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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 14

Nordenfelt Machine Gun
Nor'denfelt Machine Gun. See Iniarifixe Gt Nordenskjold, Ntir'drn-slield. Nils Adolf Baron (1832-1901). A Famous Geographer And Explorer. Ile Was Born At Lielsingfors. Fin Land. Ile Entered The University Of Hi- Native Town In 1849, Where Lie Devoted Himself Especially To Ehemistry And Mineralogy. In 165:3 He Accom Panied His Father ...

Norfolk
Norfolk. The Second Largest City Of Vir Ginia, :,nd A Port Of Entry. In Norfolk County, Ss Miles In A Direct Line, And 116 By Water, South East Of Ltichmond; On The Elizafieth Liver, An Arm 111 Chesapeake Bay, Opposite Portsmouth And Berkley, The Three Cities Practically Forming One Municipality, ...

Normal College
Normal College. An Institution For The Training Of Teachers, In New York City, Found Ed In 1869 And Having Its Inception In The Grow Ing Demand For Professionally Trained Teachers In The Public Schools Of New York. Previous To Its Foundation The Secondary Education Of Women In New Yo•k Was ...

Normal School
Normal School. In General, Any Insti Tution For The Professional Training Of Teachers. In A Special Sense, The Term Is Used To Designate A School For The Training Of Elementary School Teachers, Carried On Usually By The State, Some Times By Private Enterprise, Which Receives Stn Dents Who Have Had ...

Norman Architecture
Norman Architecture. A Style Orig Inated And Chiefly Used By The Normans. And A Subdivision Of Romanesque (q.v.) A Ture, Under Which Its Principal Monuments Arc Described. Soon After Their Conquest Of The North Of France, During Whieh Had Indulged In Wholesale Burning Of Churches And Monaste Ries, The Normans ...

Norman French
Norman French. A French Dialect Which Originated In Normandy After The Scandi Navian Invaders, Under Rollo, Had Settled There About 911. (see Normandy And Nors1anb.) At A Very Early (late These Scandinavians Adopted The French Language, Together With French Re Ligion And Culture. The Normans In Adopting French As A ...

Norman Law
Norman Law. Nvhen, About 911, Charles The Simple Ceded To The Scazidina Vian Pirate Ii Roll% Or I1ollo, That Portion Of Neustria Which Was Thenceforth Known As The Duchy Of Normandy, The Institutions And Customs Of The Country Were Frankish. These Institutions And Customs The Conquerors Apparently Accepted, For There ...

Normandy
Normandy (fr. A Former Province Of France, Bordering On The English Channel. Its Capital Was Rouen. It Is Com Prised In The Modern Departments Of Seine-in Ferieure. Eure, Orne, Calvados, And La Manehe. In The Northeastern Part Of Normandy (formerly Upper Normandy) Are The Towns Of Rouen, Dieppe, Havre, Darfienr. ...

Normans Of
Normans (of. Norina,p, :vorniand, From Dan. Normand, Icel. Norpina))r, Northman, From Icel., As. ?tor?, Ohg. Ncrd, Ger. Nord, North, Probably Connected With Nertro, To The Left, Gk. Veprepos, Nertcros, Lower + Nut Jir, Goth. Manna, As., Oho. Man, Ger. Mann, Man). A Name Generally Restricted In Its Application To Those ...

North
North, Faascis, Peron Gluilfo•d (1637-85). A Celebrated English Jurist. Ile Was Horn No• Vember 2, 1637, The Third Son Of The Fourth Lord Prejudieed Against Presbyterians By The Sh.111111“,s Of His Early Teachers. North Was Eon Firmed In This Feeling By Dr. Stevens, A Sturdy Royalist. Head Of The School ...

North Adams
North Adams. A City, Inchuling Several Villages Within Its Corporate Limits, In Berkshire County, Mass., 21 Miles North Of Pittsfield; On The Hoosac River, And On The 'boston And Al Bany And The Boston And Maine Railroads (map: Massachusetts, A 2). An Attractive Feature Of The City Is Its Beautiful ...

