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Intestinal Bacteria
Intestinal Bacteria The Lively Interest In The Investigation Of The Etiology And Pathology Of Infectious Inflammations Of The Intestine In Infancy Has Led To A Thorough Going Study Of The Intestinal Flora In The Infant. After Robert Koch Had Delighted The Scientific World By The Discovery Of Plate Culture And ...

Intestinal Tuberculosis
Intestinal Tuberculosis Intestinal Tuberculosis Has Been The Subject Of Many Theories And Of Great Divergence Of Opinion. It Is A Disease, However, Which By This Time Should Be Pretty Thoroughly Understood On Aecount Of Our Knowl Edge Of The Caustive Agent And Its Pathogenic Action And On Account Of Our ...

Kidney Cystic Eidney
Cystic Eidney, Kidney, Fiydronepi1rosis Cystic Degeneration Of The Kidney Is In Most Eases Bilateral. In This Condition The Kidneys Form A System Of Sacks, Separated By Areas Of Normal Renal Tissue. In Regard To Its Genesis, There Are Three Opinions:: Virchow Believed That The Cysts Were Retention Cysts, Resulting From ...

L The Removal Of
L The Removal Of Poisons From The Body Many Poisons Lead To Reflex Movements Of The Body By Which They Are Partly Rejected (spitting And Vomiting). Our First Attempt Must Be To Remove All That Is Possible Mechanically From The Mouth And Pharynx And To Free The Stomach From Its ...

Lacerations The Treatment Of
The Treatment Of Cuts, Lacerations, And Bruises This Is Done According To The General Rules Of Asepsis And Antisepsis. Cuts Should Be Washed When Possible In Running Water. In Letting Smaller Wounds Bleed, Naturally Not Too Much, And In Suck Ing Out Stab-wounds We Possess An Excellent Preventive Against Infection. ...

Landrys Paralysis Acute Ascending
Landry's Paralysis (acute Ascending Paralysis) In 1859 Landry Described A Clinical Picture Which Consists In Flaccid Paralysis Of The Skeletal Muscles, Beginning In The Lower Extremities And Rapidly Ascending, And Terminates Fatally In A Short Time Through Involve Ment Of The Bulbar Nerves And The Respiratory Centre. The Pathologic Findings ...

Laryngeal Perichondritis
Laryngeal Perichondritis Idiopathic, As Well As Secondary Perichondritis, Is Rare In Child Hood, The Former, Because It Is An Unusual Condition Anyway, And The Latter, Because Its Main Cause, Tuberculosis And Syphilis Of The Larynx, Are Rare During Childhood. Perichondritis Occurs Most Frequently With Ulcerations In The Larynx Complicating Infectious ...

Laryngospasni
Laryngospasni* The Second Form Of Convulsions Whieh At The Present Day Is Ac Knowledged As Belonging To The Spasmophile Diathesis Is Laryngospasm (spasnius Glottidis). It Is True That This Is Only A Symptom—like The Earpopedal Cramp In Tetany—but It Is Almost Always Associated With The Phenomenon Of Spasmophilia, And The ...

Late Hereditary Syphilis
Late Hereditary Syphilis By Late Hereditary Syphilis We Mean All Organic Affections Of Later Childhood And Of Adult Life, That Are Caused By Hereditary Syphilis And That Are Analogous To The Teritary Manifestations Of The Acquired Form. Age Is Of Less Significance Here Than The Peculiar Manifestations Of Syph Ilis; ...

Lichen Scrofulosorum
Lichen Scrofulosorum I Now Desire To Mention Some Forms Of Tuberculosis Of The Skin Which Frequently Occur In Childhood And Which Formerly Were Separated From The Original Forms Of Tuberculosis On Account Of The Negative Findings Of Bacilli And Which Were Counted As Belonging To The Closer Group Of The ...

Llemorrhages From The Genitals
Llemorrhages From The Genitals Schulkowski Observed In 10,000 Nen-born Children (girls), 35 Cases Of Ha,morrhage Front The Genitals. The Inetrorrhcra, Usually Extremely Scanty, And Seldom Abundant, Never Appeared Before The Fifth And Gen Erally At The Sixth Day. Sehulkowski Refutes The Contention That In These Cases The Hmmorrhage Was A ...

