Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 19 >> Asphalt to A Midsummer Nights Dream

Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 19

Asphalt
Asphalt.- Besides The 688,334 Tons Of Asphalt Produced From Petroleum, Natural Asphalts And Bituminous Rocks Are Mined At Various Places In Utah. California, Kentucky And Texas. While Much Of The Material Is Used For Roads, The Minerals Gilsonite, Grahamite, Wurtzilite And Ozocerite Have Many Uses In The Arts. Elsams.— Used ...

Baptiste
Baptiste Pocquelin,.thon Ba-test Polc-e An), French Dramatist: B. Paris, 15 Jan. 1622; D. There, 17 Feb. 1673. His Father Was Valet De Chambre And Upholsterer To The King. When His Father Had Become Debilitated He Had To Dis Charge His Office About The Person Of Louis Xiii. In 1641 He ...

Brown Tail Moth Leopard Moth
Leopard; Moth, Brown-tail; Moth, Gypsy ) . Others Feed Upon The Pith Of Herbaceous Plants. A Number Of Species Feed Upon The Inside Of Growing Furits. Only A Very Few Species Are Known To Be Carnivorous. The Household Moths (tines') Are Well Known On Account Of The Injury They Work ...

Chattanooga And Saint Louis
Nashville, Chattanooga And Saint Louis 'railway, The. The First Advocate Of The Building Of The Nashville And Chattanooga Railroad, The First Railroad Com Pleted In The State Of Tennessee, Was Dr. James Overton, A Man Of Far-reaching Sagacity, Daunt Less Courage And Great Faith In His Well-matured Convictions. In 1843, ...

Come
Come Ds, French Publicist And Historian : London, England, 29 May 1810; D. Paris, 13 March 1870. He Received A University Educa Tion At Paris; Identified Himself With The Liberal Catholic Movement Of Lamennais (q.v.) And Lacordaire (q.v.), Whom He Assisted In Estab Lishing (18 Oct. 1830) And Editing L'avenir, ...

Confederate States
Confederate States. During The Civil War The Rank Of Officers And Non-commissioned Officers Of The Confed Erate Army Was Indicated In The Following Man Ner, The Insignia Being Displayed Upon The Uni Form Coat, Which For Officers And Enlisted Men Was Double Breasted And Of A Cadet Gray Color. Rank ...

Criticism
Criticism : Dent, E. J., 'mozart's Operas: A Critical Study) (london 1913) ; Hirsch, Paul, (vienna 1906) ; Kochel, Ludwig Von, (chronologisch-thematisches Verzeichniss Sammtlicher Tonwerke W. A. Mozarts) (leip Zig 1862; Revised And Corrected By Paul, Graf Waldersee, Ib. 1905); Komorzynski, E. Von, 'mozarts Kunst Der ...

Crystals Crystallography Cleavage
Crystals; Crystallography; Cleavage; And Physical Crystallography. Other Physical Characters, However, Which Are Not Dependent Or Notably Dependent On The Direction The Test Is Made, Are, Nevertheless, Important And Some Of These May Be Described As Follows: Luton, In The Mineralogical Sense, Is Not The Degree Of Brilliancy, But The Kind ...

France
France. In The French Army, Insignia Of Rank Is Worn On The Sleeves Of The Uniform Coat By Both Officers And Enlisted Men. For Officers It Con Sists Of Stripes Of Gold Or Silver Braid, According To The Arm Of The Service, Worn Either Straight Across The Sleeve Directly Above ...

Fullers
Fuller's Emirti.— But Little Fuller's Earth Is Now Employed For Fulling Cloth, Its Principal Use Being For Decoloring Oils And Fats. Florida, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Massa Chusetts And Texas Are The Principal Price With 80 Per Cent From Florida At An Average Price Of $10.62 A Ton. The Vast Deposits ...

Germany
Germany. Insignia Of Rank In The German Army Is Worn On The Shoulders By Officers And On The Collar By Non-commissioned Officers. Prior To 1808 There Were No Recognized Badges Of Rank In The Prussian Army, Although Bavaria Had Already Adopted Them To Some Extent. During That Year A System ...

Herbert F Wright Minuet
Herbert F. Wright. Minuet, 111111'04f, A Graceful And Stately Dance Of French Origin, The Name Of Which, De Rived From Menu, Small, Was Suggested By The Little Steps. It Developed From The Branle Of Poitou And Was Introduced Into Paris In 1650. It Was At First A Gay And Sprightly ...