Northampton
Northampton. A City, Including Several Villages, And The County-seat Of Hampshire Conn Ty, Mass., 17 Miles North Of Springfield: On The Connecticut River, And On The Boston And Maine And The New York. New Haven And Hartford Railroads (map: Massachusetts. Ii 3). The City, Which Occupies Elevated Ground And Is ...

Northcote
Northcote, Aror•tlr'kol, James ( 1746-1831). An English Historical And Portrait Painter And Author, Born At Plymouth. The Son Of A Pun• Watchmaker, Who Insisted Upon Apprenticing James To His Trade, He Was Hampered In His Early Artistic Aspirations, But In 1771 Man A:ved To Make His Way To London, Where ...

Northcote_2
Northcote, Sir Stafford Henry, First Earl If Iddesleigh (1s1s-i887). An English Statesman And Financier, Born In London. He Was Educated At Eton And Oxford. Graduating At Balliol College In 18:39 With High Honors. His First Position In Political Life Was That Of Private Secre Tary To Gladstone, When The Latter ...

Northeast Boundary Dispute
Northeast Boundary Dispute. In American History, The Name Applied To The Long-standing, Dispute Between The United States And Great Britain Concerning The Northeastern Boundary Of The United States. The Controversy Grew Out Of A Difference In Interpretation Of The Second Article Of The Treaty Of Paris Of 1783, Which Undertook ...

Northwest Boundary Dispute
Northwest Boundary Dispute. The Dispute Between The United States And Great Britain Concerning The Northwest Boundary Of The Lnited States. By The Treaty Of Ghent, Concluded Between The Two Governments, Decem Ber 24, 18 1 4, Provision Was Made For The Appoint Ment Of Two Commissions To Determine The North ...

Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories. The Desig Nation For The Sparsely Inhabited Region Of Can Ada Which Includes The Organized Territories Of Assiniboia, With A Land Area Of 90,340 Square Miles; Alberta, About 100,000 Square Miles; And Saskatchewan, 114,000 Square Miles; And The Unorganized Territories Of Athabasca, About 251,300 Square Miles Of Land ...

Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory. In American History, That Portion Of The National Domain Ly Ing, Roughly Speaking, North Of The Ohio River• East Of The Mississippi. South Of The Great Lakes, And West Of Pennsylvania, And Embracing Terri Tory Which Constitutes The Present States Of Ohio. Indiana. Illinois, Michigan. Wiseonsin, And Part ...

Northwestern University
Northwestern University. A Co Educational Institution At Evanston-chicago, Ill., In Affiliation With The Methodist Episcopal Church, Founded Ill 1851. It Comprises A College Of Liberal Arts, And Schools Of Law, Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry. And Music And Oratory. The College Of Liberal Arts And The School Of Music Are At Evanston, ...

Norumbega
No'rumbe'ga, A Name Given By Early Ex Plorers And Map-makers To Various Portions Of The Eastern Coast Of North America, And Also To A River And A Mythical City. Upon The Map Of Verrazano's Voyages, Published 1529, Aranbega Appears As A Place On The New England Coast. The Narrative Of ...

Norwegian Language
Norwegian Language, The Language Which, Together With Icelandic And Faroese, Forms The \vest Norse Division Of The Scandinavian Group. Like The Other Members Of This Group Division, The Norwegian Is More Homogeneous Than Either Danish O• Swedish. Chielly As A Re Sult. Of Phonetic Changes Its Infleetions Are Less Original ...

Norwegian Literature
Norwegian Literature. Norwegian Literature Is Commonly Considered To Have Begun With The Separation Of Norway From Denmark And The Adoption Of The Norwegian Constitution In 1814. The History Of Literature In Norway, However, Reaches Back A Thousand Years Before T His Time To Bragi (e.s00 I. The First Skald Who ...

Norwich
Norwich, Itherich Or Nor'rij. Capital Of Norfolk. Englaml. And A County In Itself, On The Wensum, Immediately Above Its Confluence With The Pare. 20 Miles West Of Yartnonth. And 115 Miles North-northeast Of London Ni:tp: Eng Land. 11 4). The Town Covers All Area Of About Five Miles In Eircumforenee, ...

