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Tithes
Tithes Are The Tenth Part Of The In Crease Yearly Arising And Renewing From The Profits Of Lands, The Stock Upon Lands, And The Personal Industry Of The Inhabit Ants, And Are Offerings Pay Able To The Church, By Law. Under The Jewish Sys Tem, The Tenth Part Of The ...

Titles Of Honour
Titles Of Honour Are Designa Tions Which Certain Persons Are Entitled To Claim In Consequence Of Possessing Cer Tain Dignities Or Stations. They Vary In A Manner Corresponding To The Variety Of The Dignities. Thus Emperor, King, Czar, Prince, Are Titles Of Honour, And The Possessors Of These Dignities Are, ...

Tobacco
Tobacco. The Tobacco Duty Yields A Gross Revenue Of Above 3,500,0001. A Year ; Only Two Articles Of Foreign Pro Duction, Sugar And Tea, Bring In A Larger Sum. Since 1842 The Duty Has Been 3s. Per Lb. The Value Of The Article In Bond Varies From 24d. To 6d. ...

Toll
Toll, From The Saxon " Tolne ;" In German, "zoll" (called In Law Latin " Telo Nium," " Theolonium," And " Tolnetum," With Many Other Variations, Which May Be Seen In Ducange, All Which Latin Terms Are Derived Apparently From Ems, " Collection Of Tribute Or Revenue "), Is A ...

Tontine
Tontine, A Species Of Life Annuity, So Called From Lorenzo Tonti, A Neapoli Tan, With Whom The Scheme Originated, And Who Introduced It Into France, Where The Finst Tontine Was Opened In 1653. The Subscribers Were Divided Into Ten Classes, According To Their Ages, Or Were Allowed To Appoint Nominees, ...

Tory
Tory. This Name Has Now, For About Two Hundred Years, Served To Designate One Of Two Principal Political Parties In This Country. The Name Tory, As Well As The Name Whig, And The Existence Of Two Parties In The State Corresponding To Those Which Have Now Been Known For A ...

Town
Town, In Its Popular Sense, Is A Large Assemblage Of Adjoining Or Nearly Ad Joining Houses, To Which A Market Is Usually Incident. Formerly A Wall Seems To Have Been Considered Necessary To Con Stitute A Town ; And The Derivation Of The Word, In Its Anglo-saxon Form 'tun,' Is ...

Transportation
[transportation.] The Advantages Which May Result From Colonies To The Mother Country Appear To Be, The Extension Of The Manufactures And The Trade Of The Mother Country By The Demand For Home Products Which Arises In The Colonies, The Consequent Impulse Given To Industry In The Mother Country, And The ...

Treasure Trove
Treasure-trove, In Legal Latin Called Thesaurus Inventus, Is A Branch Of The Revenue Of The Crown Of England, And Belongs To The King Or His Grantees. Where Coin, Plate, Or Precious Metals Are Found Hidden In The Earth Or Any Private Place, And The Owner Or Person Who Deposited Them ...

Treasury
Treasury, A Department Of The Bri Tish Government Which Controls The Ma Nagement, Collection, And Expenditure Of The Public Revenue. It Is The Business Of Another Department, The Exchequer, To Take Care That No Issues Of Public Money Are Made By The Treasury Without Their Being In Conformity With The ...

Triple Alliance
Triple Alliance Means A Con Tract Entered Into By A Treaty Between Three Different Powers, By Which Each Of The Contracting Parties, By Contributing Its Share To The Execution Of It, Is Also En Titled To A Proportionate Share Of Those Advantages Which May Be Derived From It. Such A ...

Truck System Truck Act
Truck System. Truck Act. Track, Which Means Exchange Or Barter, Has Come To Be Appropriated To Signify The Payment Of Wages Of Labour In Goods, And Not In Money. By The Truck-system Is Meant This Mode Of Paying Wages, To Gether With The Mass Of Its Tendencies And Results. The ...

Trust And Trustee
Trust And Trustee. A Trust, Which Is In Fact A New Name Given To A Use, Is Defined By Lord Coke In The Words Employed By Him For The Definition Of A Use " A Confidence Reposed In Some Other, Not Issuing Out Of The Land, But As A Thing ...

Turnpike Tlusts
Turnpike Tlusts. Turnpike Roads Are A Peculiar Species Of Highways Placed By The Authority Of Acts Of Par Liament Under The Management Of Trus Tees Or Commissioners, Who Are Invested With Certain Powers For The Construction, Management, And Repair Of Such Roads. Besides The Various Local Acts, There Are Several ...

