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Pp Pi 455 Pm

hot, springs, miles, spring, near, village, water and taluk

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PP PI 4.55 P.M., „ 126'25 , 86'5 9.25 P.M., „ 126'05 „ 8071 5.50 a.m., „ 128'25 „ 78 PI 5th Sept., 9.15 PI 128 „ 83 3d and principal spring, which is the saint's shrine, and which feeds the Alligator Ponds.

4th Sept., 5.30 P.M., . . Water, 99° Air, The water of these springs, where it first issues, has a slightly sulphureous smell and taste,but, after a short exposure to the air, becomes perfectly sweet and. pure ; it leaves a slightly blackish deposit on the pebbles. The rocks in the vicinity consist of an upper cap of coarse limestone, over laying coarse soft sandstone.

The other hot springs of Sind are the Lukki and Gazi Fir springs. Of the latter, Lieutenant Maclagan gave the following account There is a hot spring on a considerable elevated plateau upon the hill called Bhil, above Gazi Pir, a saint's shrine, a few miles west of Shah Hasan, on the Meunchar Lake. I could not hold my hand in the spring for any length of time. The water fills a small reservoir under a clump of trees, then escapes in a narrow stream which flows along to the edge of the plateau, and throws itself over the rock in a white cascade.' The sulphur springs near the village of Lukki, like the springs at Mangal Pir, are three in number, but are much more highly impregnated with sulphur, though their temperature, as under, is not so great, 1st spring, at 12 A.M., water 102° Fahr. ; air in the shade, 82° Fahr.

2d spring, at 12.12 A.M., water 103° Fahr. ; air in sun, 86° Fahr.

3d spring, at 2 P.M., water 105°, in shade 68° Palm Water boiled at third spring by thermometer at 212° 75', and at Kurachee by same thermometer at 214° ; difference, 1° 25'.

At Devakl Uuei is 50 miles S.E. from Surat, at the foot of some hills, the temperature being to 120°.

One at Oonai or Oonari, in the jungle between Bansda and Boharee, in Gujerat, has a tempera ture of 120° to but it is said to vary at seasons (Dr. A. Gibson). Oonai is a small hamlet in the territory of the raja of Bansda, near the hills east of the Surat district. Also one at Tooee, near Ruttenpur, on the Mhye river, in Gujerat, between lat. 22° 49' N., and long. 73° 30' E. There is a sulphurous hot spring at Tulsiram, in the centre of Geer, in Kattyawar.

A line of thermal springs traverses the Southern Konkan ; and there are hot wells at Veijrabhoy, 48 miles N. of Bombay.

Hot springs occur between Dasgaon and Southern Rajapur, between the Ghats and the sea, generally from 16 to 24 miles inland from the sea. At Rajapur there is one spring ; near Mhar, on the Baucoot or Fort Victoria river, 75 miles S. of Bombay, there

are several, their temperatures being 105°, and 109°. They are midway between Dasgaon and Mhar, and about 75 yards from the river.

There are ten places with hot spring between Rajapur and Saksee, viz. in the Viziadrug taluk, village Oouglee (Oonale) near Rajpur, about 20 miles from the Ghats and 12 miles from the sea. It is largely used. There are three in the taluk Ratnagherry and in the mahal Sanganaeshwar, at the villages Rajwari, Tooril, and Suugmairi, about 14 to 16 miles from the Ghats and 26 miles from the sea. That at Tooril is exceedingly hot. One at the village Arowli, in the Konedewri mahal ; one said to increase the appetite, at the village of Mat in the Hatkumbe mahal. Three at Oonari village in the Severndrug taluk and the Natoe Palwan mahal. One at the village Oonari, in the Jafferabad mahal. One at the village of Savi, in the Ryeghur taluk and Mhar pargana, between Mhar and Dasgaon ; and one at the village Oonari, taluk Sankse and Pali Inaba]. Oonali or Oonari is the Mahratta term for hot springs, which will explain why so many villages bear this name.

Hot springs, about 150 in number, occur near Wujerabaee, in the Bhewnday taluka of the Tanna.

collectorate.'i The district In which they occur borders upon the river Tansa, on the Duganel side of the 13hewnday taluk, and is seemingly confined to the villages of Akulkolee, Ganesliptin, Gorad, and Nimbawullee, in a tract about 3 miles long and a mile broad. The Argun' Kuud spring, which is the hottest, has a temperature of 130130°. Hot springs, having a temperature of 87", rise through the limestone near the Pindi hills, and globules of gas escape from round holes in the debris and mud covering the bottom of the ravine. About five miles north of the hot springs of Crrjunalt, and four miles south of those of Kair, sandstone caps a gently rising ground covered with basaltic soil. Near the last-mentioned town many hot springs rise in the argillaceous limestone, which has been remarkably broken up and altered by the globular basalt protruding through it in different places. The principal springs issue at the foot of the rising ground, where the rock is most remarkably altered. Their temperature (87°) was the same as that of Urjunali, on the other side of the Pindi Hills, and it did not vary during the hot and cold months of 1831 and 1833.

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