John Stuart Mill
Mill, John Stuart, Autobi Ography. This Has Been Called The His Tory Of An Education, Showing What May Be Accomplished In Forming A Boy S Mind Both For Good And Ill Mill's Teacher Was His Father, Whose Ardor In The Task Was Stimulated By The Facility Of His Pupil. He ...

Lady Montagu
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley, Lish Author: B. 1689; D. 21 Aug. 1762. She Was The Eldest Daughter Of Evelyn Pierrepont, After Ward Duke Of Kingston. She Learned Latin Very Early, And Also Became Versed In English Literature, Especially Its Romance And Drama. The Kit-cat Club (q.v.) By Acclamation Ad Mitted ...

Lesbos
Lesbos, A Historic Island Of The /egean Archipelago, Off The Northwest Coast Of Asia Minor, Since 1913 Belonging To Greece, And Called By The Greeks Mitilini Or Mytilene, From Its Capital. In Shape It Is Nearly Triangular, But On The South There Are Two Deep And Nearly Land-locked Bays; Area, ...

Meyer
Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand, Swiss Novel Ist And Poet: B. Zurich, Ii Oct. 1825; D. Kilch Berg, Near Zurich, 1898. He Devoted Himself In His Earlier Years Chiefly To Studies In History And Art. The Two Historians Who Influenced Meyer Particularly Were Vulliemin At Lausanne And Jacob Burckhardt At Bale Whose ...

Meyer_2
Meyer, [marie] Paul Hyacinthe, French Philologist : B. Paris, 17 Jan. 1840; D. 19 March 1917. He Was Educated At The Cycie Louis Le Grand And At The Ecole Des Chartes, Specializing In The Romance Languages. He Was Attached To The Manuscript Department Of The Biblio Theque Nationale In 1863-65, ...

Meyerbeer
Meyerbeer, Rnre-bar, Giacomo (ital Ianized Form Of Jakob Meyer Beer), German Composer: B. Berlin, 5 Sept. 1791; D. Paris, 2 May 1864. His Father, Jakob Beer, Was A Rich Banker Of Jewish Descent, And Of High Reputa Tion In The Commercial World. The Son Gave Early Proof Of His Devotion ...

Mezdires
Mezdires, Na'zyar, Philippe De, French Soldier, Religious Pilgrim And Author: B. Cha Teau De Mizieres, Picardy, About 1327; D. Paris, 29 May 1405. While Still Very Young He Served Under Lucchino Visconti In Lombardy And Shortly Afterward Under Andrew, King Of Naples. He Served With The French Army In Smyrna ...

Mezereon
Mezereon, Me-le're-on, Or Meze Reum, The Dried Bark Of Daphne Mezereum Linni, Daphne Gnidium Linn& Or Daphne Laureola Linne, Of The Family Thymeleacece. All Are Hardy, Low Shrubs. Daphne Mezereum Has A Smooth, Dark-gray Bark Easily Separated From The Wood. The Flowers Precede The Leaves And Are Of A Purplish ...

Mezes
Mezes, Sidney Edward, American Edu Cator: B. Belmont, Cal., 23 Sept. 1863. He Was Graduated From The University Of Cali Fornia In 1884 And Received His Doctor's Degree From Harvard University In 1893. From 1892 To 1914 He Was Engaged In Teaching, Principally At The University Of Texas, Where He ...

Miami University
Miami University, In Oxford, Butler County, Ohio, Is A Coeducational Institution. In 1788 J. C. Symmes Purchased From The United States 1,000,000 Acres Of Land, Bounded South By The Ohio River, East By The Little Mi Ami, And West By The Great Miami. One Condi Tion Of This Purchase Was, ...

Miaulis
Miaulis, Andreas Vohos, Or Bokos, Greek Admiral: B. Negropont, About 1768; D. Athens, 24 June 1835. His Family Name Was Vokos Or Bokos, His Surname Miaulis Being Derived From The Turkish Word For A Felucca. He Was A Wealthy Merchant Captain Living On The Island Of Hydra At The Outbreak ...

Micah
Micah, Book Of. The Title Of The Boob, I, 1. Describes It As °the Word Of Yahweh That Came To Micah The Morashtite In The Days Of Jotham, Ahaz, And Hezekiah, Kings Of Judah.* In Jeremiah.xxvi, 18, Is A Quotation From The Words Of The Elders: °micah The Morashtite Prophesied ...