Norwich_2
Norwich. A City And One Of The County Seats Of New London County, Conn.. 90 Miles Southwest Of Boston, Mass., And 50 Miles South East Of The State Capital, Hartford; On The Thames River, At The Head Of Navigation, And On The Central Vermont And The New York, New Haven ...

Nose 1s
Nose (.1s. Holm, ,ware, 011(:. Nasn. I :yr. Use, Nose; Connected With Lat. Imsits, Lith. Nosis, O('hurell Slay. Ski, Tors, Nose). The Nose Is Not Only The Organ Of Smell. But Is Likewise Part Of The Apparatus Of Respiration And Voice. Considered Anatomically, It May Be Divided Into An External ...

Notables Of
Notables (of., Fr. Notable% From Lat. Notabilis, Noteworthy, From Notary, To Note. Mark. From Note, Mark, From Noscere, To Know: Ulti Mately Connected With Eng. Know). The Name Given In France Before The Revolution Of 1789 To Persons Of Noble Birth, Sochtl Distinction, Or Po Litical Importance, Who Were Summoned ...

Notary Public
Notary Public (lat. Otarins, One Who Writes, From Note, Mark). An Officer 41111y Au Thorized To Attest Or Certify Legal Instruments, And To Perform Certain Other C1be15i Acts, Usual Ly Of A Ministerial Character. The Office Is Created By Statute, And The Functions Of A Notary Public Vary In Different ...

Notation
Notation (lat. Notatio, Designation, From Notare, To Mark, From Nob', Mark). In Arith Metic% A Term Applied To A System Of Designating Numbers By Figures, Or Notm, As They Were Often Called In The Middle Ages. The Chief Number Notations Of The Early Races, Before The Perfecting Of The Position ...

Notice
Notice (lat. Notitin, Knowledge, Idea, From Noseere, To Know). Notice In Law Denotes Exist Ing Knowledge Of A Fact Based Upon Information Communicated By Another, Which Knowledge Has The Effect Of Fixing The Rights And Liabilities Of The Party Giving And The Party Receiving The Information. The Term Is Also ...

Notre Dame
Notre Dame Dam) De Paris, Cathedral Of. A Ehurch In L'aris, The Most Cele Brated Among The Many Churches Dedicatcd To The Virgin In France. It Is Situated On The Ile De In The Remains Of A Temple Of Jupiter Cer N:limns And The Image Of A Horned God Were ...

Nottingham
Nottingham. A Municipal Borough And County, The Capital Of Nottinghamshire. England, On The Leen. At Its Junction With The Trent. 130 Miles North-northwest Of London (map: Eng Land, E 4). It Is Built Principally On The Slope And At The Ftnit Of A Rocky Eminence Crowned By Au Ancient Castle. ...

Novalis
Novalis, ( Lat., Fallow Land). A Name Assumed By Friedrich Von Liardenberg ( 1772-1 801 ) , A German Romantic Author, Once Of Cosmopolitan Renown. 11 E Was Born In Prussian Saxony. His Parents Were Moravians, And He Was Much Influenced By That Mystic Re Ligion. He Studied At .lena, ...

Novatian
Novatian. A 110man Presbyt(9r Of The Third Century, Noted Chiefly For The Tc Which He Gave His Name. According To A Late Account, He Was Born In Phrygia, But It Is More Probable That He Was A Native Of The West. Ile Was Converted In Mature Life, During, An Illness, ...

Novation
Novation (lat. Nocutio, Renewal, From Vetoer, To Renew). In Law, The Substitution Of One Legal Obligation For Another. Novation May Be Accomplished By The Substitution Of A New For An Old Party To A Legal Obligation. Which Is In Effect The Creation Of A New. Obligation. Or It May Be ...

Novel Oe
Novel (oe Norellc, Non Vale, Fr. Ifourelic, From Lat. Novella. Fem. Of New. Diminu Tive Of Norus, New), Tile. To Designate Modern Prose There Are Current Two Terms: Ro Mance And Morel. The Term Romance (from The Latin Adverb Roma/tie( ). Originally Employed In Italy, Spain. And France (in Other ...