Local Diseases Of The
Local Diseases Of The Stomach And Intestines In Earliest Childhood This Affection Is Extraordinarily Rare In Childhood And Particularly This Affection Is Extraordinarily Rare In Childhood And Particularly So In Infancy. It Offers Great Difficulties In Clinical Diagnosis, When, As Is Frequently The Case, Especially In Round Ulcer In This ...

Lupus
Lupus The Characteristic Sign Of Lupus Is The Screened Lupus Nodule Which Is Made Up Of A Small Circumscribed Group Of Miliary Tuberculous Nodules And Generally Has Its Seat In The Capillary Layer Of The Skin And At Times Going Deeper, Into The Corium. Clinically, It Presents A Flat, Brown ...

Lymphadenitis 1
Lymphadenitis _1. Sequel Which Does Not Affect The Prognosis Unfavorably Is Simple Post-scarlat Ina! Lymphadenit Is. Anna Ii., Aged Seven Years. Moderately Severe Attack. Tempera Ture Normal On Twelfth Day. Lymph-nodes Of Jaw Enlarged To Size Of Almond. Twenty-first Day: Temperature Normal In The Morning; 39.2° C. (102.5° F.) In ...

Lympi Iadenitis
(lympi Iadenitis) The Infection Travels Through The Neighboring Lymph-vessels Into The Lymph-glands, Which Are Really Filters Interposed In The Lymph Channels, And Is Deposited There (lymphadenitis Purulenta). The Glands May Be Regarded As Outposts Which Guard The Parts Of The Body Behind Them Against The Advance Of The Virus. In ...

Maculofibrinots Stomatitis Aphthous Stomatitis
Maculofibrinot:s Stomatitis (aphthous Stomatitis) In The Following Description The Old Term Aphthous Stomatitis Is Avoided And A New Name Is Introduced. This Is Done With The Best Intentions. Without Considering The Fact That The Term Aplithm Has Wrought Irremediable Confusion, It Explains Nothing; For The Translation Of Stomatitis Aphthosa Is ...

Malaria
Malaria May Be Defined As An Infectious Disease Due To The Presence In The Blood Of A Parasite Called Inematocytozoon Malarite. It Is Char Acterized By Paroxysms Of Intermittent Fever With Enlargement Of The Spleen. Discovered The Specific Organism Of Malaria In 1sso. It Is An Animal Parasite Belonging To ...

Mastitis In The Newborn
Mastitis In The Newborn Inflammation Of The Mammary Gland Nearly Always Occurs In A Functionating Organ. Hence, Acute Inflammations Of The Breast Some Times Occur In The Newborn Just As In Women In The Puerperium And During Lactation. In The Child The Disease Occurs Only From The 1st To The ...

Masturi3atiox Onayisni
Masturi3atiox (onayisni*) It Seems Justifiable To Include Masturbation In The Group Of Heredi Tary Neuropathie Phenomena, Because It Is A Pathologic Condition Only When Practised To Excess And Because This Is The Case Practically Ex Clusively In Psychopathic Individuals. There Is A Difference Of Opinion Whether Masturbation Is Very Com ...

Measles
Measles Is One Of The Commonest Infectious Diseases Of Childhood. Jurgenson Gives The Eighteenth Century As The Date Of Its Definite Recog Nition As An Epidemic Disease. The First Important Clinical And Epi Demiological Article, Dealing Particularly With The Incubation Stage, Was By Panum In 1546 Giving His Observations During ...

Meckels Di Verticulum
Meckel's Di Verticulum (see Knopfelmacher, Vol. I.) Etiology And Pathological Anatomy. The Eighth Fetal Week The Canal Which Connects The Intestinal Tract With The Vitelline Mem Brane Generally Closes And Becomes Obliterated. If The Vitelline Membrane Is Partially Or Entirely Preserved, Mal Formations May Result Which Are In Part Visible ...