Tute Of Frauds
Tute Of Frauds. A Forfeiture Of A Lease May Arise Either By A Breach By The Tenant Of One Of Those Conditions Which Are Implied By Or At Tached To The Relatiou Of Ialtuoru A, Tenant, As Where A Tenant Disclaims Or Impugns The Title Of His Landlord By Ac ...

Tyrant
Tyrant. The Words Tyrant And Ty Ranny Come Respectively From The Greek Tyrannos, Tyrannis (repavvos, Tupavrts) Through The Latin. The Earliest Use Of The Word Tyrannus Is Perhaps In The Meric Hymn To Ares (mars). It Is Used By Herodotus And Thucydides, To Signify A Person Who Possessed Sovereign I ...

Unfunded Debt
Unfunded Debt. Exchequer Bills Form The Principal Part Of The Un Funded Public Debt. These Bills Are Issued Under The Authority Of Parliament For Sums Varying From 100/. To 10001., And Bear Interest. They Were First Is Sued In The Reign Of William Iii. ; And Although Their Amount Has ...

United States Of North
United States Of North America, Government Of. The United States, At The Time Of The Formation Of The General Or Federal Government In 1787, As Well As At The Time Of Their Separation From Great Britain, 1776, Consisted Of Thirteen Distinct Political Communities,— Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New ...

Universities
Universities. In The Two English Universities The Parliamentary Suffrage Is Independent Of Residence, Property, Or Occupancy, Being Vested In The Doctors And Masters Of Arts Of Cambridge And Oxford Respectively, So Long As They Keep Their Names On The Boards Of Their Respective Colleges. In That Of Dublin, In Like ...

University
University. This Word Is The English Form Of The Latin Universitas, Which Is Often Used By The Best Latin Writers. The Adjective Universes' Sig Nifies The Whole Of Anything, As Contrasted With Its Parts : The Plural • Universi Also Is Often Used To Express An Entire Number Of Persons ...

Usages
Usages. [cusvoses; Paxecturriox.] Usance. [exchange, Bill Or.] Use. A Use, At Common Law, Was A Beneficial Interest In Land, Distinct From The Legal Property Therein. The Origin Of Uses Is Derived By Gilbert (law Of Uses, 3) From A Title Under The Civil Law, Which Allows Of An Usufructuary Interest, ...

Usucapio
Usuca'pio. Gains (ii. 40-42) States That If A Res Mancipi Was Transferred By Bare Tradition, Without The Forms Of Man Cipatio Or In Jure Cessio, The Original Owner Retained The Quiritarian Owner Ship, And The Person To Whom The Thing Was Transferred Had Only The Right To The Enjoyment Of ...

Usury
Usury. This Word Comes From The Latin Usura, Or As It Is More Frequently Used, Usurte In The Plural Number. The Latin Word Signifies Money Paid For The Use Of Money Lent. The Old Word In Use In England To Signify What We Now Call Interest, Seems To Have Been ...

Vagrant I
Vagrant 'i His Term, Which Simply Denotes " A Wandering Person," Is Derived From The Latin Vapor. It Was Probably Introduced Into Our Law Language From The Norman French ; For The Phrase " Ea Gerantz De Lieu En Lieu Currants Per Paiis," Occurs In Our Early Statutes In The ...

Valry
Valry, P. 463.] For The Year 1845 The Force For Which Parliamentary Supplies Were Granted Was As Under :— Cavalry. Infantry. Total. Officers .. 826 5,075 5,901 Non-commission Ed Officers 1,097 8,303 9,400 Rank And File 10,004 104,372 114,376 — — — 11,927 117,750 129,677 The Total Charge For The ...

Value Advowsons
Advowsons, Value Of.—the Following Plain Rules For Estimating The Value Of Advowsons May Be Of Use. The Bargains Which Are Usually Made With Respect Io Advowsons Are, Either For The Advowson Itself; I.e. The Right Of Pre Sentation For Ever, Or For The Right Of Presenting The Next Incumbent, I.e. ...

Vendor And Purchaser
Vendor And Purchaser. The Law Of Vendors And Purchasers Of Real Estate In England Is A Subject Of Great Extent, Which May Be Said To Coin. Prise Nearly The Whole Practical Applica Tion Of The Law Of Real Property. Contracts For The Sale And Purchase Of Land Or Other Real ...