Novgorod
Novgorod, N6v'etertid. A Government Of Russia, Bounded By The Governments Of Olonetz, \'ologda. Yaroslav, Tver, Pskov, And Saint Peters Burg (map: Russia, D 3). Area, About 47.300 Square Miles. The Southern Part Belongs To The Valdai Plateau And Is Mostly Hilly. In The Northeast Are Found A Large Number Of ...

Nuisance Private
Private', Nuisance. An Act Or Omission Eon Stituting A Private Nuisance Is Not Generally A Criminal Offense. It May Be, On The Contrary, Highly Beneficial To The Community. The Tanning Of Leather, Or The Manufacture Of Illuminating Gas, Or The Raising Of Pigs, Is A Lawful Business And May Lie ...

Nullification
Nullification (lat. Nullifleatio, Con Tempt. Making As Nothing. From Nullifieare, To Despise, Make As Nothing, From Nullus, None [(were, To Do. Make). In American History, The Formal Suspension By A State Within Its Terri Torial Jurisdiction Of A Law Of The United States. The Right Was First Asserted In The ...

Number Of
Number (of., Fr. Nombre. From Lat, Ailme Nts, Number; Connected With Gk. 1,44etp, Acalein, To Distribute, And Ultimately With Goth. Ohg. Acama. (;er. Nehmen, Obsolete Eng. Flint, To Take). Number Is The Result Of Counting Or Of The Comparison Of A Magnitude With A Stand Ard Unit. This Is More ...

Numbers
Numbers ( Lat. Humeri, Gk. 'apiogot, Arithmoi, Ileb. B(•nidbur, In The Wilderness, The Fourth Word Of The Book), Book Or. The Fourth Book Of The Pentateuch. It Consists Of Thirty-six Chapters, And Receives Its Common Name 'numbers' From The Repeated References To The 'numbering' Of The People Which It Con ...

Numerals
Numerals (lat. Numeralis, Relating To Number, Front Nittarrur, Number). A System Of Figures Or Symbols To Represent Numbers: More Particularly The 'hindu Or Arabic System, Which Employs The Characters 0, 1. 2. 9, Of Which All, Or Sometimes The Last Nine, Are Called 'digits.' Thus We Speak Of Writing The ...

Numeration
Numeration (lat. Numeratio, A Counting, From Aumerare, To Count. From Numcrus, Num Ber). The Oral As Opposed To The Written Expres Sion Of Numbers. Numeration Implies The Nam Ing Of Numerals (q.v.) And Groups Of Numerals Expressing Numbers. The Nomenclature Thus Em Ployed Having Much To Do With The Efficiency ...

Numerical Notation
Numerical Notation. Tn Modern Music, A System Used In Theoretical Works On Music, Of Indicating Single Tones Or Entire Chords By Means Of Numerals. Every Tone Of A Musical Instrument Can Be Denoted By A Numerical Sign Indicating Accurately Its Pitch. Middle C (the First Note Of The Treble-clef Requiring ...

Numidia
Numid'ia ( Lat., From Numido, Numidian, Nomad, From Gk. Pokas, Names, Nomad. From Vegetv, Ntmcin, To Pasture, To Distribute). Orig Inally The Roman Name For That Part Of Northern Africa Lying Between The Provinces Of Africa Pro Prja And Mauretania, Corresponding Very Nearly To The Modern Algeria. It Was Bounded ...

Nunez
Nunez Cabeca De Vaca, Nm"nynth Kii-nn'tha Da \vita, Alvar (c.1490-e.1560). A Spanish Adventurer In North And South Amer Ica. He Was Born In Jevez De La Frontera And Was Living In Seville When Narvaez Was Raising His Forces For The Colonization Of Florida. He Received An Appointment As Royal Treasurer ...

Nureddin Mahmud
Nureddin-mahmud, N7m.risl 31alek-at.-anr.i. (11111-74). A Moham Medan Ruler Of Syria. Born At Damascus. His Father, Gmad-ed-din Zengi. Originally Governor Of Mosul And Diarbekr On Behalf Of The Seljuk Sultans, Had Established His Independence, And Ex Tended His Authority Over Northern Syria. In Cluding Limns, Edessa, And Aleppo. Nureddin Swivelled Him ...