Michael
Michael, A Pastoral Narrative In 482 Lines Of Blank Verse, By William. Wordsworth, Was Composed And Published In 1800. In A Let Ter To Fox, 14 Jan. 1801, Wordsworth Writes: The Two Poems, The And I Have Attempted To Draw A Picture Of The Domestic Affections, As I Know They ...

Michael Kohlhaas
Michael Kohlhaas. This Story By Heinrich Von Kleist Was Published As The First Of His Erzahlungen, (stories") (1810), After A Frarnent Of The Story Had Been Issued In A Periodical, Phcrbus, Two Years Before. Michael Kohlhaas, An Upright And Highly Respected Horse-dealer, Is Wantonly Wronged By A Young Nobleman; After ...

Michael Obrenovitch Iii
Michael Obrenovitch Iii, 6-bren' O-vich, Prince Of Serbia: B. Kragujevatz, 4 Sept. 1823; D. Near Belgrade, 29 May 1868. He Was The Youngest Son Of Prince Milosh, And After The Abdication Of His Father, In 1839, And The Death Of His Brother Milan Obrenovitch Ii, In 1840, He Succeeded To ...

Michael And His Lost
Michael And His Lost Angel. Mr. Henry Arthur Jones During His Long Career As A Playwright Wrote More Than Half A Hun Dred Plays Which May Be Roughly Divided Into Three Categories,— Melodramas, Comedies Of Manners And Serious Plays. Of The Latter Group 'michael And His Lost Angel' Is Gener ...

Michelangelo
Michelangelo, Life Of. Herman Life Of Michelangelo, Apart From Its .nine As The Record Of A Notable Life, Is One Of Masterpieces Of German Prose. Written At Time When Photographic Illustrations Were Unknown (it Was Published In 1860) And When Expense Of Travel Barred Italy To Most Young Artists, Its ...

Michelangelo
Michelangelo, Buonarroti, Anle-16 Or Me-kel-an Boo-o-nar-ro'te, Whose Name During His Lifetime Was Written As Michelagnolo (or Michelangiolo) Di Ludovico Di Buonarroti-simoni; Italian Sculptor, Painter And Architect : B. Caprese, Tuscany, 6 March 1475; D. Rome, 18 Feb. 1564. The Family Was Well Established As A Family Of Citizens In Flor ...

Michelozzo
Michelozzo, Meke-lot'so, Michelozzi, Italian Architect And Sculptor: B. Florence, 1391 Or 1396; D. There, 1472. He Studied Sculpture Under Donatello And Architecture Under Bru Nelleschi, And Was A Protégé Of Cosimo Dei Medici. He Worked In Silver, Bronze And Mar Ble As A Sculptor And Attained A High Reputa Tion ...

Michelson
Michelson, Albert Abraham, Ameri Can Physicist: B. Strelno, Posen, Germany, 19 Dec. 1852. He Came To The United States When A Bor, Was Graduated At The United States Naval Academy In 1873; Took Graduate Courses In Physics In Berlin And Heidelberg And In Pans; And Resigned From The Navy In ...

Michigan
Michigan, Lake, In The Northern Part Of The United States, The Second In Size Of The Great Lakes (9.v.), And The Largest Body Of Fresh Water Lying Wholly Within The United States. It Is Bounded On The North And East By The State Of Michigan, On The South By Indiana ...

Michigan
Michigan, A State In The United States, Lies In The Region Of The Great Lakes Between Lat. 41° 44' And 47° 30' N. And Long. 82° 25' And' 90° 31' W. It Is Composed Of Two Peninsulas, A Northern And A Southern, Between Which Pass The Straits Of Mackinac, Connecting ...

Michigan Agricultural Col Lege
Michigan Agricultural Col Lege, Chartered In 1855, And Opened In 1857, Situated At Lansing. It Was The First Institution For Agricultural Education Established In The United States. The Michigan State Constitu Tion Provided That Legislature Shall As Soon As Practicable Provide For The Establish Ment Of An Agricultural School.a In ...

Micronesia
Micronesia. To The Islands Shortly North Of The Equator In The Pacific Has Been Applied The Designation "micronesia" (greek, Niikros, Small; Aims, Island). The Designation Aptly Describes The Physical Appearance Of The Islands Of This Subdivision Of Oceanica, For They Are Generally Small And Generally Low, And The Section Contains ...

Microscope
Microscope, An Optical Instrument By Which Images Of Objects Are So Magnified That Details Invisible Or Indistinct To The Naked Eye Are Clearly Observed. In The Ordinary Micro Scope The Magnifying Power Is Interposed Di Rectly Between The Eye And The Object, In The Manner Of A Magnifying Glass; And ...