Venue
Venue (vieinetum,visne," Neighbour Hood "). The County In Which The Trial Of A Particular Cause Takes Place Is Said To Be The Venue Of That Cause. The Old Practice In This Matter Is Connected With The Original Functions Of The Jury, As Per Sons Who Were Acquainted With The Facts ...

Vestry
Vestry Is The Name Of That Part Of A Parish Church Where The Ecclesiastical Vestments Are Kept; And Inasmuch As Meetings Of Parishioners Have Been Usually Held In This Part Of The Church For Paro Chial Purposes, Such Meetings, Duly Con Vened, Have Acquired The Name Of Ves Tries; So ...

Vocum
Vocum, On Account Of Its Application To A Great Variety Of Objects, In Many Of Which Neither The Etymology Of The Word Nor Its Original Meaning Can Be Readily Traced. In This Article It Is Proposed To Enumerate And Explain In A Summary Manner The Various Signification Of The Term. ...

Vol Ii
Vol. Ii. Bribery Is One Means By Which Voters Are Induced To Give Their Votes ; And The Enactment Of Laws Against Bribery Is Founded On The Assumption That Bribery Should Be Prevented, That Voters Should Give Their Votes Without Pay Or Reward. Under The System Of Open Voting There ...

Voting
Voting. Voting Means The Giving Of A Man's Voice Or Opinion Is Rose Matter Which Is To Be Determined By A Majority Of Voices Or Opinions Of Persons Who Are Empowered To Give Them. The Commonest Case Of Voting In Countries Where There Is An Elective Branch Of The Supreme ...

Wages
Wages Are The Price Paid For Labour. The Labour Of Man, Being An Object Of Purchase And Sale, Has, Like Other Commo Dities, A Natural Or Cost Price, And A Mar Ket Price. Its Natural Price Is That Which Suffices To Maintain The Labourer And His Family, And To Perpetuate ...

Waif
Waif. If The Goods Of Any Person Were Stolen, And The Thief Thinking That Pursuit Was Made After Him, Fled, And During His Flight Waived Or Abandoned The Goods, They Became Waif, And Were Forfeited To The King. The King Could Grant The Right Of Waif To Others ; And ...

Warehousing System
Warehousing System Is A Cus Toms Regulation, By Which Imported Arti Cles May Be Lodged In Public Warehouses At A Moderate Rent, Without Being Charge Able With Duty Until They Are Taken Out For Home Consumption, And Are Exempt From Duty If Re-exported. This Regula Tion Gives Valuable Facilities To ...

Warrant
Warrant. A Warrant Is A Delega Tion By A, Who Has Power To Do Some Act, Of That Power To B. As A Man Has Power To Manage His Own Concerns, He May Give A Warrant Of Attorney To Another To Act Or Manage On His Behalf. A Sheriff Who ...

Warren
Warren. A Free Warren Is A Franchise Which Gives A Right To Have And Keep Certain Wild Beasts And Fowls, Called Game, Within The Precints Of A Manor, Or Any Other Place Of Known Extent, Whereby The Owner Of The Franchise Has A Property In The Game, And A Right ...

Waste
Waste, Says Coke (co. Litt. 53), " Vastum Dicitur A Vastando, Of Wasting And Depopulating ;" Hut He Gives No Further Definition. The Notion Of Waste Seems To Be When A Tenant For Years, By The Cour Tesy, By Dower, Or For Life, So Deals With Land, Or Such Things ...

Water And Watercourses
Water And Watercourses. The Right Of Conducting Water Through One Piece Of Land For The Use Of Another Is An Incorporeal Hereditament Of The Class Of Easements, And Was Known In The Roman Law By The Name Of The Ser Vitus Aqua Ductus. The Right Of Taking Water Out Of ...

Weights
Weights Alsid Measures. We Shall First Describe The English Weights And Measures As They Stood On The Last Dvf Of The Year 1825, Immediately Before 'se Introduction By Law Of The Imperial Measures, With Some Remarks On Their States At Different Times. Troy Weight. — The Pound Is 12 Ounces ...

Westminster Assembly Of Divines
Westminster Assembly Of Divines. One Of Five Bills To Which It Was Proposed By The Parliamentary Commissioners That King Charles I. Should Give His Consent In The Negotiations At Oxford (from 30th January To 17th April, 1643) Was Entitled A Bill For Calling An Assembly Of Learned And Godly Divines ...