Nuremberg
Nuremberg, Nii'rem-ikrg (ger. Nurnberg, Nnrielicrk). The Second City Of Bavaria, Ger Many, Situated On The Pegnitz, About 1/5 Miles North-northwest Of Munich (map: Germany. 1) 4). It Consists Of The Inner Town (still Partly Walled. And Divided By The River Into The Two Parts Sebalderseite And Lorenzerseite, Named After Its ...

Nurez De Arce
Nurez De Arce, Del Heflin, Gaspar ( 1834 1903 ). A Spanish Playwright And Lyric Poet, Born At Valladolid. Before He Was Twenty He Was Asso Ciated With The Editorial Staff Of The Madrid Jour Nal El Obscrrador. Ile Soon Gained Considerable Repute By His Contributions To The Periodical La ...

Nursery
Nursery (from Nurse, Of. Noriee, Nouriee, Fr. Nourriec, Nurse, From Lat. Nutrix, Nurse, From Nutrire, To Nourish; Connected With God). Setups, Oho. Ned, Ger. Not, As. Ruled, Alai, Eng. Need. I)pruss. Nauti, Neeegsity). In Horticultural Parlance, A Place Where Plants Are Propagated. In The New World The Term Is Usually ...

Nursery Lore
Nursery Lore. The Folklore Of Children. The Material May He Separated Into Two Classes, According As It Consists Of Traditional Sayings And Usages Which Have Been Handed Down By Mothers And Nurses, Or Of Customs Maintained And Transmitted By The Children Themselves. To The Forme• Class Belong Those Nurser• Rhymes ...

Nut As
Nut (as. Kaubta, Icel. /jim. 011(). Urn:. Ger. Nuss, Nut). A Hard. One-seeded, Indehiseent (non-opening) Fruit, Which Has Usually Mlle From Au Ovary Of Several Carpels, As The Acorn, Hazelnut. Etc. (see Fruit.) The Best-known And Most Valuable Nuts Are Almonds. Persian Or English Walnuts, Vocoanuts, Pecans. Brazil Nuts, Hazelnuts. ...

Nutation
Nutation (in Plants). The Bending Move Ments Executed By Organs Of Plants, Such As Stems, Leaves. Roots, Etc., By Which The Part Is Inclined Successively In Various Directions. Nutations Are Due To The Unequal Rate Of Growth Of Different Sides Of The Organ, An Inequality Which, As Far As Is ...

Nutmeg Me
Nutmeg (me. Nut/acetic, Nut In Eye, From Vat Usage, Of. ?nage. Musk, From Lat. -mucus. Musk). The Kernel Of The Fruit Of Several Species Of Myristiea, Of The Natural Order Myristienee:e, Which Eontains About Eighty Species, All Tropical Trees Or Shrubs, Natives Of Asia, Madagascar. And America. The Fruit Is ...

Nutrition
Nutrition (from Lat. Aufrire, To Nour Ish). The Process By Which Living Organisms Appropriate, Modify, And Utilize The Materials Needful For Their Existence, Growth, And Develop Ment. The Ultimate Appropriation Of Food Takes Place In The Individual Cell, Which Seems To Have A Gland-like Power Not Only Of Attracting Mate ...

Nux Vomica
Nux Vomica (neo-lat., Vomit Nut, From Lat. Vax. Nut, And Neo-lat. Romicus, Relating To Vomit, From Lat. Rotacre, To Vomit). The Phar Macopoial Name Of The Seed Of Strych Us Ilthe Romieu, Or Poison Nut. The Seeds, Which Are Im Ported From The East Indies, Are Nearly Circular And Fiat, ...

Nyaya
Nyaya, (skt.. Analysis). The Name Of The Sixth And Latest Of The Orthodox Systems Of Ancient 11indn Philosophy. Of The Six Systems The Alimainsa And Vedanta Are Grouped Together As More Closely Connected In Dealing With Divine And Spiritual Matters. The Nyaya And Vaiseshika Systems Form A Group. Having In ...