Meconium And Feces Of
Meconium And Feces Of The Breast-fed Infant The First Evacuation Of The Bowels Occurs Only A Few Hours After Birth, Or, If The Labor Is Protracted, It May Occur During Birth. This Is A Dark Brown, Mostly Odorless, Homogeneous Tarry Mass Called Meco Nium (see Plate 4). Its Sources Are ...

Medication With Specific Action
Medication With Specific Action Upon Idl Skin Among The Medicaments Which Should Be At The Disposal Of The Pediatrist As Well As The General Practitioner In Order To Obtain The Best Results When Mixed With Salves, Plasters, Soaps, Ete., I Wish To Mention The Following As The Most Important And ...

Medicinal Exanthema
Medicinal Exanthema Medicinal Exanthemata Occur In Specially Disposed Individuals In Whom Medicines Produce A Toxic Effect. Clinical Picture.—the Forms Of Niedicinal Exanthema, Its Ap Pearance And Character, Are Exceedingly Variable. They Are Distin Guished Above All By Considerable Polymorphisn), So That In One And The Same Subject We Meet With ...

Meliena Neonatorum
Meliena Neonatorum The Name Melama Neonatorum Is Not Applied To Any One Disease As An Entity. It Rather Serves To Cover A Symptom-complex, The Loss Of Blood From The Gastro-intestinal Tract, Either From The Stomach By Vom Iting, Or From The Rectum, Or Both. One Is Justified In Expunging Mehrna ...

Menincococcus Meningitis
Menincococcus Meningitis (so-called Epidemic Cerebrospinal Meningitis) The Propriety Of Describing This Disease As A Special Form Of Purulent Or Seropurulent Meningitis, A Distinction Which We Have Not Made With Regard To Coli, Influenza Or Any Other Purulent Meningitis Is Primarily Based Upon Clinical Observation. If The Typical Cases, In Which ...

Metabolism And Nutrition During
Metabolism And Nutrition During The First Year Of Life A Thorough Foundation In Physiology Is Especially Indicated In Pediatrics. The Great Progress Of The Natural Sciences And Of Medicine Within The Last Decade Has Considerably Advanced Our Knowl Edge Of The Life Of The Normal Healthy Human Organism. Each Step ...

Micromelia
Micromelia The Clinical Tertn Of Micromelia Comprises In Its Etiology Totally Different Clinical Conditions, Which Have In Common Abnormal Shortness Of The Extremities As Compared To The Trunk. The External Similarity At Birth, Often Considerable Obesity, The Saddle Nose, The Relatively Thick Skull, An Idiotic Facial Expression, The Protruding Tongue ...

Microscopical Examination Of Milk
Microscopical Examination Of Milk Milk Appears Under The Microscope To Be Composed Of Free, Structureless Milk Globules, Which Contain The Fat. These Circular Disks Become Angular In Cooling And Present A Corrugated Surface, Be Cause The Fat, Which At An Earlier Stage Was Still In Process Of Cooling, Has Grown ...

Migraine Liemicrania
Migraine (liemicrania) Migraine Presents A Form Of Hereditary Degeneracy, The Subjects Of Which Arc Classified Among The Superior Degenerates; In Other Words, The Disease Does Not Represent A More Or Less Uniform, Disabling Degenera Tion Affecting The Entire Personality, But Rather A Practically Isolated Affection. It Is Well Known That ...

Milking And The Care
Milking And The Care Of Milk Here We Will Consider Cow's Milk Exclusively. Among The True Bovines (bos Taitrus) Wilckens Distinguishes: (1) Cattle Of The Plains; For Example, In Hungary. (2) Lowland Cattle; For Example, In Holland, The Holsteins. Oldenburgers. Shorthorns, Ayr Shires. (3) Highland Cattle, In Middle Germany And ...

Mixed Feeding Allaitement Mixte
Mixed Feeding (allaitement Mixte) When The Secretion Of Milk Is Not ;sufficient For The Demands Of The Infant From The Time Of Birth Or Later, Or When Other Reasons (for Instance, External Circumstances) Do Not Permit The Baby To Have The Required Amount Of Mother's Milk, It Becomes Necessary Either ...