Microscopy
Microscopy, Clinical, The Use Of The Microscope In The Diagnosis Of Disease. The Microscope, Ever Since Its First Construction, Has Been Used In The Study Of Disease Processes, But Only Within Comparatively Recent Years Has It Attained Its Present Importance As An Adjunct In The Clinical Diagnosis Of Many Different ...

Microtome
Microtome. The Microtome Is An In Strument Used By Botanists And Zoologists For Cutting Thin Sections Of Plant Or Animal Tissues. A Sharp And Highly Tempered Knife Is Held In A Rigid Clamp, While The Object To Be Sectioned, Also Firmly Held In A Clamp, Is Moved Up, A Little ...

Middle Ages
Middle Ages, The, A Period Of History Supposed To Extend From The Fall Of The Roman Empire To About The Year 1550, Covering From 10 To 11 Centuries. The Middle Ages Embrace That Period Of History In Which The Feudal Sys Tem Was Established And Developed, Down To The Most ...

Middleburg
Middleburg, Aldie And Upperville, Cavalry Engagements At. On 16 June 1863 Genera! Stuart, With Three Brigades Of His Cavalry Division, Moved North From The Rappahannock To Screen The Movement Of The Confederate Army Toward The Potomac. Stuart's Orders Were To Keep Along The Eastern Base Of The Blue Ridge, Occupy ...

Middlebury College
Middlebury College, In Middle Bury, Vt., Was Chartered By Act Of The Vermont Legislature 1 Nov. 1800. The Charter Has Never Been Amended. The Institution Is Governed By A Self-perpetuating Board Known As °the Presi Dent And Fellows Of Middlebury College.* There Are No Denominational Restrictions And The College Has ...

Middlemarch
Middlemarch. To Many Critics 'mid Dlemarch' (1871-72) Is The Greatest Novel George Eliot Ever Wrote. Its Scope, Its Variety, Its Maturity And Insight, Are Indubitable. Yet To Others It Lacks Something Of The Charm And Spontaneity Of The Author's Earlier Works, And Its Very Inclusiveness And Scope Lead To A ...

Middleton
Middleton, Conyers, English Divine: B. York, Or Richmond, Yorkshire, 27 Dec. 1683; D. Hildersham, Near Cambridge, 28 July 1750. He Was Educated At Cambridge And Was Elected A Fellow There In 1706. He Married Soon After Ward, Thus Losing His Fellowship, And For A Short Time Was Rector Of Coveney ...

Middleton_2
Middleton, Thomas, English Drama Tist: B. Probably In London About 1570; D. New Ington Butts, July 1627. Little Is Known Of His Life, But His Writings Testify To The Excellence Of His Education Before His Entry At Gray's Inn In 1593 (or 1596). Several Minor Prose Works Preceded What Seems ...

Middletown
Middletown, Mid'l-town, Conn., City, County-seat Of Middlesex County, On The Con Necticut River, And On The New York, New Haven And Hartford Railroad, About 18 Miles South Of Hartford. It Is Opposite Portland, Where Are Valuable Brownstone Quarries. The Places Are Connected By A Long Drawbridge. The City Was Founded ...

Mifflin
Mifflin, Thomas, American Soldier And Politician: B. Philadelphia 1744; D. Lancaster, Pa., 20 Jan. 1800. He Was By Birth A Quaker; Was Graduated At Philadelphia College In 1760; Entered Public Life In 1772 As A Member Of The Pennsylvania Assembly; And In 1774 Was Elected A Delegate To The Continental ...

Migration
Migration. The Term Migration Is Often Used Very Loosely In Popular Writings About Animals, So That It Seems Wise To Define It As Limited In The Present Article To: (1) The Annual Change Of Residence By A Species With The Change Of Seasons From Winter To Sum Mer Or The ...

Milan
Milan, Mll'an Or Mi-lan', Second City Of Italy, The Capital Of The Province Of Milan, An Archiepiscopal City On The Olona, About 90 Miles By Rail Northeast Of Turin. It Is Situated In A Beautiful And Fertile Plain Between The Adda And Ticino, Which Feed Several Canals, One Of Which, ...

Milan Obrenovitch I
Milan Obrenovitch I, Vich, King Of Serbia: B. Jassy, 22 Aug. 1854; D. Vienna, 11 Feb. 1901. He Was Cousin To Michael Obrenovitch Iii, Prince Of Serbia, By Whom He Was Adopted On The Death Of His Parents. He Was Educated In Paris At The Lye& Louis Le-grand And Upon ...

