the Peninsula, but several species in the Himalaya. Marmots only occur in the Himalayan region, to which they have been extended from Central Asia. Of the Maridw, Golunda, three species of Leggada, and the curious Platacanthomys are peculiar to the south of India. Arvicula occurs only on the Himalayas, and Rhizomys in the Himalayas and the Indo-Chinese district.

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