Mollusca Contagiosa
Mollusca Contagiosa (bateman) This Affection Consists In The Appearance Of Flat Raised Nodules, Whitish Or Slightly Yellowish, On Normal Skin And Covered With Normal Skin, Of Lentil To Pinhead Size; They Are Slightly Indented In The Centre And Have A Small Punetiform Opening Front Which A Peculiar Core Can Be ...

Mongoloid Idiocy Mongolism
Mongoloid Idiocy; Mongolism There Is Often Confusion Between Mongoloid Idiocy And Congenital Athyreosis (myxidiocy) Owing To Their Great Similarity In The First Year Of Life. For This Reason Mongoloid Idiocy, Which Is Marked By External Stigmata, Will Be Discussed Here, Although It Has Nothing To Do With Affections Of The ...

Morbus Banti
Morbus Banti Clinical Disease Begins, According To Banti's Descrip Tion, With A Spleen Tumor Accompanied By Anemia, The Tumor Becoming Quite Large In The Course Of Years. After A Duration Of 3 To 10 Years The Anientic Stage Is Followed By A Transitional Stage With Icterus And Gastro-intestinal Disturbances Lasting ...

Morphologic Peculiarities
Morphologic Peculiarities Aside From The Intimate Adhesions Between The Dura And The Bones Of The Cranial Vault, The Absence Of Pacchionian Bodies And The Small Ness And Friability Of All The Structures, The Mere Opening Of The Skull And Vertebral Canal Presents In Children No Peculiarity Worthy Of Note. The ...

Mortality And Morbidity In
Mortality And Morbidity In Infancy According To The Tables, The Mortality Is Very High In The First Year, Is At Its Minimum From The Tenth To The Fifteenth Year, And Increases In The Succeeding Decades, At First Slowly, And Later More Rapidly. This May Easily Be Seen From Figures Taken ...

Multiple Abscess Of The
Multiple Abscess Of The Skin Multiplex Infanturn, Dermatitis Folli Culosa (steiner), Dermatitis Phlegmonosa (baginsky), Circumscribed Phlegmon Of The Superficial Fascia (bohn). The Multiple Abscesses Of The Skin Are An Affection Peculiar To The Nursing Period; They Are Not Connected With The Follicles, But Are Ab Scesses Of The Superficial Fascia ...

Multiple Cerebral And Spinal
Multiple Cerebral And Spinal Sclerosis Multiple Cerebral And Spinal Sclerosis Consists In The Presence Of Numerous, Dense, Yellowish White Foci In The Spinal Cord, Medulla Oblon Gata And Cerebrum. Microscopic Examination Reveals Excessive Pro Liferation Of The Neuroglia, Such As Is Not Attained In Any Other Central Disease Of The ...

Muscular Atrophies
Muscular Atrophies It Has Been Known Since About The Third Decade Of The Last Century That There Occur In Aclults And Children Diseases Consisting In Atrophy Or Increase In Volume Of The Muscles, With Paralysis Of A Progressive Character. Gradually, Through The Investigations Of Aran, Duchemie, Erb, Schultze, Leyden, Moebius, ...

Nature And Symptoms Of
Nature And Symptoms Of Infections These Poisons Are Usually Of Bacterial Origin, Whilst The True Poisons (bites Of Snakes And Insects) Play Only A Very Minor Role. As A Rule, We Find The Most Important Cause Of Infection Among The Bacteria. They Act Either Mechanically (obliterating The Blood Vessels Through ...

Nematodes Round Worms
Nematodes (round Worms) Ascaris Lutsbricoides.—til's Worm Has A Round Body, Whieh Runs To A Point At Both End:s And Is Grayish Red Or Salmon-red. Through The Finely Annular Skin, Shimmer The Blood Vessels Of The Abdomen And Back, As Well As A Mass Of Twisted Threads That Represents The Sexual ...

Neoplasms And Parasites Of
Congenital Anwlalies, Neoplasms And Parasites Of The Lungs And Pleura A Congenital Lack Of Development Of A Lung Has Been Observed Sev Eral Times. The Sante Is Frequently Recognized Only In Autopsy, Since The Affected Side Of The Chest Becomes Expanded By Vicarious Emphysema, And Since The Development Of The ...