Nystad
Nystad, A Town In The Liin Of Abo-bp?rneborg. Finland, Situated On The Ciulf Of Bothnia, About 40 Miles Southeast Of Abo (slap: B 2). It Is Noted For The Treaty Concluded Here In 1721 Between Sweden And Russia, By Which The Territory Conquered By Peter I. Along The Gulf Of ...

Oak Insects
Oak Insects. The Insect Fauna Of Oak Is Very Extensive. Between 500 And 600 Species Of Insects Have Been Recorded That Live Upon The Dif Ferent Species Of Querens, And There Are In Ad Dition Many Other Species Which Live In Decaying Oak Wood And Oak Stumps. In Germany 531 ...

Oak As
Oak (as. Fie, 011g. Rill, Oer. ,eiehr, Oak; Connected With Lat. (rseulus, Gk. Ai-yii<01,, Aigi Lops, Oak). Quereus. A Genus Of Trees And Shrubs Of The Natural Order Cupnliferce, Having A Three Celled Ovary, And A Round (not Angular) Nut (acorn) Placed In The Lower Part Of And Invested By ...

Oakland
Oakland. A Beautiful Residential City And The County-seat Of Alameda ('ounty, Cal., Six Miles Across The Bay From San Francisco; Ou The Souther!! Paeitie Railroad I.nlap: California, B 3), Oakland. Named From The Number Of Ever Green Oaks Within Its Limits, Has A Healthful Cli Mate, Is Surrounded By Innulifill ...

Oannes
Oannes, The Name Of A Nian God Found In The Fragments Of Berosus (q.v.). It Is Said That In The First Year Of The Foundation Of Babylon He Came Out Of The Persian Oulf. Lle Is Deseribed As Having The Bead And Body Of A Fish, To Which Were Added ...

Oat As
Oat (as. Rtc, Of Unknown Derivation). Numerous Species Of Plants Of The Genus Arena, Belonging To The Order Graminew, Or Grasses. The Commonest Species. Characterized By Loose Pan Icles Instead Of Spikes Of Flowers As In The Case Of Wheat. Barley. And Rye, Is Of Unknown Nativity. But It. Is ...

Oates
Oates, Ots, Tfrus The Prin Cipal Informer In The So-called Popish Plot In England. Ile Was Born At Oakhanh And In 11165 Entered The Taylors' School. But Was Expelled The First Year. After That He Went To Sedlescombe School. And From There To Ilonville And Cain, College, Cambridge, And Later ...

Oath As
Oath (as. Ap, Goth, Ails, Ohg. Cid, Ger. Eid. Oath; Connected With 011., Orth, Oath). A Declaration Or Compact, In Which The Declarant Confirms The Truth Of His Assertion By Invoking Supernatural Penalties On His Head In The Event Of Perjury. The Punishment Is Often Ceremonially Represented, As When A ...

Obedience
Obedience ( Lat. °int Dientia, Front Obredire, Obcdire, To Obey, From Of), Before -f Audire, To Hear). In Canon Law, The Duty By Which The Various Gradations In Ecclesiastical Organiza Tion Are Held Subject To The Several Superiors Placed Immediately Above Each, Respectively, In The Hierarchical Scale. Thus Priests And ...

Obelisk
Obelisk (cigi. Obt Fiseus, From ;;31-2.1r;koe, Obt Liskos, Spit. Pointed Pillar, Diminutive Of ..)3e X6s, Ohdos, Spit. Pointed Pillar). A Word Applied To Prismatic Monuments Of Stone, Terminating In A Pyramidal Top. In .1.rabie They Are Called Niescllah, 'pack Needle.' The Ancient Egyptians (-ailed Them Tekhen. A 11:1111e Of Unknown ...

Oberlin
Oberlin, ,v1):1 ', Jean Fttf:dentc (1740 An Alsatian Lutheran Clergyman And Philanthropist. He Was Born At Strassburg. And Studits1 At The Gymnasium And Nniversity Of His Native Place. After Finishing His Theological Stud Ies He Was Ordained To The Ministry. Lint For Sev Eral Years Before Entering Upon Its Work ...

Oberlin Theology
Oberlin Theology. The System Of Doc Trines Taught At Oberlin College In Its First Period It Charles G. Finney (q.v.) And His Colleagues. Finney Had Early Come By His Own Thought To Embrace The General System Of Theology Taught By The Leading Congregationalists Of His Time, And Known As New ...