Mildew
Mildew, Specifically, Any Fungus Belong Ing To The Group Erysiphacee, The Powdery Or True Mildews, And Peronosporacece, The Downy Or False Mildews; Loosely, Many Plant Diseases, Especially The Rusts And Smuts Of Cereals, And Some Not Of Fungous Origin; Vaguely, Molds Of Any Kind Upon Preserved Fruit, Clothing, Walls Or ...

Miles
Miles, Nelson Appleton, American Army Officer: H. Westminster, Mass., 8 Aug. 1839. He Was A Clerk In A Boston Mercantile House At The Outbreak Of The Civil War In 1861, And Left His Business To Raise A Company Of Volunteers, And Enter The Army As Lieutenant In The 22d Massachusetts ...

Miletus
Miletus, Nil-fetus, Asia Minor, An An Cient City Opposite The Mouth Of The Meander On The Latmic Gulf, Which, Inhabited By Carians, Was In Existence Prior To The Coloniza Tion Of The Coast By The Ionians. The Ionians Are Said To Have Taken Forcible Possession Of The Town, Massacred The ...

Milford
Milford, Engagements At. Milford, Va., On The East Bank Of The South Branch Of The Shenandoah, Was The Scene Of Several Skirmishes And Three Cavalry Engagements Dur Ing The Civil War. On 24 June 1862 Detach Ments Of The First Maine And First Michigan Cavalry Attacked About 300 Mounted Confed ...

Military Aeronautics
Military Aeronautics. Ever Since The Early Days Of Aeronautics, With The Develop Ment Of The Old Spherical Balloon, The Use Of Aircraft In Time Of War Has Been A Fruitful Theme For Discussion. Lighter-than-air Craft Has Fig Ured Prominently In Warfare. The French Used A Military Balloon At The Battle ...

Military Architecture
Military Architecture. Pre During The Primitive Eras Of Man's Development His Structural Interests Were Cen Tred In The Fulfilment Of The Demands Of Simple Shelter For Worship And Protection. Safety From Attack Was Attained By The Erec Tion Of Domiciles In Inaccessible Places Or In Rearing Lake Dwellings On Wooden ...

Military Courts Martial
Military Courts-martial. For Each General Or Special Court-martial The Author Ity Appointing The Court Appoints A Judge-advo Cate, And For Each General Court-martial One Or More Assistant Judge-advocates When Neces Sary. The Judge-advocate Prosecutes In The Name Of The United States And Under The Di Rection Of The Court Prepares ...

Military Education
Military Education. The Foun Dation Of All Military Education Is The School, Ranging From The School Of The Soldier Or Grenadier To The School Of The Battalion. Re Cent Wars Have Demonstrated That It Is Necessary To Organize Schools For Specialists And Schools For Command Where Officers And Men Of ...

Military Engineering
Military Engineering. Military Engineering Is Officially Stated To Be That Branch Of Engineering Science Applied By Engineer Troops In The Field To The Emergencies Of Mod Ern Warfare In Order To Protect And Assist Troops, To Ameliorate The Conditions Under Which They Are Serving, To Facilitate Locomotion And Communication And ...

Military Railroads
Military Railroads. The General Subject Of Military Railroads Includes The Loca Tion, Construction, Operation And Maintenance Of Railroads In The Theatre Of War Under Mili Tary Auspices And For Military Purposes; That Is, With A Personnel Consisting Of Officers, Enlisted Men And Civilian Employees, And For The Main Purpose Of ...

Military Sanitation
Military Sanitation. Military Sanitation Is Largely A Matter Of Engineering Combined With Discipline. The Health And Fighting Strength Of A Command Is Maintained By (1) Excluding From The Service The Physi Cally Unfit And Those Predisposed To Disease, By (2) The Exercise Of Surgical And Medical Skill In Promptly Restoring ...

Military Science
Military Science, Development Of. In Tracing Here The Development Of Military Science, We Shall Begin With The 19th Century Because Everything Relating To The Military Art Before Its Opening May Be Regarded As Taking On, If The Expression Be Not Too Strong, An Archaeological Character. In A Military Point Of ...

A Midsummer Nights Dream
Midsummer Night's Dream, A. First Printed In 1600 And Mentioned By Meres In 1598. 'a Midsummer Night's Dream) Was Probably Written In 1594, Or Even Earlier. It Was Doubtless Written For Some Wedding Festi Val As It Has Many Of The Characteristics Of A Masque. The Incidents Connected With The ...