Utah

people, city, government, church and lake

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The Church has been true to its pledge. While there have been some cases of new polygamy since the Mormon president, Wilford Woodruff, issued the "Manifesto" prohibiting plural marriages, they were of a sporadic nature and entirely unauthorized, the individuals in volved being alone responsible. The Church re pudiates their acts, and as fast as the offenders have been discovered and proved guilty, it has dealt with them by disfellowshipment and ex communication.

The issuance of the manifesto was followed by an era of better feeling between Mormons and Gentiles. Utah had long been a battle ground, torn by dissension and ill will between these two classes of her citizens. They now "buried the hatchet" and mingled socially, politi cally and in business as never before. Drop ping old feuds and abandoning local align ments, the members of the People's and Liberal parties reorganized as Democrats, Republicans, etc., and began to work unitedly for the com mon weal. Presidents Harrison and Cleveland, in successive proclamations, granted general amnesty to all polygamists; the confiscated Church property was returned; and everything done that a great and generous government could devise to cause the unpleasant past to be forgotten. As an appropriate capstone to the temple of peace thus reared, Utah, on 4 Jan. 1896, was admitted into the Union as a State. The Republicans elected the first officers of the new Commonwealth.

Not the least gratifying spectacle witnessed during the years that followed was that of Mormon and Gentile youths, sons of sires who had built tip the State, enlisting together and standing shoulder to shoulder, fighting the bat tles of their country during the war with Spain.

The record made by the Utah Volunteers in the Philippine Islands, in Cuba and elsewhere is a page of history of which the American army can well be proud; and the same is true of "the boys in khaki" from this State who served in the Great War of 1917-18. Throughout this broad land, no people are more loyal to the flag, the constitution and the government than are the people of Utah.

The Present with her 28 counties, containing 124 cities and towns, has a collective population of 429,191, less than a third of which is found in Salt Lake City, the capital of the State. While the principal occupa tions of the people are farming, stock-raising, mining and manufacturing, the learned profes sions and the fine arts have many representa tives among them. The average death rate is but 10.8 to the thousand; that of the whole United States being 16.5. The bonded debt in 1914 amounted to $3,360,000. The assessed valu ation of property of all kinds at the present time (1919) is $540,500,000. Most of the inhabitants of the State are Mormons, though the Gentiles predominate at Salt Lake City, at Ogden and in all or most of the mining towns. From 1905 to 1911 the Utah capital was governed by the American party, an anti-Mormon political or ganization, virtually a revival of the Liberal party. Its rule was not satisfactory, however, and in 1904 a fusion of Gentile and Mormon citizens overthrew it at the polls. Since then the commission form of government has con trolled Salt Lake City.

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