Obesity
Obes'ity, Coneut.enm Or Inilysakcia ( Lat. Obrsitas, From Obrsus, Fat, P.p. Of °bracer. To Eat Up. From Oh, Before. Near Rdrrc, To Eat ). An Abnormal Deposit Of Fat Under The Skin And Around The Viscera. The Amount Of Fat Pos Sessed By An Individual May Vary Widely Within The ...

Object Teaching
Object Teaching. A Mode Of Teaching In Which Objects Arc Made The Studies Of Young Pupils. By This Method A Systematic Attempt Is Made To Exercise And Train The Senses Of The Child. Comenins (q.v.) In The Great Didactic Writes: "let The Senses Lie Applied To The Subject As Often ...

Oblates
Oblates. Oblfits (ml. °bialys. Oblate. From Lat. Oblatas. Offered, P.p. Assigned To Offerre, Offer The Name Of A I-lass Of Religious Munities In The Ibunan Catholic Chnrch, \odell Diner From The Religions Strictly So Called In Not Hieing Bound By Regular Vows, Instead Of Which They Make An Offering (oblation) ...

Obligation
Obligation (lat. Obligati.). Bond, From Ob/iyore, To Bind), At Civil Law. In The Widest Sense Legal Obligation Is Equivalent To Legal Duty. But The Teehnical Meaning Of The Expression Is Much Narrower. Continental Jurists Confine The Term, In The First Place, To Duties Toward It Partien Lar Person Or Group ...

Oboe
Oboe I It. Oboe, From Fr. Eng. Haut Boy, High Wood, So Called Front Rho High Notes Of The Instrument. Front Haul, High Huts, Wood). The Oldest And Nwst Important Wood-ivind Instrn It Is Of Great Antiquity And Is Traced In The Sculpture Of Egypt And I:reece. The Oboe Is ...

Observatory
Observatory ( From Lat. Obserrar( , To Observe, From Oh, Before + Serrare, To Keep; Con Nected With Ski. Av. To Protect). An Institution Supplied With Instruments For The Regular Observation Of Astronomical, Meteorologi Cal, Or Magnetic Phenomena. Lm Some Observa Tories All Three Classes Of Observation Are Carried 011, ...

Obsidian
Obsidian ( From Lat. Obsirfiuna, False Read Ing For Obstana, A Sort Of Mineral, Probably Ob Sidian, From Nbsidius, False Reading For (asius, Name 4 If A Man Who Is Said To Discovered It In Ethiopia). A Glass Consisting Of Silica In Combination With Aluminum, Calcium. Iron. Potassium, And Sodium. ...

Obstetrics
Obstetrics Lat. Obstrtricitts, Re Lating To A From Obsfriri.r, Midwife, Form Obstnre, To Stand Before. From Ob. Before, Toward Stew, To Stand ). Midwifery, Or Xotol.y. That Branch Of Medicine Which Is Concerned With The Ea Re Of Women Pregnancy, And (hiring And After Labor. Whether Natural Or Irregular, With ...

Occupancy
Occupancy ( From Lat, °cc/quire, To Occu Py, From Ob. Before, Toward Caperr, To Take). A Mode Of Acquiring Title To Property By Taking Possession Of An Unappropriated Corporeal Thing With The Intention Of Becoming Its Owner. This Mode Of Acquiring Property Came Into The Com Mon Law From The ...

Ocean Currents
Ocean Currents. The Consensus Of Scientific Opinion At The Present Day Is To The Effect That There Are Two Independent Circula Tions Involved In The Movement Of The Waters Of The Sea, The First, The Horizontal, Having Its Source In The Energy Supplied By The Wind; The Second, The Vertical, ...

Ocean Water
Ocean Water. By The Continuous Process Of Interchange Between The Surface Waters Of The Land And The Ocean, The Latter Has Become A De Pository Of Vast Quantities Of Mineral Matter That Have Been Dissolved Out Of Rocks Through The Agency Of Springs And Streall). The Principal Constituents Of Sea-water ...