Whig
Whig. Different Accounts Are Given Of The Origin Of This Word. Burnet, In His History Of His Own Time' (i. 43), Under The Year 1648, Says, " The South West Counties Of Scotland Have Seldom Corn Enough To Serve Them Round The Year ; And The Northern Parts Producing More ...

Wife Husband
Wife ; Husband And Wife. Many Of The Legal Incidents Of The Rela Tion Of Husband And Wife, Or, As They Are Called In Our Law Books, Baron And Feme, Have Been Already Noticed: The Mode Of Contracting The Relation Under Mar Riage, And Of Dissolving It, Under Di The ...

Will And Testament
Will And Testament. Before The Passing Of The 32 Hen. Viii. C. 7, Commonly Called The Statute Of Wills, And The 34 & 35 Of Henry Viii. C. 5, There Was No General Testamentary Power Of Freehold Land In England, But The , Power Of Making A Will Of Personal ...

Wine And Spirit Trade
Wine And Spirit Trade. The Consumption Of Wine And Spirits In The United Kingdom Amounts In Round Num Bers To About 28 Million Gallons, The Duty On Which, About 9,000,0001., Is Equal To Above One-sixth Of The Whole Revenue. The Average Consumption Of Wine Of All Kinds Is About 6 ...

Woman
Woman. The Political And Social Condition Of Men Varies Greatly In Dif Ferent Countries. The Condition Of Women Also Varies Greatly, Though The Variations In The Condition Of Women Are Not Univerally Determined By The Social Or Political Condition Of The Men. It Is Sometimes Said That The Condition Of ...

Woods And Forests
Woods And Forests. A Con Siderable Portion Of The Royal Revenue Consisted Formerly Of The Rents And Profits Of The Crown Lands, Which Comprised Numerous Lordships And Honours, Together With Forests And Ohaces: From The Forests The Principal Source Of Profit Lay In The Fines Or Amerciaments Levied For Offences ...

Writ
Writ, A Law Term, Which In Its Proper Signification Means A Writing Under The King's Seal, Whereby He Confers Some Right Or Privilege, Or Commands Some Act To Be .done. Writs Are Either Patent (open, Commonly Called Letters Patent, Liters Patentee), Which Are Not Sealed Up, But Have The Great ...

Writ De Vn
V N Re Insp1cilndo, Writ De. " When A Widow Is Suspected To Feign Herself With Child In Order To Pro Duce A Suppositious Heir To The Estate, The Heir Presumptive May Have A Writ De Ventre Inspiciendo, To Examine Whether She Be With Child Or Not; And, If She ...

Writ Of Inquiry
Writ Of Inquiry. In Cases Where A Plaudit Seeks To Recover A Specific Chattel (as In The Action Of Detinue), Or A Specific Sum Of Money (as In Debt), If The De Fendant Allows Judgment To Go Against Him By Default, This Is Considered As An Admission That The Plaintiff ...

Writ Of Trial
Writ Of Trial. All Trials Of Causes In The Superior Courts Took Place Formerly Either At Bar Before The Whole Court, Or At Nisi Prius Before One Of The Judges Of The Court, Or A Judge Or Serjeant Named In The Commission Of Assize ; But Now, By The 3 ...

Writer To The Signet
Writer To The Signet, Abbre Viated W. S., Is The Designation Of The Members Of The Most Numerous And Im Portant Class Of Attorneys Or Procurators In Scotland. The Writers To The Signet Enjoy, In Common With The Solicitors Of Supreme Courts, And With One Or Two Smaller Bodies, The ...

Yeomanry Cava Ryyeoman
Yeoman, Yeomanry Cava Ry. Of The Various Derivations Propma, For The Word Yeoman—jung Man, Young Man; Jemand, Any One ; Gemein, Common ; Goodman—perhaps " Gemem " Or " Com Mon" Is The Most Probable. A Yeoman Is At The Head Of The Classes Beneath Gentle Men ; He Is ...

Zation Naturalization
Zation ; Naturalization.] The Rights Of Aliens, Enumerated Above, Must Be Understood To Apply Only To Alien Friends. Alien Enemies, Or Subjects Of A Foreign State At War With This Country, Are In A Very Different Condition, And May Be Said To Possess Very Few Rights Here. As Examples Of ...