Oceanic Deposits
Oceanic Deposits. The Materials Form Ing The Floor Of The Ocean May Be Classed As Terrig 'mous Deposits, Which Have Been Derived From The Waste Of The Adjacent Land, And As Pelagic Or Abysmal Aveumulations, Which Are Found In The Open Ocean Beyond The Influence Of The Land. The Terrigenous ...

Ocellus Lucanus
Ocel'lus Luca'nus (lat., From Gk."010 2.oc, ()kenos). A Lucanian Greek And Member Of The Pythagorean School; Perhaps Of The Fifth Century B.c. Stobw11,, I. 13, Has Preserved A Fragment Of His Work In Dorian Dialect; And We Hear Of Various Philosophical Writings Which Have Now Been Lost. The Extant Work ...

Ochino
Ochino, 4-kir'nti. Bernardino (14s7-1566). An Preacher And Theologian, Horn At Siena. Lle Entered The Franviscan Order, And Then The Still More Ascetic Order Of The Capu Chins, Of Which He Was Made General In 1538 And Reidected In 1541. For His Preach Ing, By Charles V., He Rose To Be ...

Ochre
Ochre, (fr. Ocre, From Lat. Ocrv, From Gk. 6);rpa, Yellow Ochre, From Kpitc, Dchros, Pale). A Mineral Paint Consisting Of Clay Colored With Some Oxide Of Iron, Rarely Of Manganese. In Various Proportions, Giving To The Clay A Lighter Or Deeper Color. Ochres Are Common In Many Geological Formations. More ...

Oconostota
Ocon'osto'ta (properly, .19ann-slato, Ground-hog Sausage). A Cherokee Chief Rind Lender Of His Tribe In Their War With The English (1759.611. Before The Actual Outbreak Of Hos Tilities A Delegation Of 32 Chiefs, Headed By Oconostota, Had Come Down From The Mountains To Arrange A Peaceable Settlement Of The Ques Tions ...

Octave
Octave (fr. Octave, From Ail. Octavo, Octave, From Let. Octants, Eighth, From Octo, Gk. Ok7-6, °ho, Skt. (wan, Lith. Asztiinl, 01r. Ocht, Goth. Ahtdu, As. Eachta, Ohg. Alto, Ger. Acht, Eng. Eight). The Interval Between Any Musical Note And Its Most Perfect Concord, Which Is Double Its Pitch, And Occupies ...

Octopus
Oc'topus (neo-laf.. From (:k. In:74,701t , Ok 6pous, Having Eight Feet). The Type Genus Of The Tletopoda (q.v.), Littering From The Squid And Cuttlefish In Having Eight Instead Of Ten Arms, All Of The Same Size. And A Pear-shaped Or Sack• Like Body. The Arms Are Connected At The Base ...

Odense
Odense, 5'nen-sa. The Largest City On The Island Of Fawn, Denmark, Capital Of Odense Aint, Constituting The Northern Half Of The Island, And The Third City In Population In The Kingdom. It Is Situated On The Odense River Near Its Mouth In The Odense Fiord (map: Denmark, D 3). Its ...

Oder
Oder, O'dr. One Of The Principal Rivers Of Germany (map: Germany, F 2). It Rises On A Southern Extension Of The Sudetic Mountains, Near Olmiitz, In Moravia, And Flows In A Generally Northwest Direction Through Prussian Silesia, Brandenburg, And Pomerania. It Empties Into The Stettiner Haff, From Which Its Waters ...

Odessa
Odes'sa. The Most Important City And Sea Port Of Southern Russia And The Fourth City Of The Empire In Population, Situated In The Gov Ernment Of Kherson, On An Elevation Sloping To Ward An Inlet Of The Black Sea (slap: Russia, D 5). It Lies About 32 Miles Northeast Of ...

Odin
O'din I Feel. ()14 An, As. A, Oitc:. Wien Inn Probably Eonneeted With Coth. Merofs, Pos Sessed. As. Went, (mc. Truoi, Frenzied. Cyr. Frenzy, (qr. Lat. Rafer, Poet ). The Chief God Of Northern Mythology. According To The Sagas, Odin And His Brothers, Veil And Ve, The Sons Of Boer, ...